Questions on proving, manipulating and applying inequalities.

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3
votes
3answers
47 views

Let $A \subset \mathbb Z^3$ / $|A| < \infty$. Prove that: $|A| \le \sqrt{|A_x| |A_y| |A_z|}$

Here is the problem statement word by word: $1)$ Prove that if $a_{ij}$, $b_{jk}$ and $c_{ki}$ are non-negative reals with $1 \le i,j,k \le n$, then: $$\sum_{i,j,k = 1}^n \sqrt{a_{ij} \times ...
0
votes
4answers
58 views

Show $ \lim_{n\rightarrow \infty} 2^{-1/\sqrt{n}}=1$

I am tasked with proving the following limit: $$ \lim_{n\rightarrow \infty} 2^{-1/\sqrt{n}}=1$$ using the definition of the limit. I think I have done so correctly. I was hoping to have someone ...
3
votes
2answers
62 views

this inequality $\prod_{cyc} (x^2+x+1)\ge 9\sum_{cyc} xy$

Let $x,y,z\in R$,and $x+y+z=3$ show that: $$(x^2+x+1)(y^2+y+1)(z^2+z+1)\ge 9(xy+yz+xz)$$ Things I have tried so far:$$9(xy+yz+xz)\le 3(x+y+z)^2=27$$ so it suffices to prove that ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

A bound on the $\mathrm{L}^p$ norm in terms of the $\mathrm{L}^2$ norm in periodic Sobolev spaces

Preliminaries: Given ${s \geq 0}$, let ${\mathrm{H}_P^s}$ denote the ${\mathrm{L}^2}$-based fractional-order Sobolev space of ${P}$-periodic functions on the line with norm \begin{equation*} \| u ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Is the Schwarz inequality a special case of the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality?

Given two vectors $\mathbf{x},\mathbf{y}$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$, we all know that:$$\left | \mathbf{x}\cdot\mathbf{y} \right | \le \left \| \mathbf{x} \right \| \cdot\left \| \mathbf{y} \right \|$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Value of discriminant in inequality

Find $m\in \mathbb{R}$ so that for any $x\in \mathbb{R}$ the inequality is true: $$\left(m+2\right)e^{-2x}+2\left(m+2\right)e^{-x}+m>0$$ I tried substituting $e^{-x}$ with t, so that I'd have a ...
-1
votes
1answer
64 views

How do I prove this nice inequality $x+3\sqrt[3]{xy^2}\geq4\sqrt{xy} $?

Let $x,y\geq0$. Prove that: $$ x+3\sqrt[3]{xy^2}\geq4\sqrt{xy} $$ Note: It's seems easy but when I tried to show it I went to complicated formula.
6
votes
3answers
122 views

Is it true that $\sin x > \frac x{\sqrt {x^2+1}} , \forall x \in (0, \frac {\pi}2)$?

Is it true that $$\sin x > \dfrac x{\sqrt {x^2+1}} , \forall x \in \left(0, \dfrac {\pi}2\right)$$ (I tried differentiating , but it's not coming , please help)
1
vote
0answers
150 views

Show a function defined by summation is increasing, another is decreasing

Problem: For real numbers $x\ge1$ and $k>0$, let $f:R\rightarrow R$ and $g:R\rightarrow R$ be defined as follows. $f(x) = -\frac{1}{x}+\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(nk+x)^2}$ , ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Maximum number of positive integers $x\neq y$ such that $\frac{xy}{100}\leq|x-y|$

I've been trying to solve the next problem but I have no idea of how to find the solution: Find the largest number of positive integers in such a way that any two of them $x$ and $y$ ($x\neq y$) ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Polynomial inequalities of the form $C P_2 \leq P_1 \leq D P_2$

Let $P_1$ and $P_2$ be polynomials in $\mathbb{R} [x_1, \ldots, x_n]$ of the same degree. Under what conditions are there $C,D \in \mathbb{R}$ so that $C P_2 \leq P_1 \leq D P_2$ (as functions)? ...
3
votes
2answers
29 views

Inequality: $\sum_{i} \frac1{\alpha_i} \ge n^2$

$\alpha_1, \ldots, \alpha_n$ are positive reals whose sum does not exceed one. It is required to prove that: $$\sum_{i} \frac1{\alpha_i} \ge n^2$$ I would show my work, but I am certain that it does ...
12
votes
2answers
101 views

The inequality $\frac{MA}{BC}+\frac{MB}{CA}+\frac{MC}{AB}\geq \sqrt{3}$

Given ∆$ABC$ and $M$ is an interior point. Prove that: $\dfrac{MA}{BC}+\dfrac{MB}{CA}+\dfrac{MC}{AB}\geq \sqrt{3}$ When does equality holds?
3
votes
4answers
112 views

Taking limits on each term in inequality invalid?

So this inequality came up in a proof I was going through. $$c - 1/n < f(x_n) \leq c$$ Where $c$ is a real number, $f(x_n)$ is the image sequence of some arbitrary sequence being passed through a ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Sum of quotients

Assume $0<x_i\leq y<z$ for $i=1\ldots,n$. Is there an easy argument to show $$\frac{x_1}{y}+\sum_{i=1}^{n-1} \frac{x_{i+1}}{x_i}+\frac{z}{x_n}\geq n+\frac{z}{y}?$$ For $n=1$ the statement is ...
4
votes
4answers
232 views

Is My Proof that $\pi^e < e^{\pi}$ Valid? [duplicate]

The other day, a math teacher at my college gave me a challenge problem: Prove that $$\pi^e < e^{\pi}$$ without using a calculator. The next day, I found a valid proof, but I used a log table ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

The distribution of the product of Gaussian variable and Rademacher variable.

I have two independent variables: $X$ follows from standard Gaussian distribution $N(0,\sigma^2)$; $Y$ follows from Rademacher distribution, i.e., $Y$ can be either $-1$ or $1$ with the same ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Bounds for double exponential integrals

I understand that the double-exponential integral $$ F(a,b,C) := \int_{C}^\infty \exp(-a \exp(b x)) \, dx \quad \text{(with $a,b>0$ and $C \geq 0$)} $$ can in general not be solved in closed-form. ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

What are the numbers in an inequality called?

Summand is to addition what multiplicand is to multiplication, but what is the terminology for the quantities of an inequality, such as 1<4? My best guess is simply "quantity" for both parts of ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

“Triangle” inequality for integrals

I have got two questions: 1) Let $f:\mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be any continuous function. Let $\Gamma$ be a piecewise smooth curve on $\mathbb{R}^2$. The following inequality holds: ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Largest integer $x$ that satisfies $\dfrac{4x+19}{x+5}<\dfrac{4x-17}{x-3}$

Find the largest integral $x$ that satisfies $\dfrac{4x+19}{x+5}<\dfrac{4x-17}{x-3}$ I tried $ \dfrac{4x+19}{x+5} < \dfrac{4x-17}{x-3}\\~\\ (4x+19)(x-3)<(4x-17)(x+5)\\~\\ x<-7 ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Establishing consistency

I need to establish the (weak) consistency of an estimator of the mean, $T=a+b\bar{X}$. I tried to apply Chebyshev's inequality, but I couldn't do much because the parameter that subtract in the ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

Do more generalizations of Schur's inequality exist?

I meet this following problem If $$n\ge 3,\sum_{i=1}^{n}\left(\prod_{j\neq i}(a_{i}-a_{j})\right)\ge 0$$ where $a_{i}$ are real numbers. when $n=3$, it is Schur's inequality so which $n$ ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Replacing a fractional quantity by one in inequalities

I was looking through proofs for the product law for limits and I stumbled upon a very clear one and managed to follow all the steps involving algebra and limits, but, near the end, in the proof, a ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

solve $\sqrt{x+7}<x$ for $x\in \mathbb{R}$

solve $\sqrt{x+7}<x$ I tried $\sqrt{x+7}<x\\ x+7<x^2\\ x^2-x-7>0\\ x\in \left(-\infty, \dfrac{1-\sqrt{29}}{2}\right) \cup \left( \dfrac{1+\sqrt{29}}{2},+\infty\right) $ I m not ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

A Real Matrix, its Kernel and Image

This is an old exam problem: For an $m \times n$ real matrix $A$, define $\ker A = \{x \in \mathbb{R}^n \mid Ax=0 \}$ and $\operatorname{Im} A = \{Ax \mid x \in \mathbb{R}^n \}$. Show that for all $b ...
3
votes
3answers
39 views

solve $|x-6|>|x^2-5x+9|$

solve $|x-6|>|x^2-5x+9|,\ \ x\in \mathbb{R}$ I have done $4$ cases. $1.)\ x-6>x^2-5x+9\ \ ,\implies x\in \emptyset \\ 2.)\ x-6<x^2-5x+9\ \ ,\implies x\in \mathbb{R} \\ 3.)\ ...
4
votes
2answers
34 views

Check proof of some simple inequality

Can you check please my proof of this inequality? It's all right?
8
votes
3answers
100 views

Prove that $\frac{x}{y}+\frac{y}{z}+\frac{z}{x} \geq 3$ for $x,y,z>0$

By considering that $$\frac{x}{y}+\frac{y}{x} \geq 2$$I can show that $$\frac{x}{y}+\frac{y}{x}+\frac{x}{z}+\frac{z}{x}+\frac{y}{z}+\frac{z}{y} \geq 6$$ But how would one go from here to prove the ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

squaring both side for an absolute inequalites on only one side

this is about squaring both side for an absolute inequalities on only one side problem. For example: $|6-2x|< x+4$ when solved both by squaring both sides and by defining it$ -(x+4)<6-2x< ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

Proving inequalities using Calculus

In general how do you prove inequalities using calculus, I believe it is using maxima or minima right? For example $$a^2b+b^2c+c^2a \le 3, \qquad a,b,c \ge 0,\quad a+b+c=3.$$ How would you use ...
3
votes
2answers
125 views

Graham's Number versus another large number

I recently read this article about the most damage you can do in a single turn in Magic the Gathering. According to the current version of the deck, that damage is about a) $2 \rightarrow 17 ...
0
votes
3answers
38 views

complete the proof for this statement

$$\forall x \in \mathbb{R}, x \neq 0 \implies \frac{1}{x^2\:+3}\:<\:\frac{4}{5}\: $$ I thought of doing the contrapositive but not sure what to do next. $$ \frac{1}{x^{2\:}+3}\:\ge ...
2
votes
3answers
52 views

Find the general values of $x$ satisfying the trigonometric equation

Find the general values of $x$ satisfying $$ \frac{\tan^2 x \sin^2 x}{1-\sin^2 x \cos2x}+\frac{\cot^2 x \cos^2 x}{1-\cos^2 x \cos2x}+\frac{2\sin^2 x}{\tan^2 x+\cot^2 x}=\frac{3}{2} $$ It ...
3
votes
5answers
314 views

Intuition behind Chebyshev's inequality

Is there any intuition behind Chebyshev's inequality or is that only pure mathematics? What strikes me is that any random variable (whatever distribution it has) applies to that. $$ ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Prove that $\frac{8}{5}\le 2a+b\le 8$ [closed]

Let $a,b,c,d,e$ be real numbers such that $$\begin{cases} a+b+c+d+e=8\\ a^2+b^2+c^2+d^2+e^2=16 \end{cases}$$ Prove that: $$\dfrac{8}{5}\le 2a+b\le 8$$
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Solve $x^2-|5x-3|-x<2,\ \ x\in \mathbb{R} $

Solve $x^2-|5x-3|-x<2,\ \ x\in \mathbb{R} $ I tried $x^2-|5x-3|-x<2$ , case $1$ , $x^2-(5x-3)-x<2,\ x\geq 0 \\ x^2-6x+1<0 \\ 3-2\sqrt2 < 3+2\sqrt2 \\ 0.17<x<5.8\\ $ ...
17
votes
2answers
216 views
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Calculus: simpler way of showing that derivative is negative?

I want to show that $\frac{1-(1-\beta)^N}{\beta}$ is strictly decreasing in $\beta$ for $\beta \in (0,1)$ and $N \geq 2$. My approach so far is as follows: I take the derivative with respect to ...
2
votes
2answers
298 views

Proving the an expression is larger than a simplified quadratic

Let p and q be positive real numbers. Prove that $$ (p + 2)(q+2)(p+q) \ge 16pq $$ Any explanation/answer would be extremely helpful. Thanks : )
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Simple case of Young's inequality

I have a question concerning Young's inequality stated as follows: $||a∗b||_{ℓ_q}≤||a||_{\ell_1}||b||_{ℓ_q},~~~~ 1≤q≤∞$. Here you can find something on $\ell_q\big(\mathbb{Z}\big)$: Young's ...
2
votes
4answers
69 views

Prove the inequality $e^x \geq x^e$ for $x > 0$ [duplicate]

Prove that $e^x \ge x^e$ for $x \gt 0$ I applied the natural logarithm to simplify the function and I get $$\frac{x}{\ln x}\ge e$$ How to solve these types of problems?
4
votes
2answers
109 views

Prove this inequality $\frac{1}{1+a}+\frac{2}{1+a+b}<\sqrt{\frac{1}{a}+\frac{1}{b}}$

Let $a,b>0$ show that $$\dfrac{1}{1+a}+\dfrac{2}{1+a+b}<\sqrt{\dfrac{1}{a}+\dfrac{1}{b}}$$ It suffices to show that $$\dfrac{(3a+b+3)^2}{((1+a)(1+a+b))^2}<\dfrac{a+b}{ab}$$ or ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Inequality using integrals and absolute values

Let $u,v$ be continous functions in $[a,b]$ a compact interval and let $c > 0$. Suppose that $\forall x\in [a,b]$, the following inequality is true: $$|u(x)-v(x)|\leq c\int^x_a|u(t)-v(t)|dt$$ ...
6
votes
0answers
38 views

Lower bound on absolute value of determinant of sum of matrices

I needed to find a lower bound on $|\det(A+B)|$ where $|.|$ is the absolute value operator. Because I was unable to get such a bound so I was trying to guess a bound and prove it. But ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Prove that:$\sum_{i=1}^n\frac{1}{x_i}-\sum_{i<j}\frac{1}{x_i+x_j}+\sum_{i<j<k}\frac{1}{x_i+x_j+x_k}-\cdots+(-1)^{n-1}\frac{1}{x_1+\ldots+x_n}>0.$?

Is there someone show me how do I prove this , I guess this inequality hold only if $x=0$ . Let $x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n>0$. Prove that ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

How to prove the following inequality $|\prod_{i=1}^{i=n}a_i-\prod_{i=1}^{i=n}b_i| < n\delta$?

The constraints are $0 \le a_1,a_2....a_n,b_1,b_2....b_n \le 1$. $|a_i-b_i|< \delta$ for all $1 \le i \le n $ How do I go about proving the following $$|\prod_{i=1}^n a_i-\prod_{i=1}^n b_i| ...
7
votes
3answers
434 views

Some trouble with the induction

Prove, that for any positive integer $n \geqslant 2$ we have the inequality $$ \frac{ 4^n }{ n+1 } < \frac{ (2n)! }{ (n!)^2 }.$$ For $n=2$ the inequality is true. Directly just take and ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Order of 'Strength' of inequalities

There have been times when we solve an inequality and we get the reverse sign of inequality. The reason is quite simple- we did not choose a strong inequality. So my question is- Is there an order of ...
0
votes
3answers
72 views

Prove sum of $\sin$ of angles is greater than $\sin$ of sum of angles

It seems that $\displaystyle \sum_{x_i \in X} \sin\left(x_i\right) \geq \sin\left(\sum_{x_i \in X} x_i\right)$ where $X$ is a set of angles where $\displaystyle \sum_{x_i \in X} x_i \leq \pi$ radians ...