Questions involving improper integrals, defined as the limit of a definite integral as an endpoint of the interval of integration approaches either a specified real number or ∞ or −∞, or as both endpoints approach limits.

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7
votes
1answer
157 views

Evaluating $\int_0^\pi \frac{x}{(\sin x)^{\sin (\cos x)}}dx$

Evaluate $$\int_0^\pi \frac{x}{(\sin x)^{\sin (\cos x)}}dx$$ I tried using by parts and complex numbers along with series expansion but I was unable to find the answer. Please Help!
2
votes
0answers
9 views

Integral representation of Bessel function K

Does someone have an idea how to connect the following function (appearing in the quantization of a real scalar field in a uniformely accelerated frame) : $$ K(x,y) = \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{dt}{t} ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Applying contour integration to $\int_{0}^{\pi}dx\frac{cos(x)}{\sqrt{x^2 + x_0^2}}$

Is it possible to apply contour integration to find the value of following integral $$\int_{0}^{\pi}dx\frac{cos(x)}{\sqrt{x^2 + x_0^2}}$$
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Numerical Triple integral with three other parameters in R

I am trying to do this triple integral $$\int_{0}^{\infty }\int_{0}^{\infty }\int_{0}^{\infty }(u+w)e^{-\frac{(u+w)^2}{2}}(v+w)e^{-\frac{(v+w)^2}{2}}(u+v)e^{-\frac{(u+v)^2}{2}}e^{-(\mu +\lambda ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Integral of $\frac{\exp\left(\, -\alpha x\,\right)\, (x-x_0)} {{(x-x_0)^2+\beta^2}}$

Does the following integral have a closed form solution? $$ \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\exp\left(\, -\alpha x\,\right)\, (x-x_0)} {{(x-x_0)^2+\beta^2}}{\rm d}x $$ where $\alpha$, $\beta$ and $x_0$ are ...
10
votes
0answers
140 views
+50

Integral Inequality $\leq n^{3/2}\pi$

$ p(x)\in\mathbb{R[X]} $ is a polynomial of degree $n$ with no real roots. Show that: $ \int\limits_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\dfrac{(p'(x))^2}{(p'(x))^2+(p(x))^2}\,dx \leq n^{3/2}\pi.$ It's easy to see ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Find the inverse fourier transform of simple function

Suppose that the fourier transform of a signal $x(t)$ is $\hat x(u)=\frac{1}{2u_m}(1+\cos (\frac{\pi u}{u_m}))$ where $u_m \geq |u|$.$t$ here stands for time so $t \geq 0$ We sample the original ...
0
votes
2answers
19 views

Improper integrals using comparison theorem

In their working out I understand for the numerator 2+cosx=3 as cosx is less than equal to 1 but in the denominator I don't understand how they got from 3 square root x-x squared sinx all the way ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Dirichlet integral using real Analysis

The teacher made this approach to solve the Dirichlet integral , $$ J_n= \int_0^\frac{\pi}{2} \frac{\sin(2nx)}{\sin x}\:\mathrm{d}x,\quad I_n = \int_0^\frac{\pi}{2} \frac{\sin(2n+1)x}{\sin ...
15
votes
1answer
335 views

Evaluting $\int_{1}^{2} \frac{\tan^{-1} x}{\tan^{-1} \frac {1}{x^2-3x+3}} \operatorname dx$

$$\int_{1}^{2} \frac{\tan^{-1} x}{\tan^{-1} \frac {1}{x^2-3x+3}} dx$$ My try:: $\displaystyle \int_{1}^{2} \frac{\tan^{-1} x}{\tan^{-1} \frac {1}{x^2-3x+3}} dx = ...
2
votes
3answers
73 views

Compute the integral $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{(1 + x + x^2)}{(1+x^4)} dx $ with a residue on suitable contour.

I believe that I could try to compute the same integral with limits from $-\infty$ to $\infty$ using residue on a half circle and then let the radius tend off to infinity, and once I have that value I ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

What is the largest function whose integral still converges?

Let C be the set of all functions $f(x)$ whose integral converges, i.e. for some constant $x_0$: $$\int_{x_0}^\infty f(x) dx < \infty$$ While playing with integrals in Wolfram Alpha, I noticed ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

Calculate the Fourier transform of ${\rm b}\left(x\right) = 1/\left(x^{2} +a^{2}\right)$

I need help to calculate the Fourier transform of this funcion $${\rm b}\left(x\right)=\frac{1}{x^{2} + a^{2}}\,,\qquad a > 0$$ Thanks.
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Does the improper integral $\int_{0}^{\infty}\sin(x^2)\;\mathrm dx$ converge? [duplicate]

Does the improper integral $\int_{0}^{\infty}\sin(x^2)\;\mathrm dx$ converge? So if it converges then $\lim_{b \to\infty}\int_{0}^{b}\sin(x^2)\;\mathrm dx$ exists and our integral converges to this ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Calculating Fourier Transform of $\sum_{n=1}^{3}\sin(2\pi \frac{n}{8}\frac{t}{T})$

This question deals with finding the Nyquist Frequency of a given signal. Suppose you have the signal $x(t)=\sum_{n=1}^{3}\sin(2\pi \frac{n}{8}\frac{t}{T})$ in the time domain where $T>0$ is some ...
1
vote
3answers
74 views

Evaluating an integral using Gamma function [on hold]

For $r \in (0,2)$, I would like to evaluate the integral $$\frac{2}{r} \int_0^{\infty} \frac{\sin(u)}{u^r} du.$$ The answer should be $$\frac{\pi \cdot \mathrm{cosec}{\frac{r\pi}{2}} ...
2
votes
3answers
45 views

How to prove and evaluate an Improper Integral

How to show that this improper integral converges and how to compute its value? $$ I=\int_{0}^{\frac\pi 2}\frac{\cos(2t)}{\sqrt{\sin(2t)}}\mathrm{d}t. $$ I used that the integrated function is odd so ...
-1
votes
0answers
18 views

How to evaluate the area of the curve?

I want to evaluate the area of the following between $x=0$ and $x=1$: $$f(x)=\frac{\log(1+x)}{1+x^2}$$ I started by introducing a suitable trigonometric substitution but according to what I did I ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

if $F(s_{0})$ for some $s_{o}$exists then it exists for all $s>s_{o}$

if laplace transform $F(s_{0})$ for some $s_{o}$exists then it exists for all $s>s_{o}$. i need to prove this . now, ...
12
votes
0answers
207 views

Integrate this monster

Can you please help me? I've been trying for some time now to integrate this: $$\int_0^\infty g^{-(a+1)} \; \exp\left\{-\left(\frac{b}{g} + \frac{1}{2} \sum_{i=1}^{n} ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Conditions on $f(t)$ so that $\int_{-\infty}^\infty f(t) \operatorname{sinc}(t-a) \operatorname{sinc}(t-b) dt$ converges.

Let us consider $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty f(t) \operatorname{sinc}(t-a) \operatorname{sinc}(t-b) dt \ \ \ \ (*)$$ for $a,b\in \mathbb R$. If $f\in L^1(-\infty,\infty)$ the integral converges: ...
3
votes
4answers
316 views

Where am I wrong in the following limit?

We have this function: $f(x)=\frac{2x+3}{x+2}$ and we need to find this: $$\lim _{x\to \infty \:}\frac{\int _x^{2x}f(t)\,dt}{x}$$ Now I will tell how I solved this: I suppose that $$\int _x^{2x} f(t) ...
0
votes
4answers
59 views

Evaluate $\lim _{x\to \infty }\frac{1}{x}\int _0^x\cos\left(t\right)dt\:$

I think that $\lim\limits_{x\to \infty }\frac{1}{x}\int _0^x\cos\left(t\right)dt\:$ is divergent, I can prove with taylor series?
4
votes
1answer
29 views

Convergence of multiple integral in $\mathbb R^4$

Denote $(x,y,z,w)$ the euclidean coordinates in $\mathbb R^4$. I am trying to study the convergence of the integral $$\int \frac{1}{(x^2+y^2)^a}\frac{1}{(x^2+y^2+z^2+w^2)^b} dx\,dy\, dz\, dw$$ over a ...
2
votes
4answers
110 views

Convergence of the improper integral $\int_{0}^{\pi/2}\tan^{p}(x) \; dx$

I need help solving this integral: for which values of the parameter $p$ is this improper integral convergent? $$\int_{0}^{\pi/2}\tan^{p}(x) \; dx$$ Thanks a lot!
-4
votes
0answers
40 views

what is the result of an infinity minus pi [closed]

what is $ \infty- \pi? $ Im doing some questions related to improper integral but then the final answer I got is $\tan^{-1} (\infty) - \tan^{-1} (\pi) .$ So what should I get as the final answer ?
4
votes
3answers
117 views

Compute $\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x \log(x)}{(1+x^2)^2}dx$

Given $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x \log(x)}{(1+x^2)^2}dx$$ I couldn't evaluate this integral. My only idea here was evaluating this as integration by parts. \begin{align} \int\frac{x ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Hints for evaluating $ \lim_{y \to +\infty}y \int_0^{+\infty}{e^{-x^2}\sin(2xy) dx}$ [closed]

Please give me some hints for this limit. $ \lim_{y \to +\infty} y\int_0^{+\infty}{e^{-x^2}\sin(2xy) dx}$
2
votes
2answers
69 views

equation for the beta function

Using only the definition $$B(x, y) = \int_0^1 t^{x-1}(1-t)^{y-1}dt$$ for the Beta function, proof the term: $(x + y)B(x + 1, y) = xB(x, y) \space\space \forall x, y > 0$ . Thanks in advance! ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

How to compute $\int _\mathbb{R}\frac{sin^{2n}t}{t^{2n}}dt$?

If $n=1$ we can compute $\int _\mathbb{R} \frac{sin^{2}t}{t^{2}}dt$ by using Parseval's formula since $\widehat{1_{[-1,1]}}(x)=2\frac{\sin x}{x}$. We obtain $\int _\mathbb{R} ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Improper integral Riemann sum limit in the derivation of Fourier series to Fourier transform

To give background to my question, in all the books I've looked at to derive the inverse Fourier transform of a continuous function $f$ on $\mathbb{R}$, they seem to work as follows. Let $k$ be a ...
2
votes
5answers
97 views

How we can solve that $\lim _{_{x\rightarrow \infty }}\int _0^x\:e^{t^2}dt$?

How we can solve that $\lim _{_{x\rightarrow \infty }}\int _0^x\:e^{t^2}dt$ ? P.S: This is my method as I thought: $\int _0^x\:\:e^{t^2}dt>\int _1^x\:e^tdt=e^x-e$ which is divergent, so all your ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Convergence and value of improper integral

Show, that the integral $\int_0^\infty e^{-x^a}dx$ exists for all $a > 0$, and show that it's value is $\frac{1}{a}\Gamma(\frac{1}{a})$ where $\Gamma(x)$ is the gamma function. I've tried ...
-1
votes
1answer
81 views

Integral identity involving sin(x)/x

Prove or disprove $$\displaystyle\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{3 \sin \left( x\right )}{x} \mathrm{d}x = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{4 \sin ^ 3\left( x\right )}{x^3} \mathrm{d}x$$
1
vote
1answer
23 views

convergence of a integral using comparation

analyze the comparison criterion if the integral converges or not $\int\limits_{2}^{+\infty}\frac{\cos x}{2+e^{x^3}}dx$ attempt i used the fact that $-\frac{1}{2+e^{x^3}}\le\frac{\cos ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Calculate an integral with delta function

In order to calculate the integral $$ f(x) = \frac{2}{\pi}\int_0^{\pi/2}\delta\Big(x-\sqrt{1\pm\sqrt{1-\beta^2\sin^2t}}\Big)\mathrm{d}t $$ where $\beta\in(0,1]$. I am hunting for a better solution, ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Which of the following is true for $\int_{1}^{0} x\ln x\, \text dx$?

Which of the following is true for $\int_{1}^{0} x\ln x\,\text dx$ it is equal to $−1/4$ it is divergent it is equal to an irrational number does not have a closed form it is impossible to ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

existence of an improper integral

Let $f: [1, \infty ) \to \mathbb{C}$ be a continuous function with a bounded antiderivative $F(x)$ on $[1, \infty)$. Show, that the integral $$ \int_1^\infty \frac{f(x)}{x^s} dx$$ exists for each $s ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Leibniz rule for an improper integral

It follows from leibniz rule that if $\frac{\partial f}{\partial \theta_0}(\theta,\theta_0)$ exists then $$\frac{d}{d\theta_0}\bigg(\int_0^{\theta_0}f(\theta,\theta_0)d\theta\bigg)=\int ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Improper Integral with trigonometric functions

Determine if the following integral converges: $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\cos(x)}{x^3+4x}dx.$$ So far I've thought about using the comparison test but I'm not sure how to implement it. My first ...
29
votes
3answers
936 views
7
votes
1answer
187 views

A problem of Ramanujan's interest: closed form of $1 + 2\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\cosh(n\theta)}{\cosh(n\pi)} $

I am Brian Diaz, and I am new to the math.stackexchange community. I have been struggling with attempting to find a closed form of the following series: $$ \varphi(\theta) = 1 + 2\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

proof related to convergence of a integral

i have the following condition $$0\le f(x)\le g(x)$$ and $$\int_{a}^{b}g(x)dx$$ is convergent for any $a$ and $b$ (which means $a$ or $b$ can tend to infinity) then prove that $$\int_{a}^{b}f(x)dx$$ ...
5
votes
4answers
130 views

Difficult improper integral: $\int_0^\infty \frac{x^{23}}{(5x^2+7^2)^{17}}\,\mathrm{d}x$

How can I find a closed-form expression for the following improper integral in a slick way? $$\mathcal{I}= \int_0^\infty \frac{x^{23}}{(5x^2+7^2)^{17}}\,\mathrm{d}x$$
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Integration with Respect to the Floor Function

Let $[x]$ be defined as the greatest integer part of $x \in \mathbb{R}$. Let $0<t<1$ and $\alpha(x) = [1/x]$. Compute the integral: $I(t) = \displaystyle\int_{t}^{1}x^{a}\mathrm{d\alpha(x)}$ ...
0
votes
3answers
81 views

How to evaluate the integral $\int_0^{\infty } e^{-x^2} x^4 \, dx$? [closed]

I tried to solve this expression by hand but I didn't succeed. I just have the result by integrating in Mathematica $$ \int_0^{\infty } e^{-x^2} x^4 \, dx = \frac{3 \sqrt{\pi }}{8} $$
2
votes
3answers
89 views

Why does the residue method not work straight out of the box here?

I'm trying to evaluate the integral $$I = \int_0^{\infty} \frac{\cos(x)-1}{x^2}\,\mathrm{d}x $$ The way I've done this is by rewriting $\frac{\cos(x)-1}{x^2}$ as ...
4
votes
2answers
120 views

The antiderivative of $\sin(1/x)$

How to prove that the function $f(x)=\sin\frac{1}{x}$ for $x\neq 0,f(0)=0$ has an antiderivative? This means $F(x)=\int^{x}_{0}\sin(1/t)dt$ has derivative $0$ at $x=0$, but I have no idea how to prove ...
7
votes
4answers
128 views

Evaluating $\int\limits_0^\infty \frac{e^x}{1+e^{2x}}\mathrm dx$, alternate methods

Problem: Evaluate $$\displaystyle\int\limits_0^\infty \frac{e^x}{1+e^{2x}}\mathrm dx$$ My progress: I have actually solved the problem, but I fear that I may not have used the "desired" methods. ...
5
votes
3answers
231 views

Definite Integral of $e^{ax+bx^c}$

Can you please provide some thoughts / ideas / help in computing this definite integral? Any help will be great...I am so stuck with this one. $$\int_0^\infty e^{ax+bx^c}~dx$ where $a< 0$ , ...