5
votes
1answer
32 views

Is Cauchy's formula apt for evaluating this integral

I'm trying to evaluate the following. $$\frac{1}{2i}\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{s \sin{(sr)}}{(s-k)(s+k)}\mathrm{d}s,$$ with $k$ and $r$ being real constants. The integral could be written as ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Complex exponential integral: Mathematica and MATLAB give unexpected results

I currently compare analytical vs. numerical evaluation of the complex exponential integral and find mismatches: The imaginary part differs by $\pm \pi$ and the real part has a large error when ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

Residue Integral: $\int_0^\infty \frac{x^n - 2x + 1}{x^{2n} - 1} \mathrm{d}x$

Inspired by some of the greats on this site, I've been trying to improve my residue theorem skills. I've come across the integral $$\int_0^\infty \frac{x^n - 2x + 1}{x^{2n} - 1} \mathrm{d}x,$$ where ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

How do you integrate Gaussian integral with contour integration method?

How do you integrate $$\int^{\infty}_{-\infty} e^{-x^2} dx$$ with contour integration method? I do not even know how to setup the problem.
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Choose appropriate contour for a complex integral

I have a problem to solve integral $$ I = \int^{\infty}_0 \frac{\mathrm{d}x}{(x-z)(1+x^2)^{\kappa+2}} $$ I can solve the same integral with borders $-\infty$ to $\infty$ using residue theorem but ...
8
votes
1answer
261 views

Evaluation of $\int_0^1 \frac{\log(1+x)}{1+x}\log\left(\log\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)\right) \ dx$

I need some hints, clues for getting the closed form of $$\int_0^1 \frac{\log(1+x)}{1+x}\log\left(\log\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)\right) \ dx$$
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Gaussian integral involving $\cos\circ\sin$

I stumbled upon an integral of the form $$\int_{\mathbb R} e^{-x^2/2}\cos(a\sin (bx+ic))\,{\mathrm d}x$$ for some real constant $a,b,c$. Has anybody ever seen such an integral? Mathematica doesn't ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

Cauchy distribution characteristic function

I know that it's easy to calculate integral $\displaystyle\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{e^{itx}}{\pi(1+x^2)}dx$ using residue theorem. Is there any other way to calculate this integral (for someone who ...
0
votes
2answers
85 views

How to show that $\int_{-\infty}^\infty\frac{t}{(a^2+t^2)(b^2+t^2)(e^{2\pi t}-1)}dt=\frac{1}{2ab(a+b)}+\frac{1}{b^2-a^2}\sum_{a<k\leq b}\frac{1}{k}$

I'm stuck on this problem. Here $a,b\in\mathbb{N}$ with $b>a$. I have already shown that $$-\lim_{\varepsilon\searrow 0}\int_{|t|>\varepsilon}\frac{\coth(\pi ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

About the convergence or divergence?

Whether the following integral converge or diverge by comparison test. \begin{align*} ...
3
votes
3answers
75 views

How can an improper integral have multiple values?

Integrals like this are said to dependend on the contour of integration: $$\int^{\infty}_{-\infty}\frac{x\sin x}{x^2-\sigma^2}dx=\pi e^{i\sigma}\space \mathrm{or}\quad \pi \cos\sigma $$ How is it ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Evaluation of tricky integral

I want to evaluate the integral $$\int _ {b} ^ {\infty} \mathrm{d} x \, \frac{e ^ {x ^ {2} / s} (b^2 + 3 x ^ 2) ^ {2}}{x (x^2 + b^2)}$$, where $b$ and $s$ are positive real numbers. I thought of ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Calculating an integral with a branch cut, using some “uniqueness property”

Consider a complex function $$\tilde{f}(z)=z\int_{M}^{\infty}ds' \frac{\rho(s')}{z-s'} \qquad (1)$$ , where $M>0$ and $$\rho(s')=\frac{1}{s'}\sqrt{1-M/s'}.$$ This function is analytic in the ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Solve $\mathscr{F}^{-1} [ \cot{a \omega} \times \mathscr{F} \{ U(t) \sin{\omega_0 t} \} ] $ using contour integration

I wish to evaluate $y(t) = \mathscr{F}^{-1} [ \cot{a \omega} \times \mathscr{F} \{ U(t) \sin{\omega_0 t} \} ] $, where $\mathscr{F}$ represents the Fourier transform, and U(t) represents the ...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

Solving the integral $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin{x}}{x^2+1} dx$

I'm trying hard to solve this integral but I still don't know how... $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin{x}}{x^2+1} dx$$ The integral from $-\infty$ to $\infty$ is quite easy, but how could we integrate ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

Evaluate the definite integral $ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{\cos(x)}{x^4 +1} \ \ dx $

I am having more trouble with this problem then I feel like I should be. I set $ \ \cos(x) = e^{ix} \ $ and $ \ x^4 +1 = e^{\pi i /4} \ $ or $ \sqrt{i} \ $. I think I am suppose to do a residue to ...
5
votes
4answers
266 views

The closed form of $\int_0^{\infty} \frac{\log(\cosh(x))}{x} e^{-x} \ dx$

An integral I discussed last days in a chat, and it looks like a hard nut since after some manipulations of the initial form we reach an integral where the integrand is expressed in terms of ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Validity of $\int_{a}^b f(z) dz = \int_{a}^{\infty} f(z) dz - \int_{b}^{\infty} f(z) dz$?

What should be the conditions on the complex-valued function $f$ to be able to write : $$\int_{a}^b f(z) dz = \int_{a}^{\infty} f(z) dz - \int_{b}^{\infty} f(z) dz $$
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Evaluate the integral using principal value and complex analysis

I need to find the value of the integral: $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{sin^2x}{x^2}dx $ Right now progress: Because the value of $\frac{sin^2x}{x^2}$ is convergent, the integral will be equal ...
0
votes
1answer
152 views

Evaluation of definite integral using complex analysis

I want to evaluate the following indefinite integral $$ \int_0^{\infty} x^{p - 1} \cos (ax) dx$$ where $0 < p < 1$ and $a > 0$. I was considering the function $f(z) = z^{p - 1} e^{iaz}$ and ...
6
votes
1answer
137 views

Log Sine: $\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\sin\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d \theta.$

Hi I am trying to calculate $$ I:=\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\sin\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d \theta. $$ Here is a related Integral...$\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\cos\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Application of Residues

So in applying the residue theorem to solve improper real integrals, we agree to take our semicircles to be as large or as small as necessary such that all the poles we wish to work with lie inside ...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

Any general methods to calculate integral of $P(x)/Q(x)$ from $0$ to $\infty$?

In complex analysis, we have general formula for $P(x)/Q(x)$ [$P$ and $Q$ are polynomials] from minus infinity to infinity, if $ \deg Q - \deg P > 2$. Is it possible to have a general formula for ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Integrating this complex function, using Residue Theorem [duplicate]

I am having a massive amount of trouble integrating this, I really have no clue how to get the answer in the book: $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{x^4}{1+x^8}dx$$ I know I need to find the poles ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Cauchy integrals over a line

Can we generalize the Cauchy integral formula from a circle to a line? Since for real integrals, the following types of improper integrals do not converge, is it correct or not that for $z\notin ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

A complex-valued integral

I feel as if I'm probably just being stupid, but I'm working through Griffiths' book on quantum mechanics and I can't seem to evaluate the following integral: I(k) = $\int_{0}^{\infty}{(e^{(ik - a)x} ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

How I can evalute numerically this improper complex integral?

I need a hand with the numerical evaluation, in Mathematica, for this integral: $$f(t)=\int_{-\infty}^\infty Exp\{it(\omega_H-\omega_l-\omega_k) - \sum _{j\neq(l,k)} S_j [1-e^{-it\omega_j}]\}\, dt$$ ...
1
vote
3answers
98 views

Evaluating improper integrals of odd functions with hyperbolic and circular elements

The integral $$ \int_{0}^{\infty} {\sin\left(\omega t\right) \over \cosh^{2}\left(t/\sqrt{2\,}\,\right)}\,{\rm d}t $$ with $ \omega >0 $ is an odd function in variable t. This precludes any ...
3
votes
0answers
97 views

Integrate: $\int\limits_0^\infty{\frac{x^{n-2}}{b\left(1+ ~a x^{\frac{n-1}{n-2}}\right)} \sin{(x b)}~ dx}$

I am trying to solve the integral: $\int\limits_0^\infty{\frac{x^{n-2}}{b\left(1+ ~a x^{\frac{n-1}{n-2}}\right)} \sin{(x b)}~ dx}$ where $x$ is real and $a, b, n$ are positive real constants. I ...
2
votes
0answers
145 views

on the convergence of a certain integral

If I have an entire function $\phi$ such that it is of exponential order zero. I.e for all $\rho > 0$ we get $|\phi(s)|\le C_\rho e^{|s|^{\rho}}$. Furthermore, I have an extreme decay in the Taylor ...
11
votes
1answer
329 views

integral $\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{\cos(\pi x^{2})}{1+2\cosh(\frac{2\pi}{\sqrt{3}}x)}dx=\frac{\sqrt{2}-\sqrt{6}+2}{8}$

Here is a seemingly challenging integral some may try their hand at. $$ \int_{0}^{\infty} {\cos\left(\pi x^{2}\right)\over 1 + 2\cosh\left(\,2\,\pi\,x\,/\,\sqrt{\,3\,}\,\right)}\,{\rm d}x ...
1
vote
3answers
76 views

Integral $\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{-ax}\cos (bx)\operatorname d\!x$

I want to evaluate the following integral via complex analysis $$\int\limits_{x=0}^{x=\infty}e^{-ax}\cos (bx)\operatorname d\!x \ \ ,\ \ a >0$$ Which function/ contour should I consider ?
4
votes
4answers
292 views

Calculating $\int_0^\infty \frac {\sin^2x}{x^2}dx$ using the Residue Theorem.

I am trying to compute the following integral using the Residue Theorem but am quite stuck: $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin^2x}{x^2}dx$$ I have tried applying Jordan's lemma, having written $\sin(x)$ as ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Integral $\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{t \sin(t)}{t^{2}+b^{2}}dt$

I want to solve the integral $$\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{t \sin(t)}{t^{2}+b^{2}}dt$$ Which function and contour should I consider ?
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Evaluation of a definite integral

I want to find the best way to show $\int_0^\infty\dfrac{x^{2m}}{x^{2n}+1}\,dx=\dfrac{\pi}{2n}\operatorname{csc}\left(\dfrac{2m+1}{2n}\pi\right)$, where $0\leq m<n$. It's easy to verify some ...
2
votes
0answers
206 views

Contour integral with branch point

As preparation for my exam I "invented" the following problem as an exercise to see whether I understand how to work with branch points. $f(z) = \frac{z}{\sqrt{z^2+1} (z^2 +a^2)}$ The goal is to ...
2
votes
3answers
70 views

Help with a contour integration

I've been trying to derive the following formula $$\int_\mathbb{R} \! \frac{y \, dt}{|1 + (x + iy)t|^2} = \pi$$ for all $x \in \mathbb{R}, y > 0$. I was thinking that the residue formula is the ...
0
votes
1answer
334 views

Prove the improper integral of the Gamma function $\Gamma(t)$ converges for $z \in \mathbb C$ with $Re(z) > 0$:

Prove the improper integral of the Gamma function $\Gamma(t)$ converges for $z \in \mathbb C$ with $Re(z) > 0$: The gamma function $\Gamma(t)$ is defined by the following improper integral ...
4
votes
0answers
66 views

Probably Riemann surface integral

Here is the integral: May you please suggest some beautiful idea on using Riemann surface, or some Gauss-Ostrogradsky at the beginning. Also, the initial integral looks really symmetric, so maybe ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

$\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\sin x}{x^{k}(1+x^{2})}dx \ $ via residue calculus

I want to evaluate with calculus of residues $$\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\sin x}{x^{k}(1+x^{2})}dx \ $$ $ k \in \mathbb{N}, k \geq 1$ If $k = 1$ we have $$\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\sin ...
3
votes
2answers
90 views

A problem about the improper integral in Jensen's formula

In Jensen's formula, when dealing with zeros of $f$ in the boundary of $D(0;r)$, we need the following lemma: $$ \int_{0}^{2\pi}\log\left(\left\vert\,1 - {\rm e}^{{\rm i}t}\,\right\vert\right)\,{\rm ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

Integral $\int_{0}^\infty\frac {(1-{{e}^{-i (q-p)t}})ln(|p^2-p_0^2|)}{(q-p)({{ p}}^{2}-{{p_1}}^{2})({{p}}^{2}-{{p_2} }^{2})}dp$

I am trying to get a closed form analytic result for the integral $$\int _{0}^{\infty }\!{\frac {\left(1-{{\rm e}^{-i \left( {q}-{p} \right) t}}\right){\rm ln}(|p^2-p_0^2|)}{ ( {q}-{p} ) \left( {{ ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Complex Analysis - Cauchy Principal Value of Improper Integral

I am having some difficulty with a P.V. Cauchy Integral problem, and after working on it for hours, I just cannot seem to find what I might be doing wrong. Here is the problem: Evaluate the Cauchy ...
11
votes
3answers
426 views

Calculate $\displaystyle \int_0^\infty \frac{\ln x}{1 + x^4} \mathrm{d}x$ using residue calculus

I need to evaluate this integral using calculus of residues: $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\ln(x)}{1+x^4}\mathrm{d}x$$ I know I need to consider $\displaystyle ...
4
votes
2answers
331 views

Computing $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{\sin x}{x} \mathrm{d}x$ with residue calculus

This refers back to the integral of $\frac{\sin(x)}x = \frac\pi2$ already posted. How do I arrive at $\frac\pi2$ using the residue theorem? I'm at the following point: $$\int \frac{e^{iz}}{z} - \int ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

perturbative series expansion of integral via complex integration

Define for real $x>0$ and $\epsilon>0,$ the function $$ f(x,\epsilon):= \int_{\epsilon}^\infty \frac{\mathrm{d}s}{s} \frac{1}{\sinh^2 s/2} e^{-sx}. $$ Question: is it possible to compute ...
5
votes
3answers
183 views

Applications of the Residue Theorem to the Evaluation of Integrals and Sums

Evaluate the integral $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(1 + x^2)^{n+1}} dx. $$ I know that it equals $2\pi i$(the sum of the residues; at $z_k$) where $z_k$ are the poles of the function. I ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Asymptotics of the logarithmic integral

Problem Given $$ \gamma = \int_0^1 {1-e^{-u} \over u} du - \int_1^\infty {e^{-u} \over u} du, $$ prove that $$ \int_0^x {dt \over \log t} = \gamma + \log \log x + \sum_{k=1}^\infty {\log^k x \over k ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Solving the improper integral $\int_0^\infty \frac{x^{1/3}}{1+x^2} \mathrm dx$ [duplicate]

I'm trying to solve: $\displaystyle \int \limits_0^\infty \dfrac{x^{1/3}}{1+x^2} \mathrm dx$ I have tried contour integration with $C_R^+$ and the real line like this: $\displaystyle \int \limits_T ...
4
votes
2answers
365 views

Principal value of the singular integral $\int_0^\pi \frac{\cos nt}{\cos t - \cos A} dt$

For a constant $0<A<\pi$, and natural $n$ I want to find the principal value of the integral: $$\int_0^\pi \frac{\cos nt}{\cos t - \cos A} dt$$ First of all, I'm not certain what function in ...