This tag is for the mathematics involved in the field of image processing. Many such questions are also appropriate for Signal Processing Stack Exchange.

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34
votes
2answers
8k views

What do eigenvalues have to do with pictures?

I am trying to write a program that will perform OCR on a mobile phone, and I recently encountered this article : Can someone explain this to me ?
2
votes
0answers
180 views

Singular Value Decomposition

I want to decompose an image $A$ using the Discrete Wavelet Transform and then find the singular values, $S$, such that $A=USV$. I will then do the same to another image such that $B=USV$. I will ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Taking a derivative of this formula

I reading an article about an Automatic scale selection It is used in image feature extraction. But what I need is the mathematical part of it. I have a problem with understanding the following: ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Intuition about moment function derivation [OR] derivatives involving a time varying integration domain

$$ m_{{pq}}(t)=\iint\limits_{R(t)}h(x,y) dx dy $$ where $ R(t)$ the domain of integration is time varying (In fact it is the only one which is time varying). And $$ h(x,y) = x^p y^q f(x,y) dx dy ...
42
votes
2answers
6k views

Mathematical explanation behind a picture posted (lifted from facebook)

In this image given below, there is an actor's (famous south Indian actor Rajinikanth) image which can be seen only if you shake your head ! I had lifted this from Facebook. I am just curious to ...
4
votes
1answer
867 views

Unscramble images without trying all permutations

I try to write an algorithm that unscrambles images that were before scrambled by mixing up small blocks: My idea is that in the bottom image there are more "sharp" corners compared to the image ...
3
votes
2answers
118 views

How can I measure the properties of a Point Spread Function?

What quantity or property can I use that describes by how much a point spread function distorts/blurs an image?
1
vote
1answer
328 views

Identifying 3D shape from matrices analytically

I have a set of matrices (a 3D matrix, that represents a quantized body), for instance: (the size 5x5 here is just an example, the real size is a lot higher) $ M_1 = \left[ {\begin{array}{cc} 0 ...
1
vote
2answers
287 views

What is an efficient way to get blur from source and blurred images?

I'm doing little program to get blur from source image and blurred image. But I haven't learned so much things about math in school yet. The equation used for blurring the image A into B: ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

Reconstructing a ring from a stack of 2D images (radially aligned)

I have a stack of images (about 180 of them) and there are 2 black dots on every single image. Hence, the position(x,y) of the two stars are provided initially. The dimensions of all these images are ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

A function for forming a closing curve on all points on a 2D image

First of all, this is for image processing. The small circles above is on an image and are my list of points. The points are always in order from p1, p2, p3 to pn. And I am to create a curve that ...
1
vote
2answers
352 views

Scaling a histogram in the face of outliers

I am trying to figure out how to display a histogram of a digital image in the face of massive outliers (lots of shadows, highlights, or lots of anything inbetween). If I simply choose the bin with ...
8
votes
1answer
221 views

Homotopy and watershed

homotopy is a new word to me. Upon trying to understand this property, I immediately think of another well-known segmentation algorithm: watersheds. I see that watershed should exhibit some ...
0
votes
1answer
427 views

How to interpolate between these two points in time?

I have an image which is positioned at (x=0, y=177, scaleW=1.0, scaleH=1.0) at say $t_0$, and I need it to be positioned at (x=35, y=110, scaleW=0.65, scaleH=0.65) at $t_1$. How do I find keyframes in ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

Why is 8x8 matrix chosen for Discrete Cosine Transform?

In JPEG and MPEG, why is 8x8 matrix chosen for Discrete Cosine Transform? Why not any other, say 64x64?
1
vote
1answer
784 views

Create Fisheye from image

I'm trying to modify a function to create fisheye effect on image (i use a software that permit to modify every single pixel of an image). At the moment i use this function: ...
1
vote
1answer
457 views

VQMT image blurring metric

I would like to know how the MSU - Video Quality measurement tool: here calculates the blur metric. What could be the mathematical computation to calculate blur? I want to do something similar in ...
2
votes
1answer
247 views

Given a point and a set of triangles, what's would be a fast way to find which triangle the point belongs to?

I'm trying to do a piece-wise affine transform in Python. I have one image with a set of points hand marked and another set of points where I wish to "move" my current points and the texture between. ...
1
vote
1answer
207 views

Trouble deriving the Harris Corner Detection

I just started studying a small paper about the Harris Corner Detection. The problem is I don't understand how step 7 is derived from step 6. In step 7 the expression is expanded in a way that we get ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

find the rotation of one image with respect to other in MATLAB

I have two images. One is the reference image and the other is the rotated version of the reference image. I would like to find what is the angle by which the second image is rotated with respect to ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I apply a Gaussian Blur (low-pass filter) to an image made up from a set of points?

I have an image encoded in the form of a list of points, like so: ...