An ideal is a subset of ring such that it is possible to make a quotient ring with respect to this subset. This is the most frequent use of the name ideal, but it is used in other areas of mathematics too: ideals in set theory and order theory (which are closely related), ideals in semigroups, ...

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Is an irreducible ideal in $R$ irreducible in $R[x]$?

Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian ring and $I\subset R$ an ideal that is irreducible in the sense that if $I = J_1 \cap J_2$, then $I=J_1$ or $I=J_2$. Is (the ideal generated by) $I$ irreducible in ...
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Why is $(XY-1)$ contained in $(X-a, Y-b)$ with $ab=1$?

This is probably a very trivial question, so I apologize in advance. Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field and $R=K[X,Y]$ the polynomial ring in two variables. I want to show that every ideal ...
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On the history of sigma-ideals

Could anyone provide me with some insight regarding the history of sigma-ideals, i.e., who coined them, first publications on the matter, main authors thereafter and so on? Thanks in advance.
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33 views

The opposite of the right ideal in the ring of 2x2 matrices?

Since every ring has an opposite, I would like to know: Which is the opposite of the rings of $n \times n$ matrices? More specifically, of the $2 \times 2$ matrices. Is there an opposite for the ...
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What is the class group of $\Bbb{Q}(\sqrt{-41})$?

What is the class group of $\Bbb{Q}(\sqrt{-41})$? I've found that it's generated by $P_2, P_3, P_5, P_7$ as per Dedekind's theorem, but I'm having a bit of trouble finding the relations between the ...
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Show the ideal $\langle x^2+1, 5\rangle$ isn't maximal

Show the ideal generated by $x^2+1$ and $5$ isn't maximal in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$. I thought of the following: An element of $\mathbb{Z}[x] /I$ is $f(x) + \langle x^2 +1 , 5 \rangle = ax+b + I$ ...
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Considering the prime ideals of $\Bbb Z$ to find the prime ideals of $\Bbb Z[x]$

Why can we consider the prime ideals of $\Bbb Z$ to determine the prime ideals of $\Bbb Z[x]$? There really isn't any work I can show here. Motivation is that it seems various papers consider a prime ...
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$\Bbb Z[x]/(p)\cong \Bbb F_p[x]$

How do I prove this? $$\Bbb Z[x]/(p)\cong \Bbb F_p[x]$$ This implies that $(p)$ must be equal to $p\Bbb Z$ where $p$ is prime. Why is the only prime element that makes this true $p$ where $p$ is ...
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Ideal $I\cap \Bbb Z\ne(0)$

What does this mean: $I$ is an ideal of $\Bbb Z[x]$. Let $I\cap \Bbb Z\ne(0)$ What does it mean to take the intersection of an ideal and the integers? All elements of the ideal that are integers? We ...
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36 views

Understanding a quotient ring of continuous functions

In trying to understand another questions answer(to a question I asked), I realized that my fundamental lack of knowledge was in regards to the following question: In terms of functions, what does ...
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Algebra and Maximal ideal.

I am trying to solve the following problem. If $ \mathcal{K}$ is a field and $a_1,a_2,\dots,a_n \in \mathcal{K}$. Prove that $(x_1-a_1,x_2-a_2,\dots,x_n-a_n)$ is a maximal ideal in ...
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27 views

Morita equivalence and right and left ideals of a Ring

I have been thinking a bit about Morita equivalence http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morita_equivalence and I would like to know whether it also applies to subrings such as right or left ideals. And, if ...
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76 views

Number of ideals in a minimal irreducible decomposition

Assume $R$ is a local ring, $M\subseteq R$ is the maximal ideal, $I\subseteq R$ is an $M$-primary ideal and $I=\bigcap_{i=1}^n Q_i$ is a minimal irreducible decomposition of $I$ (i.e. $Q_i\subseteq R$ ...
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A basic isomorphism of modules (useful for Corollary 2.7 of Atiyah and MacDonald).

Let $M$ be an $A$-module, $N$ a submodule of $M$, $\mathfrak{a} \subseteq A$ an ideal such that $M = \mathfrak{a}M + N$. Then $\mathfrak{a}(M/N) = (\mathfrak{a}M+N)/N$ I am having troubles in ...
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Stably-free ideals are free?

In my class of algebraic topology, a friend of mine stated the following: If $R\ne 0$ is a commutative ring with unit and $I\subset R\oplus R$ is a submodule such that $(R\oplus R)/I\cong R$, ...
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63 views

Applications of $\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$ [closed]

I would like someone to proof me this claim and give me its applications in mathematics if it's not a convention. Claim: for all positive integers $n$, the ring $\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$ is domain if ...
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43 views

Order of prime ideals over split primes in the class group.

Let $P$ be a prime ideal of $\mathcal O_K$ ($K$ a quadratic field) and let $P$ have norm $p$ where $p$ is a split prime. Is it possible for the ideal class $[P]$ to have order less than three? I feel ...
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115 views

Example of commutative ring that doesn't satisfy distribution of intersection over addition

I'm trying to find an example of commutative ring $R$ and ideals $\mathfrak a,\mathfrak b,\mathfrak c \in R$ such that $$\mathfrak a \cap (\mathfrak b + \mathfrak c) \neq \mathfrak a \cap ...
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56 views

Wrong proposition in “Atiyah and Macdonald”s book?!

In page 6 of "Introduction to commutative algebra" says that: $a \cap b = ab$ provided $a + b = (1)$ But i think it's not true,by considering $a = b = (2) \in \mathbb Z_6$
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How to workout what elements of a quotient ring look like?

I am trying to understand quotient rings. Firstly: $$\frac{\Bbb Z[x]}{\langle x-1\rangle}$$ The above I can understand in a fairly naive way. Since the ideal is generated by a degree one polynomial, ...
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51 views

Cardinality of quotient ring $\mathbb{Z_6}[X]/(2x+4)$

Let $R$ be the ring obtained by taking the quotient of $\mathbb{Z_6}[X]$ by principal ideal $(2x+4)$. Then 1) $R$ has infinite elements 2) $R$ is field 3) $5$ is unit in $R$ 4) $4$ is unit in $R$. ...
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Morita equivalence between right and left ideals of a ring

I would like to know whether Morita equivalence is a useful tool when dealing with right and left ideals of a ring. If so, could someone illustrate it on the example of $2\times 2$ matrices? Thanks
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Is there a classification of ideals of $\mathcal O_K$ ($K$ quadratic) over ramified and split primes depending on $d \pmod 4$?

I am unsure if the following argument is correct. I have not seen something like this in my course, so I'm a bit skeptical, since this seems like a very simple way of computing norms of ideals. If ...
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Writing the ideal $m=\langle X, Y \rangle$ in $R=k[X, Y]$ as a countable union of prime ideals

Here's a problem (Exercise 3.21) from "A Term in Commutative Algebra" by Altman & Kleiman: Let $k$ be a field, and $R=k[X, Y]$ be polynomial ring in two variables. Let $\mathfrak{m}=\langle ...
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How to visualize one-side ideals of a ring?

Could anyone provide me with some insight as to how to represent diagrammatically (in a graphical o visual way) left and right ideals of a ring (in those cases in which they are one-sided ideals)? ...
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33 views

How to show the existence of an ideal in the ring of Gaussian integers that satisfy the following?

How to show that If $p$ is a prime and $p\equiv1\bmod4$ then there exists an ideal of the $R=\mathbb{Z}[i]$, the ring of Gaussian integers, such that $R/I$ is isomorphic to ...
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34 views

Prime ideal in Dedekind ring is finitely generated

Let $R$ be a Dedekind ring, which means integral domain, integrally closed, Noetherian, which means that given any chain of ideals in $R$: $$I_1\subseteq\cdots \subseteq I_{k-1}\subseteq ...
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Who coined ideals in Set Theory?

One of the meanings of the word "ideal" in maths refers to Set Theory. Even though handbooks say that concept can be translated to Order Theory or to Algebra effortelssly, I am interested in: 1) ...
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48 views

In which way are sigma ideals a special case of ideals?

The article on sigma-ideals in wikipedia claims they are a special kind of ideals: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sigma-ideal But, unfortunately, no explanation to that regard is offered (not at least ...
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Why are principal fractional ideal also fractional ideals?

I don't understand the following: Let $K$ be the quotient field of an integral domain $R$. A fractional ideal $I$ is a subset of $K$ other than $\{0\}$, for which a $0\neq r\in R$ exists, so that ...
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Relation of ideals in probability with other kinds of ideals?

It seems that there are at least 5 kinds of ideals in maths: Ideals in number theory (Kummer, Dedekind) Ideals in abstract algebra (Dedekind, Noether), as kernels of homomorphisms Ideals in order ...
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How do I compute the norm of a non-principal ideal of the ring of integers of a quadratic field without using ''large'' results

I am trying to compute the norm of the ideal $I=(7, 1+\sqrt{15}) \trianglelefteq \mathbb Z[\sqrt{15}],$ the ring of integers of $\mathbb Q[\sqrt{15}].$ I knew $I^2$ would be principal, as $I\bar ...
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prove $(m) \subset (n)$ iif $n$ divides $m$

For non-zero integers $m$ and $n$, prove $(m) \subset (n)$ iif $n$ divides $m$, where $(n)$ is the principal ideal. My attempt is following. For non-zero integers $m$ and $n$, assume that $(m) ...
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14 views

Relation between Noether's one-sided ideals and Polish notation?

Given the definitions of one-sided ideals (right ideals; left ideals) bu Emmy Noether, as referred in this answer Noether's definition of right and left ideals?, I would like to raise the ...
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26 views

Origin of ideals in order theory

I am trying to clarify in my head the different meanings of "ideals" in mathematics. We have ideals in Number Theory, as in Dedekind (derived from 'Ideal Complex Numbers' in Kummer), in Abstract ...
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A question on Join homomorphism and Ideals

On page 287 of the book Mathematical Methods in Linguistcs, by Barbara Partee, Alice Ter Meulen and Robert E. Wall (Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Press, 1993), I find the following theorem, which they ...
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What does the ideal norm of matrix elements really mean?

Say we have a number field $K$ (specifically, an imaginary quadratic field) and a $2\times2$ matrix $\sigma=\pmatrix{a&c\\b&d}$ with elements $a,b,c,d\in\mathcal O_k$, the ring of integers of ...
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Visual representation of (right or left) ideals of a ring?

I would like to know about the canonical visual representation for ideals in a ring. Particularly, for the two kinds of one-sided ideals,that is, right ideals and left ideals. Is it possible to use ...
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33 views

Decision between right and left ideals of a ring?

Let us suppose whe find a phenomenon (in nature, social sciences, whatever) for which we believe (or some author has stated) it is possible a formalization or modeling in terms of ideal of a ring. Let ...
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65 views

Class group of $\mathbb Q(\sqrt{-55})$ and finding representatives for ideal classes

My first step in computing the class group of $\mathbb Q(\sqrt{-55})$ was to compute the Minkowski bound. Initially, I said $\lambda(-55)=2\sqrt{-55}/\pi<2(8)/3<6$ and I went the normal way of ...
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Relation between ideal numbers and ideals of a ring?

I would like to know whether the ideal numbers of Kummer (or the ideals of Dedekind for that matter) are closely related to the concept of ideal (right ideal, left ideal, two-sided ideal and so ...
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35 views

All polynomial parametric curves in $k^2$ are contained in affine algebraic varieties

I have started working through the textbook Ideals, Varieties, and Algorithms by Cox, Little, and O'Shea and I am stuck on one part of an introductory question. The question begins by getting one to ...
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59 views

Is the minimal number of generators of an ideal the rank of the ideal as a free $\mathbb Z$-module?

In an algebraic number theory course, my lecturer said that any ideal of $\mathcal O_K$, where $K$ is a quadratic number field, is generated by at most two elements. I am wondering why this is. When ...
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94 views

Question about ideals of a ring: $IJ=I \implies J=I$?

Doing exercises, this question came to my mind. Is it true that if $I$ and $J$ are proper and nonzero ideals of a ring $R$, $$IJ=I \implies I=J?$$ And $$IJ=I \iff I\subseteq J?$$
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Residue fields of the closed points in $Spec(\mathbb{R}[X,Y])$

What are the residue fields of the closed points in $Spec(\mathbb{R}[X,Y])$? After finding the maximal ideals of $\mathbb{R}[X,Y]$, which are of the form: $\langle X-a,Y-b \rangle$ with $a,b ...
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Problem about ideals of the localization of a ring

I'm having problems on doing the section (ii) of this exercise. Let $R$ be a domain. Let $P$ be a prime ideal of $R$. (i) Prove that $S:=R\setminus P$ is a multiplicatively closed system with no ...
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Direct sum of non-zero ideals over an integral domain

Let $R$ be an integral domain. Let $I$ and $J$ be non-zero ideals of $R$. Is this statement always true: $$R\oplus(I\cap J)\cong I\oplus J\ ?$$ I regarded the short exact sequence $0\to I\cap ...
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$K[x,y]$ (where $K$ is a field) have any bound for the number of generators of ideals?

We know that maximal ideals of $K[x_1,x_2,...,x_n]$ have $n$ generators. But is there any bound for the number of generators of arbitrary ideals? (For example in $K[x,y]$.)
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53 views

If $1\in M$, could $M$ be a maximal ideal of a commutative ring with identity $R$?

If $1\in M$, could $M$ be a maximal ideal of a commutative ring with identity $R$? I know that this is a very silly question. I think that the answer is that $M$ can't contain the identity for ...
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2answers
45 views

Conductor of a ring

An easy (possibly trivial) question from Neukirch's Algebraic Number Theory, p.47. Let $A$ be a Dedekind domain, $K$ its fraction field, $L$ a finite separable extension of $K$ and $B$ the integral ...