An ideal is a subset of ring such that it is possible to make a quotient ring with respect to this subset. This is the most frequent use of the name ideal, but it is used in other areas of mathematics too: ideals in set theory and order theory (which are closely related), ideals in semigroups, ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
1answer
65 views

Rings in which every maximal ideal is a direct sum of cyclic modules

Let $R$ be a ring in which every maximal ideal is a direct sum of cyclic $R$-modules. Now let $I$ be a proper ideal of $R$. What is the structure of $I$? Is it true that $I$ is a direct sum of ...
1
vote
3answers
115 views

Find the number of prime ideals (CSIR 2014)

Let $p,q$ be distinct primes. Then (1) $\dfrac{\mathbb{Z}}{p^2q}$ has exactly 3 distinct ideals. (2) $\dfrac{\mathbb{Z}}{p^2q}$ has exactly 3 distinct prime ideals. (3) $\dfrac{\mathbb{Z}}{p^2q}$ ...
1
vote
2answers
99 views

Which of the following is also an ideal?

If $U,V$ are ideals of a ring $R$, then which of the following is also an ideal of $R$? $U+V=\{u+v\mid u\in U,v\in V\}$ $U\cdot V=\{u\cdot v\mid u\in U,v\in V\}$ $U\cap V$ My attempt: I have ...
4
votes
2answers
71 views

If $P \in \operatorname{Ass}M$, then $R/P \subset M$.

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with unity. $M$ an $R$-module. Then $P \in \operatorname{Ass}M$ if and only if there is a submodule $N\subset M$ such that $R/P \cong N$. ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

what does 2 ideals are equal mean?

I'm revisiting the proof of 1-1 correspondence theorem and while proving $f$ is one-one I don't know how to write mathematically what we mean by 2 ideals are equal? (Here $f$ is a map from set of ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Ideals of a skew polynomial ring where no positive power of the automorphism is inner

The exercise I'm trying to answer is as follows: Let $R$ be a ring, and $\alpha : R \rightarrow R$ an automorphism of $R$. Suppose that $R$ is simple and that no positive power of $\alpha$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

1-1 correspondence theorem

Here is the correspondence theorem stated as follows: Let $A$ be an Ideal of ring $R$.There is 1-1 correspondence between Ideals of $B$ containing $A$ and ideals of $R/A$. I have read the proof but ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Generators of an ideal in rings of power series

Please help me for solving a homework. Let $k$ be a field and $R=k[[x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n]]$ the ring of power series over $k$. If $I$ is an ideal of $R$ such that ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

How to find the number of maximal ideals? [closed]

Let $n \geq 2$ and $n={p_1}^{e_1}{p_2}^{e_2}\cdots {p_r}^{e_r}$. Then the number of maximal ideal of $Z/nZ=Z_n$ is r n $e_1$+$e_2$+....+$e_r$ $p_1$$p_2$....$p_r$
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Relation between ideals in Noetherian domains.

Suppose that we have a Noetherian domain $R$ and two ideals $I$ and $J$ of $R.$ Now consider the minimal (or irredundant) primary decompositions $I=\bigcap\limits_{i=1}^r Q_i$ and ...
10
votes
2answers
182 views

Determining consistency of a general overdetermined linear system

For $m > 2$, consider the $m \times 2$ (overdetermined) linear system $$A \mathbf{x} = \mathbf{b}$$ with (general) coefficients in a field $\mathbb{F}$; in components we write the system as ...
3
votes
2answers
118 views

Showing an ideal with maximality condition is prime.

Let $R$ be a commutative domain and suppose that $I \subseteq R$ is an ideal of $R$ maximal with respect to the property that $I^{-1} \not\subseteq R$. Show that $I$ is a prime ideal. This is ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Finding the element of the quotient ring $Z[i]/\langle 2+2i\rangle$

First, I'm writing an element to confirm whether I understood this quotient ring correctly. $$(5 + 7i) + \langle 2+2i \rangle = 2(2+2i) + (1+3i) + \langle 2+2i \rangle = ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

For any two Ideals $A$ and $B$,$A+B=\langle A \cup B \rangle$

Below is the proof of : Prove that for any two ideals $A$ and $B$ of ring $R$,$A+B=\langle A \cup B~\rangle$ . Proof: By theorem (for any two ideals of a ring $R$ ,then the set $A+B$ is an ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Every right principal ideal non-emptily intersects the center — what is that?

This is a follow-up to Do Lipschitz/Hurwitz quaternions satisfy the Ore condition? Jyrki Lahtonen answered the question in the positive by noticing that every right principal ideal in either ring has ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Set of prime ideals contain a minimal element

I want to prove that every nonempty set of prime ideals contain a minimal element. My attempt is to prove it by using Zorn's lemma and i would like to know if my proof is valid. Let $\Sigma$ be ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Colon ideal of fractional ideals is itself a fractional ideal

I received this question on homework in my homological algebra class and I need some guidance. Let $R$ be a commutative integral domain and $K$ be its field of fractions. A fractional ideal $I$ of ...
6
votes
1answer
90 views

How to show that $\mathbb{C}[x_1,x_2,x_3, x_4]/(x_1x_2 - x_3x_4, x_1x_3 - x_2x_4, x_1x_4 - x_2x_3)$ is an integral domain?

I am looking for a way to show that the ring $\mathbb{C}[x_1,x_2,x_3, x_4]/I$ where $$I = (x_1x_2 - x_3x_4, x_1x_3 - x_2x_4, x_1x_4 - x_2x_3)$$ is an integral domain. In other words I want to show ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Prove that, if $(a)=(a')$, then $a'=ua$

Let $R$ be integral domain. Show that if $2$ principal ideals $(a)$ and $(a')$ are equal (where $a,a'\in R$) then there exists $u\in R^{\times}$ such that, $a'=ua$ Now if $(a)=(a')$ then ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Radical ideals of $\mathbb{Z}$?

I am having trouble with classification of the radical ideals of $\mathbb{Z}$. We know that for a commutative ring $R$ with an ideal $I$, the radical of $I$ is defined (and denoted as $\sqrt{I}$) as ...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

Non Maximal Prime ideal! [duplicate]

Assume $S$ to be all continuous functions from $[0,1]$ to $\mathbb R$. I know by compactness of $[0,1]$ it follows that all maximal ideals of $S$ have the form $M_{x_0}=\{f\in S \mid f(x_0)=0\}$.Does ...
1
vote
2answers
79 views

Commutative ring and maximal ideal problem

Let $A$ be a commutative ring and $M$ be a proper maximal ideal in $A$. Show the following properties: (a) If each $a \in A \setminus M$ is a unit element in $A$, then $M$ is the only maximal ideal ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Improved Gröbner basis algorithm

I'm just learning about Gröbner bases and the Buchberger algorithm. I have seen chapters in several pieces of literature that deal with improving the Buchberger algorithm, but they never seem to ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

a question on equivalence classes of balanced fractional ideals and Dedekind domain

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, and let $K=R\otimes \mathbb{Q}$. Def.1) We say that a pair of fractional ideals $(I, I')$ in $K$ is balanced if $II'\subseteq R$ and $N(I)N(I')=1$. Def.2) Two ...
4
votes
1answer
195 views

Preimage of maximal ideal is maximal [duplicate]

I've just started a commutative algebra course and I'm stuck on the very first homework problem: Let $A \not= \{0\}$ be a commutative ring. Let $\Phi : A \longrightarrow B$ be a ring homomorphism ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

kernel of homomorphism $\mathbb{C}[x,y] \to \mathbb{C}[t]$ but in general case [duplicate]

Let $f:\mathbb{C}[x,y] \to \mathbb{C}[t]$ be a homomorphism that is identity on $\mathbb{C}$ and sends $x\to x(t),y \to y(t)$ and such that $x(t),y(t)$ aren't both constant. Prove $\ker(f)$ is a ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Intersection of two polynomial ideals

In the $4$-dimensional affine space $\mathbb{A}^4$ with coordinates $x,y,z,t$, consider $X$ as the union of the planes $$ X'=\{x=y=0\} $$ and $$ X''=\{z=x-t=0\} $$ (I'm working on a algebraically ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

An error in the book “noncommutative ring” writed by Herstein

I'm reading the book "noncommutative ring" writed by Herstein. In the page 15, the author says that Let $F$ be a field and $A$ is an algebra over $F$. Let $\rho$ be a maximal regular right ideal ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Find all the ideals of $\mathbb Q[X]$

I am trying to find all the ideals of the ring $\mathbb Q[X]$. If $I$ is a non trivial ideal of $\mathbb Q[X]$, then there exists $p(x) \in \mathbb Q[X]$. Since $I$ is an ideal and a group under ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

Are ideals necessarily definable?

Consider the first-order language of rings. Let $R$ be a ring and $I \subseteq R$ be an ideal. Is $I$ necessarily $\emptyset$-definable? If not, what if we allow parameters from $R$?
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Left ideals of $M_n(K)$ [duplicate]

Let $K$ be a field and $n \in \mathbb N$. Show the following: (i) Let $V \subset K^n$ be a subspace and $I_V$ the subset of $M_n(K)$ consisting of all the matrices whose rows belong to $V$. ...
4
votes
1answer
40 views

Equality of ideals and their vareties.

Let $I_1 $,$I_2 $ $\in \mathbb{C}[x_1,x_2,...,x_n] $ be two polynomial ideals. If their affine varieties, $\mathbb{V}(I_1)=\mathbb{V}(I_2)$ are equal then is $I_1=I_2$ always?
1
vote
1answer
89 views

non-principal height one primes of a particular hypersurface

I was reading about divisor class groups, and I was wondering the following. Let $R=\mathbb{C}[X,Y,Z,W]/(XZ-YW)$, and let $x,y,z,w$ be the images of $X,Y,Z,W$ in $R$, respectively. Is there a way ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Problem on the number of generators of some ideals in $k[x,y,z]$ [closed]

I have got stuck with two generator problems: The ideal $(zx,xy,yz)$ can't be generated by $2$ elements. The ideal $(xz-y^2,yz-x^3,z^2-xy)$ can't be generated by $2$ elements. Here the ...
2
votes
4answers
245 views

A finite dimensional algebra over a field has only finitely many prime ideals and all of them are maximal

Let $K$ be a field and let $R$ be a $K$-algebra with unity which is finite dimensional as a $K$-vector space. Prove that $R$ has only finitely many prime ideals all of which are maximal. (Hint: ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Product of two non-principal ideals

I have problems understanding why $$(6,2+\sqrt{-56})(6,-2+\sqrt{-56})=6(2,\sqrt{-56})$$ in $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-14}]$. By definition the product of two ideals $$IJ=\sum_{i,j}^{k}f_{i}g_{j}$$ ...
2
votes
1answer
371 views

Analogy of ideals with Normal subgroups in groups.

I've started with Ideals in ring theory but still not comfortable with the analogy it has with normal subgroups in group theory.Like we can visualize normal subgroups as Is there some good intutive ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Are there any commutative rings in which no nonzero prime ideal is finitely generated?

Are there any commutative rings in which no nonzero prime ideal is finitely generated? I feel like the example (or proof of impossibility) ought to be obvious, but I'm not seeing it.
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Size of a subset of the set of units of a quotient ring

Let $R$ be a commutative Dedekind domain with multiplicative identity $1$, let $k$ be a positive integer, and let $I$ be a nonzero proper prime ideal of $R$. Is there a way to find the size of the set ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Find a generator for an ideal in $\mathbb{Q}[T]$

Let $I$ be the ideal in $\mathbb{Q}[T]$ generated by $L=\{T^{2}-1, T^3-T^2+T-1,T^4-T^3+T-1\}$. Find $f\in\mathbb{Q}[T]$ such as $(f)=f\mathbb{Q}[T]=I$. The book solution proves that $I\subseteq ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Ideal generated by a regular sequence

I need to prove that the ideal $$ I = (xz -y^2, x^2t^2 -yz^3, x^2yt^2 -xz^4) \subset R = \mathbb{K}[x,y,z,t]$$ is generated by a $R$-regular sequence. How can I do it? I don't know if this can ...
4
votes
1answer
62 views

Does there exist an ideal in $\mathbb{Z}_4[x]$ which is prime but not maximal?

Question: Does there exist an ideal in $\mathbb{Z}_4[x]$ which is prime but not maximal? Thoughts: It seems to me that the ideal $(x)$ fails to be a prime ideal since $0 \in (x)= 2 * 2$ with $2 ...
1
vote
3answers
75 views

Prove that $I$ is a maximal ideal of $\mathcal A$. [duplicate]

Please, give-me a hint to prove this proposition: Let $\mathcal A$ be the ring of all continuous real functions (with the usual operations of sum and multiplication) defined on the interval ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Maximal ideal in the ring of continuous functions [duplicate]

Let $R$ be the ring of continuous functions $\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ with the usual operations and $I$ the subset of functions $f$ with $f(x_0)=0$ for some $x_0\in\mathbb{R}$. It's easy to ...
5
votes
0answers
91 views

Functorial approach to Ideals and Quotients, Multiplicative Sets and Localizations

I have been playing with substructures of commutative rings today and noticed that there is a strong analogy between the formation of quotients and kernels with the formation of localizations with ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Ideal quotient and extension

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $S$ a subring of $R$. If $I$ is an ideal of $S$ define $I^e$ as the ideal in $R$ generated by $I$, i.e. the extension of $I$ in $R$. If $I,J$ are ideals in $S$, we ...
10
votes
3answers
270 views

In $\mathbb{Z}/(n)$, does $(a) = (b)$ imply that $a$ and $b$ are associates?

[Update: Based on the hints provided by @zcn and @whacka, I believe I have found a solution. See my answer below.] Below, $R$ is a commutative ring with $1$. In John J. Watkins' Topics in ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Preimages of coprime ideals

Assume $R,S$ are commutative rings, $f:R\to S$ is a surjective ring homomorphism and $I,J$ are coprime ideals in $S$. Must $f^{-1}(I)$ and $f^{-1}(J)$ be coprime in $R$?
1
vote
1answer
47 views

When a given ideal is a radical ideal

I am wondering if there are any canonical methods for checking whether a given ideal is radical. For example, I got stuck on the following example: Let $f=x+2y-z$ and $g=z-2w$ and let $I$ and $J$ be ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Characterizing maximal ideals in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$

I need to prove this: Let $I\subset\mathbb{Z}$ be the ideal generated by $\{p,f(x)\}$, with $p$ prime in $\mathbb{Z}$. Then $I$ is maximal iff $f(x)$ is irreducible modulo $p$. So I was trying to ...