An ideal is a subset of ring such that it is possible to make a quotient ring with respect to this subset. This is the most frequent use of the name ideal, but it is used in other areas of mathematics too: ideals in set theory and order theory (which are closely related), ideals in semigroups, ...

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Does the relation $\pi(S_{i})=S^{-1}R-P_{i}\cdot S^{-1}R$ hold for prime ideals $P_i$ in a commutative ring $R$?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring. Let $P_{i}$, $1\leq i\leq n$ be prime ideals none of which are contained in each other. Let $S=R-(\cup_{i=1}^{n} P_{i})$. Then $S$ is a multiplicatively closed set and ...
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Example of ring $R$ with ideals $I\neq J$ such that $R/I \cong R/J$ as modules

It's easy to prove that if $I$, $J$ are two-sided ideals and $R/I\cong R/J$ as modules over $R$, then $I=J$. What about left ideals? Is there a simple counterexample? I believe I've found an answer, ...
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Equivalent definitions of fractional ideals

Let $R$ be an integral domain and $K$ its field of fractions. The usual definition of fractional ideal $I$ ($I$ is an $R$-submodule of $K$) is that for some nonzero $r\in R$ we have $rI\subset R$, and ...
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30 views

Lie ideals of $gl_n(K)$

I am looking for some reference where I can find a detailed study of the Lie ideals of the general linear Lie algebra $gl_n(K)$ with the bracket $[A,B]=AB-BA$, where $K$ is a field (if there are ...
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If for any two principal ideals one contains another, then for any two ideals one ideal contains another

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity. Assume that for any two principal ideals $Ra$ and $Rb$ we have either $Ra\subseteq Rb$ or $Rb\subseteq Ra$. Show that for any two ideals $I$ and $J$ in ...
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21 views

ideal,ring,flat module,modules over R

Is there a characterization of modules (AND equivalent characterizations of rings R) over integral domains R with the property that each left ideal in R is flat?When all left ideals are ...
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39 views

Finding ideal representatives in the class group of $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_{23})$

I know that $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_{23})$ has class number 3, and I am wondering how I can find ideal representatives of the two nonprincipal classes in the class group. I have tried looking at examples ...
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40 views

Coheight of an ideal

I am considering a quotient ring $R=\mathbb F_2[x_1,\dots,x_n]/I$ that is Cohen-Macaulay but not local and an ideal $J$ in $R$. If $R$ were local, then one had the equality $$\mathrm{coheight}(J)=\dim ...
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19 views

Expressing a hereditary subalgebra in terms of a state

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a C*-algebra and $\phi$ a state on $\mathcal{A}$. Then, it's not hard to see that $\mathcal{L} = \left\{ x : \phi(x^*x)=0 \right\}$ is a closed left ideal of $A$ and so ...
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61 views

The geometric interpretation for extension of ideals?

Suppose $f\colon B\to A$ is a ring homomorphism, and $I\subseteq B$ is an ideal. What's the geometric interpretation for the extension $f(I)A$ of the ideal $I$? Especially, I'm interested in the case ...
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Suppose that R is a commutative ring with unity such that for each $a$ in $R$ there is an integer $n > 1\mid a^n =a$. Every prime ideal is maximal?

Suppose that R is a commutative ring with unity such that for each $a$ in $R$ there is a positive integer $n > 1$ such that $a^n =a$. Prove that every prime ideal of $R$ is a maximal ideal of R. ...
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In a principal ideal domain, prove that every non trivial prime ideal is a maximal ideal. What could be wrong in this approach?

In a principal ideal domain, prove that every non trivial prime ideal is a maximal ideal Attempt: Let $R$ be the principal ideal domain. A principal ideal domain $R$ is an integral domain in which ...
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37 views

Suppose that $I$ is an ideal of $J$ and that $J$ is an ideal of $R$. prove that if $I$ has a unity then $I$ is an ideal of $R$

Suppose that $I$ is an ideal of $J$ and that $J$ is an ideal of $R$. prove that if $I$ has a unity then $I$ is an ideal of $R$ Attempt: Given that $I$ is an ideal of $J$ which means : ...
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38 views

Prime radical that is nil but not nilpotent

Please help me to show that the prime radical of the ring $R=\prod\limits_{n = 1}^\infty { \mathbb{Z} /2^n\mathbb{Z} } $ is nil but not nilpotent.
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The nil-radical is an intersection of all prime ideals proof

Every proof I found online made the same implications. Take one for example: http://www.artofproblemsolving.com/Wiki/index.php/Nilradical I'm quoting the relevant part, which confuses me: "To show ...
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If $A$ is complete for $I$-adic and $J$-adic topologies, then $A$ is also complete for the $(I+J)$-adic topology

If $A$ is complete for both $I$-adic and $J$-adic topologies, then $A$ is also complete for the $(I+J)$-adic topology. (Matsumura, CRT, Exercise 8.1) How can I solve this problem? A is a ring ...
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108 views

Counterexamples for lcm-gcd identity and modular law for rings

In Miles Reid's Undergraduate Commutative Algebra, Exercise 1.3, we need to find counterexamples of lcm-gcd identity and modular law in the ring $A=k[X,Y]/(XY)$: $(I+J)(I\cap J)=IJ$; ...
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282 views

Quotient ring isomorphism

I think that if $A$ is any commutative ring with unity and $q\in A$, $p\in A[x]$ then we have $A[x]/(q,p)\cong A/(q)[x]/(\bar{p})$ where $\bar{p}$ denotes the class of $p$ in $A/(q)[x]$. Is this true? ...
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59 views

Given ring and ideal, How to prove that the intersection of ideals is an ideal

Given $R$ is a ring, $X\subseteq H_i$ and $H_i$ is an ideal of $G$ for each $i=1,2,...,n$. Prove that $H_1∩H_2∩...∩H_n$ is an ideal of $G$ and contain $X$. That is a question I get from random ...
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Quotient $M/M^2$ is finite dimensional over $R/M$ in local Noetherian ring?

I have that $R$ is a Noetherian local ring with maximal ideal $M$, and I want to show that $M/M^2$ is a finite dimensional vector space over the field $R/M$. I think I've proved this (though I ...
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51 views

What kind of rings have exactly three ideals?

What kind of rings(commutative, w/ unity) have exactly three ideals? I know that those with exactly two ideals are "the fields", but what about three? Is there a fancy name for them?
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Finding a particular principal open subset of $Spec R$

Let $V\subseteq U$ be open subsets of $X=\text{Spec } R$, where $R$ is a commutative ring. So $V$ is the set of prime ideals not containing some ideal $I$, and $U$ is the set of prime ideals not ...
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locally unital ideals of ringa [duplicate]

1 down vote favorite Let R be a ring with unity not necessarily commutative and I an ideal of R.Let for every element a of I there exists an element c of I such that ac=a.Note that c is related to a. ...
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59 views

Locally unital ideals [duplicate]

Let $R$ be a ring with unity not necessarily commutative and $I$ an ideal of $R$. Let for every element $a \in I$ there exists an element $c\in I$ such that $ac=a$. Note that $c$ is related to $a$. ...
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38 views

Prime ideal is contraction of prime ideal iff it's saturated

Let $\varphi: A\to B$ be a commutative ring homomorphism and $P$ a prime ideal of $A$. The expansion of an ideal $I\subset A$ is the ideal generated by $\varphi(I)$ in $B$, and the contraction of an ...
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34 views

Which is a subring? Which is an ideal?

We are having ring $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-6}]$. Which of the sets is subrings of $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-6}]$ and which are ideals? $\mathbb{Z}+5\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-6}]$ $5\mathbb{Z}+\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-6}]$ ...
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50 views

Maximal ideal which isn't principal

Let $J=(x-2,x-y^2-3)$ ideal in the polynomial ring $\Bbb R[x,y]$. Please help me prove that $J$ is a maximal ideal which isn't principal, and that $\Bbb R[x,y]/J \cong \Bbb C$.
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Reduced Gröbner basis and extension of scalars

Consider a field extension $L\subseteq K$, and let $\mathfrak a\neq 0$ be an ideal of the polynomial ring $L[T_1,\ldots,T_n]$. Suppose that a monomial order is fixed, so there exists a unique reduced ...
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65 views

Ideals of $\Bbb Z/p^2q\Bbb Z$

Let $p,q$ be distinct primes. Then $\mathbb{Z}/p^2q\mathbb{Z}$ has 3 distinct ideals. $\mathbb{Z}/p^2q\mathbb{Z}$ has 3 distinct prime ideals. $\mathbb{Z}/p^2q\mathbb{Z}$ has 2 distinct prime ...
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Specific Ideal determinations for a Ring

Uploaded in a picture, rather than typing it all. Note that these are unmarked questions from a sample exam. Just trying to study, but have forgotten almost everything (three major exams before this ...
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64 views

A question about the Zariski Topology

Let $\{a_i\}$ be an infinite set of ideals in commutative ring $R$. Is $\bigcap\limits_{i=1}^\infty a_i$ not defined? I am trying to understand Zariski Topology. Here, $V(\bigcap a_i)= ...
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33 views

A question about ideals.

Let $A$ and $B$ be arbitrary subsets of a ring. Then $V(A\cup B)=V(A)\cap V(B)$. Here, $V(X)$ is the set of prime ideals containing $X$. Let $W(X)$ be the set of ideals (any sort of ideals) ...
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Determining if any of these three are an ideal of $\mathbb{R}[x]$

$\mathbb{R}[x]$ denotes the ring of polynomials in $x$ with real coefficients. Let $I \subset \mathbb{R}[x]$ be the subset of those polynomials with constant coefficient $0$, and let $J \subset ...
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Proving $M_p$ is maximal in $C[0,1]$

Let $M_p$ be the ideal of those continuous functions of $C[0,1]$ which have $p\in [0,1]$ as a zero. It is a commonly known fact that $M_p$ is a maximal ideal. However, the proof is generally ...
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Help to conceive a name

Filter $F$ is defined by the formula $$A\cap B\in F \Leftrightarrow A\in F\wedge B\in F.$$ Ideal $F$ is defined by the formula $$A\cup B\in F \Leftrightarrow A\in F\wedge B\in F.$$ In my book I ...
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Grade of an ideal greater than the projective dimension of quotient of another one

We know that the grade of an ideal $I$ in a Noetherian ring $R$ is the infimum of the set of all $i$ with $Ext^i(R/I,R)$ nonzero. Also, the projective dimension of an $R$-module $M$ is at most $s$ if ...
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109 views

Subset of $\mathbb{Z} \times \mathbb{Z}$

I have a past exam question that is as follows: Let $k$ be a fixed integer and $S = \{(a,ka)|a \in \mathbb{Z}\}$ be a subset of $\mathbb{Z} \times \mathbb{Z}$. Prove that $S$ is a subgroup of ...
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45 views

Every proper ideal $I$ in a nonzero commutative unitary ring $R$ is contained in a maximal ideal.

If $R$ is a nonzero commutative unitary ring, then $R$ has a maximal ideal. Indeed, every proper ideal $I$ in $R$ is contained in a maximal ideal. There is a proof of this in Rotman's Advanced ...
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Need help with finding generator

$I=\{a+bi \in R\mid a \equiv b\pmod 2\}$ is ideal of $R=Z[i]=\{a+bi\mid a,b \in Z\}$. Can somebody help me to find the generator of $I$?
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If $R/I$ satisfies Serre's condition $S_2$ then $R/(I,x)$ satisfies $S_1$

Let $I$ be an ideal of polynomial ring $R=K[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ and $x$ be a non-zero divisor of $R/I$. Is the following statement true? If $R/I$ satisfies Serre's condition $S_2$ then $R/(I,x)$ ...
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A condition for a homogeneous ideal to be prime

The following is the problem 11 of Chaper 8 Section 4 of Ideals, Varieties, and Algorithms by Cox, Little and O'Shea. A homogeneous ideal is said to be prime if it is prime as an ideal in ...
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On maximal ideal spaces of a banach algebra

I am reading this article on maximal ideal spaces and there is this part that I don't quite understand very well, hope you guys can help me out. "Let $M(A)$ denote the maximal ideal space of a ...
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56 views

Let I,J ideals. Are they equal?

Let $$I= \langle 11x^5y+7xy^6+9,8xy^4+6xy+9 \rangle$$ $$J= \langle 7x^5y^2+17x^2y^5+29,13xy^4+62xy^3+19 \rangle$$ ideals. Examine whether those two ideals are equal. By seeing their 3D plots I ...
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Maximal ideal in the ring of polynomials over $\mathbb Z$

Let $\mathbb Z[x]$ the ring of polynomials with integers coefficients in one variable and $I =\langle 5,x^2 + 2\rangle$, how can I prove that $I$ is maximal ideal. I tried first see that $5$ and ...
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43 views

Ideals problem from Hungerford Algebra

This question is from Hungerford's Algebra. Let $R$ be a ring with identity and $S$ the ring of all $n\times n$ matrices over $R$. $J$ is an ideal of $S$ iff $J$ is the ring of all $n\times n$ ...
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Commutative ring with an ideal that contains all the nonunits

Is there an example of a commutative ring with an ideal that contains all the non-units? I was trying to think of some subring of $\mathbb Q$, but I couldn't get it to work.
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A local subring of $F[[x]]$?

Suppose that $F$ is a field and $R=F⊕x^2F[[x]]$, where $F[[x]]$ is the ring of power series in one indeterminate $x$ with coefficients in $F$. I guess that $R$ is a local ring with the maximal ...
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31 views

Relation between the initial ideal and radical

Let $I$ be an ideal of the polynomial ring $S$. Show that ${\rm In}(\sqrt I)\subseteq\sqrt{{\rm In}(I)}$, where by ${\rm In}(I)$ we denote the ideal of initial forms of I, In(I) = (In(f) : f $\in$ I). ...
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26 views

Prove that if $\mathrm D$ is integral domain, then $\mathrm D$is UFD iff these conditions hold.

Prove that id $\mathrm D$ is integral domain, the "$\mathrm D$ is UFD " iff (1) $\mathrm D$ satisfies the ACC for principal ideals. (2) every irreducible element is a prime element. ...
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395 views

This ideal is prime

I'm trying to prove this ideal $$I=(x^2+y^2+x,x+y+xy)\subset \mathbb C[x,y]$$ is prime. I supposed that $I$ is prime and I'm using the classical method to prove $I$ is prime: If $ab\in I$, ...