An ideal is a subset of ring such that it is possible to make a quotient ring with respect to this subset. This is the most frequent use of the name ideal, but it is used in other areas of mathematics too: ideals in set theory and order theory (which are closely related), ideals in semigroups, ...

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How can we prove that every maximal ideal is a prime ideal? [on hold]

In abstract algebra,how can we prove that every maximal ideal is a prime ideal? Give full logical proof.
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Sets of prime ideal contain a minimal element

I want to prove that every nonempty set of prime ideal contain a minimal element, my attempt is to prove it by using zorns lemma and i would like to know if my proof is valid. Let $\Sigma$ be a ...
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Colon ideal of fractional ideals is itself a fractional ideal

I received this question on homework in my homological algebra class and I need some guidance. Let $R$ be a commutative integral domain and $K$ be its field of fractions. A fractional ideal $I$ of ...
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How to show that $\mathbb{C}[x_1,x_2,x_3, x_4]/(x_1x_2 - x_4x_3, x_1x_3 - x_2x_4, x_4x_1 - x_3x_2)$ is integral domain

I am looking for a way to show that the ring $\mathbb{C}[x_1,x_2,x_3, x_4]/I$ where $I = (x_1x_2 - x_4x_3, x_1x_3 - x_2x_4, x_4x_1 - x_3x_2)$ is an integral domain. In other words I want to show $I$ ...
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Prove that, if $(a)=(a')$, then $a'=ua$

Let $R$ be integral domain. Show that if $2$ principal ideals $(a)$ and $(a')$ are equal (where $a,a'\in R$) then there exists $u\in R^{\times}$ such that, $a'=ua$ Now if $(a)=(a')$ then ...
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Exercise related to commutative ring and finitely generated ideals

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with $1 \neq 0$. An ideal $I$ of $A$ is finitely generated if there are $r_1,...,r_n \in R$ such that $I=<r_1,...,r_n>$. Let $S$ be a multiplicative set of $R$. ...
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58 views

Radical ideals of $\mathbb{Z}$?

I am having trouble with classification of the radical ideals of $\mathbb{Z}$. We know that for a commutative ring $R$ with an ideal $I$, the radical of $I$ is defined (and denoted as $\sqrt{I}$) as ...
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Non Maximal Prime ideal! [duplicate]

Assume $S$ to be all continuous functions from $[0,1]$ to $\mathbb R$. I know by compactness of $[0,1]$ it follows that all maximal ideals of $S$ have the form $M_{x_0}=\{f\in S \mid f(x_0)=0\}$.Does ...
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Commutative ring and maximal ideal problem

Let $A$ be a commutative ring and $M$ be a proper maximal ideal in $A$. Show the following properties: (a) If each $a \in A \setminus M$ is a unit element in $A$, then $M$ is the only maximal ideal ...
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Improved Gröbner basis algorithm

I'm just learning about Gröbner bases and the Buchberger algorithm. I have seen chapters in several pieces of literature that deal with improving the Buchberger algorithm, but they never seem to ...
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Gröbner basis, Buchberger algorithm, ideal and ring [on hold]

I major in electrical engineering and for my thesis I'm dealing with a paper about three view triangulation http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-540-76390-1_54#page-1 I'm not familiar with ...
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a question on equivalence classes of balanced fractional ideals and Dedekind domain

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, and let $K=R\otimes \mathbb{Q}$. Def.1) We say that a pair of fractional ideals $(I, I')$ in $K$ is balanced if $II'\subseteq R$ and $N(I)N(I')=1$. Def.2) Two ...
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45 views

Preimage of maximal ideal is maximal [duplicate]

I've just started a commutative algebra course and I'm stuck on the very first homework problem: Let $A \not= \{0\}$ be a commutative ring. Let $\Phi : A \longrightarrow B$ be a ring homomorphism ...
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54 views

Intersection of two polynomial ideals

In the 4-dimensional affine space $\mathbb{A}^4$ with coordinates $x,y,z,t$, consider $X$ as the union of the planes $$ X'=\{x=y=0\} $$ and $$ X''=\{z=x-t=0\} $$ (I'm working on a algebraically ...
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115 views

Show that every maximal ideal in $ \mathbb{Z}[x, y] $ contains a prime number [closed]

Let $\mathfrak{M} \subseteq \mathbb{Z}[x, y]$ be a maximal ideal. Show that $ \exists\ p \in \mathbb{Z}$, $p$ prime such $p \in \mathfrak{M}.$ Thanks for the answers. I'd be interested in a proof ...
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28 views

Let $I=(2,X)$ and $J=(3,X)$ be ideals of $\mathbb{Z}[X]$. Prove $V=\{i \cdot j : i \in I, j \in J\}$ is not an ideal. [closed]

Let $I=(2,X)$ and $J=(3,X)$ be ideals of $\mathbb{Z}[X]$. Prove $V=\{i \cdot j : i \in I, j \in J\}$ is not an ideal. Possible strategy: find $v_1,v_2 \in V$ such that $v_1+v_2 \notin V$.
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An error in the book “noncommutative ring” writed by Herstein

I'm reading the book "noncommutative ring" writed by Herstein. In the page 15, the author says that Let $F$ be a field and $A$ is an algebra over $F$. Let $\rho$ be a maximal regular right ideal ...
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1answer
48 views

Find all the ideals of $\mathbb Q[X]$

I am trying to find all the ideals of the ring $\mathbb Q[X]$. If $I$ is a non trivial ideal of $\mathbb Q[X]$, then there exists $p(x) \in \mathbb Q[X]$. Since $I$ is an ideal and a group under ...
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73 views

Are ideals necessarily definable?

Consider the first-order language of rings. Let $R$ be a ring and $I \subseteq R$ be an ideal. Is $I$ necessarily $\emptyset$-definable? If not, what if we allow parameters from $R$?
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32 views

Left ideals of $M_n(K)$ [duplicate]

Let $K$ be a field and $n \in \mathbb N$. Show the following (i) Let $V \subset K^n$ be a subspace and $I_V$ the subset of $M_n(K)$ consisting of all the matrices whose rows belong to $V$. Prove that ...
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31 views

Equality of ideals and their vareties.

Let $I_1 $,$I_2 $ $\in \mathbb{C}[x_1,x_2,...,x_n] $ be two polynomial ideals. If their affine varieties, $\mathbb{V}(I_1)=\mathbb{V}(I_2)$ are equal then is $I_1=I_2$ always?
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non-principal height one primes of a particular hypersurface

I was reading about divisor class groups, and I was wondering the following. Let $R=\mathbb{C}[X,Y,Z,W]/(XZ-YW)$, and let $x,y,z,w$ be the images of $X,Y,Z,W$ in $R$, respectively. Is there a way ...
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Problem on the number of generators

I have got stuck with two generator problems: The ideal $(zx,xy,yz)$ can't be generated by $2$ elements The ideal $(xz-y^2,yz-x^3,z^2-xy)$ can't be generated by $2$ elements Here the ...
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A finitely dimensional algebra over a field has only finitely many prime ideals all of them are maximal

Let $K$ be a field and let $R$ be a $K$-algebra with unity which is finite dimensional as a $K$-vector space. Prove that $R$ has only finitely many prime ideals all of which are maximal. (Hint: ...
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38 views

Product of two non-principal ideals

I have problems understanding why $$(6,2+\sqrt{-56})(6,-2+\sqrt{-56})=6(2,\sqrt{-56})$$ in $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-14}]$. By definition the product of two ideals $$IJ=\sum_{i,j}^{k}f_{i}g_{j}$$ ...
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Analogy of ideals with Normal subgroups in groups.

I've started with Ideals in ring theory but still not comfortable with the analogy it has with normal subgroups in group theory.Like we can visualize normal subgroups as Is there some good intutive ...
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76 views

Are there any commutative rings in which no nonzero prime ideal is finitely generated?

Are there any commutative rings in which no nonzero prime ideal is finitely generated? I feel like the example (or proof of impossibility) ought to be obvious, but I'm not seeing it.
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Size of a subset of the set of units of a quotient ring

Let $R$ be a commutative Dedekind domain with multiplicative identity $1$, let $k$ be a positive integer, and let $I$ be a nonzero proper prime ideal of $R$. Is there a way to find the size of the set ...
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64 views

Find a generator for an ideal in $\mathbb{Q}[T]$

Let $I$ be the ideal in $\mathbb{Q}[T]$ generated by $L=\{T^{2}-1, T^3-T^2+T-1,T^4-T^3+T-1\}$. Find $f\in\mathbb{Q}[T]$ such as $(f)=f\mathbb{Q}[T]=I$. The book solution proves that $I\subseteq ...
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Ideal generated by a regular sequence

I need to prove that the ideal $$ I = (xz -y^2, x^2t^2 -yz^3, x^2yt^2 -xz^4) \subset R = \mathbb{K}[x,y,z,t]$$ is generated by a $R$-regular sequence. How can I do it? I don't know if this can ...
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Does there exist an ideal in $\mathbb{Z}_4[x]$ which is prime but not maximal?

Question: Does there exist an ideal in $\mathbb{Z}_4[x]$ which is prime but not maximal? Thoughts: It seems to me that the ideal $(x)$ fails to be a prime ideal since $0 \in (x)= 2 * 2$ with $2 ...
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60 views

Prove that $I$ is a maximal ideal of $\mathcal A$. [duplicate]

Please, give-me a hint to prove this proposition: Let $\mathcal A$ be the ring of all continuous real functions (with the usual operations of sum and multiplication) defined on the interval ...
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Functorial approach to Ideals and Quotients, Multiplicative Sets and Localizations

I have been playing with substructures of commutative rings today and noticed that there is a strong analogy between the formation of quotients and kernels with the formation of localizations with ...
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Ideal quotient and extension

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $S$ a subring of $R$. If $I$ is an ideal of $S$ define $I^e$ as the ideal in $R$ generated by $I$, i.e. the extension of $I$ in $R$. If $I,J$ are ideals in $S$, we ...
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In $\mathbb{Z}/(n)$, does $(a) = (b)$ imply that $a$ and $b$ are associates?

[Update: Based on the hints provided by @zcn and @whacka, I believe I have found a solution. See my answer below.] Below, $R$ is a commutative ring with $1$. In John J. Watkins' Topics in ...
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Preimages of coprime ideals

Assume $R,S$ are commutative rings, $f:R\to S$ is a surjective ring homomorphism and $I,J$ are coprime ideals in $S$. Must $f^{-1}(I)$ and $f^{-1}(J)$ be coprime in $R$?
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When a given ideal is a radical ideal

I am wondering if there are any canonical methods for checking whether a given ideal is radical. For example, I got stuck on the following example: Let $f=x+2y-z$ and $g=z-2w$ and let $I$ and $J$ be ...
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58 views

Characterizing maximal ideals in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$

I need to prove this: Let $I\subset\mathbb{Z}$ be the ideal generated by $\{p,f(x)\}$, with $p$ prime in $\mathbb{Z}$. Then $I$ is maximal iff $f(x)$ is irreducible modulo $p$. So I was trying to ...
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43 views

Characterizing Prime and Maximal Ideals in a nice Ring

Consider the "nice" ring $(\mathbb{Z}/20\mathbb{Z})[x]$ and I am trying to list all the prime and maximal ideals of this. The reason I call this a nice (or manageable) ring is because we ...
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Show that the trace class operators on a Hilbert space form an ideal

Let $(H, (\cdot, \cdot))$ be a separable Hilbert space over $\mathbb{L} = \mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{C}$. Suppose that $\{\phi_n\}_{n=1}^\infty$ is an orthonormal basis for $H$. Let $\mathcal{B}(H)$ ...
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Nil radical of an ideal on a commutative ring

This is a problem of an exercise list: Let $J$ be an ideal of a commutative ring A. Show that $N(N(J))=N(J)$, where $N(J)=\{a \in A; a^n \in J$ for some $n \in \mathbb{N}\}$. What I did: ...
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Polynomial Ideals and Transverse modules

I have a given ideal and I want to find the "smallest" ideal so that when I add it to the original one, I get another certain ideal. Let $\mathcal{E}$ be the ring of smooth function germs ...
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Writing $I= (xz-y^2, yt- z^2)$ as an intersection of prime ideals

I need to write the ideal $I= (xz-y^2, yt- z^2) \subset R = \mathbb{K}[x,y,z,t]$ as intersection of prime ideals. Any idea? For the moment, I've noticed that $I$ is radical, then it suffices to ...
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Irreducible ideals are prime in polynomial rings

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field and $R$ the polynomial ring in $n$ variables over $k$. If $J$ is an irreducible ideal of $R$ then it is a prime ideal as well. To establish this statement ...
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An easy looking quotient of a local ring

$k$ is a number field, $R$ its ring of integers and $\mathfrak p$ a nonzero prime ideal of $R$. Let $R_\mathfrak p$ be the localization of $R$ at $\mathfrak p$. Is it true that $R_\mathfrak ...
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why is maximal ideal of a ring of integers generated by a single prime number?

I cannot understand why maximal ideal in a ring of integers is generated by a single prime number. For example, if we choose 2 and 3 as generators of ideal, then all multiples of 2 and 3 will be in ...
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For the ring of natural numbers, what happens if we convert all $k>1$th power of prime numbers to be zero?

So there is a ring of natural numbers. Now someone decides to make all $k>1$th power of prime numbers to be zero. So $2^2 = 2^3 = 2^4 = ... = 3^2 = 3^3 = ... = 0$. Or we can say that these elements ...
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85 views

What exactly is a maximal ideal?

I am confused about the definition of maximal ideal. Suppose that there is ring $R$. Now if we select the whole $R$ to be an ideal, then wouldn't this be maximal ideal? Or is the definition of maximal ...
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Image of a Prime ideals in quotient ring

I am having confusion regarding the relationship between the prime ideals of a Ring and a certain quotient of a Ring. Let A be a commutative ring with identity, and a an ideal of A. Clearing there is ...
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2answers
43 views

Is the ideal $(2,x^4+x^2+1)<\mathbb{Z}[x]$ maximal?, principal?

I'm trying to solve the following problem: Let I=$(2,x^4+x^2+1)<\mathbb{Z}[x]$ be an ideal. Is $I$ maximal? Is $I$ principal? Any help would be appreciated.