Questions on hyperbolic geometry, the geometry on manifolds with negative curvature.

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Geometric construction of hyperbolic trigonometric functions

If we have a circle we can geometrically construct the trigonometric functions as shown. The functions all derive from sin and cos. If we say that the circle is a conic section and imagine it on the ...
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2answers
154 views

For what $n$ does a hyperbolic regular $n$-gon exist around a circle?

Does there exist a relationship in terms of $r$ and $n$ to represent how large $n$ must be if $r$ of the circle is given in the hyperbolic plane? (The edges of the regular $n$-gon are tangent to the ...
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6answers
1k views

Books for Hyperbolic Geometry.

I want to read hyperbolic geometry. Can any one suggest some good books on the topic.
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1answer
283 views

Hyperbolic geometry

Post Number: 45 Posted on Friday, 22 March, 2013 - 04:48 pm: I was asked the following question and i do not have any clue on these. Could anyone help me in the beginning of this? Show that there ...
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2answers
512 views

The law of sines in hyperbolic geometry

What is the geometrical meaning of the constant $k$ in the law of sines, $\frac{\sin A}{\sinh a} = \frac{\sin B}{\sinh b} = \frac{\sin C}{\sinh c}=k$ in hyperbolic geometry? I know the meaning of the ...
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4answers
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Hyperbolic critters studying Euclidean geometry

You've spent your whole life in the hyperbolic plane. It's second nature to you that the area of a triangle depends only on its angles, and it seems absurd to suggest that it could ever be otherwise. ...
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3answers
652 views

How did Beltrami show the consistency of hyperbolic geometry in his 1868 papers?

This is in response to comments and the answer by user studiosus to this question: As for Beltrami's work: Consistency of a geometry from (post) Hilbert viewpoint has nothing to do with ...
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3answers
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Expression of the Hyperbolic Distance in the Upper Half Plane

While looking for an expression of the hyperbolic distance in the Upper Half Plane $\mathbb{H}=\{z=x +iy \in \mathbb{C}| y>0\},$ I came across two different expressions. Both of them in Wikipedia. ...
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11answers
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What are the interesting applications of hyperbolic geometry?

I am aware that, historically, hyperbolic geometry was useful in showing that there can be consistent geometries that satisfy the first 4 axioms of Euclid's elements but not the fifth, the infamous ...
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1answer
2k views

Möbius Transforms that preserve the unit disk

Say I wish to prove that every möbius transformation of the unit disk onto itself can be written in the form $A(z) = e^{i\theta}\frac{z+a}{1+\bar{a}z}$, where $\theta$ is a real number and $a$ is a ...
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1answer
365 views

prove that the sum of the angles in any triangle is less than 180 in hyperbolic geometry (or poincare model).

We could use poincare disc model as a hyperbolic geometry model. I have difficulty understanding poincare disc model. So is there someone to help?
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2answers
95 views

Is the shortest path in flat hyperbolic space straight relative to Euclidean space?

I have the following metric $$ ds^2 = dt^2-dx^2 $$ and I wanted to prove to myself that the shortest path for this metric is straight. I used the following relation $x=f(t)$ and $$ S = ...
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1answer
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What is the relationship between hyperbolic geometry and Einstein's special relativity?

I am a third year math student writing a term paper on hyperbolic geometry and I would like to understand its relationship with special relativity. I have read that the hyperboloid model of hyperbolic ...
6
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2answers
901 views

Geometric interpretation of hyperbolic functions

When proving identities like $$\cosh(2x)=\cosh^2(x)+\sinh^2(x)$$ $$\cosh^2(x)=\sinh^2(x)+1$$ algebraically, I am beset by the feeling that there should be a geometrical interpretation that makes them ...
7
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2answers
482 views

Symbolic coordinates for a hyperbolic grid?

Rephrasing     (one year later)    (original question is below) Apparently the original question wasn't clear, or nobody knows an answer (or both). So I will try to rephrase it. Look at your ...
6
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1answer
207 views

Curvature of De Sitter's space: where does the sign comes?

Consider $\Bbb L^3 = (\Bbb R^3, {\rm d}s^2)$, where: $${\rm d}s^2 = {\rm d}x^2 + {\rm d}y^2 - {\rm d}z^2.$$ We have both the hyperbolic space: $$\Bbb H^2(-1) = \{(x,y,z) \in \Bbb L^3 \mid ...
5
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1answer
116 views

Embedding manifolds of constant curvature in manifolds of other curvatures

I know that there is no complete surface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$ of constant curvature -$k$ for any $k$. But you can clearly embed the hyperbolic plane (curvature -1) into hyperbolic 3-space ...
5
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1answer
536 views

Riemann surface with punctures corresponds to a hyperbolic surface with cusps

I am reading a paper on Riemann surfaces and the author used the fact that $\{$Riemann surfaces with genus $g$ and $n$ punctures$\}$ is in one-to-one correspondence with $\{$ hyperbolic surfaces ...
3
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1answer
165 views

“isometric invariant” vs “isometric” what do these term mean?

I am now hopelessly confused: There is Hilberts Theorem https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hilbert%27s_theorem_%28differential_geometry%29 . that implies that there are no isometric embeddings of the ...
3
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2answers
296 views

What's the connection between “hyperbolic” inner product spaces and the hyperbolic plane?

In Jacobson's Basic Algebra I, in Kaplansky's Linear algebra and geometry and in Artin's Geometric algebra, a hyperbolic plane is defined to be a two-dimensional, nondegenerate inner product space ...
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2answers
877 views

Does anyone know a good hyperbolic geometry software program?

We are currently using this program called NonEuclid but it is a little frustrating to use sometimes and I was wondering if anyone knows another program for hyperbolic geometry.
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5answers
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Distance between points in hyperbolic disk models

I was puzzeling with the distance between points in hyperbolic geometry and found that the same formula is used for calculating the length in the Poincare disk model as for the Beltrami-Klein model ...
6
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2answers
163 views

An axiomatic treatment of hyperbolic trigonometry?

I would like to see results derived in hyperbolic trigonometry synthetically, i.e. just by working from axioms, for example the ones given by Hilbert (or even Tarski). Most authors seem to discuss ...
5
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2answers
155 views

Do minimal hyperbolic surfaces exist? What do they look like?

I understand that it is impossible to embed* the entire hyperbolic plane in $\mathbb{R}^3$. But, can one create a embedding of part of the hyperbolic plane such that the resulting surface is also ...
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3answers
3k views

The shape of Pringles potato chip

Why the shape of Pringles potato chip is hyperbolic paraboloid? I found several articles that say the shape is hyperbolic paraboloid, but cannot find out why it is so. Does anyone have reasonable ...
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6answers
232 views

Help me to remember $\operatorname{cosh}^{2}(y) -\operatorname{sinh}^{2}(y)=1$, some easy verification and deduction?

I can faintly visualize some way of deducing this formula with exponential functions but forgot it. How do you remember it? Suppose you just forget whether it is plus-or-minus there, how do you find ...
2
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1answer
321 views

What is the most accurate definition of the hyperboloid model of hyperbolic geometry?

For simplicity, let's focus on the two-dimensional case (the hyperbolic plane in 3-space). I have seen the hyperboloid model defined as variations on the following i) The positive sheet of a ...
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2answers
197 views

Is there a surface in Euclidean space that admits elliptic geometry?

As I understand, on a pseudosphere, a surface of constant negative curvature, we can realize a part of the hyperbolic plane (but not the entire plane due to Hilbert's 1901 theorem) and use this for ...
2
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2answers
261 views

Riemann surface arising as a quotient of the upper half-plane.

Let $H$ be the upper half-plane $\{z \in \mathbb C \mid \Im(z) > 0\}$. For a fixed real $\lambda > 0$, let be the automorphism $$d_\lambda : H \to H, z \mapsto \lambda z .$$ Denote $\Gamma$ the ...
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1answer
85 views

What is PSU(1,1) PSU(2,1)? Is there a general group of the form PSU(n,m)?

I have seen it written about groups PSU(1,1), PSU(2,1). But what exactly are these? The definitions were not given, and I can't seem to find a definition online. Moreover is there a general class of ...
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1answer
105 views

How to construct hyperbolically equidistant points on a line?

In Stillwells' "Sources of Hyperbolic Geometry " page 66 figure 3.3 shows an ((incomplete?) construction of hyperbolically equidistant points on a line. I tried to reconstruct the figure but did ...
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0answers
184 views

Fundamental solution to Laplace equation on arbitrary Riemann surfaces

So, I've seen in a few places this method of calculating the heat kernel on a manifold given the kernel of its universal cover, through a so-called 'tiling method' as in section five of this paper ...
4
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1answer
275 views

Comparing metric tensors of the Poincare and the Klein disk models of hyperbolic geometry

I was trying to compare the metric tensor at the wikipedia pages of the Beltrami Klein model https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klein_disk_model and the metric tensor of the Poincare disk model at ...
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2answers
210 views

List of connected Lie subgroups of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$.

I am not familiar with the theory of Lie groups, so I am having a hard time finding all the connected closed real Lie subgroups of $\mathrm{SL}(2, \mathbb{C})$ up to conjugation. One can find the ...
4
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2answers
345 views

Models of hyperbolic geometry

Wikipedia states the following: [The Poincaré half-plane model of hyperbolic geometry] is named after Henri Poincaré, but originated with Eugenio Beltrami, who used it, along with the Klein model ...
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1answer
50 views

Area of hyperbolic triangle definition

I found this question recently in my booklet on hyperbolic geometry asking a very simple question but I could not answer it: Why can we not define the area of a hyperbolic triangle as in the plane ...
3
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1answer
330 views

Which of the (non-)Euclidean planes can we embed into non-Euclidean 3-space?

I read the answers to this very interesting question and saw that we can in fact embed the Euclidean plane into hyperbolic 3-space using what is called a horosphere. However, as Hilbert showed us, the ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Area of a right angled hyperbolic triangle as function of side lengths

I was puzzeling with Area of hyperbolic triangle definition and could not figure it out, but then i thought there should be a (maybe solvable) simpler problem so here it is: suppose: an ...
2
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3answers
142 views

which surfaces have (for a large area) a constant negative curvature?

There is no surface in $ R^3 $ that can represent the complete hyperbolic plane (Hilberts theorem) so we always have to do with a surface that is not completely equivalent, has a cusp somewhere, but ...
2
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1answer
90 views

What does the logarithm of a hyperbolic line look like?

At a fixed point $p$ of hyperbolic $n$-space $H$, there is the exponential map from flat $n$-space to $H$ taking straight lines through the origin of the flat space to hyperbolic lines through $p$ in ...
2
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1answer
190 views

Isometries of a hyperbolic quadratic form

I am reading an article that says "The group of isometries (of a hyperbolic space) of a hyperbolic quadratic form in two variables is isomorphic to the semi-direct product $\mathbb{R} \rtimes ...
2
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1answer
187 views

A book to study about hyperbolic plane, hyperbolic translations, etc.

In this paper, page $6$, the authors state the following: The translations of the hyperbolic plane are defined as products of two central symmetries; the set of hyperbolic translations forms a ...
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1answer
157 views

hyperbolic geometry (and circle ) construction problem

Was thinking about hyperbolic geometry, the Poincare Disk Model and Sweikarts constant and combined them all in a construction puzzle that I was unable to solve. My construction puzzle: Given: A ...
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1answer
328 views

Hyperbolic area and $SL_2$

Given that $\mu(A) := \iint_{A}\frac{\mathrm dx\mathrm dy}{y^2}$ where $A \subset H$ and $H$ is the upper half-plane, I need to show that: a. The measure $\mu$ is invariant under all $g \in ...
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1answer
108 views

How to solve an hyperbolic Angle Side Angle triangle?

If from an hyperbolic triangle $ \triangle ABC$ the angels $\angle A$, $\angle B$ and side $c$ are given. (ASA triangle, a side and both adjacent angles are given) How can I calculate the remaining ...
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2answers
50 views

how to construct an hyperbolic (8,3) tiling

how can I construct an hyperbolic (8,3) tiling ( see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Octagonal_tiling ) in the Poincare Disk model or Klein Disk model of hyperbolic geometry ? or: What are the ...
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2answers
214 views

Shape made by Beltrami

Beltrami made (out of thin paper or stiff cloth) a model of a surface of constant negative Gauss curvature. The original might have resembled a large saddle shaped Pringles chip, and frills might have ...
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1answer
148 views

Length of a curve on $S^2$

$1.$ Could any one tell me what is the shortest distance between $2$ points on $S^2$? $2.$ Could any one tell me how to measure explicitly a length of a curve on the $S^2$ using polar co-ordinates? ...
4
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1answer
170 views

Poincaré hyperbolic geodesics in half-plane and disc models

The objective of this post is to state that 1) the Poincaré hyperbolic metric results in a solution of complete geodesic circles in both half-plane and disk models. 2) the choice of one or other ...
4
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2answers
100 views

Translating a Euclidean proof to hyperbolic language..

User HyperLuminal asked for help to prove the following statement: Connecting the feet of the altitudes of a given triangle, we obtain another triangle for with the altitudes of the original ...