Questions on hyperbolic geometry, the geometry on manifolds with negative curvature.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
106 views

Möbius transformation that preserve distance for two pair of given points in $\mathbb{H}$.

I need to prove that for a given two pair of points $(z_1,z_2)$ and $(w_1,w_2)$ in $\mathbb{H}$ (Poincaré's upper half plane), where $d_{\mathbb{H}}(z_1,z_2)=d_{\mathbb{H}}(w_1,w_2)$, there is an ...
4
votes
1answer
260 views

Study of the Laplacian on the Hyperbolic plane

What's a good reference for the simplest case? I'm interested in the spectral theory of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on the upper half plane (domain, self-adjoint extension, etc.). I only need this ...
0
votes
2answers
253 views

circle reflections in hyperbolic geometry

Determine the equation of the circle reflection of the circle $x^2 + y^2 = 1$ if the circle of reflection is $x^2 + y^2 + 2x = 0$. I'm learning about circle inversion but I still don't get what this ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Need help with finding length of sides and angles of a triangle in upper half plane model

The given points are $i, 3i, 1 + 2i$ I know that the distance for points on a vertical line can be found by using the formula $$\ln\left|\frac{y_2}{y_1}\right|$$ So the distance between points $ i$ ...
1
vote
1answer
219 views

Finding an angle of a triangle in the upper half plane model given three points

I've been given three points in the upper half plane $(i, 3i, 1 + 2i$), and one of the homework questions that asked is to find the angles of the given triangle. A previous problem asks to find the ...
1
vote
0answers
155 views

Can a hyperbolic quadrilateral have 3 obtuse angles and 3 equal sides?

Can a hyperbolic quadrilateral have 3 obtuse angles and 3 equal sides? I have been trying to visually see if that is possible or not.
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Quick Hypberbolic Geometry question concerning Saccheri Quadrilaterals

Can a Saccheri Quadrilateral have 3 congruent sides? I know the summit is less then the base, but could it happen that the base is the same length as the two vertical sides?
1
vote
1answer
95 views

hyperbolic quadrilateral angles

On the hyperbolic plane, if I have a quadrilateral that has all congruent interior angles $\alpha$, how do I figure out what $\alpha$ is? I know in Euclidean geometry one could just use ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

geometrically finite hyperbolic surface of infinite volume

I am starting to read some papers involving analysis on hyperbolic manifolds. In these the notion of a "geometrically finite hyperbolic surface of infinite volume" is mentioned frequently and I am ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

How does my Beltrami-Klein model look?

Did I sketch the picture right based off of the specific instructions given in the problem?
1
vote
2answers
178 views

convex polygons in hyperbolic geometry

Does $\exists$ on the hyperbolic plane, a convex quadrilateral $Q$ and a convex pentagon $P$ with the same angle sum? I found this question to be rather interesting.
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Hyperbolic quadrilaterals with two adjacent right angles

For convenience we'll work in the hyperbolic upper half plane $H$. We are given a hyperbolic quadrilateral $Q$ with vertices $a,b,c,d$ and geodesic segment edges $[ a,b ]$ $[ b,c ]$ $[ c,d ]$ $[ d,a ...
1
vote
0answers
227 views

Calculating hyperbolic distance between two points

I was looking for a formula to calculate the hyperbolic distance between two planes and came across this formula $$\ln\left(\csc b-\cot b\over \csc a - \cot a\right)$$ where $a$ and $b$ are the ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Degree of morphism of quotient of upper half-plane

Recall that SL$_2(\mathbf R)$ acts on the complex upper half-plane $\mathbf H$. Let $\Gamma$ be a finite index subgroup of SL$_2(\mathbf Z)$. Then there is the quotient $Y_\Gamma = \Gamma \backslash ...
3
votes
2answers
140 views

Showing the function $f(x,y)$ is one by one

Yesterday, while teaching geometry, I was faced to a problem saying that the function below is an distance function: $$d(P,Q)=\Big|\ln\frac{\frac{x_1-c+r}{y_1}}{\frac{x_2-c+r}{y_2}}\Big|$$ where in ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Projecting external points to a circle: Distance order preserving?

Given a circle, and a set of points $A$ that lie external to the circle; I perform the following simple operation: I compute the point of intersection of the i) circle and the ii) line joining each ...
7
votes
2answers
252 views

Simple non-closed geodesic.

In torus there exists simple non-closed geodesic. One example is take the irrational slope curves in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and project it down to torus. Is this thing can happen in closed hyperbolic surface ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Any hyperbolic $n$-simplex is contained in an ideal simplex

Recall that an $n$-simplex in $\overline{\mathbb{H}^n}$ (the closure of $n$-dim hyperbolic space) with vertices $v_0,...,v_n\in \overline{\mathbb{H}^n}$ is the closed subset of $\mathbb{H}^n$ bounded ...
0
votes
1answer
232 views

Hyperbolic geometry

Post Number: 45 Posted on Friday, 22 March, 2013 - 04:48 pm: I was asked the following question and i do not have any clue on these. Could anyone help me in the beginning of this? Show that there ...
3
votes
2answers
146 views

topic for presenting in hyperbolic geometry

For my course work, i have to give a presentation of 20-30 min presentation in hyperbolic geometry. Can any one suggest some topic(or any interesting theorem) in this area.I want to present some thing ...
5
votes
1answer
96 views

Embedding manifolds of constant curvature in manifolds of other curvatures

I know that there is no complete surface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$ of constant curvature -$k$ for any $k$. But you can clearly embed the hyperbolic plane (curvature -1) into hyperbolic 3-space ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Compact surfaces without conjugate points

I've asked this question (Surfaces without conjugate points) and received an attentive answer from user67582. The answer made me see that I should ask better. So i'm trying again here. I'm trying to ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Reference Request: Regge Symmetry “Angle-Edge” Duality

A tetrahedron in hyperbolic 3-space can be defined (up to isometry) by the measures of its dihedral angles, $(a, b, c, a^\prime, b^\prime, c^\prime)$, with $a$, $b$, $c$ along edges that meet at a ...
-1
votes
1answer
144 views

Length of a curve on $S^2$

$1.$ Could any one tell me what is the shortest distance between $2$ points on $S^2$? $2.$ Could any one tell me how to measure explicitly a length of a curve on the $S^2$ using polar co-ordinates? ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Questions on two elements in a Fuchsian group which have at least one common fixed point

This is a homework question I am unable to solve. Let $A,B \in PSL(2,R)=Aut(H)$. Assume none of them are elliptic and they have : Case 1) one common fixed point at the boundary of $H$ (i.e. they ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

Set of points equidistant from two points in hyperbolic space.

Given two points $p,q$ in the hyperbolic plane, show that the set of points equidistant from $p$ and $q$ is a hyperbolic line. I am unsure how to proceed with this question. Would it be easier to use ...
3
votes
2answers
243 views

Reflection in a hyperbolic line formula

Let $H$ denote the upper half-plane model of hyperbolic space. If $L$ is the hyperbolic line in $H$ given by a Euclidean semicircle with centre $a\in \mathbb{R}$ and radius $r >0$, show that ...
3
votes
2answers
218 views

Measure on a quotient

Can anyone explain me the following : let $M$ be a hyperbolic manifold and $\Gamma = \Pi_1(M) \subset Iso(\mathbb{H}^n) $. How does the Haar measure on $Iso(\mathbb{H}^n) $ induces a measure on ...
5
votes
1answer
359 views

Möbius Transformations are Orientation Preserving?

This question is truly stupid, but is driving me crazy. I just need an outside viewpoint to sort out what's going on. In my textbook: "Show that every linear fractional (LF) transformation of ...
3
votes
1answer
285 views

Rigid body motion on the Poincare disc model of the hyperbolic plane

I'd like to implement an interactive simulation of an actor controlled by the user moving around in the Poincaré disc model of the hyperbolic plane. I need to know how to perform translation and ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Enlightening explanation of a theorem of Zimmert's

I'd like to know wether anyone has ever read an enlightening explanation (e.g. with geometric argument) of the following paper: Zimmert, R. Zur $SL_2$ der ganzen Zahlen eines imaginär-quadratischen ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Regular triangulation of compact oriented hyperbolic space

Is there a good way of explicitly constructing a regular triangulation of a compact orientable hyperbolic 2-manifold, ideally with any desired vertex degree $\ge 7$? I only need the topology, not any ...
3
votes
1answer
188 views

Understand the Hyperbolic space

I've been trying to find the expression for the metric of the hyperbolic n-space, $\mathbb H^n$. For $n=2$ I've found (e.g. here) that $$ds^2=\frac{dx^2+dy^2}{y^2}.$$ But for $n>2$ I can't seem to ...
3
votes
0answers
152 views

Axis of the product of two loxodromic isometries

Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are two loxodromic isometries of the hyperbolic space and that the product $XY$ is also a loxodromic element. We consider the axes of these three elements. I'd like to know if ...
8
votes
1answer
132 views

Hyperbolic diameter of Amsler's surface

I've recently learned about Amsler's surface, a surface of constant negative Gaussian curvature. If I understand things correctly, there is a whole family of such surfaces, differing in the angle of ...
3
votes
2answers
669 views

What is the proof that rectangles do not exist in hyperbolic geometry?

I am in need of help figuring this out-- If the only straight lines in hyperbolic geometry are those that pass through the center, then isn't there a right angle? (horizontal and vertical) Which ...
3
votes
2answers
734 views

Construction of equilateral triangle in Poincare disc model

Points A and B are given in Poincare disc model. Construct equilateral triangle ABC. Any kind of help is welcome.
0
votes
0answers
104 views

Sum of angles in a hyperbolic triangle with one ideal angle

I want to calculate the sum of the angles of the triangle formed in the hyperbolic plane from the points $(-1,1), (0,1)$, and $(1,1)$. This forms an angle at the origin which has an infinite slope for ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Hyperbolic spheres in the Poincare half-plane and fractional linaear transformations

Let $\mathbb{H}$ be the Poincare upper half-plane, seen as a Riemannian manifold with the metric $$\frac{dx^2+dy^2}{y^2}.$$ Moreover, we consider the action of $\text{SL}_2(\mathbb{R})$ on ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Locally cyclic subgroups of a hyperbolic group

How can we show that locally cyclic subgroups (ie. groups whose finitely generated proper subgroups are cyclic) of a hyperbolic group are cyclic?
4
votes
0answers
413 views

Curvature of Hyperbolic Space

I'm trying to prove that hyperbolic space has constant sectional curvature $-1$, but keep running into difficulties. Could someone show me a way out? I've been given the metric ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Is $M_g$ a subvariety of $M_{h}$ for some $h>g$

Let $g\geq 24$. Then $M_g$ is of general type. Does there exist $h>g$ such that $M_g$ is a subvariety of $M_h$? That is, does there exist an immersion $M_g \to M_g$? If the answer is not known, ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Projection on geodesic lines in $\mathbb{H}^n$

Good morning everyone, I was wondering wether or not is the projection on a geodesic line in $\mathbb{H}^n$ $1$-lipschitz for the hyperbolic distance. I asked myself this question because i ran ...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

reference request: “p-adic” presentation of surfaces

On several occasions I heart about the following result: For "certain" lattices $\Lambda$ in $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$, and almost any prime $p$ there exists a lattice $\Gamma$ in $SL_2(\mathbb{R})\times ...
4
votes
2answers
97 views

Real tree and hyperbolicity

I seek a proof of the following result due to Tits: Theorem: A path-connected $0$-hyperbolic metric space is a real tree. Do you know any proof or reference?
4
votes
6answers
644 views

Books for Hyperbolic Geometry.

I want to read hyperbolic geometry. Can any one suggest some good books on the topic.
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Approximating Distances in the Hyperbolic Space

I am currently trying to understand the paper by Krioukov et. al. on hyperbolic networks, but since I do not have a background in hyperbolic geometry (or, in that sense, in geometry at all) I struggle ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Right angles in hyperbolic pool

(This uses a bit of physics) So I learned today the following fact from physics: Imagine you have two pool balls of the same mass. You hit the first one, and it collides into the second. Then their ...
0
votes
2answers
360 views

Hyperbolic angle

I ve been looking in wikipedia and other sites for "hyperbolic angle", but it is not drawn anywhere. Only an area is shaded everywhere. Is it even possible to draw it?
1
vote
0answers
216 views

Aristotle's Axiom in Hyperbolic Geometry

I need to prove that Aristotle's Angle Unboundedness Axiom holds in hyperbolic geometry and I don't really know where to start. The problem says that we can take a segment parallel to one of the legs ...