Questions on hyperbolic geometry, the geometry on manifolds with negative curvature.

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Comparing/contrasting hyperbolic and Euclidean geometry - or, on how ${\rm PSO}_2(\Bbb R)$ sits inside ${\rm PSL}_2(\Bbb R)$

I am studying hyperbolic geometry, in particular comparing and contrasting it with familiar Euclidean geometry. Let $\Bbb E$ be the Euclidean plane, and $G={\rm Iso}^+(\Bbb E)$ be the group of ...
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2answers
14 views

Prove that the gradient of the tangent to $xy=d^2$ is $-\frac{c^2}{4d^2}$

I have this question: Given that $y=mx+c$ is a tangent to $xy=d^2$ prove that $m=-\frac{c^2}{4d^2}$. I'm not sure what direction to take - I tried differentiating the hyperbola equation, but ...
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1answer
26 views

measuring curvature

Suppose you are transported to an 2 dimensional hyperbolic world, ( a plane (2 dinensional) manifold with a constant negative curvature ) the only geometrical tools you have are a ruler, a pencil, ...
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1answer
41 views

(compact, non-empty boundary )Surface Geodesics on Hyperbolic Geometry

I have a basic knowledge of hyperbolic geometry . I am trying to understand the meaning of "a compact surface S with non-empty boundary(which is neither a disk nor an annulus )with a complete ...
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2answers
75 views

Fundamental group of a closed hyperbolic surface is Gromov hyperbolic

Does anyone have a reference for the proof of the result in the title? Thanks!
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29 views

Fundamental solution of Poisson equation in the Hyperbolic Plane

If we consider the Poisson's equation $$ -\Delta u=f(x), \ \ \mbox{in} \ \ \mathbb{R}^n, $$ we can construct the fundamental solution $$ u(x)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^n}\Gamma(x-y)f(y)dy, $$ where $\Gamma$ is ...
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64 views

Fundamental domains of infinite-index subgroups of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$

While discussing modular forms associated to different subgroups $\Gamma$ of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$, there appeared to be a heuristic relationship between the index $[SL(2,\mathbb{Z}) \colon \Gamma]$ and ...
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54 views

measuring the curvature of a pringle

Assuming for the sake of argument that a pringle shaped potato chip has a constant negative curvature, (which according to http://math.stackexchange.com/a/617610/88985 it is not ) see also picture ...
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1answer
21 views

Trying to understand Lobatschewsky's parallax formula.

Lobatschewsky gave a method to calculate the curvature of space (see Bonola “Non-Euclidean Geometry” § 45) But I don't understand his method. Can somebody explain? I understand that the method now ...
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2answers
135 views

Shape made by Beltrami

Beltrami made (out of thin paper or stiff cloth) a model of a surface of constant negative Gauss curvature. The original might have resembled a large saddle shaped Pringles chip, and frills might have ...
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1answer
30 views

Definition of hyperbolic trig functions

I was doing some homework for my complex analysis class and ran into a personal question. I haven't worked a lot with hyperbolic trig functions (e.g. $\sinh (x)$, $\cosh(x)$, etc.) so this question ...
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1answer
30 views

Exponential map in the Poincaré upper half plane

I have a question regarding the Poincaré upper half plane. Is there a simple way to express the exponential map? I have been looking unsuccessfully on internet for an expression... Thanks for any ...
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1answer
53 views

How does one formally verify this picture from hyperbolic geometry?

Suppose we consider some hyperbolic circle with center $iz$ using the upper-half plane model of hyperbolic geometry, and in the interior we have a point $x+iy$. How does one prove that $iy$ is also ...
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1answer
28 views

Spherical Geometry is to the Sphere just as Hyperbolic Geometry is to the…?

I need to write up a quickie description of Hyperbolic Geometry for non-mathematicians. I am trying to say "Hyperbolic Geoemtry is the Geometry of the surface of a ____" I remember that there is, in ...
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31 views

HyperCube questions

I have three hypercube questions. 1) How many nodes does a d-dimensional HyperRing have (as a function of d) ? 2) How many edges ? 3)What is the degree of each node in a HyperRing with n nodes ? I ...
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1answer
81 views

which surfaces have (for a large area) a constant negative curvature?

There is no surface in $ R^3 $ that can represent the complete hyperbolic plane (Hilberts theorem) so we always have to do with a surface that is not completely equivalent, has a cusp somewhere, but ...
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1answer
16 views

“projective maassbestimmung” in Automorphic Functions by Fricke + Klein

I was reading a copy of Fricke and Klein's Theory of Automorphic Forms, and I came across the phrase projective maassbestimmung in the first chapter. Google translate returns: maßbestimmung as ...
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constant $K$ and $k_g$ ovals growth

Referring to my recent post: Ovals of constant $ k_g$ on constant $K$ surfaces, using geodesic polar coordinates with radial geodesic lines built along v=constant around a fixed point on a constant ...
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1answer
28 views

Area of pseudospherical segment

Surface area of segment of a sphere radius $a$ at the equator, between two parallels, is given by $ 2 \pi a (z_2-z_1) $,where $z_2, z_1$ are heights of spherical segment at radii of parallel circles ...
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1answer
61 views

“Hyperboloid like surface” as hyperbolic plane / pseudosphere

A pseudosphere is an surface wth a constant negative curvature. In most publications, it is almost given that the tracioid (rotated tractrix) is the surface that has a constant negative curvature, ...
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2answers
53 views

Tractricoid as a pseudosphere (surface with constant negative curvature)

How to motivate/calculate/prove see that the tractricoid, i.e. a tractrix rotated about its asymptote, has a constant negative curvature? What are the hyperbolic lines on a tractricoid and how to see ...
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1answer
30 views

Good data structure for hyperbolic tiling

Say you're doing something computational where each data point is a tile in a (not necessarily Euclidean) 2-dimensional tiling, for instance, a Life-like cellular automata. You might want a data ...
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2answers
38 views

simplification of the area of a hyperbolic circle (BONOLA, S 53)

I'm trying to understand the S-53 of "Non-Euclidean Geometry" (BONOLA, R.) in which the formula for the area of a circle of radius r: $$2\pi k^2(\cosh\frac rk -1)$$ is somehow reduced by only applying ...
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51 views

Hyperbolic vs Euclidean Brownian Motion

In this article, page 4 of the linked pdf file, Lalley and Sellke claim that a hyperbolic Brownian motion can be obtained by time-changing a 2-dimensional Euclidean Brownian motion, conditioned to ...
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2answers
85 views

What's the connection between “hyperbolic” inner product spaces and the hyperbolic plane?

In Jacobson's Basic Algebra I, in Kaplansky's Linear algebra and geometry and in Artin's Geometric algebra, a hyperbolic plane is defined to be a two-dimensional, nondegenerate inner product space ...
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Why are Euclidean and hyperbolic lengths proportional to first order?

In his book “Three-Dimensional Geometry and Topology”, Thurston constructs a Riemannian metric for the Poincare disk model and begins as follows. He says that, given any (hyperbolic) line segment $s$ ...
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1answer
46 views

What is the hyperbolic plane equivalent to translation in euclidean space

in euclidean plane one can move polygons like rectangles, triangles etc. around by isometries, e.g. translations. For instance if we consider a rectangle with midpoint $0\in\mathbb{R}²$ then the image ...
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1answer
17 views

Constructing shapes in hyperbolic space

I'm trying to get started writing a game that uses the order-4 dodecahedral honeycomb in hyperbolic space. I'm representing points as 4-vectors of the form ...
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1answer
25 views

Question about hyperbolic space-forms

I have a map between hyperbolic space-forms $\varphi:B^n/\Gamma \longrightarrow B^n/H$ (where $\Gamma, H$ are discrete groups of isometries that act freely), and a lift to a map $\tilde{\varphi}:B^n ...
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here is a theorem that the isometries of the Hyperbolic plane are generated by $PSL(2, \mathbb{R})$ and $z \rightarrow - \overline{z}$.

There is a theorem that the isometries of the Hyperbolic plane are generated by $PSL(2, \mathbb{R})$ and $z \rightarrow - \overline{z}$. My question is, isn't $z \rightarrow kz$ an isometry for ...
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Let Cay(G, S) be the cayley graph of G with respect to the finite generating set S where G=⟨S∣R⟩ and R is finite.

Let $\operatorname{Cay}(G, S)$ be the cayley graph of $G$ with respect to the finite generating set $S$ where $G = \langle S\mid R\rangle$ and $R$ is finite. I am reading some notes that claim that ...
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Everyday life examples of hyperbolic rotations

I'm trying to find some intuition in Lorentz transformations. I understand that they are basically rotations by imaginary angle of vector of the form $\{ict,x\}$ (for $1+1$ space-time dimensions), and ...
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1answer
55 views

Gromov hyperbolic metric spaces are quasi-convex

I'm aware about the fact stated above, but I'm not able to find some references or proofs besides Gromov's Hyperbolic Groups - Essays in Group Theory. I'll state things precisely. I will consider a ...
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2answers
75 views

Simple proof of existence of hyperbolic triangles

I've studied the hyperbolic plane by analytically building up the hyperboloid model, the Klein—Beltrami disc, the Poincaré disc, and the half-plane model from scratch. Now I'd like to prove that, ...
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1answer
52 views

Geometries (Euclidean and Projective)

We can think of Euclidean Geometry and Cartesian (Coordinate) Geometry as equivalent, in the sense that some proposition is true in Euclidean Geometry iff it's true in Coordinate Geometry. It makes ...
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1answer
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hypercycles through a given point that share a tangent through that point converge towards a horocycle as their distances go towards infinity.

On http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypercycle_%28geometry%29 I found the statement. The hypercycles through a given point that share a tangent through that point converge towards a horocycle as their ...
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2answers
60 views

How to construct a circle in a the Poincare Disk model

How can I construct an circle with centre C going trough point P in a Poincare disk?. I found an script of how to do it in the "Poincaré Disk Model of Hyperbolic Geometry"toolkit from the geometers ...
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1answer
71 views

Distance-preserving coordinate transformations for the poincaré disc

Following this question, I'm looking for a coordinate transformation which leaves distances unchanged. Does such a transformation exist? The isometries for the poincaré disk looked promising, but only ...
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1answer
58 views

Representation of cell location in hyperbolic plane

I want to represent an order-5 square tiling (image from Wikipedia; more text below image): Obviously for a simple grid I can uniquely refer to a given square by its ...
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1answer
16 views

calculate the curvature of a surface with a Lambert quadrilateral

I was wondering how can I calculate the curvature of a surface? For example: Given a Lambert quadrilateral ABCD (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lambert_quadrilateral ) with: $ DA \bot AB $, $ AB ...
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2answers
51 views

Hyperbolic geometry and orientation reversing isometries.

In Quasi-cluster algebras from non-orientable surfaces by Dupont and Palesi, one can read the following on page 11: I don't understand why the 'following relations' in the image included hold. ...
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1answer
40 views

Limit set of Kleinian group

Let $\Gamma \subset PSL_2 (\mathbb{C})$ a Kleinian group coming from a discrete faithful representation $\rho : \pi_1(M) \to PSL_2 (\mathbb{C})$ of the fundamental group of a closed connected ...
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1answer
39 views

Hyperbolic metric of arbitrary curvature.

I've been trying to find this online, in books, etc, but I can never find the expression for the metric on the unit disk $$\mathbb{D} = \{ z \in \mathbb{C} : |z| < 1 \}$$ that has constant ...
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1answer
37 views

Distance from point to line segment in Poincaré disk model

I'm trying to build a geometric datastructure in hyperbolic space. For that purpose, I'm using the Poincaré disk model. The distance between two points can be calculated with the hyperbolic law of ...
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1answer
62 views

The distance in Lobachevski (Hyperbolic) space

I need to find the distance from the point provided in the hyperboloid model with a vector $x$ where $\langle x,x\rangle=-1$ to the hyperplane $H_e$ with a normal vector $e$, where $\langle ...
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1answer
49 views

Decomposition of modular group elements

The modular group $PSL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ acts on the hyperbolic half-space $H$ by $$h\cdot z=\frac{az+b}{cz+d},\;z\in H,\;h=\begin{pmatrix}a&b\\c&d\end{pmatrix}\in PSL_2(\mathbb{Z})$$ with ...
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What is a manifold with cusp?

What I am primarily currently learning about is hyperbolic geometry and methods to find hyperbolic structures on triangulated manifolds. I see phrases such as 'cusp ends' and 'manifold with one cusp' ...
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Submanifold of a Kobayashi hyperbolic manifold

Let $M$ be complex manifold which is Kobayashi hyperbolic. Let $N$ be a submanifold of $M$ obtained as the zeroes of an analytic submersion $f : M \rightarrow R$, $R$ complex manifold. Question : ...
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1answer
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Fundamental domain of a Fuchsian group which is not locally finite

I am trying to understand Example 9.2.5 in Beardon's book The Geometry of Discrete Groups. The goal is to construct a fundamental domain of a Fuchsian group which is not locally finite. Definitions ...
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1answer
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Hyperbolic (and related) structures on open unit disk

I am facing some confusion about different structures on the open unit disk $D:=\{ z \in \mathbb{C}, |z|<1 \}$. By Riemann Mapping Theorem we know there is just one complex structure on $D$, up to ...