For questions related to hyperbolic functions: $\sinh$, $\cosh$, $\tanh$, and so on.

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48
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2answers
1k views

Integral $\int_1^\infty\frac{\operatorname{arccot}\left(1+\frac{2\pi}{\operatorname{arcoth}x-\operatorname{arccsc}x}\right)}{\sqrt{x^2-1}}\mathrm dx$

Consider the following integral: $$\mathcal{I}=\int_1^\infty\frac{\operatorname{arccot}\left(1+\frac{2\,\pi}{\operatorname{arcoth}x\,-\,\operatorname{arccsc}x}\right)}{\sqrt{x^2-1}}\mathrm dx,$$ where ...
0
votes
2answers
21 views

Tangent - point of contact

Question: Tangent to the curve $y = x^2 + 6$ at point P(1, 7) touches the circle $x^2 + y^2 + 16x + 12y + c = 0$ at a point Q. Then the coordinates of Q are: 1) (-6, -11) 2) (-9, -13) 3) (-10, -15) 4) ...
14
votes
2answers
292 views

$\int_0^\infty(\log x)^2(\mathrm{sech}\,x)^2\mathrm dx$

Is there any closed-form representation for the following integral? $$\int_0^\infty(\log x)^2(\mathrm{sech}\,x)^2\mathrm dx,$$ where $\mathrm{sech}\,x$ is the hyperbolic secant, ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

A Method For Calculating Large Exponents Quickly

I've derived a formula for calculating large exponents quickly: $$a^b = 2 \cosh( - b \log( a ) )$$ My question is: Has anyone seen anything similar? I am curious if either it's novel OR if I have ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Hyperbolic sinc function

Cardinal sine function or sinc function is defined by: \begin{equation} \mathrm{sinc}x=\begin{cases}\frac{\sin x}{x}, & x \neq 0,\\ 1, & x = 0,\end{cases} \end{equation} Is there any ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

here is a theorem that the isometries of the Hyperbolic plane are generated by $PSL(2, \mathbb{R})$ and $z \rightarrow - \overline{z}$.

There is a theorem that the isometries of the Hyperbolic plane are generated by $PSL(2, \mathbb{R})$ and $z \rightarrow - \overline{z}$. My question is, isn't $z \rightarrow kz$ an isometry for ...
0
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0answers
6 views

How can I find a hyperbolic function denoting zoom levels?

I'm working between two values. The first ($m$) represents the number of meters wide an estimate of location accuracy is, and the other ($z$) represents a vague level of zoom as described below. This ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Proof that function is real part of $\sec(z)$ [duplicate]

I'm working on the following problem: I've deduced that the key is to show that $u$ is the real part of $\sec(z)$. But, I'm getting stuck in the algebra and am hoping someone can point me in the ...
0
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1answer
34 views

Proof that $\cos^2(x)\cosh^2(y) + \sin^2(x)\sinh^2(y) = -1 + \sin^2(x) - \sinh^2(y)$

Could anyone offer a proof that $$ \cos^2(x)\cosh^2(y) + \sin^2(x)\sinh^2(y) = -1 + \sin^2(x) - \sinh^2(y)? $$
3
votes
4answers
376 views

If $f$ is holomorphic and $\,f'' = f$, then $f(z) = A \cosh z + B \sinh z$

Suppose $f$ is holomorphic in a disk centered at the origin and $f$ satisfies the differential equation $$f'' = f.$$ Show that $f$ is of the form $$f(z)=A \sinh z + B \cosh z,$$ for suitable constants ...
3
votes
2answers
373 views

Calculate cosh(x) given sinh(x)

Given the value of sinh(x) for example sinh(x) = 3/2 How can I calculate the value of cosh(x) ?
0
votes
3answers
68 views

How does $\frac{1}{2}\cosh(2x) -1 = \sinh^2(x)$?

Using hyperbolic trigonometric function identities is there a way to prove the following equation? $$\frac{1}{2} (\cosh(2x)-1) = \sinh^2(x)$$
4
votes
4answers
214 views

What is the use of hyperbolic trigonometric functions if they are easily expressible algebraically?

I get that there are uses for $\sin(x)$ and $\cos(x)$ because they are defined with imaginary exponents which aren't as easily worked with but the hyperbolic functions are simply $\frac12(e^x\pm ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

rotated hyperbolic cylinder parameterization

A hyperbolic cylinder is given by $\frac{x^2}{a^2}-\frac{y^2}{b^2} = -1$, but thats a hyperbolic cylinder that goes along the Z-axis. How do you parametrize a hyperbolic cylinder that goes instead of ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Mathematica Integrate gives back the integrand

i'm trying to Integrate the following function: (q (1 + q) - E^-q Sinh[q])/(-q + Cosh[q] Sinh[q]) - ( 2 q Tanh[q])/(-q + Cosh[q] Sinh[q]) I already solved ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Exact Values of Hyperbolic Trig Functions

There are some well-known exact values for trig functions, such as $$\sin\frac{\pi}{6}=\frac{1}{2},\quad \tan\frac{\pi}{3}=\sqrt 3, \quad\text{etc.}$$ Are there comparable special values for the ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

Hyperbolic function identity proof?

On a question i am working thru it says: Obtain the formula:$$ \sinh 2x - \sinh 2y = 2\cosh(x+y)\sinh(x-y) $$and prove that $$\coshθ + \cosh2θ +...+\cosh nθ ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Questions about the hyperbolic system of equations

$$u_t+A(x,t,u)u_x=b(x,t,u) \tag 1$$ $$u=(u_1, \dots, u_n), b=(b_1, \dots, b_n)$$ $$A=[a_{ij}], i,j = 1, \dots, n$$ $$$$ We set the question if there are characteristic directions at the path of which ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Verifying the triangle inequality for a metric for hyperbolic space

I read that the formula $d(x,y)=\mathrm{arccosh}(1+\frac{2||x-y||^{2}}{(1-||x||^{2})(1-||y||^{2})})$, where $x,y$ are in the open unit ball of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $||\cdot||$ denotes Euclidean norm, ...
2
votes
1answer
542 views

Integration Using Hyperbolic Substitution

I'm supposed to prove the following by using the hyperbolic sine double angle identity: $\sinh(2x)=2\sinh x\cosh x$ and archsinhx formula: $\ln(x+\sqrt{x^2+1})$ but can't seem to figure out the steps. ...
1
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1answer
39 views

How to trace the graphic of $\cos(x) + \cosh(y) = k$?

Is there some systematic way to trace the graphic of $\cos(x) + \cosh(y) = k$ given a fixed value for $k$? Suppose $k = 1$: if I choose empirically $y = 1.2$, I know that should be $\cos(x) = - ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Exponential function to prove [closed]

how would you prove that $Ae^x+Be^{-x}=A \sinh x+B\cosh x$ Thank you.
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Laplace's equation-separation of variables

I am looking at the $2$-D Laplace's equation $$\nabla^2u=u_{xx}+u_{yy}=0$$ $$u(x,0)=f(x), x \in (0,a)$$ $$u(x,b)=0, x \in (0, a)$$ $$u(0,y)=u(a,y)=0, y \in (0,b)$$ The solution is in the form ...
5
votes
5answers
189 views

Evaluating the following integral: $ \int \frac{x^2}{\sqrt{x^2 - 1}} \text{ d}x$

For this indefinite integral, I decided to use the substitution $x = \cosh u$ and I've ended up with a $| \sinh u |$ term in the denominator which I'm unsure about dealing with: $$\int ...
3
votes
2answers
71 views

Why are hyperbolic functions significant?

I'm currently covering Stewart's Early Transcendentals, and there is a whole section dedicated to defining and differentiating hyperbolic functions. The same amount of space is used to cover other ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Hyperbolic equations-characteristic system

Let the system: $$\alpha(x,t,u)u_t+\beta(x,t,u)u_x=f(x,t,u)$$ To find the characteristic equations: $$\frac{du}{ds}=\frac{\partial{u}}{\partial{t}} \frac{dt}{ds}+\frac{\partial{u}}{\partial{t}} ...
0
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2answers
38 views

Find $\sinh x$ in terms of $\tanh x$.

Given that $\tanh(x) = u$, find an expression for $\sinh(x)$ in terms of $u$. I don't really know what the question wants from me here. Any help would be great.
0
votes
2answers
20 views

Find the normalisation constant

I am having problems finding the normalisation constant $N$. I have tried this so far use the substitution $x=a tan(u)$ so $dx=a sec^2(u)du$, so $\displaystyle 1=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}N^2 ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Hyperbolic growth, deriving from hyperbolic functions

When a quantity grows towards infinity in a finite-time, it is said to undergo hyperbolic growth. An example being a quantity that every time it doubles, the growth rate itself also doubles. ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Infinite Product Identity for Hyperbolic Sine

Prove $\prod_{n\in\mathbb{N}\backslash\left\{ 0\right\} }\left(1+\left(\frac{\alpha}{\pi n}\right)^{2}\right)=\frac{\sinh\left(\alpha\right)}{\alpha}$. I saw this formula in a book and have no idea ...
4
votes
0answers
38 views

Inverse Fourier transform using Residues for a ratio of hyperbolic functions.

I'm new and glad to be here. I have a problem relating to an inverse Fourier transform. I have $$g(w)= \frac{\sinh{w(a-b)}}{w \cosh{wa}}$$ and want to find $$G(t)$$. I cannot find this in tables so I ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

showing $\sinh(x/2) = \epsilon \sqrt{\frac{1}{2}(\cosh(x) -1)}$

showing $$\sinh(x/2) = \epsilon \sqrt{\frac{1}{2}(\cosh(x) -1)}$$ and I was told to determine the value of $\epsilon$. From identities I reached $ \sinh^2(x) = \dfrac{1}{2}(\cosh(x) -1)$ however ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

given $\cosh u = x$ find $\sinh u$

I'm asked to show that:$\newcommand{\arcosh}{\operatorname{arcosh}}$ $\int{x \arcosh x}dx = \frac{1}{4}(2x^2 -1)\arcosh x - \frac{1}{4}x\sqrt{x^2 -1} + C$ If I integrate by parts: let $u = \arcosh ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Limit of a Cosh function

Evaluate $$\lim_{t\to\infty} (\cosh x)^{1/x}.$$ I tried to use L'Hopital's but I think I made a mess of the differentiation, and the differentiation doesn't seem like it'll help much.
0
votes
1answer
103 views

Problem with Taylor (asymptotic) expansion of hyperbolic functions at infinity

(Note: I chose a general title, because I believe this discussion will be applicable to all other hyperbolic functions having an asymptote at infinity, but I will specifically be focusing on ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Complex Numbers and Hyperbolic Functions

How would you evaluate: $\mathfrak{R}\left[(1+i)\sin\left(\dfrac{(2+i)\pi}{4}\right)\right]$? I know that $\cos x = \dfrac{e^{ix}+e^{-ix}}{2}$ and $\sin x = \dfrac{e^{ix}-e^{-ix}}{2i}$. I have also ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Disappearing negative signs when evaluating a sinh^-1 integral

$$\int_{-2}^{6} \frac{1}{\sqrt{1+(-x)^2}} \, dx$$ When performing this integral on paper, I get $$\sinh^{-1}(6) - \sinh^{-1}(-2) $$ But when I type it on wolframalpha, I get the unintuitive answer ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Inverse trig and trigh in integration?

I have just done part (iii) of this question and can get the right answer but am a bit confused why do we take arcosh i.e. just the principle value of cosh and not the other value. I presume this is ...
1
vote
3answers
296 views

Separate Into Real and Imaginary Parts

Separate the following trigonometric function into Real and Imaginary Parts $$\tan^{-1}e^{i\theta} $$ or $$\tan^{-1}(\cos\theta+i\sin\theta)$$ I Have made till here Assuming $x+iy$ is the final ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Find the value of hyperbolic $\tanh x$ function from the equation

If $\sinh x-\cosh x=5$, find $\tanh x$ I have done till the following steps but dont know how to proceed further from solving this equation in Euler's form ...
0
votes
1answer
935 views

Taylor Series of Hyperbolic Cotangent Coth(x)

Expanding about 0 gets me a divergence on the first term, and the wikipedia article says nothing about how to derive it other than taylor series. It makes me think I'm supposed to use Laurent Series, ...
1
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2answers
42 views

Does the definite integral of (1 - tanh t) from 0 to x diverge as x goes to infinity?

Decidedly in the category of things I used to know how to prove but have forgotten: Does $$ \int_0^x (1 - \tanh t) \,dt $$ converge or diverge as $x \to \infty$? (I know that the indefinite ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

hyperbolic inequality

Calculating some contour integral, I have to prove that $\int^{R+i}_{R}\frac{cosh(az)}{cosh(\pi z)}dz$ goes to zero if R goes to infinity. And we know that $\left|a\right|<\pi$. I want to use the ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Is this a typo, or am I missing something?

I have a handout for my precalc II class. It says $\sinh(-x) = -\sin(x)$ It should be $\sinh(-x) = -\sinh(x)$ right? I don't see how a negative input could make a hyperbolic function circular.
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1answer
62 views

Solving the Laplace equation in terms of exponential of hyperbolic trigonometric functions

I'm solving the Laplace equation $U_{xx}+U_{yy}=0$ subject to BC's: \begin{align} U(0,y) &= 0 \\ U(a,y) &= 0 \\ U(x,0) &= 0 \\ U(x,b) & = \left\{x \text{ for } x \in ...
1
vote
2answers
27 views

Calculate ch(0.2) to the nearest 0.01

Help me calculate ch(0.2) to the nearest 0.01. I tried to rewrite ch as a series but I still don't know how to evaluate it and what to do with factorial Help me please. it's very important
4
votes
1answer
302 views

fourier expansion of $\coth$ and justifying an identity

The problem: Justify the following equalities: $$\cot x = i\coth (ix) = i \sum^\infty_{n=-\infty} \frac{ix}{(ix)^2+(n\pi)^2}=\sum^\infty_{n=-\infty}\frac{x}{x^2+(n\pi)^2}$$ I am trying to figure ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

I cannot find the following integral in an integral table.

In the appendix A of this paper there is an integral that the author says can be solved using any good integral table. However I cannot seem to find it on any integral table (ex: gradshteyn and ...
1
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0answers
60 views

Poles (and order of) of $(\cosh(1/(z-\pi)))^2$ and Residue at $z=\pi$

Hi I need help finding the poles and the order of the poles of the following function: $$\left(\cosh\frac1{z-\pi}\right)^2$$ and the residue at $z=\pi$. I have tried a number of different methods ...