Two functions are homotopic, if one of them can by continuously deformed to another. This gives rise to an equivalence relation. A group called homotopy group can be obtained from the equivalence classes. The simplest homotopy group is fundamental group. Homotopy groups are important invariants in ...

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Two CW complexes with isomorphic homotopy groups and homology, yet not homotopy equivalent

A standard example of two CW complexes which have isomorphic homotopy groups but are not homotopy equivalent is $ RP^2 \times S^3$ and $RP^3 \times S^2$. The easiest way to see that they are not ...
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3answers
2k views

the cone is contractible

Let $X$ be a topological space. I want to show that the cone $CX$ is contractible. Here we construct a deformation retraction from $CX$ to the tip point of the cone $$H_t: CX\to CX;\; (x,t')\mapsto ...
5
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1answer
3k views

Fundamental group of complement of $n$ lines through the origin in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Just a quick question to verify whether I'm right. Claim: The fundamental group of the complement of $n$ lines through the origin in $\mathbb{R}^3$ is $F_n$, the free group on $n$ generators. ...
12
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1answer
2k views

Homotopy equivalence of universal cover

As part of am exam question (Q21F here), I'm trying to prove that if $X$ and $Y$ are path-connected, locally path-connected spaces with universal covers $\widetilde{X}$ and $\widetilde{Y}$, ...
7
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3answers
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How to compute homotopy classes of maps on the 2-torus?

Let $\mathbb T^2$ be the 2-Torus and let $X$ be a topological space. Is there any way of computing $[\mathbb T^2,X]$, the set of homotopy class of continuous maps $\mathbb T^2\to X$ if I know, for ...
20
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2answers
429 views

Failure of excision for $\pi_2$

Would anyone know an example of failure of excision for 2nd homotopy groups? Specifically, I am looking for $A,B$ open in $X$ such that $X=A\cup B$ and $A\cap B$ is connected and $\pi_2(X,A)\ne ...
13
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1answer
626 views

If $f\!: X\simeq Y$, then $X\!\cup_\varphi\!\mathbb{B}^k \simeq Y\!\cup_{f\circ\varphi}\!\mathbb{B}^k$.

How can I prove that if two spaces $X$ and $Y$ are homotopy equivalent, then the corresponding spaces obtained by gluing a $k$-cell are also equivalent? In detail, if ...
9
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3answers
738 views

Eckmann-Hilton and higher homotopy groups

How does the Eckmann-Hilton argument show that higher homotopy groups are commutative? I can easily follow the proof on Wikipedia, but I have no good mental picture of the higher homotopy ...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

cup product in cohomology ring of a suspension

Let $X$ be a CW-complex. Let $\Sigma$ be suspension. Let $R$ be a commutative ring. Is the cup product of $$ H^*(\Sigma X;R)$$ trivial? How to prove? Where can I find the result?
3
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1answer
114 views

Continuous function from the closed unit disk to itself being identity on the boundary must be surjective?

If there is a continuous function from the closed unit disk to itself such that it is identity map on boundary, must it be onto?
6
votes
2answers
436 views

double comb space is not contractible

I'm trying to show that the double comb space is not contractible. Intuitively I can see why this is true, but I can't seem to formalize a prof. I try to do the following: Let $D$ be the double ...
4
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1answer
197 views

The homotopy category of complexes

I have some trouble in proving Exercise A3.51 of Eisenbud's book "Commutative Algebra with a view toward Algebraic Geometry", pag. 688. The solution is sketched at pag. 754 at the end of the book. The ...
8
votes
2answers
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Proof that retract of contractible space is contractible

I'm reading Hatcher and I'm doing exercise 9 on page 19. Can you tell me if my answer is correct? Exercise: Show that a retract of a contractible space is contractible. Proof: Let $X$ be a ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Question on showing a bijection between $\pi_1(X,x_0)$ and $[S^1, X]$ when X is path connected.

I am trying to do this question taken from Hatchers algebraic topology and I am struggling to understand the notation and the concepts. As far as I know $\pi_1(X,x_0)$ is the set of end point ...
14
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1answer
383 views

What is $\pi_{31}(S^2)$?

What is $\pi_{31}(S^2)$ - high homotopy group of the 2-sphere ? This question has a physics motivation: 1) There are relations between (2nd and 3rd) Hopf fibrations and (2- and 3-) qbits (quantum ...
17
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0answers
347 views

Closed model categories in the sense of Quillen [1969] vs the modern sense

The modern definition of (closed) model category differs in two ways from Quillen's 1969 definition: Model categories are now required to be complete and cocomplete, whereas Quillen only asked for ...
11
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3answers
413 views

Showing continuity of partially defined map

There is a theorem in Note on Cofibrations by Arne Strøm. It says Let $A$ be a closed subspace of a topological space $X$. Then $(X,A)$ has the HEP if and only if there are (i) a neighborhood ...
8
votes
3answers
709 views

Homotopy equivalence of two different gluings of $B^n$ and an arbitrary space $X$

Let $f, g: S^{n-1} \to X$ be a pair of homotopic continuous maps. Let $X \cup_f B^n$ and $X \cup_g B^n$ be the respective adjunction spaces (pushouts of $B^n \hookleftarrow S^{n-1} \rightarrow X$). I ...
13
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3answers
2k views

An intuitive idea about fundamental group of $\mathbb{RP}^2$

Someone can explain me with an example, what is the meaning why $\pi(\mathbb{RP}^2,x_0)$ is $\mathbb{Z}_2$? We consider the real projective plane as a quotient of the disk. I don't receive and ...
9
votes
1answer
632 views

Is the quotient map a homotopy equivalence?

It is well known that, if $A \subset X$ is a reasonable contractible subspace, then the quotient map $X \to X/A$ is a homotopy equivalence ("reasonable" means that the pair $(X,A)$ has the homotopy ...
9
votes
1answer
716 views

Continuous maps between compact manifolds are homotopic to smooth ones

If $M_1$ and $M_2$ are compact connected manifolds of dimension $n$, and $f$ is a continuous map from $M_1$ to $M_2$, f is homotopic to a smooth map from $M_1$ to $M_2$. Seems to be fairly basic, ...
4
votes
1answer
326 views

Homology of mapping telescope

It is stated here http://math.uchicago.edu/~may/CONCISE/ConciseRevised.pdf that if $X$ is an increasing union of the type $X=\bigcup_{i \in I}X_i$ (where $X_i \subset X_{i+1}$), then we have an ...
9
votes
3answers
738 views

Is there any example of space not having the homotopy type of a CW-complex?

What is an example of space not having the homotopy type of a CW-complex? Is there any general method that can prove that the given space does not have the homotopy type of a CW-complex? (added) It ...
8
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3answers
605 views

Mapping homotopic to the identity map has a fixed point

Suppose $\phi:\mathbb{S}^2\to\mathbb{S}^2$ is a mapping, homotopic to the identity map. Show that there is a fixed point $\phi(p)=p$.
6
votes
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440 views

Cylinder object in the model category of chain complexes

Let $\text{Ch}⁺(R)$ be the category of non-negative chain complexes of $R$-modules where $R$ is a commutative ring. What is a cylinder object, in the sense of model categories, for a given complex ...
5
votes
2answers
229 views

Degree 1 maps from $\mathbb S^n$

Suppose that $f:S^n \to M$ is a map from the $n$-sphere to a simply-connected $n$-dimensional manifold that induces an isomorphism on top homology. I wonder if it's true that $f$ is already a homotopy ...
5
votes
1answer
119 views

Homotopical classes of mappings $\mathbb{CP}^n \to \mathbb{CP}^m$

Which are homotopy classes of mappings $\mathbb{CP}^n \to \mathbb{CP}^m$ for $n < m$? In real case, even for any cellular complex $X$ with $\dim X<m$ homotopy classes of mappings $X \to ...
4
votes
1answer
219 views

Compact $n$-manifold has same integral cohomology as $S^n$?

Let $M$ be a compact connected $n$-manifold without boundary, where $n \ge 2$. Suppose that $M$ is homotopy equivalent to $\Sigma Y$ for some connected based space $Y$. Does $M$ have the same integral ...
4
votes
3answers
218 views

Is such a map always null-homotopic?

Let $X,Y$ be CW-complexes with $X$ finite dimensional and $X = \bigcup_{n \in \Bbb N} X_n$ where the $X_n\subset X_{n+1}$ are finite sub-complexes of $X$. If $f: X \rightarrow Y$, with $f|_{X_n}$ ...
3
votes
1answer
176 views

Clarification regarding little n-discs operads

I am reading the wiki page on operad theory and I am trying to figure out how exactly those "Little something" operads work which are mentioned there. Specifically, I am having a hard time, despite ...
2
votes
2answers
278 views

$A$ retract of $X$ and $X$ contractible implies $A$ contractible.

I have constructed the following proof of the statement and have some questions (a question) about the correctness of the proof: Statement: $A$ retract of $X$ and $X$ contractible implies $A$ ...
7
votes
1answer
252 views

Showing that a homotopy fiber of a fibration is homotopy equivalent to the fiber of the base point.

Assume $(E, e_0)$ and $(B, b_0)$ are based spaces with the indicated base points. Given a based fibration $p: E \rightarrow B$. We have the respective homotopy: fiber \begin{equation} Fp= ...
6
votes
0answers
149 views

When should one learn about $(\infty,1)$-categories?

I've been doing a lot of reading on homotopy theory. I'm very drawn to this subject as it seems to unify a lot of topology under simple principles. The problem seems to be that the deeper I go the ...
6
votes
1answer
92 views

Can one prove that $\Bbb{CP}^\infty$ is a $K(\Bbb Z, 2)$ without invoking the long exact sequence of a fibration?

In trying to remind myself why $\Bbb{CP}^\infty$ is a $K(\Bbb Z, 2)$, the natural argument that comes to mind is to take the long exact sequence associated to the fibration $S^1 \rightarrow S^\infty ...
4
votes
2answers
139 views

Lifting cohomology-killing maps through the 3-sphere

In his first answer to this question, Jason deVito claimed that a map $f:X\to S^2$ kills $H^2$ if and only if it factors through the Hopf fibration $\pi:S^3\to S^2$. What's the justification for this ...
4
votes
2answers
221 views

The empty set in homotopy theoretic terms (as a simplicial set/top. space)

I am currently confused about the empty set in terms of its path components and how this fits into the Quillen adjunction between topological spaces and simplicial sets. Probably, one of my ...
2
votes
3answers
98 views

Symmetry of “is homotopic to” detail in the proof

Let $f,g:X\rightarrow Y$. If $f$ is homotopic to $g$ then $g$ is homotopic to $f$. Let $F:X\times I\rightarrow Y$ be a homotopy from $f$ to $g$ so $F(x,0)=f(x)$ and $F(x,1)=g(x)$ for all $x \in ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

canonical map of a monoid to its classifying space

Every monoid $M$ is a category with one object $M$ and morphisms the elements of $M$. [Martin Brandenburg.] Every small category $C$ has a classifying space $BC$, defined as the geometric realization ...
0
votes
1answer
206 views

Cohomology groups of $K(\mathbb{Z}_p \times \mathbb{Z}_p,1)$

I have a question regarding the cohomology groups of the Eilenberg-MacLane space $K(\mathbb{Z}_p \times \mathbb{Z}_p,1)$. For $n$ > $2$, is there a way to show that $H^n(K(\mathbb{Z}_p \times ...
25
votes
4answers
720 views

Are there nontrivial continuous maps between complex projective spaces?

Are there maps $f: \Bbb{CP}^n \rightarrow \Bbb{CP}^m$, with $n>m$, that are not null-homotopic? In particular, is there some non-null-homotopic map $\Bbb{CP}^n \rightarrow S^2$ for $n>1$? Can we ...
23
votes
4answers
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Homotopy groups of $S^2$

I'd like to understand higher homotopy groups better and I guess there's no simpler way than understanding them for as simple spaces as possible; therefore $S^2$. My question essentially has two ...
13
votes
1answer
955 views

What are $E_\infty$-rings?

I've been working with DG-algebras for the last year, and was able to obtain using them some nice commutative homological algebra results. However, I keep hearing about a (more general???) concept of ...
10
votes
1answer
572 views

Can Spectra be described as abelian group objects in the category of Spaces? (in some appropriate $\infty$-sense)

I'm not a topologist and I'm trying to understand a little bit about spectra. I've been told that spectra are the homotopical version of abelian groups. Can anyone expand on this point? Apparently ...
21
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1answer
992 views

Brave New Number Theory

I suppose this is an extremely general question, so I apologize, and perhaps it should be deleted. On the other hand it's an awesome question. Is it clear exactly how much (assumedly algebraic) ...
11
votes
1answer
229 views

Is a bijective homotopy equivalence with bijective homotopy inverse a homeomorphism?

I've been thinking about this for a while, but didn't get very far. Maybe someone here can say something about it. I know of an example of two spaces $X, Y$ with continuous bijections in both ...
11
votes
3answers
599 views

What is combinatorial homotopy theory?

Edit: After a discussion with t.b. we agreed that this question aims to a different answer from this one, for more information you can read the comment below. Many times I've heard people ...
7
votes
3answers
689 views

Prove homotopic attaching maps give homotopy equivalent spaces by attaching a cell

Prove: If $f,g:S^{n-1} \to X$ are homotopic maps, then $X\sqcup_fD^n$ and $X\sqcup_gD^n$ are homotopy equivalent. I think it can be proved by showing they are both deformation retracts of ...
5
votes
1answer
218 views

Proving Cartan's magic formula using homotopy

On page 198 of Arnold's Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics, he asks the reader to prove Cartan's formula $$\tag{1}L_X=\mathrm{d}i_X+i_X\mathrm{d}$$ where $L_X$ is the Lie derivative wrt. $X$, ...
5
votes
2answers
233 views

Homotopy groups of some magnetic monopoles

This is a list of homotopy groups which I (as a physics researcher) encounter when studying magnetic monopole under certain configuration of gauge field profiles. \begin{gather} \pi_2(SU(2)/U(1)) ...
10
votes
1answer
161 views

Gap between “fibration” and “fiber bundle”.

There are fibrations $E \rightarrow B$ which are not fiber bundles. Example: $E = [0,1]^2 / \text{middle vertical line segment}$ and $B=[0,1]$. In this example, $E$ has the homotopy type of a total ...