Two functions are homotopic, if one of them can by continuously deformed to another. This gives rise to an equivalence relation. A group called homotopy group can be obtained from the equivalence classes. The simplest homotopy group is fundamental group. Homotopy groups are important invariants in ...

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71 views

On chain homotopy equivalence

I just learnt the notion of chain map and have the following question. Let $C=(C_n,\partial_n^C)$ and $D=(D_n,\partial_n^D)$ be chain complexes of abelian groups with boundary maps $\partial_n^C$ and ...
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135 views

Question about homotopy equivalence

I have this proof but I don't understand why $i\circ j$ induces a homotopy equivalence, and how to see $j_*$ is injective at the level of homology? $X$ is a Banach space
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44 views

Proving that induced homomorphism is an isomorphism

Let $A \subset X$ and let $j: A \to X$ be the inclusion map. Let $f: X \to A$ be a continuous map. We suppose there is a homotopy between $j \circ f$ and the identity map on $X$. We are to show that ...
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52 views

Bousfield–Kan spectral sequence for homotopy colimits

Let $\mathcal{J}$ be a small category and let $X : \mathcal{J} \to \mathbf{sSet}$ be a diagram. We define its homotopy colimit $\newcommand{\hocolim}{\mathop{\mathrm{ho}{\varinjlim}}}\hocolim X$ ...
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33 views

How old is the distinction of right homotopy from left homotopy?

Going into the 1960s it seems to me that topologists saw path spaces as an advanced idea, useful in come contexts but not fundamental. So they took homotopy of maps as basically what is now called ...
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39 views

turning a map into a fibration

In Allen Hatcher's book Spectral Sequence page 29 Example 1.18, What means "turning the map into a fibration" and convert a map into a fibration"? Given a map $f:X\to Y$, $f$ is not necessarily a ...
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23 views

Homotopy groups of pairs and homotopy fibration of inclusions

Let $(X,A)$ be a pair of topological spaces, where $X$ is path-connected and $A$ is a path-connected subespace of $X$ with a base point. So, we have a long exact sequence of homotopy groups $$... \to ...
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33 views

What is a thin loop?

I read one definition of a thin loop: $\gamma$ is a thin loop if there exists a homotopy of $\gamma$ to the trivial loop with the image of the homotopy lying entirely within the image of $\gamma$. ...
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34 views

Invertibility of suspension in spectra

I know that spectra are supposed to be designed so that suspension is invertible up to homotopy, but I'm having trouble articulating exactly why this is the case. If $E$ is a spectrum and $\Sigma E$ ...
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72 views

Homology of $n$-sheeted covering space

Let $X$ be the Klein bottle, that is $X=\mathbb{R}^2/G$ with $$G=\langle a,b\mid a^{-1}b ab=1\rangle,$$ acting via $a: \mathbb{R}^2\to \mathbb{R}^2, (x,y)\mapsto (x+1,y)$, $b: \mathbb{R}^2\to ...
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73 views

cohomology of suspension

Let $X$ be a topological space. Let $\Sigma$ be suspension. Does $H^n(X;\mathbb{Z})\cong H^{n+1}(\Sigma X;\mathbb{Z})$ isomorphic or not? Does $H^n(X;\mathbb{Z}_2)\cong H^{n+1}(\Sigma ...
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55 views

Does Homotopy Equivalence Lead to a Homeomorphism?

I've read online that "Intuitively, two spaces X and Y are homotopy equivalent if they can be transformed into one another (i.e., made homeomorphic) by bending, shrinking and expanding operations", ...
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57 views

homology of smash product of Eilenberg-Maclane spaces

Let $K_n=K(\mathbb{Z},n)$ be the Eilenberg-Maclane space. Prove: (1). $K_m\wedge K_n$ is $(m+n-1)$-connected. (2). $H_{m+n}(K_m\wedge k_n;\mathbb{Z})= H_{m+n}(K_m\times k_n;\mathbb{Z})$. How to ...
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14 views

stable splittings of projective space

On Hatcher's book Algebraic Topology, page 468 Prop. 4I.3, For prime number $p$, can we decompose $\mathbb{C}P^\infty$ in a similar way?
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23 views

Solving large non-linear polynomial equation system

I have a 2 order equation system of 7 unknowns. It is constructed as this: F1=0,F2=0,F3=0...F7=0 of which F1=f1*f2,F2=f3*f4... And f1=a1*p1+a2*p2+a3*p3+a4*p4+a5*p5+a6*p6+a7*p7 a1~a7 are known ...
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69 views

Is $H^*(\mathbf{C} P^\infty)=R[X]$ or $R[[X]]$?

The first ring seems to be what one learns first: the underlying group is the cohomology of the total singular cochain complex $C^*(\mathbf{C} P^\infty)$, which is defined as $\oplus C^n(\mathbf{C} ...
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29 views

$E_{\infty}$ spaces are $A_{\infty}$ spaces

While studying the well-known "Geometry of Iterated Loop Spaces", I found this corollary which is not completely clear to me. (By $\mathcal{M}$ is meant the operad given by $\mathcal{M}(j):=\Sigma_j$, ...
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3answers
55 views

Homotopy equivalence for $S^n$ with finite k punctures

I need help determining to what $S^n/${k points}--the n-dimensional sphere missing a finite k number of points-- is homotopy equivalent. I tried envisioning the above for n=2: $S^2/${1 point} is ...
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1answer
49 views

Homotopy equivalences in pushout square with cofibration.

If following square is a pushout square, $g$ is a cofibration and $f$ is a homotopy equivalence then $i$ is also a homotopy equivalence. $$ \begin{matrix} A & \xrightarrow{f} & B \\ ...
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34 views

Theorem on space of maps to Eilenberg-Maclane space

I was reading the classic paper of Atiyah-Bott on Yang-Mills equations on Riemann surfaces. They mention a theorem attributed to Thom saying that if $X$ is a finite CW complex, then \begin{equation} ...
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20 views

Making a homotopy equivalence out of a pushout map involving $A \cup B = X$

Given the topological space $X$ with subspaces $A$, $B$ so that $A \cup B = X$ and the maps in the "square" of the following diagram ($i_1$, $f$, $g$, $h$) forming the pushout $Y$: I added rest of ...
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30 views

Necessary condition for removing a simplex and changing homotopy type.

In a finite simplicial complex $K$, if the link of a simplex $\sigma$ is contractible then the two complexes $K$ and $K\setminus \text{Star}(\sigma)$ share the same homotopy type. I am wondering if ...
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77 views

Why the dual of some results are true while others are false?

In mathematics, many results have their "dual" versions. In many cases, if a result is true, then its dual is true as well. However, there are some examples while the dual of a true statement is ...
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74 views

maps between spheres, torus and projective plane [closed]

How to solve these questions by direct and valid argument? Various methods are wanted. Thanks.
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1answer
75 views

Being contractible in homotopy theory vs. homotopy type theory

I'm trying to clarify the notion of being contractible in homotopy theory vs. homotopy type theory. Is the following right? "In homotopy theory the real interval $[0,1]$, considered as a subset ...
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38 views

$C^{\infty}$-homotopy type of the Moebius band

The Moebius band $N$ has the same $C^{\infty}$-homotopy type of $S^1 \times \mathbb{R}$. What is the explicit expression of the $2$ $C^{\infty}$-homotopies involved ?
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1answer
34 views

Bijection of homotopy classes

I want to prove the following: given the (already proven) fact that the we have a bijection between (continuous maps) $f:X\rightarrow Y^K$ and $g:X\wedge K\rightarrow Y$ for pointed spaces $X$,$Y$ and ...
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1answer
57 views

Are $C^\infty$ exotic spheres $C^k$ exotic?

The only theory of exotic spheres that I know is of $C^\infty$ structures on them; that is, that there are plenty of spheres (in dimensions $n \geq 7$ that are homeomorphic but not diffeomorphic. To ...
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47 views

Homotopic attaching maps give Homotopy Equivalent spaces

I want to prove that if $f,g : S^{n-1} \to X$ are homotopic maps then the resulting spaces $X \cup_f D^n$ and $X \cup_g D^n$ are homotopy equivalent. I know this question has been asked before: ...
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47 views

Strong (trivial) cofibration in Lurie's HTT

in Lurie's book HTT in annexe A, proof of Proposition A.2.8.2 page 824, he mentions that a map is a "strong (trivial) cofibration" but I didn't succeed to find the definition of this notion that seems ...
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1answer
44 views

Illustration of homotopies

While there are many pictures path homotopies, I fail to find any that illustrate normal homotopies (in the event "a normal homotopy" is something else, I clarify that I mean given two continuous ...
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99 views

Resemblance between product and homotopy

The notion of product $X\times X$ for an object $X$ of a category $C$ resembles the notion of homotopy between two continuous functions. Indeed the relevant diagrams look the same: ...
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32 views

Let $S_ 0$ be the space with $2$ points and the discrete topology. Find [$S_ 0$ , $X$] for an arbitrary space $X$.

Let $S_ 0$ be the space with $2$ points and the discrete topology. Find [$S_ 0$ , $X$] for an arbitrary space $X$. $[X,Y]=\{f:X\to Y,f$ continuous $\}/\sim$ where $\sim$ is the homotopic equivalence. ...
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1answer
31 views

Prove that $C_1$ and $C_2$ are homotopic fixing endpoints.

Let $C_1$ and $C_2$ be two great circles in $S^2$, intersecting at the points $p,q$. If we consider $C_1$ and $C_2$ as curves starting and ending at $p$. Prove that $C_1$ and $C_2$ are homotopic ...
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1answer
42 views

Homotopy groups of infinite Grassmannians

Let $G_k$ be the infinite rank $k$ Grassmannian. For $n>k$, is $\pi_n(G_k)$ trivial? Phrased differently, is every rank $k$ vector bundle on an $n$-sphere, for $n>k$, trivial? (This is motivated ...
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1answer
16 views

Proof that any 2 paths in a convex set are homotopic

A subset $A \in \mathbb{R}^n$ is convex if $\forall p,q \in A$, $\{{tp+(1-t)q | 0 \le t \le 1}\} \subset A$. I have two paths $\alpha, \beta : [0,1] \rightarrow A$, where $\alpha(0)=\beta(0)=p$ and ...
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17 views

equivalence of n-connected spectra

Is the following claim true in general? Claim: A map $f:(X^r)\rightarrow (Y^r)$ of $n$-connective spectra (of simplicial sets) is a stable equivalence if and only if the corresponding map ...
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1answer
85 views

Fibrations lift p-connectedness

Let $p: X \to B$ be a Serre fibration, and suppose that $B^p \subset B$ is a subspace of $B$ such that $(B,B^p)$ is $p$-connected, i.e. $\pi_n(B,B^p)=0 \ \forall n \leq p$ or, equivalently, ...
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1answer
30 views

Show that g*c and c*g are homotopic, where g is a loop and c a constant loop

I've stumbled upon a question which asks me to prove that $f_0 := g*c$ and $f_1 := c*g$ are homotopic. More specifically it wants me to give a 'picture in $I\times I$, a picture in $X$ and an explicit ...
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1answer
56 views

Calculating $\pi_2$ of a certain free loop space

For a topological space $X$, define $LX$ to be the set of continuous maps $S^1 \rightarrow X$ with the compact-open topology. Henceforth let $X = \Bbb{CP}^\infty \times \Bbb{RP}^\infty$, with ...
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26 views

cohomology of unordered configuration spaces of sphere

Let $F(X,n)$ be the configuration space of order $n$. Let $F(X,n)/\Sigma_n$ be the unordered configuration space of order $n$. What is $H^*(F(S^2,n)/\Sigma_n;\mathbb{Z}_2)$? I did not find the answer ...
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1answer
31 views

The space of $S^1/S^1$, the space of a single point, and their first homotopy group

I read from the book Soft matter physics by Kleman that the space $R$ of a point is $0$ and its first homotopy group $\pi_1(0)=0$. This causes some confusion to my understanding. Why the space of a ...
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2answers
77 views

Why the space S1 and S1/Z_2 is topologically identical?

I am a physicist studying liquid crystals. My research is bit related to topology but I don't have much knowledge of it. Recently I read from a the book Soft matter physics: An introduction that ...
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1answer
66 views

Hurewicz model structure and cofibrantly generated model categories

Is it an open problem if $\mathbf{TOP}$ with Hurewicz (Strøm) model structure is cofibrantly generated?
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30 views

Complement of contractible subset of a sphere

Let $A$ be a nice closed subset of the sphere $S^n$; for example, we could ask $A\to S^n$ to be a cofibration. Assume that $A$ is contractible. Is then $S^n - A$ also contractible? It ...
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30 views

Twisted cohomology as sections of bundle of Eilenberg-Maclane spaces

Let $X$ a space, and $E$ an multiplicative cohomology theory represented by a ring spectrum $K$, i.e. $E^\bullet(X)=[X,K]$. Also let $A$ be a local system of abelian groups. Cohomology with local ...
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1answer
28 views

Checking the Homotopy of curves

Let $\gamma_0(t) = e^{2\pi it}$ and $\gamma_1(t) = e^{-2\pi it}$ for $0\le t\le 1$. I have to check whether or not they are homotopic in $\Bbb C -\{0\}$. I can see that the index of ...
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1answer
94 views

A question about contractibility of a Lie group

In Lawson's book Spin Geometry, chapter II, before Proposition 1.11, it mentions a fact that if the 1st, 2nd and 3rd homotopy groups of a Lie group $G$ vanish (although $\pi_2(G)=0$ automatically), ...
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59 views

automorphisms of the torus bundle over the circle

Let us consider a $\mathbb{T}^2$-bundle $\xi$ over circle $S^1$. These bundles are completely determined by their monodromy matrix. A fiber-preserving homeomorphism of $\xi$ is called automorphism of ...
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103 views

Does the Seifert-van Kampen Theorem applied to loop spaces say anything about higher homotopy groups?

The Seifert-van Kampen tells us that $\pi_1$ preserves pushouts of the form $U \cap V \subseteq U, V$ (for $U \cap V$, $U$, $V$ open, path-connected). Can this information be used to say anything ...