Two functions are homotopic, if one of them can by continuously deformed to another. This gives rise to an equivalence relation. A group called homotopy group can be obtained from the equivalence classes. The simplest homotopy group is fundamental group. Homotopy groups are important invariants in ...

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1answer
30 views

Help identifying two connecting homomorphisms

I'm running into a little trouble with the proof of Proposition 11.1 on page 64 of the first chapter of Goerss and Jardine's book Simplicial Homotopy Theory. Proposition 11.1. Suppose $X$ is a Kan ...
6
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2answers
198 views

A map which is trivial on homology but not on cohomology?

Is there a map $f:X\to Y$ of connected CW-complexes which induces the trivial map $f_*=0:H_i(X,\Bbb Z) \to H_i(Y,\Bbb Z)$ for all $i\ge 1$, but with the property that the induced map on cohomology ...
3
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0answers
58 views

The set of homotopy classes of maps is in bijection with homomorphisms between homotopy groups

My question comes from the fact that $\langle K(G,n),K(H,n)\rangle = \text{Hom}(G,H)$. The only proof of this fact that I know uses $\langle X,K(H,n)\rangle = H^n(X,H)$. However, this way of ...
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0answers
21 views

Two different notions of covering homotopy?

In Steenrod's The Topology of Fibre Bundles, there are two different notions of covering homotopy. One is furnished in Theorem 11.3: Let $\mathcal B,\mathcal B'$ be two bundles having the same ...
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2answers
69 views

Abstract homotopy invariance of homology

When topology is involved, we know (singular) homology is homotopy invariant. However, homology and homotopy can be discussed in much more general contexts. Living in ...
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1answer
37 views

Homotopy in $\mathsf{Ch}_\bullet(R\mathsf{Mod})$ induced by homotopy in $\mathsf{Top}$?

I'm trying to put together the relationships between homotopy in $\mathsf{Top}$, chain homotopy, and homotopy in $\mathsf{Ch}_\bullet(R\mathsf{Mod})$. I more-or-less understand the connection between ...
2
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1answer
44 views

Is every point of a contractible space a deformation retract of that space?

Given a topological space $X$, I can show that the following are equivalent: X is contractible (that is, has the homotopy type of a point) There is some $x \in X$ such that $\{x\}$ is a deformation ...
2
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2answers
38 views

Induced homomorphisms on fundamental group

Define the map $f : S^{1} \times S^{1} \to S^{1}$ with $f(x,y) = xy$ and $g : S^{1} \times S^{1} \to S^{1} \times S^{1}$ with $g(x,y) = (xy,x)$ where $x, y \in \mathbb{C}$ on the unit circle $S^{1}$. ...
3
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2answers
76 views

$\Omega$ of a homotopy cofiber sequence

What is an example of a homotopy cofiber sequence $$ X\to Y\to Z $$ of well-pointed connected CW-complexes such that the associated sequence of loop spaces $$ \Omega X\to \Omega Y\to\Omega Z $$ is not ...
2
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1answer
41 views

calculating homology group of Real Projective Plane

I am reading an alternative way of calculating $H_1(\mathbb{R}P^2)$ not through the use of delta complexes and they have used the following fact: $H_1(M, \delta M) \cong H_1(\mathbb{R}P^2,D)$ where ...
3
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1answer
47 views

Homotopy and chain homotopy determine each other

In continuation of this previous question, I'm having problems with the following proposition from Kamps and Porter's Abstract Homotopy and Simple Homotopy Theory: Proposition (3.7). [page 210] ...
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1answer
124 views

Constructing model category from given category

Given a model category $\mathcal{M}$, Goerss and Hopkins constructed a subcategory (see Structured Ring Spectra, p. 160) $\mathbf{E}$ of $\mathcal{M}$ such that: If $X\in\mathbf{E}$ and $Y$ is ...
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0answers
27 views

Restricting a continuous function between simplicial complexes to $2$-skeleton

I have a continuous function $f : X \rightarrow X$, where $X$ is an $8$-dimensional simplicial complex. I want to homotope $f|_{\text{skel}^2(X)} : \text{skel}^2(X) \rightarrow X$ to a function $g : ...
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1answer
36 views

Zeroth homotopy group of the space $O(3)/H$

Short version of the question: Is $\pi_0(O(3)/C2) = Z_2$ as $\pi_0(O(3)) = Z_2$? Here $C_2$ is a cyclic group of order 2. Long version or the question: The zeroth homotopy group describes the ...
2
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0answers
40 views

Intuition for chain homotopy via tensor products

An approach to chain homotopies, alternative to the usual boundary relation, uses the monoidal (closed) structure of $\mathsf{Ch}_\bullet(R\mathsf{Mod})$ with $R$ a commutative ring. In particular, a ...
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1answer
22 views

Freely homotopic but not homotopic

I want to find a example of closed paths freely homotopic but not homotopic (I do not have many tools, like fundamental group, then has to be the simplest way possible). I thought at the following: ...
1
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1answer
42 views

A pushout of a homotopy equivalence along

Can anybody show me an example which prove that: A pushout of a homotopy equivalence along a arbitrary map (in Top) doesn't have to be a homotopy equivalence. I know that if we change "arbitrary ...
4
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3answers
111 views

Is such a map always null-homotopic?

Let $X,Y$ be CW-complexes with $X$ finite dimensional and $X = \bigcup_{n \in \Bbb N} X_n$ where the $X_n\subset X_{n+1}$ are finite sub-complexes of $X$. If $f: X \rightarrow Y$, with $f|_{X_n}$ ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Why use class multiplication in Homotopy groups?

This is a related to a physics question Why use class multiplication to describe topological entangling and merging?. In physics, the homotopy theory is used to describing topological defects in order ...
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0answers
26 views

Reference Request: James reduced product

I would like to quickly learn the basics of James reduced product (also called James construction). Anyone know some suitable material for beginners?
2
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1answer
23 views

Homotopically equivalent to Čech nerve?

I see a theorem without proof on Gelfand & Manin: Suppose $\mathfrak U=\{U_\alpha\}_\alpha$ is a locally finite open covering of the topological space $X$ such that each finite intersection ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Is the stable homotopy group of sphere a commutative ring? If not, are there easy examples?

Is the stable homotopy group of spheres a commutative ring? If not, are there easy examples? In the Adams spectral sequence converging to the stable homotopy group of spheres, it seems that any page ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Homotopy equivalence?

Can someone explaine what this means mathematicaly : "Let us denote by $h: X\rightarrow Y$ a homotopic equivalence map for which $h|_{Y}$ is the identity " Remark: $Y$ is include in $X$ Please ...
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0answers
16 views

use homology groups to obtain minimal cell structure

On Hatcher's book Algebraic Topology, Section 4.C Prop. 4C.1, for a simply-connected CW-complex $X$, if $H_*(X;\mathbb{Z})$ is known as a graded module over $\mathbb{Z}$, then the minimal cell ...
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1answer
54 views

what does Homotopy Tell?

What is the Homotopy geometrically?And what is path-homotopy? If two real valued functions are homotopic to each other, then what can we say about the geometry behind this? It need not be equal ...
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0answers
15 views

$S^1$ a p-local complex?

Let $p$ be a prime. Is $S^1$ a p-local CW-complex? Meaning, for any reduced homology theory $\overline{E}_*$, do we have $\overline{E}_*(S^1)=\overline{E}_*(S^1) \otimes_{\mathbb{Z}} ...
2
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0answers
50 views

Reduced homology and colimits

I would like to prove that colimits commute with reduced homology, i.e that if $ X = \operatorname{colim}\limits_{n \in \Bbb{N}} X_n$, then $$ \displaystyle\tilde H_k(X) = ...
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0answers
27 views

Serre fibration and CW-complexes

Suppose that $p:X\rightarrow E$ is a Serre fibration. I know the definition: then $p$ has the right lifting property with respect to all inclusions $I^n\rightarrow I^{n}\times I$. Now it seems that ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Which of these are homotopy equivalent? $S^1, \mathbb{R}, \{*\}$

Which of these spaces are homotopy equivalent: $S^1, \mathbb{R}, \{*\}$? I found a homotopy equivalence between $\mathbb{R}$ and the one point space $\{*\}$, so they are homotopy equivalent. The ...
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2answers
49 views

Proving that a continuous map is homotopic to the constant map

How can I prove that a continuous map $f : \mathbb{R}P^2 \to S^1$ is homotopic to the constant map? I know that in the projective space every point is a line but I do not get why the above has to be ...
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0answers
24 views

Is $EG \times EG \times Y$ homotopy equivalent to $EG \times Y$ through $G$-maps?

This is loosely related to my previous question Homotopy type vs. weak homotopy type, and repercussions for EG, and more closely related to the answer to the question Contractibility vs. ...
1
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1answer
26 views

Lifting properties of Serre fibrations

Suppose that $p:X\rightarrow B$ is a Serre fibration. I want to prove that $p$ has the right lifting property with respect to all maps of the form: $$S^{n-1}\times ...
1
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0answers
31 views

conjugation of Lie groups and homotopy group

Let $G$ be a Lie group. Let $\phi, \psi \in \pi_n(G)$. Consider $\theta \in \pi_n(G)$ defined by $\theta(x):= \phi(x)\psi(x)\phi(x)^{-1} \in G$, where we use multiplication and inversion in $G$ in ...
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1answer
36 views

Extending a Homotopy from $X \times [0,1]$ to $X \times \mathbb{R}$

In Jeffery M. Lee's Manifolds and Differential Geometry Exercise 1.77: For smooth manifolds $X$ and $Y$, show that if $f_0: X \rightarrow Y$ and $f_1: X \rightarrow Y$ are $C^r$ homotopic then ...
3
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0answers
92 views

The Seifert-Van Kampen theorem as a push-out

My question concerns the proof of the Seifert-Van Kampen theorem. The version of such a statement that interests me is the following. Let $X$ be a topological space, and $U, V\subseteq X$ two ...
1
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1answer
63 views

Adjoining an $(n+1)$-cell is an $n$-equivalence

Suppose $X$ is a topological space and $x_0 \in X$. Let $$ X' = X \cup e^{n+1} $$ be obtained from adding a $(n+1)$-cell (so $X'$ is the pushout of the map $\partial e^{n+1} \to e^{n+1}$ and the ...
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0answers
233 views

Homotopy classes of $*$-morphisms and unital $*$-morphisms

Let $A$ and $B$ be C*-algebras (non necessarily unital). A homotopy between two $*$-morphisms $\phi,\psi:A \to B$ is a $*$-morphism $A \to C([0,1],B)$ such that you can recover $\phi$ and $\psi$ from ...
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0answers
23 views

Fibration with CW-complex as basespace admits retraction

Suppose $f:E\rightarrow B$ has the right lifting property with respect to all CW-pairs $(X,A)$. Then $f$ is a Serre fibration and also a weak-homotopy equivalence. But want i want to prove is the ...
4
votes
2answers
77 views

Homotopy of maps $(D^n, S^{n-1}) \longrightarrow (X,A)$ relative $S^{n-1}$

Suppose that for a map $f: (D^n, S^{n-1}) \to (X,A)$ (where $(X,A)$ is an arbitrary pair of spaces) there exists a homotopy $H: D^n \times I \to X$ with $H(\_,0)=f$, $H(s,t) \in A$ for $s \in S^{n-1}$ ...
1
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0answers
31 views

Retraction and intersection

Let $X$ be a topological space, and consider two open subsets $U$, $V$ of $X$ such that there exist two continuous maps $r_{U}: X\longrightarrow U$, $r_{V}:X\longrightarrow V$ which are homotopically ...
2
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0answers
37 views

cohomology of orbit space by a free group action

Let $G$ be a group. Let a principal $G$-bundle $G\to E\to B$. Then we have a fiber sequence $G\to E\to B\to BG$. Let $k$ be a field. Suppose $H^*(BG;k)$ and $H^*(E,k)$ are known. How to get ...
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35 views

cohomology of orbit space

Let $p$ be an odd prime. Let $T^p=S^1\times\cdots \times S^1$ be the $p$-dimensional torus. Then $$H^*(T^p;\mathbb{Z}_p)=\otimes_pH^*(S^1;\mathbb{Z}_p)=\otimes_p\Lambda_{\mathbb{Z}_p}[a].$$ Here ...
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1answer
44 views

Fiber sequence of principal bundles

Let $G$ be a group, either a Lie group or a discrete group. Let a principal $G$-bundle $$G\to E\to B,$$ then $B=E/G$, the orbit space under action of $G$. Let $BG$ be the classifying space of $G$. ...
2
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0answers
31 views

Does the 2-functor $PsAlg\to \mathfrak{X} $ reflect equivalences?

Consider a $2$-monad $ T: \mathfrak{X}\to \mathfrak{X} $ and consider its 2-category of pseudoalgebras $PsAlg$. There is a forgetful functor $ U: PsAlg\to \mathfrak{X} $. Does this forgetful functor ...
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0answers
64 views

Hopf invariant and homotopy groups of spheres

I am trying to understand how to use Hopf invariant, to calculate $\pi_{4n-1}(S^{2n})$. I've started with defining a new space $X$ adjoining $D^{4n}$ to $S^{2n}$ via a map $\phi\in\pi_{4n-1}(S^{2n}) ...
2
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0answers
36 views

Sequence of cofibrations gives strict commutativity of given triangle

The problem is the following: Suppose $X_0\rightarrow X_1\rightarrow\cdots$ is a sequence of cofibrations. We will denote $f_n:X_n\rightarrow X_{n+1}$. Assume that we have also maps ...
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0answers
39 views

Null-homotopic maps

Assume that $[\alpha]\in\pi_n(X,x_0)$. I want to prove the following: $[\alpha]=0$ if and only if $\alpha:S^n\rightarrow X$ extends to a map $D^n\rightarrow X$. Can someone help me with this proof? ...
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1answer
52 views

Homotopy Type of Surface of Genus g

Need help with the following exercise; "Let M be a compact orientable surface of genus g. Prove that M with a point removed has the same homotopy type as 2g circles with a point in common." I have ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Relative $CW$-complexes and Serre fibrations

Suppose we have a (continuous) map $p:E\rightarrow X$. Assume that $p$ has the right lifting property with respect to any relative $CW$-complex $i:A\rightarrow B$. I want to show that $p$ is a Serre ...
2
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1answer
83 views

An example of why this homomorphism of homotopy groups is not injective.

For a given path-connected space $X$, I recently learned that one could construct a CW complex $X_{1}$ by considering each generator $j: S^{q} \rightarrow X$ of $\pi_{q}(X)$ and setting ...