Homological algebra studies homology in a general algebraic setting. The purpose is extraction of information about structures involved in terms of tangible objects like rings groups and modules.

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Simpleminded example: flasque sheaves

Consider the sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ of polynomial functions on $\mathbb{R}^2$ endowed with the usual topology. A sheaf is said to be "flasque" (or "flabby") if, given $V \subset U$ both open sets, the ...
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Is there an interpretation of higher cohomology groups in terms of group extensions?

1) Consider a group $G$ and a $G$-module $A$. Then it is well-known that there is a $1-1$ correspondence between elements of $H^2(G,A),$ and group extensions $1\rightarrow A \rightarrow H\rightarrow ...
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27 views

Homology of the image of a chain map vs. image of homology map

Let $C_*$ and $D_*$ be chain complexes and let $f:C_*\to D_*$ be a chain map. Since $f$ is a chain map, its image $f(C_*)$ is a subcomplex of $D_*$. My question is now the following: Assume that ...
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131 views

Confusion about cohomology and universal coefficients theorem.

I want to check that my understanding is correct about cohomology. Let $X$ be a topological space $G$ be an abelian group. The universal coefficients theorem, as stated in hatcher, says that the ...
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35 views

Weibel IHA Exercise 1.2.5

I have started to work through 'An introduction to homological algebra' by Weibel and spend more time than I want going in circles on exercise 1.2.5. The exercise states the following: Proof ...
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72 views

Satellite functors in Cartan Eilenberg

I was reading and came across this statement whose proof is said to be obvious. I however after hours still cannot figure out how to prove $S_2T(A) = S_1(S_1T(A)) = S_1T(M)$. The definitions are: ...
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115 views

Converse of the Nine-Lemma (aka $ 3\times 3$ lemma)

I have been asked to either prove or disprove a sort of converse to the well know "Nine Lemma" (Also sometimes called the $3 \times 3$ Lemma I believe) The basic concept of the Nine Lemma is that if ...
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46 views

Quasi-isomorphism and homotopical equivalence

I am currently studying some homological algebra, I have a couple of questions concerning the notion of quasi-isomorphism and homotopical equivalence. For two complexes on an abelian category ...
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90 views

Homology of $n$-sheeted covering space

Let $X$ be the Klein bottle, that is $X=\mathbb{R}^2/G$ with $$G=\langle a,b\mid a^{-1}b ab=1\rangle,$$ acting via $a: \mathbb{R}^2\to \mathbb{R}^2, (x,y)\mapsto (x+1,y)$, $b: \mathbb{R}^2\to ...
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85 views

cohomology of suspension

Let $X$ be a topological space. Let $\Sigma$ be suspension. Does $H^n(X;\mathbb{Z})\cong H^{n+1}(\Sigma X;\mathbb{Z})$ isomorphic or not? Does $H^n(X;\mathbb{Z}_2)\cong H^{n+1}(\Sigma ...
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37 views

Construct natural transformation $u^* R^i f_* \rightarrow R^i g_* v^*$ without assumption of quasi-coherence

I am reading Hartshorne Algebraic geometry. Chapter 3 Proposition 9.3 (in particular remark 9.3.1). It states that if we have commutative diagram in category of schemes (namely morphisms $f, g, h, u$ ...
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54 views

Spectral sequence of a filtered complex: convergence conditions and abelian categories

There is a theorem that if given a filtered complex and the filtration is bounded then there is a spectral sequence whose 0th and 1st page have specific forms and the sequence converges to ...
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2answers
38 views

Compatibility of homomorphisms and quotient maps of abelian groups

Suppose $A$ and $C$ are abelian groups with subgroups $A'$ and $C'$ respectively. Let $f:A\to C$ be a group homomorphism. I was wondering if the following statements are equivalent: There exists a ...
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49 views

How to compute $Ext_A^{1}(S_1, S_2)$ and $Ext_A^{1}(S_2, S_1)$?

Let $A = kQ/\rho $, $Q$ is the quiver \begin{align} 1 \overset{a}{\underset{a^*}{\rightleftarrows}} 2 \end{align} $\rho$ is the relation $a a^* - a^* a = 0$. Question: compute $Ext_A^{1}(S_1, S_2)$. ...
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74 views

If $\Gamma$ is $\Lambda$-projective and $C$ is $\Gamma$-injective, then $C$ is $\Lambda$-injective.

This is a problem I ran into while reading Cartan Eilenberg's Homological algebra pg 30. Given a unital ring homomorphism $\varphi:\Lambda\to\Gamma$, I want to prove the underlined statement. I ...
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18 views

dual hopf algebras

Let $X$ be an H-space with product $\mu$. Let diagonal map $\Delta: x\mapsto (x,x)$. Let $F$ be a field. (1). Then by Kunneth formula, $H_*(X\times X;F)=H_*(X;F)\otimes H_*(X;F)$. (2). Hence $$ ...
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Rank-nullity theorem for free $\mathbb Z$-modules

From linear algebra we know that given vector spaces $V$, $W$ over a field $k$ and a linear map $f\colon V\to W$ we have $$\dim V = \dim \operatorname{im} f + \dim \ker f.$$ Is this still true when ...
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Contents of Tor modules

I'm interested in knowing a concrete description of what elements of Tor modules $\mathrm{Tor}^i_R(M,N)$ "are". As it stands I have no real intuition for, say, maps between Tor modules induced by ...
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27 views

making an injective resolution for $A$.

suppose $A^{'}$ is sub module of $A$ and $$0\rightarrow A^{'}\overset{(d^{-1})^{'}}{\rightarrow}(I^{0})^{'} \overset{(d^{0})^{'}}{\rightarrow} (I^{1})^{'}\rightarrow \ldots $$ is injective resolution ...
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88 views

Dependence of Euler characteristic on the coefficients

My question is similar to this one but I think it is different. Suppose we are given an infinitely generated free abelian group, which forms a $\mathbb{Z}_{2}$-graded chain complex, such that its ...
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31 views

Does exactness in each variable coincide with exactness of the product?

Let us restrict to the category of modules. I'm thinking about the definition of exactness of a functor on two variables. The usual definition is that it is exact in each of the two variable, whereas ...
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51 views

Reference request for equality of torsion of H1 and H2

I have heard that for a surface $X$ (algebraic? smooth? compact?) the torsion part of $H_1(X,\mathbb{Z})$ is the same as that of $H_2(X,\mathbb{Z})$. Please could you give me a correct statement? I ...
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What is the trivial module functor?

In Weibel's book on homological algebra, he mentions the trivial G-Module on page 160. By this, does he mean the the functor $\mathcal{F}: \text{G-Mod} \to \text{G-Mod}$ by making $G$ act trivially on ...
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71 views

Pullback and Kernel

We consider everything in the category of groups. It is known that monomorphisms are stable under pullback; that is, if $$\begin{array} AA_1 & \stackrel{f_1}{\longrightarrow} & A_2 \\ ...
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56 views

Total complex homology exact sequence

I'm been trying to do this problem (Problem 5.1.1) from Weibel's Introduction to Homological Algebra but I can't really see how to finish it. The statement of the problem is summarized as follows: ...
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24 views

Quasi-isomorphisms are localizing in the homotopy category of cochain complexes

I'm having trouble grokking the proof of the above fact in Gelfand-Manin, Theorem 4 of III.4, page 161-162. I don't think it makes sense to copy out everything here, I'll just assume you have a copy. ...
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79 views

The first cohomology group $H^1(G,\mathbb{Z})$ for $G$ finite

I want to compute the first cohomology group $H^1(G,\mathbb{Z})$ for $G$ finite. Here is what I have got so far: If $G$ has odd order, $G$ has to act on $\mathbb{Z}$ trivially. Then ...
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83 views

Analogue in algebra for characteristic classes?

By Swan's Theorem, we know that projective modules over a ring are an algebraic analogue of vector bundles over a base space. Is there some sort of cohomology theory of rings (or modules? or schemes, ...
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63 views

Can a chain subcomplex be a direct summand but it's 'origin' is not? (group homology)

Let $H\!\leq\!G$ be finite groups and $C_\ast(H)\!\leq\!C_\ast(G)$ their bar complexes (each $C_k(G)$ is a free $R$-module with basis $(G\!\setminus\!\{1\})^k$). Is it possible that $H$ is not a ...
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Prove that $M$ is a complex.

Let $f:(A,d) \rightarrow (A^{'},d^{'})$ be a chain map. For each $n$ define $$M_{n}=A_{n-1} \oplus A^{'}_n$$ and $\Delta_{n} :M_{n} \rightarrow M_{n-1}$ by $$\Delta_{n}:(a_{n-1},a_{n}^{'}) ...
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duality for (co)homology of Lie algebras

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $\mathfrak{g}$ a Lie $R$-algebra that has an $R$-module basis with $n$ elements. What is the relationship between $H_k(\mathfrak{g};R)$, $H_{n-k}(\mathfrak{g};R)$, ...
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40 views

Koszul complex and locally free resolution

Let $V$ be an $n$-dimenational vector space. We consider the tautological sequence on the Grassmannain $Gr_{k}(V)$ $$ 0 \to \Gamma \to V \times Gr_k(V) \to Q \to 0,$$ and the projection $p:V \times ...
3
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1answer
246 views

Forgetful functor from R-modules to abelian groups?

I am trying to see, if the forgetful functor from $\mathbb{Z}[X]$-modules to abelian groups is exact and in case it is not exact, is it left or right exact. In general, i understand the definition of ...
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exercise 6.15 from joseph rotman's introduction to homological algebra .

(i) If $f:A \rightarrow A^{'}$ is a chain map, there is an exact sequence $$0 \rightarrow A^{'} \overset{i}{\rightarrow} M(F) \overset{p}{\rightarrow} A^{+} \rightarrow 0$$ where $i_{n}:A_{n}^{'} ...
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1answer
52 views

The Verdier Quotient

In A.Neeman's book and D.Murfet's notes I have been reading about the construction of the Verdier quotient of a triangulated category, $\mathscr{T}$, by some triangulated subcategory $\mathscr{C}$. In ...
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48 views

Show that C is a split exact chain complex if and only if the identity map on C is null homotopic.

Show that C is a split exact chain complex if and only if the identity map on C is null homotopic. any hint or reference or idea will be great,thank you very much.
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1answer
61 views

Let $f$ be a morphism of chain complexes. Show that if $ker(f)$ and $coker(f)$ are acyclic, then $f$ is a quasi-isomorphism.

Let $f$ be a morphism of chain complexes. Show that if $ker(f)$ and $coker(f)$ are acyclic, then $f$ is a quasi-isomorphism. Is the converse true? I am self reader of homology algebra and I stuck in ...
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3answers
137 views

Undergrad level presentation on homological algebra and some related topics

I'm a TA of an introductory course about modules, category theory and homological algebra and the students have to do a 2 hour long presentation as a final exam. There's one student who really likes ...
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1answer
62 views

Showing regularity by the Auslander-Buchsbaum formula

Let $R$ be a Noetherian local ring with maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$ and residue field $k$ with $\operatorname{gl.dim}(R) < \infty$. According to this Wikipedia article it follows from the ...
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1answer
110 views

Koszul Homology vs Koszul Cohomology

Let $R$ be a ring and $x \in R$. The Koszul complex $K_\bullet(x)$ is then $0 \rightarrow R \stackrel{x}{\rightarrow} R \rightarrow 0$. Given $x_1,\dots,x_n \in R$ the Koszul complex ...
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Reference request for Homology Gysin sequence.

I am trying to study the Homology Gysin sequence (not cohomology). I am interested in finding references that either use, or explain the Homology Gysin sequence, especially if it gives descriptions ...
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34 views

Injective resolution of complexes equivalent to regular definition

Let A be an abelian category and let $A \in $ A. Denote by InjA the category of injective objects of A. We denote by $A\langle0\rangle$ the complex concentrated in degree zero. I define an injective ...
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Tensoring an exact sequence of $R$-modules with $R/x$

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with an $R$-module $M$, and let $x \in R$ be an $M$-regular element. Then tensoring any short exact sequence $0 \to B \to A \to M \to 0$ with $R/x$ yields a short exact ...
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1answer
35 views

Misunderstanding in Cartan-Eilenberg?

In Cartan Eilenberg's Homological algebra, page 13 it says: If $\Gamma$ is a principal ideal ring, then each ideal $I$ of $\Gamma$ is isomorphic with $\Gamma$, thus $I$ is free and $\Gamma$ is ...
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1answer
38 views

$\operatorname{left.fin.dim}(A)=0$ if and only if $\operatorname{soc}(A_A)$ contains an isomorphic copy of every simple right $A$-module

I've been trying to find an (easy) example to show that there exists an Artin algebra $A$ such that $\operatorname{right.fin.dim}(A)\neq\operatorname{left.fin.dim}(A)$, where ...
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1answer
99 views

Elementary motivations for free resolutions

Let $M$ be a finitely generated module over a Noetherian ring $R$ which admits a finite free resolution $0 \to F_n \to \dots \to F_0 \to M \to 0$. There is no doubt that knowing such a resolution is ...
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1answer
71 views

vanishing of an Ext-Functor for a finite graded module of positive grade over a polynomial ring

Let $k$ be a field and $S=k[x_1,\dots,x_r]$ the polynomial ring in $r$ indeterminates. Let $M$ be a finitely-generated, graded $S$-module, such that there exists a homogeneous $M$-regular element $\xi ...
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50 views

If $F$ is a left exact functor is $A$ acyclic iff $F$ preserves exactness of every SES $0\to A\to B\to C\to 0$?

If $F:\mathscr{A}\to\mathscr{B}$ is a left exact functor between abelian categories where $\mathscr{A}$ has enough injectives, is it true that $A$ is an acyclic object iff $F$ preserves exactness of ...
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Covering Spaces in Representation Theory.

I'm reading the paper "Covering Spaces in Representation Theory" of K. Bogartz and P. Gabriel. Now I'm in section 2, proposition 2.3, on the first three lines concludes that the functor $l \mapsto ...
4
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1answer
54 views

examples of additive categories which have morphism that has no kernel and morphism has no cokernels.

can you tell me examples of additive categories which have morphism that has no kernel and morphism has no cokernels. if you tell me reference which provide this kind of examples it will be ...