2
votes
1answer
62 views

Analogue in algebra for characteristic classes?

By Swan's Theorem, we know that projective modules over a ring are an algebraic analogue of vector bundles over a base space. Is there some sort of cohomology theory of rings (or modules? or schemes, ...
2
votes
3answers
105 views

Undergrad level presentation on homological algebra and some related topics

I'm a TA of an introductory course about modules, category theory and homological algebra and the students have to do a 2 hour long presentation as a final exam. There's one student who really likes ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Reference request for Homology Gysin sequence.

I am trying to study the Homology Gysin sequence (not cohomology). I am interested in finding references that either use, or explain the Homology Gysin sequence, especially if it gives descriptions ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Is there any way to show that an equation of this form splits?

If I have this exact sequence $\mathbb{Z}^2 \rightarrow B \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{Z}$, does it split? If so how do I know.
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Elementary way to show the exact sequence $0 \to M \to \mathbf Z^2 \to \mathbf Z \to 0$ implies $M = \mathbf Z$

I am computing the singular homology of spheres by induction. In the process, I have come across the following short exact sequence $$0 \to H_1(S^1) \to \mathbf Z^2 \to \mathbf Z \to 0.$$ I wonder ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

On the relations between rank and torsion of homology and cohomology of a CW pair.

I am reading Massey's book on algebraic topology and on the chapter of universal coefficient theorem of cohomology, there is this exercise 4.1 that I don't know how to solve. Let (X,A)be a pair such ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Basic idea for finding critical point via Morse theory

Please what is the basic idea for finding critical point via Morse theory and critical groups? Thank you
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Difference between two concepts of homotopy for simplicial maps?

I learn from Gelfand and Manin's Methods of Homological Algebra, Exercise 2 for I.4 that two maps $f,g\colon X\to Y$ between simplicial sets $X,Y$ are simply homotopic (maybe usually called simplicial ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

About the definition of homology

can someone explaine me this definition of Homology: "The homology groups of $X$ measure "how-far" the chain complex associated to $X$ is from being exact." I know that homology measure the number ...
5
votes
0answers
185 views

Morse theory Vs degree theory

I have this paragraph from K.C. Chang Infinite dimensional Morse theory In comparison with degree theory, which has proved very useful in nonlinear analysis in proving existence and in ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Direct Sum on Homology

I have a big problem and i don't know how to solve it i have no idea So, let $i_2: X_2\rightarrow X$ an inclusion and $j_1: X\rightarrow (X,X_1)$ we have that $i_{2_*}: H_k(X_2)\rightarrow H_k(X)$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Question about Property of Homology

I have this theorem, with the proof, but i dont understand, why they prove that $i_{1_*}, i_{2_*}$ are injective, we have that $i_{j_*},j=1,2$ are induced by an inclusion it is injective, so they are ...
5
votes
1answer
83 views

Definition of multiplication in Grothendieck ring

Let $X$ be a smooth variety over an algebraically closed field $k$ of dimension $n$. Consider the Grothendieck Group $K(X)$ of coherent sheaves on $X$, i.e. the free abelian group generated by ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Is the constant sheaf $\mathbb{Q}$ injective?

Let $X$ be a topological space, and let $\mathbb{Q}$ be the constant sheaf of abelian groups on $X$ associated to the group of rational numbers under addition. Is $\mathbb{Q}$ an injective object in ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Homotopy invariance in homology

i have this from Hatcher's book "Algebric topology" And i don't understand why we have $i-1$ in $(-1)^{i-1}$ and strict inequality in $P\partial(\sigma)$ ? Please. Thank you.
2
votes
0answers
37 views

An exercise in homology computation / What is the geometric fixed points of an Eilenberg Maclane Spectrum?

The question I want to ask has a reasonably elementary formulation and I think there is a good chance it can be answered in this form (by someone more computationally skilled than me, or perhaps by ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Property of Homology: group isomorphism

I have this proposition, but I don't understand how they use the axiom 5, since in the axiom 5; $f,g: (X,A)\rightarrow (Y,B)$ and in the theorem we have $f:(X,A)\rightarrow (Y,B)$, $g:(Y,B)\rightarrow ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

A short exact sequence

I have this proposition, and I don't understand how to do to obtain the short exact sequence: where axiom 4 is:
4
votes
2answers
124 views

Property of homology

I have this proposition, and I have two questions: 1) Why $H_k=\text{Im} i_*\oplus \ker r_*$ ? 2) Why $j_*: \ker r_*\rightarrow H_k(X,A)$ ? Edit: For the second, I try the 1th theorem of ...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

Property of excision of Homology

Please what is the difference between these two excision property: Let $X$ a topological space, $A$ a sub-space of $X$ and $U\subset A$ such that $\overline{U}\subset \stackrel{\circ}{A}$ . The ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Homology and topological propeties

i have this theorem with it's proof but i don't understand the last part They use this proposition: My question is Why $\varphi^c\cap U_i$ is closed and pairwise disjoint ? where ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Extension to rational and real chains

In the paper on stable commutator length, D. Calegari says that generalized $\operatorname{scl}$ function can be extended by linearity to rational group $1$-chains and by continuity to real chains ...
0
votes
0answers
84 views

Question about Homology from the Chang's book: Methods in Nonlinear analysis

In the K.C.Chang's book in page $336$ of the book this corollary without prove there is a theorem before it but I don't know if it is a corollary of this theorem, how I can prove this ...
7
votes
1answer
147 views

Does the rank of homology and cohomology groups always coincide?

Let $(C_i)_{i \in \mathbb{Z}}$ be a chain complex of free abelian groups. Does the rank of the homology and cohomology groups of $(C_i)_{i \in \mathbb{Z}}$ always coincide, i.e. is ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Question about the Betti numbers

can someone explain me this definition from :http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betti_number The $n^{th}$ Betti number represents the rank of the $n^{th}$ homology group, denoted $H_n$ "which tells us the ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

Simplicial homology of the skeleton of a simplex

Let $n$ and $k$ two natural numbers. We consider the (abstract) simplicial complex $K$ on $n$ vertices $v_1,\dots,v_n$ and such that a subset of $\{v_1,\dots,v_n\}$ is a face of $K$ if and only if it ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Question about the proof of the universal coefficient theorem

When deriving the universal coefficient theorem, in class we proceeded as follows: We have the SES: $$0\to ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Empty set in a simplicial complex

Should the empty set be considered a simplex in a simplicial complex? Which justifications exist for the answer? I guess it is somewhat comparable to $1$ not being a prime number.
6
votes
1answer
133 views

Singular $\simeq$ Cellular homology?

Given an arbitrary CW-complex, are the singular chain complex $S_\ast(X)$ and cellular chain complex $C_\ast(X)$ homotopy equivalent or just quasi-isomorphic (some chain map induces isomorphisms on ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Homology of mapping telescope

It is stated here http://math.uchicago.edu/~may/CONCISE/ConciseRevised.pdf that if $X$ is an increasing union of the type $X=\bigcup_{i \in I}X_i$ (where $X_i \subset X_{i+1}$), then we have an ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Period of a particular finite group

Let $G$ be a group fitting in the following exact sequence: $0 \to \mathbb{Z}/p \to G \to \mathbb{Z}/q^r \to 0.$ Here $q$ and $p$ are primes (not necessarily distinct). It is easy to check (by the ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

chain homotopy equivalence between mapping cone complexes

Given continuous maps $f_i : X_i \to Y_i$ ($i=1, 2$) we may consider the singular chain cocomplexes $$ C^n(Y_i) \oplus C^{n-1}(X_i) $$ with boundary operator: $$ (u^n, v^{n-1}) \mapsto (-\delta u^n, ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

A Question About Notation (Homology with Local Coefficients)

I am currently reading A J Berrick’s An Approach to Algebraic K-Theory, and I am stuck at one of the propositions there because he does not define homology with local coefficients. Proposition: ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Intuition of higher push-forward constant sheaves.

Let us consider the higher phsh-forward sheaves $R^if_*\mathbb{R}$ of a map $f:X\rightarrow Y$ between two compact manifolds. We assume that the fibers has a constant dimension, say $n$. I think ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

The product of $E_2$-degenerate spectral sequences also $E_2$-degenerates?

Assume the Leray spectral sequence of a map $f_i:X_i\rightarrow B_i$ $E_2$-degenerates for $i=1,2$. Is it true that the Leray spectral sequence of the map $f_1\times f_2:X_1 \times X_2 \rightarrow B_1 ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

In the Universal Coefficient Theorem, how does the cohomology generator relate to the homology generators?

Consider homology and cohomology of some space $X$ where the homology groups are finitely generated. Consider $tor(H^i(X))$, the torsion part of $H^i(X)$. How do the generators of $tor(H^i(X))$ ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

How does one make cochain complex of sphere into an associative DGA?

Given the singular chain complex of the sphere $S^n$, $S^*(S^n)$, a reference says that one can use the Alexander Whitney product to make $S^*(S^n)$ into an associative differential graded algebra. ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Why is $S_{\ast}\left(X,A\right)$ free? [duplicate]

Why is $S_{\ast}\left(X,A\right)$ free? it is the quotient of two free groups $S_{\ast}\left(X\right)$ & $S_{\ast}\left(A\right)$
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Cohomology-Homology bilinear form of Seifert surfaces

Let $C_\ast$ be any chain complex of $R$-modules. Then for any $k\in\mathbb{Z}$ we obtain a $R$-bilinear map $$\langle-,-\rangle:H^k\!C_\ast\times H_kC_\ast\longrightarrow R, ...
5
votes
1answer
106 views

Space with prescribed local homology

Lets be $G_n$ sequence of abelian groups and $G_0 = \mathbb{Z}$. Is there topological space $X$ that local homology groups at every point are those $G_n$ ? ie. $$ \forall x\in X \; \forall ...
4
votes
0answers
98 views

Eilenberg-Moore Spectral Sequence for Homology with Coefficients in the Integers

I am trying to learn about the Eilenberg-Moore spectral sequence to compute homology and cohomology. I have been using Hatcher's book on spectral sequences and also McCleary's "A User's Guide to ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

Universal coefficient theorem with ring coefficients

The universal coefficient theorem for cohomology reads: $$0 \to Ext(H_{n-1}(C), R) \to H^n(C;R) \to Hom(H_n(C), R) \to 0,$$ where $C$ is a chain complex of free abelian groups and $R$ is a ring. It ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Naturality condition for connecting homomorphisms?

I've been reading about the Mayer-Vietoris sequence, but I don't follow a certain naturality condition. Suppose two spaces can be written as $X=X_1^\circ\cup X_2^\circ$ and $Y=Y_1^\circ\cup ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

History of five lemma

I am interested in the history of five lemma. Who was first to prove it and What was the purpose of proving it ? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_lemma
0
votes
1answer
29 views

$[X,F] \to [X,E] \to [X,B] $ is exact sequence of pointed sets

how to show: if $F \to E \to B $ is a fibration then for any space $X$ the sequence $[X,F] \to [X,E] \to [X,B] $ is exact sequence of pointed sets. any hints, thanx.
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Homology of the fixed points of the singular complex of a G-space

Suppose $X$ is a topological space and $G$ a finite group acting on it. We can form the singular complex $C_\bullet(X),$ and then taking homology gives singular homology: $H_*(X) = h_* C_\bullet(X).$ ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

The space $\Delta^n$ with all faces of the same dimension.

If the space $A$ is obtained from $\Delta^n$ by identifying all faces of the same dimension; What is a $\Delta$-complex structure on the space $A$? And how can you compute the Simplicial Homology ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Relative singular chains basis

If $(X,A)$ is a pair, then $S_k(X,A):=S_k(X)/S_k(A)$ is free on the singular simplicies of $X$ with image not contained in $A$. Why is this so? I tried to give a proof by checking the mapping property ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Question about the definition of homology

$\quad$ The functor $H_n$ measures the number of “$n$-dimensional holes” in the space (or simplicial complex), in the sense that the $n$-sphere $S^n$ has exactly one $n$-dimensional hole and no ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Topological dimension and derham cohomological dimension

If G is a compact complex manifold then does the topological dimension bound the deRham cohomological dimension below? By derham cohomological dimension, I mean the largest extended natrual number ...