The study of relations between, one the one hand, the topology of a smooth manifold as encoded in the cohomology groups, and on the other, the set of solutions to the Laplace operator on differential forms relative to some Riemannian metric on the manifold.

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11
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2answers
159 views

Hodge Theory, intuition?

We have the following theorem of Hodge, as follows: $$\dim \ker \Delta^p = \dim H^p(M) = b_p(M).$$My question is, what is the intuition behind this statement?
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Hodge laplacian of distance function

Let $p$ be a given point on a Riemaniann manifold $\mathcal{M}$. The distance function to point $p$ is denoted $f_p$ : $$ f_p(q) = \operatorname{dist}(p,q)$$ The exterior derivative is denoted ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Exercise about Hodge Star Operator on $\Lambda^{p,q}$

In real case, $$ \ast (e_1\cdots e_k)=e_{k+1}\cdots e_n$$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$, where $e_i$ is $1$-form and $e_1\cdots e_n$ is volume on $\mathbb{R}^n$ We will extend to complex case. Define $$ dz_k:= ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Hodge self-duality in Minkowski spacetime

I was computing the dual map for $k$-forms in Minkowski spacetime, and I found that any $2$-form is either self-dual or anti-self-dual if and only if it is the null form. Does this result make any ...
3
votes
2answers
59 views

Automorphisms of manifold vs automorphisms of Hodge structure

Let $X$ be a compact Kahler manifold. Let $H^k = H^k_{prim} (X)$ be primitive cohomology of $X$ considered as an object in category of of polarized Hodge structures. We have a map \begin{equation*} ...
1
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0answers
32 views

Proving that $\phi$ is orthogonal to the harmonic forms given $\int\phi \;d\mathrm{vol}$.

I want to prove that given a connected closed (compact without boundary) oriented Riemmanian manifold $(M,g)$, the condition $$\int_M \varphi \;\mathrm{d}\mathrm{vol}_g=0$$ implies that $\int \varphi ...
1
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1answer
62 views

The adjoint of left exterior multiplication by $\xi$ for hodge star operator

As we know, for $V$ vectoral space and a orientation $\mathcal{O}$ on $V$ and $e_{1},...,e_{n}$, the hodge star operator $\ast:\wedge V^*\rightarrow\wedge V^*$ is defined for ...
0
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0answers
33 views

Cohomology of conic bundle 3-folds

It is known that for a smooth cubic 3fold $X\subset \mathbb{P}^4$ we have $H^3(X,\mathcal{O}_X)$ (or if you prefer $H^{0,3}(X)=0$). Moreover, if I project off a line $l\subset X$ I can resolve the map ...
0
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0answers
66 views

Why are algebraic cycles rational?

Let $X_{/\mathbb{C}}$ be a projective non-singular variety of dimension $n$ and $Z \subset X$ be an irreductible subvariety of dimension $p$. Denote by $\mathrm{H}_{\mathrm{dR}}^i(X,\mathbb{C})$ the ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Hodge star/ Technical question

If we have an equation that looks like $$H=Y$$ and we want to multiply $H$ by either $ReM_{IJ}$ or $ImM_{IJ}$ where $M_{IJ}$ is a complex matrix. But the thing is that $$Y=\star(...)$$ where $\star$ ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Example of non interchangeability of the order of taking graded moduls with respect to three filtrations

Assume we have an R-Module A, with R a commutative ring and three descending filtrations F,G,H on this. We can take the associated graded module with respect to any of these, say F, by setting ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

A simple question about rational Hodge conjecture

Good evening everyone : In the link here I found the following sentence : The Hodge conjecture predicts that the $\mathbb{Q}$ - linear span of the classes of algebraic subvarities in the cohomology ...
1
vote
2answers
175 views

Sign problems in complex computations

$\newcommand{\dd}{\mathrm{d}} \newcommand{\eg}{\epsilon} \newcommand{\mg}{\mu} \newcommand{\ng}{\nu} \newcommand{\rg}{\rho} \newcommand{\et}{\wedge} \newcommand{\lbar}{\overline} ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Why is the $ \mathbb{Z} $ - Hodge conjecture false?

I wish someone well initiated in the area , told me , why the $ \mathbb{Z} $ - Hodge conjecture is wrong, which allowed to change its state by tensoring by $ \mathbb{ Q } $ to become as it is known ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

A question about the definition of polarized mixed Hodge structures

In the definition of polarized mixed Hodge structures one assumes the existence of polarization on each graded quotient. But as I know the weight filtration is defined on the corresponding ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Given a smooth 2-form $\varphi$ on a punctured Riemann surface, is there $\nu$ of type (1,0) such that $\varphi=d\nu$?

Let $X$ be a compact Riemann surface, $p\in X$, and $\varphi$ be a smooth 2-form on a $X-\{p\}$, and hence exact. I'm wondering if it is possible to find a form of type (1,0) whose differential is ...
11
votes
1answer
166 views

In what sense is $p$-adic Hodge theory related to ordinary (complex) Hodge theory?

I started reading about $p$-adic Hodge theory in the notes of Brinon and Conrad. I quote (page 7): The goal of p-adic Hodge theory is to identify and study various “good” classes of $p$-adic ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

Definition of complex conjugate in complex vector space

I am starting reading about Hodge theory and while reading the definition of abstract Hodge structure a very basic question came to my mind... What is the definition of the conjugate of a subspace of ...
10
votes
2answers
183 views

General “Hodge theorem”

I know basically zero Hodge theory, so this question might be weird. Let $$A \stackrel{S}{\longrightarrow} B \stackrel{T}{\longrightarrow} C$$ be a sequence of closed, densely defined maps of ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

The Hodge dual and the Moyal product related or just notation?

The Hodge star operator $\star$ is a linear map between $\bigwedge ^pV$ and $\bigwedge ^{n-p}V$ for an inner product space $V$ of dimension $n$. So we can we write; \begin{equation} \lambda\in ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Laplace-de Rham operator on $\mathbb{R}^n$

Let $\mathbb{R}^n$ have the standard orientation with volume element $dV = dx_1 \wedge...\wedge dx_n > 0$. Show that $\Delta = - \sum_j \partial^2 / dx_j^2$ on 0-forms on $\mathbb{R}^n$. Where ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Apparently meaningless computation with the Hodge star operator

In the last lecture we started speaking about hodge star operator. Let $E$ be a $n$ dimensional vector space with a non degenerate bilinear form $g$. $\mathcal{O}$ the orientation line of $E$, i.e. ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

1-forms as a direct sum

Let us define the spaces $C_0, C_1$ and $C_2$ of differential $0,1,2$ forms respectively on the sphere $S^2.$ Is it true that $C_1$ is the direct sum of $d(C_0) \oplus \delta^* (C_2)$? I think this ...
2
votes
2answers
224 views

Hodge star isomorphism

In Petersen's Riemannian geometry text, he defines the Hodge operator $*: \Omega^k(M) \to \Omega^{n-k} (M)$ in the standard way. He then proves (Lemma 26, Chap 7) that $*^2: \Omega^k(M) \to ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Basic question: irregularity and geometric genus in Hodge theory

Please could you give me a reference to the theorems that give rise to the following equations which are taken from page 8 and 9 of Friedman' book on holomorphic vector bundles and algebraic surfaces ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Basic question: $H^1$ and $H^{0,1}$

Please could you explain why for a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ (or - if you prefer the analytic world - compact complex manifold) $T$ we have $H^1(\mathcal{O}_T)\simeq H^{0,1}(T)$ as ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

A set of differential forms, uniformly bounded with their Laplacians, is precompact in $L^2$.

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $\Delta$ be a Hodge Laplacian on $k$-forms. How to show that the if the set $\{u_\alpha\} \subset C^2(M,\Lambda^k)$ of $C^2$ $k$-forms is uniformly ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

unirational complex variety has $H^i(X,O_X) = 0$ for i > 0

Let $X/\mathbf{C}$ be a smooth projective connected unirational variety. Why do we then have $H^i(X,O_X) = 0$ for $i > 0$?
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Book on advanced Hodge Theory

I'm looking for a book on advanced real Hodge Theory. I finished working through Frank Warner's Foundations of Differentiable Manifolds and Lie Groups, which ends with the Hodge Decomposition,the ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Reference request: Some theorems in an article of Grothendieck.

In "Standard conjectures on algebraic cycles" Grothendieck says: "The first is an existence assertion for algebraic cycles (considerably weaker than the Tate conjectures), and is inspired by and ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Integration of Laplacian on Manifold (Hopf's Lemma ?)

Well, Let $M$ a compact manifold and $dM = \star 1$ the volume element, $f : M \to \mathbb{R}$. Define the inner product of $p-forms$ like: $(\omega,\theta) = \int_M \langle \omega, \theta \rangle dM ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

Definition of Hodge structure: is torsion allowed?

I am trying to understand the definition of an integral Hodge structure. Apparently, for $X$ a compact Kahler manifold, $H^n(X,\mathbb R)$, the lattice $H^n(X,\mathbb Z)$ and the Hodge filtration give ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Examples of varieties with torsion in their integral Hodge structure

I am not so used to thinking about integral Hodge structures, so this question might be completely trivial. What are easy and interesting examples of smooth projective connected varieties $X$ with ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

relative sign in Hodge star of tensor product

Let $V$ be a vector space of arbitrary (finite) dimension and let $(V, \langle \ ,\ \rangle, I) = (W_1, \langle\ ,\ \rangle_1, I_1) \oplus (W_2, \langle\ ,\ \rangle_2, I_2)$ be a direct sum ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Vector Laplace Beltrami operator on surface tangent and surface normal vector field

Consider a closed, compact, embedded surface $f:M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ and a vectorfield $X$ on the surface that can be decomposed in the surface frame basis $\{e_1,e_2,e_3\}$, where ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Star in Serre duality

Why is there a dual bundle in Serre duality? Let $\mathcal E$ be a vector bundle over complex manifold $X$, without any metric anywhere, then one has a pairing $$(\Omega^{0,q} \otimes \mathcal E) ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Well-definedness of a coboundary map between a reduced $L^2$ de Rham cohomology group and a relative cohomology group

I'm working right now with this paper of Carron. And I think I'm stuck at a relatively simple question. On page 11 he is defining a coboundary map $b : H^k_{2, \text{reduced}}(M - K) \to H^{k+1}(K, ...
4
votes
0answers
88 views

A question on harmonic two-forms

Let $(M^4,g)$ be a closed Riemannian four-manifold with $b_2^+>0$ and $b_2^->0$, is it possible to find two harmonic two-forms $\alpha\in H^2_+(M)$ and $\beta\in H^2_-(M)$, such that ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Construction of Hodge decomposition

We know Hodge decomposition splits any $k$-form into three $L^2$ components. And I see some proofs, none of them provide an explicit constructive method. Is there any general method to construct one? ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Dolbeault cohomology on torus

Let $T=\mathbb{C}/\Gamma$ where $\Gamma$ is a lattice of $\mathbb C$. Given that $H_{dR}^1(T)=\mathbb{C}^2$. Prove that $H^{1,0}_\bar{\partial}(T)=\mathbb{C}$. I have no idea what to do. Can someone ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Elliptic Operators and Continuity

I am reading a book on Hodge theory (Ref: http://www-fourier.ujf-grenoble.fr/~demailly/manuscripts/hodge-smf.pdf) or for english ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Relation between algebraic hyper de Rham cohomology and hodge theory in positive characteristic

I have recently been looking at algebraic de Rham cohomology of curves in positive characteristic. In particular, I am looking at when the sequence $$0 \rightarrow H^0(X,\Omega_X) \rightarrow ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

Relation of Hodge Theorem to Eigenfunction Basis of Laplacian

The classical Hodge theorem I know of relates the de Rham cohomology groups isomorphically to the space of harmonic forms and shows that $Id=\pi+\Delta G$, where $\pi$ is the harmonic projection of ...
5
votes
3answers
260 views

Application of Hodge decomposition

Hodge decomposition states any $p$ form can be decomposed into three orthogonal $L^2$ components: exact form, co-exact form and hamonic form. But actually we don't know how to decompose a general one. ...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

Various Proofs for Hodge Decomposition Theorem

This is the version I am referring it to: $H^{k}_{DR}(X,\mathbb{C})=\bigoplus _{p+q=k}H^{p,q}_{DR}(X)$,where X is a Kahler manifold and $H^{k}_{DR}(X,\mathbb{C})=\dfrac{closed~forms}{exact~forms}$ in ...
1
vote
1answer
235 views

Is a curl-free vector field always a gradient?

I tried to prove this problem using the Helmholtz decomposition theorem, but it seems the two are entirely contradictory--thus leaving me with empty hands. Does anyone know how to proceed? Thanks ...
4
votes
1answer
179 views

$\dim_k H^1(X, \Omega_X)$, $X \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ a projective surface

Is it possible to calculate $\dim_k H^1(X, \Omega_X)$, for $X \subseteq \mathbb{P}_\mathbb{C}^3$ a smooth projective surface of degree $d$, without using Chern classes? I've been trying to do this by ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Show that $a \wedge * b = g(a,b) \operatorname{vol}$

$\newcommand{\vol}{\operatorname{vol}}$ Let $\omega$ be a $p$-form on a Riemannian manifold $M^n$ with metric $g$ and let $\vol_{i_1,\ldots,i_n}=\sqrt{\lvert g\rvert} \epsilon_{i_1,\ldots,i_n}$ be a ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

How do I compute the harmonic component of a given differential form?

The Hodge decomposition theorem tells us that any $r$-form $\omega$ on a Riemannian manifold $M$ (without boundary and compact) may be uniquely decomposed as $$ \omega = d \gamma_1 + d^\dagger ...
2
votes
3answers
133 views

Can there be non trivial self-dual 5-forms on a 10-dimensional compact orientable manifold without boundary?

I am puzzled about the following. Let $(M,g)$ be a compact, orientable Riemannian manifold without boundary. We define the usual inner product $(,)$ for two r-forms $\alpha,\beta\in\Omega^r(M)$ by ...