For question involving Hilbert spaces, that is, complete normed spaces whose norm comes from an inner product.

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What is the norm on the completion of a Hilbert space?

Let $X$ be a Hilbert space with a norm $|u|_X = |u|_{X_1} + |Gu|_{X_1}$, where $G:X \to X_1$ is linear and continuous, $X_1$ is a Hilbert space. Define $$|u|_Y = |Gu|_{X_1} + |Tu|_{Z}\quad\text{for ...
2
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1answer
18 views

Is $X= \{ u \in H^1(\Omega \times I) \mid \int_\Omega u(x,y)\;\mathrm{d}x = 0 \text{ for a.a. $y \in I$}\}$ a Hilbert space?

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain and let $I$ be an unbounded interval. Let $$X= \{ u \in H^1(\Omega \times I) \mid \int_\Omega u(x,y)\;\mathrm{d}x = 0 \text{ for a.a. $y \in I$}\}$$ Is this ...
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0answers
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functional series convergence Sos [on hold]

let $\{h_i(x)\}_1^∞ $ be an orthonormal basis of Hilbert space $H$. $$\sum_{1}^{∞}{h_i(y)h_i(x)}$$ for any fixed $y$ ,can be converge?
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0answers
16 views

Compact Operators: Decomposition

This is a real question of me. Given a Banach space. Consider a basis on finite dimensional range: $$\dim\mathcal{R}F<\infty:\quad y_1,\ldots, y_N$$ Hahn-Banach lifts the dual basis up: $$ y_n\in ...
16
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1answer
722 views

Is there a constructive proof of this characterization of $\ell^2$?

I would like to revisit this question, which can be equivalently stated as: Proposition. Let $(a_n)$ be a sequence of real (or complex) numbers such that $\sum a_n b_n$ converges for every $(b_n) ...
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0answers
14 views

How to prove this sequence is in $l^2$? [duplicate]

I ran into such a problem in some exercise book on hilbert space. Suppose we have a sequence $ \{a_n \}_1^\infty$. Now, for any sequence $\{ b_n \}_1^\infty $ in $l^2$, we have $$ ...
0
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1answer
12 views

Short proof of sequential Banach Alaoglu for Hilbert spaces

Do you know of a short proof of the fact that bounded sequences in Hilbert spaces admit weakly converging subsequences? If the space is separable, then the common sequential-version proof is what I ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Approximation Property: Hilbert Spaces [on hold]

Note: This thread is not to gain reputation!! Given a Hilbert space. How to prove: It has the approximation property!
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1answer
24 views

Embedding $L^2[0,1]$ into any Hilbert space?

Is it true that every Hilbert space has a closed subspace isometrically isomorphic to $L^2[0,1]$? Can someone sketch a proof of this, or at least point me in the right direction to understanding it? ...
2
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2answers
57 views

Fock Space: NESS

Given the CAR-algebra with Hamiltonian dynamics: $$\tau^t[a^\#(\eta)]=a^\#(e^{itH}\eta)\quad(H:\mathcal{D}\to\mathcal{H})$$ (Caution that the Hamiltonian is usually unbounded.) Consider a KMS-state: ...
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2answers
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Spectral Measures: Riemann-Lebesgue

Problem Given a Hilbert space the Lebesgue measure. Consider a selfadjoint Hamiltonian: $$H:\mathcal{D}\to\mathcal{H}$$ Denote its associated Borel spectral measure by: ...
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1answer
24 views

Is every finite dimensional linear space a banach space [on hold]

Is every finite dimensional linear space a Banach Space? Is every finite dimensional linear space a Hilbert Space?
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1answer
33 views

Inverse operator of $I-A$

Let $H$ be an Hilbert space, $A:H\to H$ be a bounded linear operator such that $$ \|A^{n_0}\|< 1\qquad\text{for some}\quad\; n_0\in\mathbb{N}. $$ I have to show that $I-A$ is invertible. My idea ...
2
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1answer
22 views

Adjoints of operators between different Hilbert spaces.

When we have an operator $$ T ~\colon \mathscr{H} \longrightarrow \mathscr{H} $$ from a Hilbert space to itself, we can use the Riesz representation theorem to prove the existence of the adjoint ...
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1answer
16 views

Partial Isometries: Subspaces

Note: This thread is not to gain reputation!!! Given an operator algebra. Then a partial isometry satisfies both: ...
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1answer
55 views

Partial Isometries: Introduction

Attention This question has been modified drastically. It is done so the answer below is still correct. It is done so to allow more specialized threads. Problem How do I deal with partial ...
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1answer
18 views

Open set in Hilbert Cube.

Any open set in the Hilbert Cube is the union of open subsets of the form $$U_1 \times ... \times U_n \times X_{n+1} \times .... \times X_{n+k} \times...$$ where $X_k := [0, \frac{1}{k}]$ for $k \in ...
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1answer
18 views

Action of projections

Suppose we have a projection $p$ on a Hilbert space $\mathfrak{H}$. Is the following true: There exists an set $V\subset\mathfrak{H}$ such that $p(x)=x$ if $x\in V$ and zero else? I asked because I ...
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1answer
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Møller Operators: Summary

Disclaimer This thread is meant as summary. For more informations see: SE blog: Answer own Question MSE meta: Answer own Question (The second especially reveals the opinion of the community!) ...
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1answer
27 views

Spectral Measures: Restriction

This thread is a record. Given a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Consider a normal operator: $$N:\mathcal{D}\to\mathcal{H}:\quad N^*N=NN^*$$ and its spectral measure: ...
3
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1answer
34 views

Orthogonality of projections on a Hilbert space

Assume that $p$ and $q$ are (orthogonal) projections on Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. I want to prove: $pq=0$ iff $p+q\leq1$ I had the following in mind: Assume $pq=0$. Then $qp=0$, hence $p+q$ is a ...
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1answer
14 views

Strong Topology and Strong Operator Topology on Hilbert Space

Suppose $H$ is a Hilbert space (much of this still works if it's just a Banach space), $x\in H$, and $(x_n)$ a sequence in $H$. Does $x_n\to x$ strongly in H iff $x_n\to x$ as operators in the strong ...
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2answers
37 views

Is the composition function again in $L^2[a,b]$ [closed]

Let $f \in L^2[a,b]$. 1- In what condition(s) on a function $g:[a,b]\rightarrow [a,b]$ we can get $$f \circ g \in L^2[a,b]?$$ 2- In what condition(s) on $g:[a,b]\rightarrow [a,b]$, the operator ...
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1answer
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Prove that space of Laurent series is not Hilbert

Let $z_0 \in \mathbb{C}, s>0,T(z_0,s):=\{z\in\mathbb{C}:|z-z_0|=s\}$ and let $V=V(z_0,s)$ be a vector space over field $\mathbb{C}$ of all Laurent series that are uniformly and absolutely ...
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1answer
20 views

Difference between total orthonormal set and basis

I'm learning about Hilbert spaces and related things from the book "Introductory functional analysis with applications". Now I just read the following sentence, which I don't quite understand: "A ...
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2answers
377 views

Infinite Dimensional Hilbert Space

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space with a countable basis $B$. Does it mean that any vector $x\in H$ can be expressed as a finite linear combination of elements from $x$, or as an infinite linear combination? ...
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0answers
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States: Liouvilleans

Given a C*-algebra $\mathcal{A}$ with dynamics $\tau$. Consider an invariant state: $\omega\circ\tau^t\equiv\omega$ Then the dynamics is unitarily implementable: ...
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2answers
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How to prove that any Hamel basis of an infinite-dimensional complete and separable real inner-product space is uncountable?

How to prove that any Hamel basis of an infinite-dimensional complete and separable (having a countable dense set ) real inner-product space is uncountable ? Do I have to use Baire-category theorem ? ...
2
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0answers
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Does every closed, densely operator in a Banach space have an closed, densely defined extension on a Hilbert space?

Assume that $H_1,H_2$ are separable Hilbert spaces, $B$ is a separable Banach space and $H_1\subset B\subset H_2$. Assume further that the inclusion mappings are continuous and have dense images. ...
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1answer
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Spectral Measures: Reducing Subspaces

This thread is a record. Given a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Consider a normal operator: $$N:\mathcal{D}\to\mathcal{H}:\quad N^*N=NN^*$$ and its spectral measure: ...
2
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2answers
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Spectral Measures: Equivalence

This thread is a record. Given a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Consider a normal operator: $$N:\mathcal{D}\to\mathcal{H}:\quad N^*N=NN^*$$ and its spectral measure: ...
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0answers
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Spectral Measures: Uniqueness

Given a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Consider spectral measures: $$E:\mathcal{B}(\mathbb{C})\to\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$$ $$E':\mathcal{B}(\mathbb{C})\to\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$$ How to prove ...
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6answers
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What do mathematicians mean by “equipped”

I am a mathematical illiterate so I do not know what people mean when they say equipped. For example, I say that Hilbert space is a vector space equipped with a inner product. What does that ...
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2answers
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infinite sum of normal r.v. is still a normal r.v. when given $\sum \limits_{i=1}^\infty a_i^{2}$ is finite

If $X_1, X_2, ...$ are i.i.d.standard normal random variables and for real constants $a_1, a_2, ...$, given $\sum \limits_{i=1}^\infty a_i^{2} $ is finite, then $Y_n =\sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_iX_i$ ...
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2answers
55 views

How can I show $U^{\bot \bot}\subseteq \overline{U}$?

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and $U$ a subspace. Let $U^{\bot}$ denote its orthogonal complement. I had no trouble showing $\overline{U}\subseteq U^{\bot\bot}$. But now I'm stuck for $\supseteq$. ...
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1answer
28 views

Hilbert space projection theorem: how to finish my proof?

The Hilbert space projetion theorem is the following theorem: Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and $C$ any closed convex subset. Then for $h \in H$ there exists a unique $c_0 \in C$ such that $\|h-c_0\| = ...
0
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1answer
39 views

$f_n\to f$ in $L^2$ and $fg\in L^2(\Omega)\implies f_n\,g\in L^2?$

Let $f,g\in L^2(\Omega),\,$ $f_n\in L^p\,\,\forall 1\leq p<\infty$ such that $f_n\to f$ in $L^2$ and $fg\in L^2(\Omega)$. I was trying to understand if we can derive that $f_n\,g\in L^2?$ My first ...
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0answers
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Discrete J-method of interpolation (about understanding theorem statement)

The discrete $J$ method is, given Banach spaces $A_0$ and $A_1$: The interpolationn space $[A_0, A_1]_\theta$ is defined by: $a \in [A_0, A_1]_\theta$ if and only if $a$ can be written as ...
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2answers
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about weak convergence in $L^2(0,T;H)$.

Exercise Suppose $H$ is Hilbert space and $u_k$ converges weakly to $u$ in $L^2(0,T;H)$. Suppose further we have the uniform bounds $\mathrm{esssup}_{0≤t≤T} ||u_k(t)||≤C$. Then ...
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1answer
42 views

Dynamics: Continuity

Disclaimer: This is a record of results. Given a C*-algebra $\mathcal{A}\subseteq\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$. Consider a Hamiltonian dynamics: ...
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1answer
32 views

Visualize and define a vector space without dot / inner product

I'm trying to rebase my know how in linear algebra, restart from scratch to get a more formal and useful set of definitions to help me with computer programming stuff . One of the first concepts is a ...
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1answer
69 views

Why $\|f\|_2^2$ can be written as $\int |f(x)|^2 p(x)dx$?

I am recently learning some papers on optimization in infinite-dimensional space, and I not familiar with function analysis. In some papers, I see $\|f\|_2^2$ is written as $\int |f(x)|^2 p(x)dx$ , ...
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1answer
51 views

How to use Triangle inequality to find the projection onto unit ball?

The projection onto the unit ball $$C:=\mathbb{B}(0,1)=\{x:||x||\leq1\}$$ is given by $$P_{C}(x)=\frac{x}{max\{||x||,1\}}, \quad\forall x\in X$$ where $X$ is Hilbert space. Now I can understand this ...
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1answer
22 views

Closure of the image is equal to image of $u^\ast u$?

Let $u \in B(H,H')$ where $H,H'$ are Hilbert spaces and let $u^\ast$ denote its adjoint. How can I see that $\overline{u^\ast(H')} = u^\ast u (H)$?
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1answer
67 views

Questions about the Fourier transform as a unitary transform

As far as I know, the Fourier transform is a (linear) unitary transform: $T: \textbf{L}^2(-\infty, +\infty) \rightarrow \textbf{L}^2(-\infty, +\infty)$ where the basis functions {$e^{i \omega x} | ...
0
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1answer
45 views

Why is $\langle x-P(x),m\rangle=0$?

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space, and let $M\le H$ be a subspace of it. Let $P:H\rightarrow M$ be the orthogonal projection $H$ onto $M$. We'll take $x\in H$, and $m \in M$. By the definition I know ...
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1answer
15 views

Significance of closedness of a subspace when writing a Hilbert space as a direct sum

I read that if $U$ is a closed subspace of a Hilbert space $H$ then we can write $H$ as $H = U \oplus U^\bot$ (the direct sum). What is not clear to me is why $U$ is required to be closed. I thought ...
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3answers
93 views

Is the (first order theory) of Hilbert spaces categorical?

Suppose the axioms of a Hilbert space (i.e. vector space, inner product, completeness and separability) are formulated as a first order theory. It can be shown that any infinite dimensional Hilbert ...
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2answers
27 views

Prove $\big|\langle x,y \rangle\big| \space ≤ \space \lambda \cdot \|x\|^2+\frac{1}{4\lambda} \cdot \|y\|^2$ in an inner product space

I want to prove that if I have an inner product space with $\lambda>0,$ then $$\big|\langle x,y \rangle\big| \space ≤ \space \lambda \cdot \|x\|^2+\frac{1}{4\lambda} \cdot \|y\|^2$$ Where should I ...
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0answers
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Sum of closed subspaces of a Hilbert space is closed

Let $M, N ⊂ H$ ($H$ Hilbert), be two closed linear subspaces. Assume that $\langle u, v\rangle = 0$ $∀u ∈ M$, $∀v ∈ N$. Prove that $M + N$ is closed. Take a sequence $(g_n)\in M+N$ such that $g_n\to ...