2
votes
1answer
14 views

One Note about One to one and Surjective of linear functional [on hold]

I read a note that: if $ f \neq 0$ is a linear functional on H, then f is onto (surjective) and it is not one to one (injective) in general. Why this is true? i think it need advance ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

Reducing Subspaces: Nonexample?

Given a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Consider an operator $T:\mathcal{D}(T)\to\mathcal{H}$. Suppose there exists a closed subspace $Z\leq\mathcal{H}$: $$TZ\subseteq Z,TZ^\perp\subseteq Z^\perp$$ ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

$\langle Tx,x\rangle =0$ , then T is zero

I just wanted to be sure about something. The implication $\langle Tx,x\rangle =0$ , then T is zero , holds only if $T$ is self-adjoint right? If $T$ is an arbitrary operator, we need to have $\langle ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

Making a complex inner product symmetric

Let $(V, (\cdot, \cdot))$ be a complex inner product space, say a space of complex-valued functions, with $(\cdot, \cdot)$ linear in the second position and sesquilinear in the first. Assume that $V$ ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Existance of Unitary Operator which Extends any inner product preserving operator in a Hilbert Space

Suppose $V$ is a finite dimensional Hilbert Space with a subspace $W$ Suppose $T:W\to V$ be a linear operator which preserves inner product i.e $\forall w_1,w_2\in W$ we have $\langle ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Why is the infinite dimensional vector space with only finitely many nonvanishing components incomplete?

Define a complex vector space $V$ such that any element $\{a_i\}=(a_1,a_2,\dots)\in V$ has only finitely many components $a_i\ne 0$. The inner product is defined as $$(\{a_i\},\{b_j\})=\sum_i^\infty ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Is a complex function really just an infinite dimensional matrix?

I have recently sort of come to the understanding that integrating two functions multiplied together is a sort of infinite dimensional dot product, and I only know this from taking an undergraduate ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

How do you prove a hilbert transform?

I am stuck with this question below, I need help;
4
votes
1answer
55 views

Does $S^\bot+T^\bot = (S\cap T)^\bot$ hold in infinite-dimensional spaces?

If $S$ and $T$ are subspaces of some finite-dimensional inner product space then $$S^\bot+T^\bot = (S\cap T)^\bot.$$ See, for example, this post or this post Does it hold in infinite-dimensional ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Role of metric in the matrix representation of Hermitian adjoint

I'm working through Jeevanjee's "An Introduction to Tensors and Group Theory for Physicists", and while trying to prove that the matrix representation $M(A^\dagger)$ of a Hermitian adjoint $A^\dagger$ ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Conditions for the commutator of two operators on a Hilbert space to not be a nonzero scalar operator

I have shown a proposition: Suppose $A$ and $B$ are two linear operators on a (complex) Hilbert space, where the domains may not be the whole. Then, if either $A$ or $B$ is normal and has an ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Orthonormal basis $L^2(a,a+2\pi)$

Let $$\mathcal{B}=\left \{\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}},\frac{\cos x}{\sqrt{\pi}},\frac{\sin x}{\sqrt{\pi}},\frac{\cos 2x}{\sqrt{\pi}},\frac{\sin 2x}{\sqrt{\pi}},\dots\right \}$$. This is an orthonormal basis ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Composition of two orthogonal projections

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional Euclidean space and let $W_1,W_2$ be two subspaces of $V$. Let $P_1,P_2$ denote the projections onto $W_1,W_2$ respectively. Is it true that the composition $P_1\circ ...
0
votes
0answers
130 views

Span of Dirac's delta distributions dense in Hilbert space of $L^2$ functions?

According to Wiki a set of elements of a Hilbert space(B) is a basis for that space if: Orthogonality: Every two different elements of $B$ are orthogonal: $⟨e_k,e_j⟩=0$ for all $k$, $j$ in $B$ with ...
6
votes
1answer
121 views

Non-examples for the Kato-Rellich Theorem

The Kato-Rellich Theorem is a classical result stating that if $A,B$ are unbounded operators on a Hilbert space with $A$ self-adjoint, $B$ symmetric, $\mathcal D (A)\subset \mathcal D(B)$ and $$ ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

Minimum of $f(x,y)=\sum_{n=0}^{+\infty}\frac{(n^2−nx−y)^2}{2^n}$

Show that $$f(x,y)=\sum_{n=0}^{+\infty}\frac{(n^2−nx−y)^2}{2^n}$$ is defined on $\Bbb{R}^2$, it has a minimum and find for which couple $(x, y)$ the minimum is reached. The first point is okay, ...
8
votes
2answers
127 views

Does the shift operator on $\ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$ have a logarithm?

Consider the Hilbert space $\ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$, i.e., the space of all sequences $\ldots,a_{-2},a_{-1},a_0,a_1,a_2,\ldots$ of complex numbers such that $\sum_n |a_n|^2 < \infty$ with the usual ...
0
votes
2answers
28 views

Proof: adjoint map of projection is a projection and …

Let $V$ be a pre hilbert space and $\pi \in \mathrm{End}(V)$. Show: the adjoint map $\pi^+$ of a projection (meaning: $\pi^2 = \pi$) is a projection itself. Show then: a projection $\pi$ is ...
2
votes
4answers
106 views

Square root of a Hermitian operator exists

There are a lot of questions here about square root operators, but none of them addresses the basic question of existence, and I didn't find a very beefy section in Wikipedia talking about this, so ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

The relationship between CPTP maps and quadratic forms

Let $H$ be a finite-dimensional Hilbert space (so there is a canonical isomorphism $H\cong H^*$). For a Hilbert space $H$ define $B(H)$ to be the space of linear operators on $H$; we have $B(H)\cong ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Is the image of a closed subspace under a bounded linear operator closed?

This seems obvious, but I can't get the proof straight, and I made up the statement myself, so I'm not sure if it's true in the stated generality. Given a bounded linear operator $T$ in Hilbert space, ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Hilbert space without the projection theorem

One succinct statement of the projection theorem in Hilbert space is $A+A^\bot=\scr H$, where $A\in\scr C$, the set of closed subspaces of $\scr H$. (We will also denote the set of all subspaces by ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Operator norm of orthogonal projection

I was assigned the following homework problem: "Let $P:\mathcal{H} \to \mathcal{H}$ be bounded and linear. Assume it satisfies $P^2 = P$ and $P^\star = P$. Show $\|P\| \le 1$." This isn't too hard ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

The subspace sum of closed subspaces is closed [duplicate]

Given an arbitrary Hilbert space $\scr H$ and closed subspaces $A,B\subseteq\scr H$ with trivial intersection, is it true that $A+B=\{x+y:x\in A,y\in B\}$ is closed? So far, I have the following: Let ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Prove vectorspace of bounded functions with supremum-norm is complete and no hilbert space

I have the following: Consider the real vectorspace with bounded functions $$V = \{f:[0,1]\rightarrow\mathbb{R} | \exists C > 0 : f([0,1])\subset[-C,C]\}$$ and the supremum-norm $$||f||_\infty ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Show that a Hilbert space with two inner products has a basis that is orthogonal with respect to both inner products

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a complex, $n$-dimensional Hilbert space with two inner products $\langle \cdot, \cdot \rangle_1$, $\langle \cdot, \cdot \rangle_2$. Show that there exists a basis $ X = x_1, ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

A function $w(t)$ which satisfy $\int dt w(t)F[x](t)=c$ for all x

Consider a differentiable scalar function in two variables $F(x,t)$ for $x\in X$ and $t\in T$, then it can be viewed as an infinite family of scalar functions $\{F[x](t))\}_{x\in X}$. Are there any ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Hilbert space inequality $|\langle x,y\rangle | \leq \epsilon ||x||^2 + C_{\epsilon}||y||^2$

In prelim prep I came across 'given $\epsilon$ there exists $C_{\epsilon}$ such that $|\langle x,y\rangle | \leq \epsilon ||x||^2 + C_{\epsilon}||y||^2$. It is asserted without proof, so I've tried ...
0
votes
1answer
10 views

Projection with modulus less than one

Let $X$ be an Hilbert Space, $X=Y\bigoplus Z$ where $Y$, $Z$ are both closed subspaces. Let $P:X \rightarrow X$ $P(y+z)= y$ be the canonical projection, then $||P|| \leq 1 \implies Y=Z^{\bot}$ ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

showing $\inf \sigma (T) \leq \mu \leq \sup \sigma (T)$, where $\mu \in V(T)$

I am trying to prove the following: Let $H$ be a Hilbert space, and $T\in B(H)$ be a self-adjoint operator. Then for all $\mu \in V(T)$, $\inf \left\{\lambda: \lambda \in \sigma (T) \right\}\leq \mu ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Unitary transformation between complete and orthonormal bases

I'm using the Dirac notation for vectors here, since this is a quantum mechanics question. Suppose the complete orthonormal bases $\{|\psi_n\rangle\}$ and $\{|\psi{'}_n\rangle\}$ are related by the ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

Dense Countable basis on Hilbert space

Let say that I have a $H$ hilbert space and linear independent countable set $\beta =\{ \beta_1 , \beta_2, \beta_3... \}$ such that $span(\beta)$ is dense set in H. does $span(\beta-\beta_1) =span( ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Generalisation of Gramian determinant

i'm wondering about those facts of basic linear algebra: if you have $n$ vectors $x_1,...,x_n \in \mathbb{R}^n$, you can easily test their linear dependance by computing their Gramian Matrix $M$ whose ...
0
votes
3answers
94 views

polar decomposition proof

Let $H$ be a hilbert space and $T$ a bounded linear operator on $H$. I'm trying to prove that there is a partial isometry $V$ on the closure of $Im(|T|)$ such that $T=V|T|$ and $|T|=V^*T$, where ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

Showing $P^2=P$ for $P(v)=\frac{\langle v,w\rangle }{||w||^2}w$

My book asserts that for fixed $w$ where $w\neq 0$ that $P^2=P$ for $P(v)=\frac{\langle v,w\rangle }{||w||^2}w$ My book has a general corralary that $v\to P(v)$ is a bounded linear transformation and ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

uniqueness of positive operator

Let $A,B$ be commuting positive operators on a hilbert space such that $\langle(A-B)(A+B)x,x\rangle=0$ for all $x$ in the hilbert space. Prove that $A=B$. My attempt: The above implies that $A=B$ on ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

$\langle Tx,x \rangle=0$ proof

If $T$ is a bounded operator on a hilbert space $H$ and $\langle Tx,x \rangle=0$ for all $x$ in $H$, then $T=0$. I'm considering what we can conclude if $\langle Tx,x \rangle=0$ for all $x$ in some ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Rudin Polar decomposition

On page 332 theorem 12.35b) of Rudin functional analysis is show that if T is normal then it has a polar decomposition $T=UP$. Does he mean that $P=|T|$? He's a bit ambiguous as to how he defines ...
0
votes
2answers
93 views

generalized eigenspace direct sum

Similar to the way an infinite dimensional hilbert space can be written as a direct sum of eigenspaces of a normal compact operator, I was wondering whether it can be written as a direct sum of ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

spectral measure and integral query

I have proved the 'resolution of the identity' for a normal operator, namely that there is a unique spectral measure E such that $\int_{{\sigma}(T)} {\lambda}\,dE=T$ If (${\lambda}_{n}$) is the ...
1
vote
3answers
145 views

Borel functional calculus

For a normal operator T, we have a resolution of the identity $\int_{{\sigma}(T)} {\lambda}\,dE=T$. If $T$ is in addition compact , we have that $\sum_{n=1}^{{\infty}}{\lambda}_{n}\langle ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

Spectral decomposition of normal operator

Define $T$ from $L_{2}(R)$ into itself by $T(f)(t)=f(t+1)$. Show that $T$ is normal and finds its spectral decomposition. I've shown that $f$ is normal (in fact it's unitary) but how do I find its ...
0
votes
2answers
115 views

Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality by sum of squares.

i'm trying to solve: Prove the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality by writing $||x||^2||y||^2− |⟨x,y⟩|^2$ as a sum of squares. I'm fairly well versed in Cauchy Schwarz and know several proofs but I'm confused ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Polar decomposition corollary

Let $T$ be a compact operator on an infinite dimensional Hilbert space. Let $|T|=(T^*T)^{0.5}$. By the polar decomposition theorem there is a partial isometry $S$ of the closure of Im$(|T|)$ such that ...
4
votes
0answers
102 views

Spectral decomposition of $TT^*$

On $l_{2}$ let $T$ be given by $Te_{n}=\frac{e_{n+1}}{n+1}$ where $(e_{n})_{n\ge1}$ is the canonical orthonormal basis. Find the spectral decomposition of $TT^*$. I find that ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Positive compact operator has unique square root.

Let H be a hilbert space and T be a compact positive operator so that by the spectral decomposition theorem, $T=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\lambda}_{n}\langle x,e_{n}\rangle e_{n}$ where the $e_{n}$ are the ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

Checking whether an operator is self-adjoint. Problem with domain of an operator.

I want to check whether the position operator $A$, where $Af(x)=xf(x)$ , is self-adjoint. For this to be true it has to be Hermitian and also the domains of it and its adjoint must be equal. The ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Hermitian and self-adjoint operator.

I was trying to understand why this operator is hermitian (I see that) but not self-adjoint: We have the operator $P:\phi(\cdot )\mapsto -i\phi '(\cdot )$, dfined in $C_0^\infty (I)$ (infinitely ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

Questions about the proof of the Riesz representation theorem

Let $H$ be Hilbert space, $f:H \rightarrow \Bbb F$ linear and bounded map. I'm trying to prove that there exists only one $z_0 \in H$ such that: $ \forall_{x \in H} : f(x)=\langle x,z_0\rangle$ ...
4
votes
3answers
114 views

Gram-Schmidt for uncountable sets?

I know that Gram Schmidt can be applied to countable linear independent sets on Hilbert spaces, but what happens if we apply it on uncountable sets? Obviously this process has to fail then (at least ...