For questions regarding harmonic functions.

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5
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4answers
476 views

A question in Complex Analysis $\int_0^{2\pi}\log(1-2r\cos x +r^2)\,dx$

My problem is to integrate this expression: $$\int_0^{2\pi}\log(1-2r\cos x +r^2)dx.$$ where $r$ is any constant in $[0,1]$. I know the answer is zero. Can you explain you idea to me or just prove ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Composition of a harmonic function.

I noticed this question while reading several pdfs of lecture notes, and I'm having trouble figuring it out. Can anyone help? If $f$ is a harmonic function in a domain $D \subset \mathbb{C}$, and $g$ ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

If $u$ is harmonic and bounded in $0 < |z| < \rho$, show that the origin is a removable singularity

This is a reworking of a previous question here which was marked as a duplicate. Some nice folks have referred me to solutions to similar problems. I still have a couple of questions, since one of the ...
5
votes
1answer
489 views

Dirichlet problem in the disk: behavior of conjugate function, and the effect of discontinuities

Dirichlet's problem in the unit disk is to construct the harmonic function from the given continuous function on the boundary circle. It is solved by the convolution with the Poisson kernel, and we ...
5
votes
1answer
492 views

Mean value property implies harmonicity

It is fairly easy to show that harmonic functions satisfy the mean value property, but it seems harder to show the converse. I've seen the following theorem without proof: If $u \in C(\Omega)$ ...
3
votes
1answer
213 views

The ratio $\frac{u(z_2)}{u(z_1)}$ for positive harmonic functions is uniformly bounded on compact sets

I want to prove the following: If $E$ is a compact set in a region $\Omega \subset \mathbb C$, prove that there exists a constant $M$, depending only on $E$ and $\Omega$, such that every positive ...
2
votes
1answer
820 views

Show that the Kelvin-transform is harmonic

First, I have to give you our definitions: Consider $\Omega:=\mathbb{R}^n\setminus\overline{B}_R(0)$ with $R>0$ and $n>1$. The function $\phi\colon\Omega\to G:=B_R(0)\setminus\left\{0\right\}$ ...
9
votes
2answers
514 views

Mean Value Property of Harmonic Function on a Square

A friend of mine presented me the following problem a couple days ago: Let $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$ be a square and $u$ a continuous harmonic function on the closure of $S$. Show that the average of $u$...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Weakly Harmonic Functions (Weak Solutions to Laplace's Equation $\Delta u=0$) and Logic of Test Function Techniques.

In analysis we often use test functions $\phi\in C_{0}^{\infty}(U)$ in order to make some kind of deduction about another function $u:U\mapsto\mathbb{C}$. For example, if one can obtain the ...
9
votes
1answer
522 views

Harmonic functions with zeros on two lines

For which pairs of lines $L_1$, $L_2$ do there exist real functions, harmonic in the whole plane, that are $0$ at all points of $L_1 \cup L_2$ without vanishing identically? Note: This is self-study ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Diffeomorphisms preserving harmonic functions

I'm looking for smooth maps $ \Bbb R^n \to \Bbb R^n $ with the property that, whenever $ h $ is a harmonic function ($\Delta h=0$), $ h\circ f $ is also harmonic. Is there a nice characterization of ...
3
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1answer
90 views

A harmonic function with sublinear growth at infinity is constant

Show that if $u$ is harmonic in $\mathbb R^n$ and $u=o(|x|)$, then $u$ is a constant.(Hint: use the solid version of the mean value property $u(x)=\frac{1}{\omega R^n} \int _{B_{R(x)}} u(y)dy$, and ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Harmonic function with injective boundary conditions is an immersion?

This question is in some sense a continuation of this question, though more focused in its scope. Let $(M,g)$ be an $n$-dimensional, connected, compact Riemannian manifold with boundary. Assume we ...
7
votes
3answers
300 views

Bounded, non-constant harmonic functions: how far are they from existing?

Let $f$ be a function that maps $\mathbb{Z}^2$ to $\mathbb{R}$ and consider the operator $T$ which replaces the value of $f$ at $(i,j)$ by the average of the values of $f$ at its four neighbors: $$ Tf(...
3
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1answer
256 views

Two question on harmonic function

In a question paper I got the following two questions. $u(z)=u(x,y)$ be a harmonic function in $\mathbb{C}$ satisfying $u(z)\le a|\ln|z||+b$ for some positive constants $a,b$ and for all complex ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Harmonic Function with linear growth

We want to find harmonic functions $w$ in (say) $\mathbb{R}^2$ that are zero on $\{y=0\}$ with the linear growth bound \begin{equation} \sup_{\mathbb{B}_R} |w| \leq C(1+R) \end{equation} where $C>0$...
0
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0answers
103 views

Determining the Asymptotic Order of Growth of the Generalized Harmonic Function?

How should I proceed to determine the order of growth of the generalized harmonic numbers? $$ H_{n}^{(r)} \in \mathcal{O}(?) $$
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2answers
1k views

Positive harmonic function on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is a constant?

Is it true that a positive harmonic function on $\mathbb{R}^n$ must be a constant? How might we show this? The mean value property seems not to be the way...for that we would need boundedness.
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Choose parameters to make a harmonic function

Let $B(0;1)=\{x\in \mathbb{R}^N ;|x|\leq 1\}$, the ball of $\mathbb{R}^N$ equipped with the euclidian scalar product $$x \cdot y=x_1y_1+...+x_Ny_N,\ \ \ x=(x_1,...,x_N),\ \ y=(y_1,...,y_N)\ \ \ |x|=\...
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2answers
1k views

Why are harmonic functions called harmonic functions?

Are they related to harmonic series in any way? Or something else? Wikipedia didn't help.
9
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1answer
388 views

Why is it important to study the eigenvalues of the Laplacian?

Why is it important to study the eigenvalues of the Laplacian acting on regions in $\mathbb R^n$? What information does this give us? What problems does this information help us solve? In particular, ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

the real part of a holomorphic function on C \ {0, 1}

Let $h$ be a real valued harmonic function on the twice punctured plane $Ω = \text{C \ {0, 1}}$. Show that there exist unique real numbers $a_0$, $a_1$ such that $u(z) = h(z) − a_0 \log |z| − a_1 \log ...
5
votes
1answer
697 views

Laplace equation Dirichlet problem on punctured unit ball.

Let $\Omega = \{ x \in \mathbb{R}^n: 0<|x|<1 \}$ and consider the Dirichlet problem \begin{align} \Delta u &= 0 \\ u(0) &= 1 \\ u &= 0 ~~~\text{if} ~~|x|=1 \end{align} By considering ...
4
votes
2answers
596 views

Value of $u(0)$ of the Dirichlet problem for the Poisson equation

Pick an integer $n\geq 3$, a constant $r>0$ and write $B_r = \{x \in \mathbb{R}^n : |x| <r\}$. Suppose that $u \in C^2(\overline{B}_r)$ satises \begin{align} -\Delta u(x)=f(x), & \qquad x\...
3
votes
0answers
97 views

Maps in $\mathbb{R}^n$ preserving harmonic functions

A map $\varphi:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^n$ preserves harmonic functions if $f\circ\varphi$ is harmonic for every harmonic function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$. It is known that these maps are, in ...
3
votes
2answers
256 views

If a Laplacian eigenfunction is zero in an open set, is it identically zero?

This seems like it should be easy but I can't seem to figure it out. Suppose $f$ satisfies $\Delta f + \lambda f = 0$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ (where $\lambda > 0$ is a constant), and in some open set $U$...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Intersections of the level curves of two (conjugate) harmonic functions

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^2\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ with $f(x,y)=e^{-x}(x\sin y-y\cos y)$. 1 Let $g$ be one of the conjugate harmonics of $f$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$ and assume the level curves of $f$ and $g$ ...
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2answers
169 views

How to prove Liouville's theorem for subharmonic functions

I noticed this post and this paper, which gives a version of Liouville's theorem for subharmonic functions and the reference of its proof, but I think there must be an easier proof for the following ...
0
votes
2answers
980 views

Derive the Poisson Formula for a bounded C-harmonic function in the upper half-plane.

My book gives the Poisson Formula for such a harmonic function as: $$ u(x + iy) = \frac{1}{\pi} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}{\frac{y \cdot u(t) dt}{(t - x)^2 + y^2}} $$ Here is what I have attempted. ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Laplace's Equation with Neumann BC

Hi fellow math enthusiasts, I am currently working on some research to do with the electric field induced within the brain via magnetic stimulation. I am trying to solve the partial differential ...
3
votes
1answer
262 views

The derivative of harmonic function at origin is a bounded linear functional

The following problem is the 5th problem in the qualifying exam of UCLA (spring 2013). Let $\mathbb{D}=\{(x,y):x^2+y^2<1\}$ and let us define a Hilbert space $$H:=\{u:\mathbb{D} \rightarrow \...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Laplacian Boundary Value Problem

Given a domain $ M \subset \mathbb{R}^2 $ and a function $ f : \partial M \rightarrow \mathbb{R} $, let $ \omega $ solve the boundary value problem: $$ \Delta \omega = 0 \text{ in } M \\ \omega = f \...
1
vote
1answer
425 views

Does the Poisson kernel give a unique harmonic function with given boundary data?

In the answer to this question, a helpful Stack user said that the Poisson kernel does not necessarily give a unique harmonic function, given certain boundary data (in particular on the upper half-...
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vote
2answers
1k views

Show that the Poisson kernel is harmonic as a function in x over $B_1(0)\setminus\left\{0\right\}$

Show that the Poisson-kernel $$ P(x,\xi):=\frac{1-\lVert x\rVert^2}{\lVert x-\xi\rVert^n}\text{ for }x\in B_1(0)\subset\mathbb{R}^n, \xi\in S_1(0) $$ is harmonic as a function in $x$ on $B_1(0)\...
0
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1answer
607 views

Proof that laplace's equation is rotationally invariant using chain rule

Suppose $(x, y)$ and $(p, q)$ are coordinates in the plane related by rotation around a fixed point $(a, b)$, as follows: $$\begin{bmatrix} p\\ q\end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} \cos(t) & -\sin(t) \...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

Is $f(x)$ constant under these conditions?

Statement Let $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be an function that is concave up and increasing. If $\displaystyle \lim_{x\to \infty}\frac{f(x)}{x}=0$, then $f$ is constant. It'll be easy if ...
5
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1answer
195 views

Harmonic function in a unit disk with jump boundary data

I am reading Conway's book about complex analysis. One question in it bothered me a lot recently. If given a piecewise continuous function with jump on the boundary of unit disk and it is bounded, we ...
4
votes
1answer
560 views

You can't solve Laplace's equation with boundary conditions on isolated points. But why?

Consider a bounded region $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ with a finite number of "holes" $X=\{x_1,\ldots,x_k\}$ that are isolated points in its interior. I'm pretty sure that in more than one dimension, ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

Why is this function constant?

I'm trying to prove that an entire harmonic function $u$ that satisfies $|u| \leq\sqrt{\sum_i |x_i|}$ is constant. I think that I have to use Liouville theorem for harmonic functions, however I don't ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Show $\Omega$ is simply connected if every harmonic function has a conjugate

Prove: If every harmonic function on $\Omega$ has a harmonic conjugate on $\Omega$, then $\Omega$ is simply connected. Same question is asked here but no proof is presented: is the converse true: in ...
3
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1answer
65 views

Prove that $(\frac{\partial^2}{\partial^2 x} + \frac{\partial^2}{\partial^2 y})|f(z)|^2 = 4|f'(z)|^2$

Knowing: $f(z)$ is analytical Prove: $$(\frac{\partial^2}{\partial^2 x} + \frac{\partial^2}{\partial^2 y})|f(z)|^2 = 4|f'(z)|^2$$ I have proved firstly that $\ln|f(z)|$ is harmonic function Let $$...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Proof of strong maximum principle for harmonic functions

Let $u\in\mathscr C^2(U)\cap\mathscr C(\bar U)$ be harmonic in the non-empty open and connected set $U\subset\mathbb R^n$. If there exists a Point $x_0\in U$, so that $u$ has a local Maximum at $x_0$, ...
2
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0answers
130 views

$u(x,y)$ harmonic and bounded in punctured disc; show $0$ is a removable singularity [duplicate]

I'm working on a problem from p. 166 of Lars Ahlfors' Complex Analysis: If $u$ is harmonic and bounded in $0 < |z| < \rho$, show that the origin is a removable singularity in the sense that $...
2
votes
1answer
275 views

How do harmonic function approach boundaries?

Suppose that $D$ is a domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ (that is, an open, bounded and connected subset), and that $u$ is an harmonic function on $D$. Let $x_0$ be a point at the boundary of $D$. Question (...
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1answer
89 views

Function $u(x,y) \in C^2$ that admits harmonic conjugate

Problem 1) Prove that if the real and imaginary part of a holomorphic function are of class $C^2$, then they are harmonic. 2)Deduce from 1) that if $u(x,y) \in C^2$ is a function that admits a ...
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1answer
46 views

Does harmonic decomposition preserve immersions?

In a nutshell: If we start from an immersion, and look at its harmonic decomposition, are the components also immersions? Details: Let $(M,g)$ be an $n$-dimensional, compact Riemannian manifold with ...
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vote
2answers
62 views

Laplace $2$-D Heat Conduction

Consider the following steady state problem $$\Delta T = 0,\,\,\,\, (x,y) \in \Omega, \space \space 0 \leq x \leq 4 ,\space \space \space\space 0 \leq y \leq 2 $$ $$ T(0,y) = 300, \space \space T(4,...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Show composition of harmonic function and analytic function is harmonic without calculating 2nd derivatives

This is not a duplicate. I realize similar questions to this have been asked, but what I am asking is slightly different: I need to prove the following, arguing by complex differentiability only, and ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Preimage of a point by a non-constant harmonic function on $\mathbb{R}$ is unbounded

Let $u$ be a non-constant harmonic function on $\mathbb{R}$. Show that $u^{-1}(c)$ is unbounded. I am not getting what theorem or result to apply. Could anyone help me?
1
vote
1answer
201 views

Harmonic Function Transformation Help

Consider the harmonic function $$u(x,y)=1-y+\frac{x}{x^2+y^2}$$ on the upper half plane $y>0$. What is the corresponding harmonic function on the first quadrant $x>0$, $y>0$, under the ...