The solutions of the Laplace equation $\Delta f =0$ on a domain $D\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ are known as *harmonic functions*.

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Harmonic function vanishing on a set of positive measure.

I'm preparing for a qualifying exam, and came across a question I couldn't figure out: If $\Omega$ is a region and $h:\Omega\to \mathbb{R}$ is a harmonic function vanishing on a set of positive ...
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25 views

Derivatives of the Green's Function

Consider the function $ g(x,y): \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2 $ defined as $$ g(x,y) = \log( x^2 + y^2) $$ We know that $ (\partial_x^2 + \partial_y^2) g(x,y) = -2 \pi \delta(x)\delta(y) $. ...
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Laplace's equation, integral, tends to steady state?

If $v(x,y)$ solves Laplace's equation $v_{xx} + v_{yy} = 0$ on a bounded domain $S$, and $u(x,y,t)$ solves $u_t = u_{xx} + u_{yy}$ on $S$, with $u=v$ on $\partial S$ for all $t$, one can show that ...
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63 views

Show $\Omega$ is simply connected if every harmonic function has a conjugate

Prove: If every harmonic function on $\Omega$ has a harmonic conjugate on $\Omega$, then $\Omega$ is simply connected. Same question is asked here but no proof is presented: is the converse true: in ...
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100 views

harmonic conjugate of a natural log

Find the harmonic conjugate of $\ln \sqrt{x^2+y^2}$ on some open nonempty subset of the plane. Ok I got stuck. So I set the function as $u(x,y)=\ln \sqrt{x^2+y^2}$. So to show that $u_x(x,y)= ...
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38 views

Why do level curves of a function and its harmonic conjugate intersect each other orthogonally?

So I've had this assignment in which I had to proof that two level curves of a function and one of its harmonic conjugates intersect each other orthogonally. The proof itself wasn't that difficult, ...
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44 views

Does a complex polynomial can be approximated by a Euler-type exponential function?

Can one uniformly approximate a complex polynomial with a Euler-type exponential function? I mean: let $E\subset\Bbb C$ be a compact set with the connected complement $\Omega:= \bar {\Bbb C}\setminus ...
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56 views

Harmonic functions on $\mathbb C-\{0\}$

Find all real-valued $C^2$ differentiable functions $h$ defined on $(0,\infty)$ such that $u(x,y)=h(x^2+y^2)$ is harmonic on $\mathbb C-\{0\}$. This is one of my homework problem. As I understand I ...
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34 views

Can we consider the points $(c,y)$ as local minima or maxima for all $y∈ℝ$

Let $f:(a,b)×ℝ→ℝ$ be a non zero and twice differentiable function. Let $c∈(a,b)$. Assume that $Δf=0$ (the Laplacian operator) and $f(c,y)=0$ for all $y∈ℝ$. Assume that $$f(x,y)<0=f(c,y)$$ for ...
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39 views

Conformal Mapping and Relating Solutions (of Laplace) of Domains (via the Mapping)

Find a conformal equivalence between the following domains: the strip $ S = \{ z \in \Bbb C \ | \ 0 < \Bbb Im(z) < 1 \} $ and the quadrant $ Q = \{z \in \Bbb C \ | \ \Bbb Re(z) > 0, \Bbb ...
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The Schwarz reflection principle and harmonic function (Big Rudin chapter 11)

In his book page 250 Exer 11: Suppose that $I=[a,b]$,$\Omega$ is a region ,$I\subset\Omega$,$f$ is continuous in $\Omega$,and $f\in H(\Omega-I)$,prove that actually $f\in H(\Omega)$. If I follow the ...
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1answer
46 views

Limit of natural log

Prove that $\displaystyle \lim_{n \to \infty} \ln x = \infty$ using the fact that the harmonic series diverges Of course, this is obvious graphically, but I have to prove it formally. I based my ...
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42 views

Harmonic Function With Step Function Boundary Data

Consider the Unit Disk. can we solve for a harmonic function in the unit disk such that: $\triangle u = 0 $ in D and $ u = f $ on $\partial D$ where $ f = 1$ for $|\theta| \leq \epsilon$ and $ |\theta ...
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1answer
66 views

Uniqueness for second order PDE $-\Delta u = c(u)$

I'm trying to solve the following problem: Let $\Omega$ be an open set in $\mathbb R^n$ and consider the equation \begin{cases} -\Delta u = c(u) & \text{ on } \Omega \\ u = 0 & \text{ on } ...
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30 views

Harmonic inside with zero average

Assume $\Omega\in\mathbb{C}$ is a domain with nice enough boundary,say smooth boundary. What can be said about $f\in C(\bar\Omega)$, harmonic in $\Omega$ and $\int_{\partial\Omega}f(z)|dz|=0$, where ...
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Laplace's equation on a square domain with a central point reservoire

Could someone please tell me the solution to this problem. I have $$\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x^2}+\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial y^2}=0$$ on the square domain $-L<x<L, -L<y<L$ with ...
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75 views

Boundary integral of a harmonic function around a pole

I have a radial harmonic function $h:\mathbb R^N\backslash\{0\}\to\mathbb R$ which has a pole of order $m$ in 0, and I would like to compute $$ \frac{1}{\sigma_N}\int_{\partial ...
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263 views

Proof of strong maximum principle for harmonic functions

Let $u\in\mathscr C^2(U)\cap\mathscr C(\bar U)$ be harmonic in the non-empty open and connected set $U\subset\mathbb R^n$. If there exists a Point $x_0\in U$, so that $u$ has a local Maximum at $x_0$, ...
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Let $F(x)= \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^{2} (x\alpha)}{\alpha^{2}} d\alpha$. Is it true $F, F^{-1}\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$?

Define $$F(x)= \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^{2} (x\alpha)}{\alpha^{2}} d\alpha, \ (x\in \mathbb R).$$ It is clear to me that, the integral converges for every real $x$ (as near origin integrand is ...
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152 views

Show that $f$ is harmonic

Let us consider the function: $$ f(α,β) \equiv \sum_{n = 1}^{\infty}\left(-1\right)^{n - 1}\left[% {n^{2\alpha - 1} - 1 \over n^{\alpha}}\,\cos\left(\beta\ln\left(n\right)\right) \right] $$ My ...
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Laplace's Equation in Spherical Coordinates

The general solution of the Laplace equation in spherical coordinates is (independant of $\phi$): $$V(r,\theta ) = \sum ^{\infty} _{l=0} \left( A_l r^l + \frac{B_l}{r^{l+1}} \right) P_l (\cos \theta ...
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If a Laplacian eigenfunction is zero in an open set, is it identically zero?

This seems like it should be easy but I can't seem to figure it out. Suppose $f$ satisfies $\Delta f + \lambda f = 0$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ (where $\lambda > 0$ is a constant), and in some open set ...
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How to get Fourier–Stieltjes transform on $\mathbb R$ from the nice function on $\mathbb T$ (periodic on $\mathbb R$)?

We put, $M(\mathbb R)= $The set of bounded complex Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R$ and for $\mu \in M(\mathbb R)$, we define $||\mu||:= |\mu| (\mathbb R) = \text {total variation of } \ \mu $; and ...
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63 views

Function must be constant comparison

The following 2 problems are past exit exam problems for my major. I see that they're worded differently but are asking me to do the same thing. Not sure how they differ much I'd appreciate if anyone ...
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Biharmonic boundary condition

I try to solve $$\Delta^2u=f$$ on unit square. with $f=4sin(\pi x)sin(\pi y)$ Using $v=-\Delta u,$ leads to $$v+\Delta u=0,$$ $$-\Delta v=f.$$ By Dirichlet boundary condition on $u$. What is ...
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Geometric Interpretation of Laplace's Equation

Let $f: \mathbb{C} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be analytic. In the natural way, let $f = u + vi$ for $u,v : \mathbb{C} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. Let $z \in \mathbb{C}$. Suppose that $u$ and $v$ satisfy ...
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Harmonic function [duplicate]

Let $B(0;1)=\{x \in \mathbb{R}^N;|x|≤1\}$, the ball of $\mathbb{R}^N$ equipped with the euclidian scalar product $$x⋅y=x_1y_1+...+x_Ny_N,\ \ \ x=(x_1,...,x_N),\ \ \ y=(y_1,...,y_N)\ \ \ |x|=\sqrt{x ...
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113 views

Choose parameters to make a harmonic function

Let $B(0;1)=\{x\in \mathbb{R}^N ;|x|\leq 1\}$, the ball of $\mathbb{R}^N$ equipped with the euclidian scalar product $$x \cdot y=x_1y_1+...+x_Ny_N,\ \ \ x=(x_1,...,x_N),\ \ y=(y_1,...,y_N)\ \ \ ...
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Why don't elliptic PDE's have a time coordinate?

Usually second-order linear PDE's are classified as elliptic, parabolic, or hyperbolic (or ultrahyperbolic) depending on the eigenvalues of the coefficient matrix. The three cases correspond to the ...
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$\{u_{n}\}$ harmonic and converging uniformly to $u \Rightarrow $ $u$ harmonic

Let $A$ be an open set, $\{u_{n}\}$ a sequence of harmonic functions on $A$, converging to $u$ uniformly on compact subsets of $A$ . Then $u$ is harmonic on $A$. Any hint ?
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Why is it important to study the eigenvalues of the Laplacian?

Why is it important to study the eigenvalues of the Laplacian acting on regions in $\mathbb R^n$? What information does this give us? What problems does this information help us solve? In particular, ...
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89 views

Finding the Boundary Conditions for a Laplace's Equation in Polar Coordinates

I have solved Laplace's equation in Polar Coordinates for the scalar electric potential in a circle of radius R and have the solution $$ \phi(r,\varphi) = \phi_{0} + ...
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implicit derivates incorperating laplace's equation

If $f(x,y)$ is a harmonic function show that the function $F(x,y)=f(x^2-y^2,2xy)$ is also harmonic. You have to use Laplace's formula to prove this, unless there is an easier way. I'm having trouble ...
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Harmonic functions constant on circumferences

I want to find all the harmonic functions in $\mathbb{R}^{2}-\{(0,0)\}$ which are constant on circumferences with center in $(0,0)$. $\mathbb{R}^{2}-\{(0,0)\}$ isn't simply connected so we can't ...
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polar Laplace equation solution:

Question: $ \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial r^2} + \frac{1}{r}\frac{\partial u}{\partial r} + \frac{1}{r^2}\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial {\theta}^2} = 0,\:\:\:\: 0\leq r \leq 3 \:\:\:\: ...
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Bounded (from below) harmonic functions from $\mathbb R^2 \setminus \{0\}$

Let $M \in \mathbb R$ be a real number and $u\colon \mathbb R^2 \setminus \{0\} \to [M, +\infty)$ be an harmonic function. Then it is constant. Show that this is no longer true in higher ...
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Examples for 2-dimensional real valued harmonic functions

Given: $$f: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R},\space \Delta{f}=0, \space\frac{\partial^2{f}}{\partial{x}^2_i} \neq 0, i \in\{1,2 \}.$$ Are there examples of such functions?
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One problem about harmonic functions

Problem. Given open, bounded set $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^d$ with smooth boundary $\partial\Omega$ and given smooth function $\varphi$ on $\partial\Omega$. As known, problem $$ \begin{cases} ...
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$uv$ is harmonic if and only if $u+icv$ is analytic for some real c

Let $u$ and $v$ be non constant harmonic functions on a complex domain. Prove that $uv$ is harmonic if and only if $u+icv$ is analytic for some real $c$. I can prove the "if" part. I am having some ...
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Estimates on Derivatives

I have trouble in filling in the details of the proof on Estimates on derivates, from page 29 of PDE Evans, 2nd edition. Namely, I am lost at some steps. The book gives: Theorem 7 (Estimates on ...
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Uniqueness of harmonic solution

On page 28, line 1 in PDE Evans, 2nd edition, the theorem and proof state Theorem. Let $g \in C(\partial U), f \in C(U)$. Then there exists at most one solution $u \in C^2(U) \cap C(\bar{U})$ of ...
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Error on Wikipedia: Nelson's proof of Liouville's theorem works only for bounded modulus?

On Wikipedia, it is stated: If $f$ is a harmonic function defined on all of $\mathbb{R}^n$ which is bounded above or bounded below, then $f$ is constant...Edward Nelson gave a particularly ...
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What is the difference between these two kernel definitions?

I am reading my graft and the document of David Haussler about Convolution Kernels on Discrete Structures, UCSC-CRL-99-10. My graft and the other document The terminology seems to differ. The ...
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Compute $\left (1+\frac{1}{2}+\cdots+\frac{1}{n} \right )^2+\cdots+\left (\frac{1}{n-1}+\frac{1}{n} \right )^2+\left (\frac{1}{n} \right )^2$

Compute the value of the following expression $$\left (1+\frac{1}{2}+\cdots+\frac{1}{n} \right )^2+\left ( \frac{1}{2}+\cdots + \frac{1}{n}\right )^2+\cdots+\left (\frac{1}{n-1}+\frac{1}{n} \right ...
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137 views

Dirichlet Problem on the unit disk

Find a C-harmonic function in the unit disk with boundary values $x^3-xy$. I know the answer is $u(x,y)=\frac{(x^3-3xy^2)}{4} + \frac{3x}{4} - xy$ but don't know how to solve it Any hint or help is ...
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is Poisson's kernel always integrable?

Let $E$ be a smooth domain. The Green function $G(x,y)=F(x,y)-\Phi(x,y)$ where $F$ is the fundamental solution to the Laplace equation and for fixed $x\in E$, $\Phi(x,\cdot)$ is a harmonic function in ...
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Does the Poisson kernel give a unique harmonic function with given boundary data?

In the answer to this question, a helpful Stack user said that the Poisson kernel does not necessarily give a unique harmonic function, given certain boundary data (in particular on the upper ...
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1answer
79 views

Taylor expansions of harmonic functions.

Let $D \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ be the unit open disc. Note that any harmonic function on $D$ is real analytic. How can one prove that there exits a constant $C>0$ such that the Taylor expansion of ...
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1answer
87 views

Upper bound for coefficients of a power series

I am doing the following problem. Suppose $f(z)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_nz^n$ is an analytic function on the unit disc $|z|<1$. Let $0<r<1$. Prove that $$|a_n|r^n\leq \max\{4A(r),0\}-2Ref(0),$$ ...
3
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1answer
160 views

Finite order function in the complex analysis.

Assume that an entire function $f$ be finite order with finitely many zeros. Please show that either $f(z)$ is a polynomial or $f(z) + z$ has infinitely many zeros. Thank you. And I know the ...