The solutions of the Laplace equation $\Delta f =0$ on a domain $D\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ are known as *harmonic functions*.

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Showing that two given functions are harmonic

I'm preparing for my complex analysis midterm on Thursday and our professor gave us the following as a practice problem: I'm a bit confused on how to approach part (a). Here's my train of thought: ...
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Showing that $u(x, \, y) = \ln(x^2 + y^2)$ is harmonic without computing partial derivatives

I'm trying to show that $u(x, \, y) = \ln(x^2 + y^2)$ is a harmonic function, without explicitly computing the partial derivatives and showing that $u_{xx} + u_{yy} = 0$. I believe that it would ...
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In three dimensions, the Laplacian of $1/r$ is $0$ outside the origin

Why does the following hold? $$\Delta_{3}\frac{1}{r}\Bigg\vert_{\mathbb{R}^3 \setminus \left\lbrace 0 \right\rbrace}=0$$
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Harmonic functions and polar differential forms

Given a harmonic function $u$, its differential and conjugate differential are $$du = \frac{\partial u}{\partial x}dx + \frac{\partial u}{\partial y}dy,\qquad ^{*}du = -\frac{\partial u}{\partial y}dx ...
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28 views

Harmonic function and Poincaré metric

Let $u$ be a harmonic function on the unit disk $\Delta$, taking values in $[0,1]$. Is it true that this implies that $u$ is Lipschitz for the Poincaré metric ? If not, what can be said about a ...
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Dirichlet boundary value problem in convex domains with discontinuous boundary values

Consider $\Omega$ an open, bounded, and convex domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $g \in L^{2}(\partial \Omega)$ such that the problem $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{ccccccc} \Delta u = 0, \ \text{in} \ ...
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Harmonic non-surjective functions are constant

Let $u:\mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R$ be a non-surjective harmonic function. $(i)$ Show that $u$ is bounded from below or from above. $(ii)$ Prove that $u$ is constant (and therefore any harmonic ...
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Green's identity contradicts Helmholtz theorem

Let F be a vector field on a bounded domain $V \subset \mathbb{R}^3$, which is twice differentiable, let $S := \partial V$. According to the Helmholtz Theorem, F can be decomposed, such that: $$ ...
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Newtonian potential is harmonic

I got this problem in page 321 from Advaced Calculus, written by Friedman: "Let $\sigma(x,y,z)$ be a continuous function, and let $S$ be a continuously differentiable surface. The Newtonian potential ...
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Harmonic Maximum modulus

So, i am starting to solve some exercises of complex analysis, and i am a little rusty, so if anyone could help me with this exercise. I think that if i just can prove the mean value theorem for ...
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21 views

Function $u(x,y) \in C^2$ that admits harmonic conjugate

Problem 1) Prove that if the real and imaginary part of a holomorphic function are of class $C^2$, then they are harmonic. 2)Deduce from 1) that if $u(x,y) \in C^2$ is a function that admits a ...
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limit of harmonic functions Gilbarg and Trudinger page 27

Here is a passage from Gilbarg and Trudinger page 27 Let $\Sigma$ be a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ ($n\geq 3$) with smooth boundary $\partial\Omega$, and let $u$ be the harmonic function (often ...
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Difference of two subharmonic functions and signed measures

One of the reasons subharmonic functions are interesting is that if you take their laplacian, you get a measure (and conversely any finite Radon measure with compact support can be obtained in this ...
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21 views

A functional equation for harmonic functions

Does there exist a non zero function $u\in C(\mathbb{C})$, harmonic in $\mathbb{C}\setminus\mathbb{T}$ that satisfies the following equation: $$u(z)+u(-z-2)=0\:\:\forall z\in\overline{\mathbb{D}}$$ ...
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Uniqueness of harmonic function

Let $u\in C(2\overline{\mathbb{D}})$ be harmonic in $\mathbb{D}$, and also harmonic inside the annulus $\{1<z<2\}$. Suppose $v\in C(2\overline{\mathbb{D}})$ is another function that is harmonic ...
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Harmonic function in circle - exercise from Partial Differential Equations book by Y. Pinchover

Could I please ask about help with the following exercise: Let $u(x, y)$ be the harmonic function in $D = \{ (x, y) : x^2 + y^2 < 36\}$ which satisfes on $D$ the Dirichlet boundary condition: $$ ...
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The limit function of decreasing sequence of subharmonic is also subharmonic

Let $u(z)$ be a continuous function on a domain $D \subset \mathbb{C}$ to $[−\infty, \infty)$. Suppose $u_n(z)$ is a decreasing sequence of subharmonic functions on $D$ such that $u_n(z) \to u(z)$ for ...
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Natural question about harmonic functions

Let $U$ an open, bounded and convex set in $R^n$. Let $(u_k)_{k \in N}$ a sequence of functions defined in $\overline{U}$. Suposse that each $u_k \in C(\overline{U}) \cap C^{2}(U)$ and harmonic in ...
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19 views

An inequality concerning an harmonic function

Let $h$ be a positive harmonic function on $\Delta (0,\rho )=\lbrace z\in\mathbb{C} : |z|\leq \rho \rbrace$. I wish to show that $|\nabla h(z)|\leq \frac{2\rho}{\rho ^2-|z|^2}h(z)$. Since $h$ is ...
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32 views

Inequality for a harmonic function with gradient bounded from below

Consider $K \subset \mathbb R^n$ a compact set . Let $R > 0 $ such that $B(0,R) \supset K$ and $\partial B(0,R) \cap \partial K = \emptyset .$ Let $u : \overline{B(0,R)} \rightarrow \mathbb R$ a ...
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resonance and collapsing of bridge [closed]

whenever there is lecture about vibration and resonance,lecturers sometimes give us example how can bridge be collapses if army soldiers will walk on it by regular steps,there is brief tutorial ...
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The harmonic measure on the unit disc is absolutely continuous with respect to length

I have read some pages from the book Conformally Invariant Processes in the Plane by Lawler, and found there the following definition of a harmonic measure: $$\text{hm}(z,D;V) = ...
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Positive harmonic function with harmonic reciprocal must be constant

Let $f(z)$ be a positive harmonic function on the unit disk such that $\frac{1}{f(z)}$ is also harmonic. Show $f(z)$ must be constant.
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Estimates for harmonic functions

Assume $u$ is harmonic in $U$. Then $$ |D^{\alpha}u(x_{0})|\leq \frac{C_{k}}{r^{n+k}}\|u\|_{L^{1}(B(x_{0},r))} $$ for each ball $B(x_{0},r)\subset U$ and each multi-index $\alpha$ of order $|\alpha| ...
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Is $w =\text{ max}(v_1, v_2)$ subarmonic if $v_1$ and $v_2$ are?

I am studying Perron method to prove the existence of solution to \begin{equation} \Delta u = 0 \quad \text{in } \Omega \\ \ u = g \quad \text{in } \partial \Omega \end{equation} In the proof they ...
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Question about the proof of Harnack's inequality in Evans and Gilbarg's PDE book

I have some trouble in understanding the proof of Harnack's inequality. Since I have consulted two books, I explained my three questions one by one. In Evans' book Partial Differential Equations, 2nd ...
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Vanishing Partial Derivatives of a Harmonic Function

If $u$ is a harmonic function such that all of its partial derivatives vanish at some point $z$, show that $u$ is constant.
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A basic question in subharmonic function theory

Let $f$ and $g$ be two holomorphic functions on a plane domain, and let $u(z)=\log(|f(z)|+|g(z)|)$. Is it true in general that $u$ is subharmonic ? I know it is true if $g=0$, but here I have some ...
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Subharmonic function and holomorphically parametrized integrals

Let $f_\lambda$ be a family of $L^1$ functions (say on $\mathbb{C}$) such that for all $z$ the map $\lambda \mapsto f_\lambda(z)$ is holomorphic. Consider the map $N(\lambda)=\log \int |f_\lambda(z)| ...
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Electromagnetic fields and Laplace equations along a square

I'd like to solve Laplace equation satisfying the following BCs: $$\phi(x,y=0)=0$$ $$\phi(x=0,y)=0$$ $$\phi(x,y=1)=9\sin(2\pi x)+3x$$ $$\phi(x=1,y)=10\sin(\pi y)+3x$$ where $0\leq x,y\leq 1$. I have ...
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29 views

Regularity of weakly harmonic map

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a smooth $n$-dimensional manifold with $C^k$-metric $g$ and let $U\subset M$ be an open subset. Does anyone have a reference for a statement about the regularity of a map ...
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Complex Variables Conformal Mapping in Complex Plane of harmonic Functions

Consider the harmonic function $u(x,y) = 1 - y + x/(x^2+y^2)$ on the upper half plane $y > 0$. What is the corresponding harmonic function on the first quadrant $x>0$, $y>0$, under the ...
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Mean Value Property and Harmonic functions: a simple exercise

Let $f:[a,b]\to\mathbb{R}$ such that for every $h>0$ such that $$(x-h,x+h)\subset[a,b]$$ we have $$f(x)=\frac{1}{2}(f(x-h)+f(x+h)).$$ How can I conclude that $f$ is harmonic in $[a,b]$? My idea ...
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Evaluating a Limit with Generalized Harmonic Numbers.

Using WolframAlpha, I could informally come up with the following result: $$ \lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} \frac{H_n^{(-\frac{1}{2})}}{n\sqrt{n}} = \frac{2}{3} $$ Allowing me to infer that ...
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Determining the Asymptotic Order of Growth of the Generalized Harmonic Function?

How should I proceed to determine the order of growth of the generalized harmonic numbers? $$ H_{n}^{(r)} \in \mathcal{O}(?) $$
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Prove that a function is harmonic by the use of the mean property

Given $y\in\mathbb{R}^N$, define $v_y:\mathbb{R}^N\setminus\{y\}\to\mathbb{R}$ by $$v_y(x) = \frac{|y|^2 - |x|^2}{|x-y|^N}.$$ By denoting $u(x) = |y|^2 - |x|^2$ and $w(x) = |y-x|^{-N}$, one can ...
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example of harmonic function on sphere

Can anyone give me an example of a harmonic function on the sphere $S^{2}=\{(x,y,z):x^2+y^2+z^2=1,x,y,z\in{\mathbb{R}}\}$, which equals $1$ on the northern hemisphere and $-1$ on the southeren ...
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Harmonic conjugates on annulus slit

Let $D$ be an annulus slit with $$D= \{a<|z|< b \}$$ excluding $(-b,-a)$. Show that any harmonic function on $D$ has a harmonic conjugate on $D$. The hint says to fix $c$ between $a$ and ...
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What is a harmonic conjugate of $u=Arg(z)$?

Let $u=Arg(z)$ be a function maps $\mathbb{C}\setminus \{0\}$ to $ (-\pi,\pi]$. How do i find a harmonic conjugate of $u$ when $Arg(z)\in (-\pi,\pi)$?
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Extending bounded functions on $\mathbb{R}$ to $\mathbb{H}$ with the Poisson kernel.

Let $h(\phi):\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ be a bounded piecewise continuous function on the real line. Define a function on the upper half-plane by the formula $\tilde{h}(s+it):=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} ...
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Looking at Green's Function for the Dirichlet Problem, how do you calculate n(y)

If G(x,y) = (-1/4pi)[(|x-y|^-1)-(|x-r(y)|^-1)] where r(y)=(y1,y2,-y3) and x and y are vectors in R3. The question states 'Evaluate ∂G(x,y)/∂ny (n subscript y) for y ∈ ∂Ω. I know to do this you ...
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Analytic property of harmonic functions through mean value property.

I have this strong intuition that one should be able to at least prove that a harmonic function is infinitely differentiable, let alone analytic, using just the mean value property. Unfortunately I am ...
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Show Green's function solves Poisson's equation

I am reading Walter Strauss's book Introduction to PDE. The definition of Green's function is as follows: The Green's function $G(x)$ for the operator $-\Delta$ and the domain $D \subset ...
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Intuitive significance of harmonicity

I'm nearing the end of the semester of an introductory-level complex variables class. (Very introductory -- it's the version of the class that's only required for engineering and physics majors, as it ...
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Need help about harmonic functions!

I have trouble on solving the following problem: Show that there doesn't exist a non-constant function $u$ such that $u$ is harmonic on C and for $z=x+iy$ in C that $u(z)>4x^2+9y^2+1$.
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Given f(z) is analytic in Domain D, is Arg|f(z)| harmonic?

Given f(z) is analytic in Domain D, is Arg|f(z)| harmonic? If yes, in which domain?
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Chain Rule (applied twice) for vector valued functions

I need to show that if $f: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}$ is harmonic, i.e., $$\frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial x^2}(x,y) + \frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial y^2}(x,y) = 0 \quad \text{ for all } (x,y) \in ...
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Existence of solutions to Laplace's equation for almost everywhere smooth boundary conditions

Let $\Omega$ be a compact region in the plane. Are there any existence results for the Dirichlet boundary value problem $$\begin{cases}\Delta f(q) = 0, & q\in \Omega\\ \lim_{p\to q} f(p) = g(q), ...
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42 views

Local regularity for harmonic functions (Laplace's equation)

I need a local Sobolev regularity result for a smooth solution $u$ of $$ -\Delta u=0 $$ with the equation satisfied in an open set $U$ (I have no boundary conditions). I know that such a smooth $u$ ...
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44 views

Second partial derivatives of harmonic functions

Given a twice-differentiable function $f:S\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, where $S$ is a nonempty subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$, how does one prove that if f is harmonic then the second partials $D_jD_kf$ all ...