Harmonic analysis is the generalisation of Fourier analysis. Use this tag for analysis on locally compact groups (e.g. Pontryagin duality), eigenvalues of the Laplacian on compact manifolds or graphs, and the abstract study of Fourier transform on Euclidean spaces (singular integrals, ...

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62 views

Proof that Muckenhoupt's $A_q$ Condition Implies $A_p$ for $p<q$?

It is said $f\in A_p$ if it satisfies the following (Muckenhoupt's $A_p$) condition: ...
4
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1answer
262 views

Proof of weak maximum principle.

I read a proof in my book on pde which I find a bit strange. Let $\Omega$ be some bounded domain. For $f\in\mathscr C^2(\Omega)\cap\mathscr C^0(\Omega)$ satisfying $\Delta f\geq0$ it holds that ...
4
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1answer
409 views

Example of an unbounded operator

Can somebody give me an easy example of a linear operator which maps $L^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$ to $L^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $L^\infty(\mathbb{R}^n)$ to $L^\infty(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (but not boundedly) but does ...
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1answer
70 views

Carleson embedding theorem

The Carleson embedding theorem gives a criterium by which to decide when for a measure $\mu$ the operator that takes a function on the real line to its harmonic extension (by convolution with Poisson ...
2
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1answer
157 views

Proof that $dx/|x|$ is a Haar measure on non-zero reals?

Most importantly, what is the meaning of this notation $\lambda = dx/|x|$? How do I compute say $\lambda(0,1)$ for example?
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106 views

Weak $L^{p}$ spaces are quasi-normed?

Let $(X,\mathcal{B}, \mu)$ be a measure space. Then for $0< p < \infty$ by definition $L^{p,\infty}(X,\mathcal{B}, \mu)$ is the class of all measureable functions $f$ such that ...
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1answer
114 views

Showing atomic $H^{1,p}$ is a Banach Space

Consider $1<p\leq\infty$ and let $H^{1,p}=H^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be an atomic Hardy space, that is $H^{1,p}\subset L^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$, and $f\in H^{1,p}$ if there exists a sequence of $p$-atoms ...
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326 views

Good book on topological group theory?

I'm looking for a good introduction to the theory of locally compact groups and their representations. It may assume the reader to be familiar with basic group theory, topology and measure theory.
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1answer
209 views

Fourier analysis questions

Can anyone give me a hand with the proof of this properties? Prove that: a) The linear span of the set $\left\{T_bh/b\in\mathbb{R}\right\}$ is dense in $L_2(\mathbb{R})$, where $h(x)=e^{-\pi x^2}$. ...
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1answer
63 views

Are the continuous functions on $G$ dense in $L^{1}(G)$?

If $G$ is a locally compact group, is the set $C_{c}(G)$ of all continuous functions on $G$ with compact support dense in $L^{1}(G)$?
4
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1answer
162 views

Why are Haar measures finite on compact sets?

I'm working through the answer by t.b. to another user's question here: A net version of dominated convergence? because I am trying to work through a related problem and I think it will be ...
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71 views

Are Haar measures complete?

If $G$ is a locally compact group and $\mu$ is a left Haar measure for $G$, then is the measure space $(G,B(G),\mu)$ complete (where $B(G)$ is the set of Borel subsets of $G$)? Or do we have to take ...
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1answer
109 views

Why is logarithm in BMO

I read that $\log|x|$ is supposedly a typical example of a BMO function. How do I see that it is in BMO actually?
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22 views

Convergence of an Integral in a locally compact group

I'm trying to finish an exercise which I asked about earlier here: Mapping $G$ into its group algebra as left multiplication. Continuous? $\bf{\text{The setting:}}$ Let $G$ be a locally compact ...
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0answers
32 views

Bounding the partial derivatives of $\left(\dfrac{1+ |\xi + \tau|^2}{1 + |\xi|^2}\right)^{s/2}$.

Let $\tau = (\tau_1,\ldots,\tau_n) \in \mathbf{R}^n$, $s\geq 0$, and define the function $f : \mathbf{R}^n \to \mathbf{R}$ by $$ f(\xi) = \left(\dfrac{1+ |\xi + \tau|^2}{1 + |\xi|^2}\right)^{s/2}. $$ ...
4
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1answer
99 views

Involution in $L^{1}(G)$ is isometric.

(Sorry for asking so many questions of the same type. There is an underlying issue that I think once resolved will allow me to understand them all at once.) Let $G$ be a locally compact group, and ...
2
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1answer
113 views

How to use the modular function of a locally compact group?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group with left Haar measure $\mu$. Let $\delta:G\to(0,\infty)$ the unique modular function such that $\delta(x)\mu(E) = \mu(Ex)$ for all Borel sets $E$ and $x\in G$. ...
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3answers
229 views

Introduction to Abstract Harmonic Analysis, reference suggestions?

I'm looking for a good starting book on the subject which only assumes standard undergraduate background. In particular, I need to gain some confidence working with properties of Haar measures, so I ...
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80 views

Mapping $G$ into its group algebra as left multiplication. Continuous?

I am reading an appendix on Group algebras which contains the following Proposition which I am trying to prove: Proposition: Let $G$ be a locally compact group, with $\zeta\in L^{p}(G)$ fixed. ...
2
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2answers
141 views

An integral$\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_0^{2\pi}\log|\exp(i\theta)-a|\text{d}\theta=0$ which I can calculate but can't understand it.

I have encountered this integral:$$\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_0^{2\pi}\log|\exp(i\theta)-a|\text{d}\theta=0$$ where $|a|<1$ in proving Jensen's formula. because I am stupid, I don't know why it is equal ...
2
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3answers
437 views

Fourier transform of a compactly supported function

In which space does the Fourier transform of a smooth compactly supported function $\phi$ lie? I would not say it lies in $\mathcal{S}$, heuristically as one can approximate the step function which is ...
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1answer
41 views

Characterisation of the spectrum of certain unitary representations on $L^2(G)$

I have been informed of the existence of theorems in harmonic analysis that will allow me to calculate the spectrum of given unitary operators $L^2(G)$ where $G$ is a locally compact group. So far I ...
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1answer
111 views

number of zeros of the superposition/interference of sine oscillations

There is a tricky problem to solve and we ask for your kind help. In a rather simple version of the problem, we have a set of oscillations of type $f(x)=\sin (\omega x + \phi)$ with different phases ...
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1answer
88 views

Harmonic Measure & Brownian Excursion

I have a disk of radius R removed from the plane. Brownian excursions are emanated from infinity. I am tasked to find a probability that the brownian motion impacts an arc of the disk boundary. I am ...
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75 views

$H^s(\mathbb{T})$ space is a Banach algebra with pointwise product

I have ran across the following theorem but the given proof does not convince me. Theorem Let $u, v \in H^s(\mathbb{T})$ with $s>1/2$. Then the pointwise product $uv$ is in $H^s(\mathbb{T})$ and ...
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1answer
74 views

Measure of the boundary of a union of cubes.

Suppose that we are given a collection of dyadic, mutually disjoint, open cubes in $\mathbf{R}^n$ in which the the union of all the cubes has finite measure. Is it necessary that the boundary of the ...
8
votes
2answers
363 views

Mean Value Property of Harmonic Function on a Square

A friend of mine presented me the following problem a couple days ago: Let $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$ be a square and $u$ a continuous harmonic function on the closure of $S$. Show that the average of ...
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155 views

DFT in complex form and Trigonometric Polynomial Interpolation: why different dimensions of basis vectors set?

I'm trying to figure out, how coefficients of Discrete Fourier Transform in complex form are converted into coefficients of Trigonometric Polynomials Interpolation: Say, I have a function vector with ...
0
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1answer
22 views

An approximation of lengths dealing with elements of cubes. Show $|x-y| \approx \ell(Q) + |x - c_Q|$.

So the problem I have at hand should be rather elementary, but I can't figure out. It's in a proof I'm trying to understand completely. Here's what I need to do exactly: Show that $|x-y| \approx ...
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1answer
43 views

Extracting Harmonic series components

I have a number which is made up of a Harmonic series. 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 etc. Some of the components may not be in the number.. 1/2 + 1/7 + 1/11 etc. Is it possible to recover the individual ...
2
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1answer
79 views

Why does this inequality for all characteristic functions imply it for simple functions?

This question is probably obvious, but I'm not seeing how to obtain it. A simple function is said to be finitely simple if its support is of finite measure. Let $(X_1,\mu_1)$, $(X_2,\mu_2)$, and ...
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1answer
173 views

Showing a Schwartz Function Bound

I have a question on how to get the correct upper bound of a Schwartz function. Unfortunately, I've never understood this even though I've seen my professors do it a thousand times. I figured it's ...
2
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1answer
56 views

Does $|T(f) - T(g)| \leq |T(f-g)|$ hold for a sublinear operator $T$?

Let $X,Y$ be function spaces with functions taking values in $\mathbf{C}$. An operator $T:X\to Y$ is called sublinear if for all $f,g \in X$ and all $\lambda \in \mathbf{C}$, we have $$ |T(\lambda f)| ...
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1answer
67 views

Lorentz Space property: $\left\| f \right\|_{L^{q,s}} \leq \lim\limits_{n\to\infty} \| f_n \|_{L^{q,s}}$

I would like to understand a statement similar to Fatou's Lemma in the Lorentz space setting. It is as follows. Suppose $0 < q,s < \infty$ and $f_n,f$ are measurable functions on a ...
3
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2answers
134 views

Identity involving partial sums of Fourier series

Suppose $f$ is a continuous periodic function and $S_Nf(x) = \sum^N_{n=−N} \hat f(n) e^{inx}$, where $$\hat f(n)= \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_0^{2\pi}f(x)e^{-inx} dx.$$ How can I show that ...
2
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1answer
35 views

Given $\widehat{\varphi} = \chi_{[-1/2,1/2]}$, show the system $\{\varphi(2^v x)\}_{v \in \mathbb{Z}}$ is not orthogonal

If $$\widehat{\varphi} = \chi_{[-\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2}]}$$ then it is not hard to compute via the inverse Fourier transform that $$\varphi(x) = \frac{\sin(\pi x)}{\pi x}$$ so we need to show ...
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1answer
84 views

Imaginary complex numbers

Let $z=x+iy$ and $v=2xy$, show that $v=Im[z^2]$ and find a harmonic conjugate of $v$ on domain $D$. Also find the largest domain $D$ on which $v$ is harmonic.
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67 views

Fourier algebra and multipliers of a finite discrete group

Let $G$ be a finite discrete group. We denote by $A(G)$ the Fourier algebra of $G$ and $M_{cb}A(G)$ the space of completely bounded multipliers of $A(G)$. Is is true that $A(G)=M_{cb}A(G)$ ...
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1answer
143 views

Which spherical harmonic function will correspond to such a representation?

On Wiki there's a figure displaying "visual representations of the first few spherical harmonics." I was wondering exactly which spherical harmonic function will generate a representation like this ...
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1answer
176 views

Another aspect of Heisenberg uncertainty principle

In fourier transformation theory, we have the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, i.e. Suppose $\phi$ is a function in [Schwarz space][1] which satisfies the normalizing condition ...
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2answers
121 views

Recovering a group from its C*-algebras and group algebra

Let $G$ and $H$ be locally compact groups. Does anyone know the answers to these questions? Is it true that: if $C^*(G)$ and $C^*(H)$ are $*$-isomorphic, then $G\cong H$? if $C_r^*(G)$ and ...
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0answers
45 views

How to show that $ν(z)$ is Carleson measure

If $ν(z)=|1+z|^ β dμ(z)$, $β\in \!\ R^-$. How to show that $ν(z)$ is Carleson? I know that $ν$ is Carleson measure if $ν(Q_I)\leqq \!\ c.I$ But how to apply this?
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116 views

Harmonic function, existence of a constant

May i ask you for a little help about a problem with harmonic function? It seems to be not that difficult, in a way even intiutively obvious but i don't really know how to show this explicitly. We ...
2
votes
1answer
253 views

Are nilpotent Lie groups unimodular?

The continuous homomorphism $\Delta:G \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{\times}_+$ is defined by \begin{equation*} \int_G f(xy)dx = \Delta(y)\int_Gf(x)dx \end{equation*} where $dx$ is a left Haar measure on ...
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1answer
51 views

$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}f '\bar{f}'+x^2 f\bar{f}dx\geq \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}|f|^2 dx$?

Suppose complex function $f$ in the Schwartz Space, its definition see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schwartz_space how can we argue that $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}f '\bar{f}'+x^2 f\bar{f}dx\geq ...
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1answer
27 views

$(y^2+2iy)^{m-\frac{1}{2}}=y^{m-\frac{1}{2}}(2i)^{m-\frac{1}{2}}+O(y^{m+\frac{1}{2}})(0\leq y \leq 1)?$

This question comes from stein's book Introduction to fourier analysis on euclidean space,page 159. when $m > 1/2$, ...
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3answers
541 views

A series involves harmonic number

How do we get a closed form for $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{H_n}{(2n+1)^2}$$
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1answer
189 views

Orthonormal basis in Hilbert spaces

I have a general question but I'm going got ask it in a very restrictive setup. It is known that an equivalent condition for a system $\left\{e^{i\lambda t}\right\} _{\lambda\in\Lambda}$ being an ONB ...
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5answers
807 views

About a harmonic series problem : How to prove that $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{H_n}{n^3}=\frac{\pi^4}{72}$

How to prove that $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{H_n}{n^3}=\frac{\pi^4}{72}$$ $H_n$ is the n th harmonic number
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94 views

Can we do some scaling argument in the presence of inhomogeneous norms?

Notation: $B^n_R$ stands for the ball of radius $R$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. $\hat{f}$ stands for the Fourier transform of $f$. Question. The following inequality holds true for all $f\in ...