# Tagged Questions

Harmonic analysis is the generalisation of Fourier analysis. Use this tag for analysis on locally compact groups (e.g. Pontryagin duality), eigenvalues of the Laplacian on compact manifolds or graphs, and the abstract study of Fourier transform on Euclidean spaces (singular integrals, Littlewood-...

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### Foundation Semigroups Examples

I recently started looking into the subject of foundation semi-groups and I'm trying to find simple (none-trivial) examples of foundations semi-groups. I know that every locally compact group is ...
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### Convolution on group with measure

I was wondering about the generalization of the concept of convolution from the familiar one on real spaces and how many properties still remain. For convolution on Lebesgue-integrable real-valued ...
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### Fourier series calculation

I had an exam question today that stated something along the lines of the following: "Let $f$ be an even function given by $f(x)=x$ on $[0,\pi]$ and extend $f$ to $\mathbb{R}$ by $2\pi$-periodicity. ...
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### What do modern-day analysts actually do?

In an abstract algebra class, one learns about groups, rings, and fields, and (perhaps naively) conceives of a modern-day algebraist as someone who studies these sorts of structures. One learns about ...
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### Inverse short time Fourier transform

The short time Fourier transform $S: L^2(\mathbb{R})^2 \rightarrow L^2(\mathbb{R}^2)$ can be defined as $$S(g,f)(a,b):=\int_{\mathbb{R}}f(x) \overline{g(x-a)} e^{-i b x} dx.$$ Now a natural question ...
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### Interpretation of $L_2 ([-\pi , \pi])$

What is the interpretation of $L_2 ([-\pi , \pi])$ in laymans terms? How is $L_2 ([-\pi , \pi])$ different to $L_1 ([-\pi , \pi])$? Does $L_2 ([-\pi , \pi])$ just mean that the function is twice ...
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### Interpolation of a linear operator acting on a sequence of functions

Let $\mathbf{f} = \{f_{n}\}$ be a sequence of Schwarz functions and suppose $T$ is a linear operator which sends a given sequence of Schwarz functions to a given function in $L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for ...
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### Is $\|\widehat{f}\|_{L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^d)}$ comparable to $\|\widehat{f}\|_{L^{p}(B_{1/R})}$?

Suppose $f$ is a smooth function compactly supported in some ball of radius $R$. Is $\|\widehat{f}\|_{L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^d)}$ comparable to $\|\widehat{f}\|_{L^{p}(B_{1/R})}$ where $B_{1/R}$ is any ball ...
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### average of maximal function is less than its infimum?

Let M be the dyadic Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator. Prove the following: there is a constant $C$ such that for any $f$, $$\inf_{x\in I}Mf(x)\le C 2^k\inf_{x\in J} Mf(x)$$ where $I$ and $J$ are ...
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### Showing $\hat{\tilde{f}}=\tilde{\hat{f}}$ where $\hat{f}$ is the Fourier transform, and $\tilde{f}(x) = f(-x)$

I'm trying to prove that $\hat{\tilde{f}}=\tilde{\hat{f}}$ for any integrable function $f$, where $\hat{f}$ denotes the Fourier transform of $f$ and $\tilde{f}$ denotes the mapping $f(x)\to f(-x)$, ...
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### Are exponential functions a complete system on $L^2\left(\mathbb{T},\mu\right)$

Let $\mathbb{T}$ denote the unit circle in $\mathbb{C}$, and let $\mu$ be a complex Borel measure on $\mathbb{T}$. Consider the space of square integrable functions $L^2\left(\mathbb{T},\mu\right)$. ...
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### Example of a compactly supported Lipschitz function with non-Lipschitz Hilbert transform

Suppose $f$ is a compactly supported measurable function (say in the interval $[-1,1]$) which is Hölder continuous of order $\alpha\in (0,1)$. I have read that the Hilbert transform $Hf$ of $f$ is ...
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### Why a left-invariant Haar measure is $\mu(A)=\int_A \frac{1}{a^2}da\,db$ and a right-invariant Haar measure is $\mu'(A)=\int_A\frac{1}{a}da\,db$?
Let $G$ be the group of affine transformations of $\mathbb R$, $x\mapsto ax+b$, $a>0$. $G$ is the half-plane $(a,b);a>0$. A left-invariant Haar measure is $\mu(A)=\int_A \frac{1}{a^2}da\,db$, ...
Does there exist a (non-trivial) probability distribution on the rational numbers $$\sum_{r\in\mathbb{Q}}p_r=1$$ with $0\leq p_r$, which is stable, meaning that the sum of two i.i.d. random variables ...