Harmonic analysis is the generalisation of Fourier analysis. Use this tag for analysis on locally compact groups (e.g. Pontryagin duality), eigenvalues of the Laplacian on compact manifolds or graphs, and the abstract study of Fourier transform on Euclidean spaces (singular integrals, ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
1answer
66 views

Sublinearity of Hardy-Littlewood Maximal Function on Sobolev Spaces

Define the (centered) Hardy-Littlewood maximal function by $$\mathcal{M}f(x)=\sup_{r>0}\dfrac{1}{m(B(x,r))}\int_{B(x,r)}\left|f(y)\right|dy,\ f\in L_{\mathrm{loc}}^{1}(\mathbb{R}^{d})$$ We say ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Help with biharmonic functions

I tried to use using Green's formula to prove $\triangle u=0$. But it turned out to be wrong because $u=0$ doesn't imply $\triangle u=0$ on the boundary. I am a novice in graduate pde, so I didn't ...
3
votes
2answers
39 views

Bounded approximate identities in one-sided ideals of $L_1(G)$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and consider its $L_1$-group algebra, that is, $L_1(G)$. It is easily seen that $L_1(G)$ has a two-sided bounded approximate identity: just use a basis of compact ...
3
votes
1answer
595 views

Laplace operator and Fourier transform

Let $f$ be a function with compact support in $D\subset \mathbf{R}^2$. Is is known that $$-\Delta f=F^{-1}|x|^2 F f,$$ where $F$ is the Fourier transform. Which is the $n-$dimensional analogous ...
3
votes
2answers
142 views

Identity involving partial sums of Fourier series

Suppose $f$ is a continuous periodic function and $S_Nf(x) = \sum^N_{n=−N} \hat f(n) e^{inx}$, where $$\hat f(n)= \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_0^{2\pi}f(x)e^{-inx} dx.$$ How can I show that ...
3
votes
2answers
246 views

non tangential maximal function and Hardy-Littlewood maximal function

I'm studying harmonic analysis and found that we can bound non-tangential maximal function by Hardy-Littlewood maximal function. Most books don't give the proof of it. How can I see that? Is there a ...
3
votes
1answer
818 views

Young's inequality for discrete convolution

Young's inequality for convolution of functions states that for $f\in L^p(\mathbb{R}^d)$ and $g\in L^q(\mathbb{R}^d)$ we have $$\|f\star g\|_r\le\|f\|_p\|g\|_q$$ for $p$, $q$, $r$ satisfying ...
3
votes
1answer
321 views

Asymptotic error of Fourier series partial sum of sawtooth function

In Iwaniec's book, Topics in Classical Automorphic Forms, pg. 4, he gives the statement: $$\{x\}=\frac{1}{2}-\sum_{n=1}^N\frac{\sin 2\pi nx}{\pi n}+O((1+||x||N)^{-1})$$ where $\{x\}$ denotes the ...
3
votes
3answers
236 views

What is a “domain” in the maximum-minimum principle?

The maximum-minimum principle says that A harmonic function on a domain cannot attain its maximum or its minimum unless it is constant. Here is my question: If we restrict our attention in ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Why is boundedness of the ball multiplier equivalent to the convergence of Fourier transform in Lp?

Let $\mathcal{F}$ be the fourier transform operator and let $T_R$ = $\mathcal{F}^* \chi_R\mathcal{F}$ where $\chi_R$ is the indicator function on the ball of radius $R$. Hence $T_R$ is the fourier ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Maximal Function Estimate

Suppose $\psi$ is a rapidly decreasing function; i.e. for all $N>0$ there exists a constant $C_{N}$ such that $\left|\psi(x)\right|\leq C_{N}(1+\left|x\right|)^{-N}$. Define a family of functions ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

About p-adic numbers

I'm studying the dual group of the diadic rationals, $\widehat{\mathbb{Z}[1/2]}$, where the dual is the dual of Pontryagin of $\mathbb{Z}[1/2]$. In some papers says that $\widehat{\mathbb{Z}[1/2]}$, ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

A questions about the schur's lemma

Schur's lemma is this: If (ρ1,V1) and (ρ2,V2) are irreducible representations of a group G, then any nonzero homomorphism ϕ:V1↦V2 is an isomorphism. or Schur's Lemma. a. A unitary ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Covolution (space) over compact Lie groups

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group. Is there any way one can characterize the functions $\phi$ of the form $\phi=\psi\ast \psi^\ast$ in $C^\infty(G)$ where $\psi\in C^\infty(G)$? Here as usual ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

The function $f(t)=2+\sin(t)+\sin(t\sqrt2)$

The function $f$ defined on $\mathbb{R}$ by $$f(t)=2+\sin(t)+\sin(t\sqrt2)$$ can never reach $0$. Can we find some sequence $(t_n)_{n\geq0}$ such that $$\lim_{n \to \infty}f(t_n)=0 \ \ \ ?$$ Or in ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Biprojective $C^*$-algebra

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra. Define $\Delta:A\hat{\otimes}A\to A$ with $\Delta(\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n\otimes b_n)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_nb_n$. Now $A$ is called biprojective if there exists a bounded ...
3
votes
1answer
165 views

Is there a formula for the Haar measure on a product of groups?

Let $ (G_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}} $ be a sequence of locally compact topological groups with a corresponding sequence $ (\mu_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}} $ of Haar measures. Is there a way to construct a ...
3
votes
2answers
133 views

Fourier-restriction on Hyperplane

In Muscalu, Schlag "Classical and multilinear harmonic analysis, Volume 1" (2013), Excercise 11.1 is to prove, basically, that there exists a function $f\in L^p \quad \forall\ p>1$ such, that the ...
3
votes
1answer
252 views

Harmonic analysis in number theory

When I was reading Folland's A course in abstract harmonic analysis, I was told these materials have wonderful applications to number theory. However, I do not see really a lot of examples there. Can ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Are the continuous functions on $G$ dense in $L^{1}(G)$?

If $G$ is a locally compact group, is the set $C_{c}(G)$ of all continuous functions on $G$ with compact support dense in $L^{1}(G)$?
3
votes
1answer
483 views

Prove partial derivatives of uniformly convergent harmonic functions converge to the partial derivative of the limit of the sequence.

I think the title says it all. If you have a sequence of harmonic functions from a bounded complex domain to the real numbers, show that on a subset at a positive distance from the boundary of the ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

$L^{p}$ Boundedness of Fourier Multiplier without Littlewood-Paley

Suppose $\zeta\in\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ is a Schwartz function such that $\widehat{\zeta}$ is compactly supported away from the origin (say in the annulus ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

Arveson spectrum for a unitary representation of a group on a Hilbert space

Let $G = \mathbb{R}$. By Stone's theorem, $U(t)\in\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ is generated by a self-adjoint operator $H$ (for which there is a resolution of the identity P(p), by the spectral theorem) ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

The Neumann Problem on a Half-space when dimension is $2$

Take $\Omega:=\{x=(x_1,x_2):\,-\infty<x_1<\infty,\,x_2>0\}$, i.e., the half-space, and I am interested in the Neumann problem \begin{cases} \Delta u=0&x\in \Omega\\ ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Left and Right Discrete Maximal Functions

Define the uncentered maximal function $$\widetilde{M}f(n)=\sup_{s,r\in\mathbb{Z}^{+}}\dfrac{1}{s+r+1}\sum_{k=-r}^{k=s}\left|f(n+k)\right|,$$ where $\mathbb{Z}^{+}=\left\{0,1,2,\ldots\right\}$. Define ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Application of weak $L^p$ estimate besides for proving boundedness of some linear operator

For all $1\leq p< \infty$, weak-$L^p(\mathbb{R}^d)$ space is defined as a set of all functions $f$ such that $$\gamma^p|\{x\in \mathbb{R}^d: |f(x)|>\gamma\}|<\infty$$ for every ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Fourier transform of a a function in the space

Which is the Fourier transform (in the sense of distributions) of the function $f(x)=x/\|x\|^n $, where $x$ belongs to the Euclidean space $ R^n$?
3
votes
2answers
141 views

A bound for the product of two functions in BMO

The question: Let's consider $f\in L^\infty(\mathbb{T})$ and $g\in BMO(\mathbb{T})$. I'm trying to figure out if the following inequality is true $$ \|fg\|_{BMO}\leq C\|f\|_{L^\infty}\|g\|_{BMO}. $$ ...
3
votes
1answer
138 views

Uncertainty principle in harmonic analysis

Given a function $f$ (in some suitable (EDIT: nice) function space) supported on a ball $B\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ of radius $R>0$, I have commonly heard people, who understand these things, say stuff ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Weak $L^{p}$ spaces are quasi-normed?

Let $(X,\mathcal{B}, \mu)$ be a measure space. Then for $0< p < \infty$ by definition $L^{p,\infty}(X,\mathcal{B}, \mu)$ is the class of all measureable functions $f$ such that ...
3
votes
1answer
297 views

Harmonic function with condition on part of its boundary

Suppose $u$ is harmonic in the interior of the unit square $0 \leq x \leq 1$, $0\leq y\leq1$. Suppose furthermore that $u$ and its first derivatives continuously extend to the bottom side $0\leq x ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Necessary and sufficient conditions for $G$ to have $A(G)$ isomorphic to an operator algebra?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. We denote by $A(G)$ the Fourier algebra of $G$. An operator algebra is a closed subalgebra of $B(H)$ where $H$ is a Hilbert space. What are the necessary and ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Properties of subharmonic functions

A function $f$ is called subharmonic if $f:U\rightarrow\mathbb R$ (with $U\subset\mathbb R^n$) is upper semi-continuous and $$\forall\space \mathbb B_r(x)\subset ...
3
votes
1answer
311 views

Why unitary characters for the dual group in Pontryagin duality if $G$ is not compact?

In harmonic analysis, for any locally compact abelian group, one constructs the dual group as the group of homomorphisms into the unit circle with the compact open topology. In other words, unitary ...
3
votes
2answers
82 views

The integral of a function over $S^1$

Let $S^1=\mathbb R/\mathbb Z,$ I was wondering how to calculate the integral of a function over $S^1$ and why. Like, $\int_{S^1}1 dx=?$ Given an "appropriate" function $f$, what is $\int_{S^1}f(x)dx?$ ...
3
votes
1answer
310 views

Applications of Young's convolution inequality

Recall that the convolution of two functions is given by $$f*g(y)=\int f(x)g(y-x)dx.$$ The well known inequality known as Young's inequality, say that $$\|f*g\|_r\leq\|f\|_p\cdot\|g\|_q $$ provided ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Restricted Direct Products in Koch's Number Theory

On p.353 of Number Theory: Algebraic Numbers and Functions by Helmut Koch, he considers a group $G$ which is the restricted direct product of the locally compact abelian groups $G_i$ with respect to ...
3
votes
1answer
402 views

Fourier transform of a special Schwartz function

In Classical Fourier Analysis by Loukas Grafakos we have in Proposition 2.3.25 the following definition for $\mathcal{S}_\infty(\mathbf{R}^n)$, namely that these are all the Schwartz functions $\phi$ ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

Partial Fourier series for $L^p$ functions, $p\ge 1$

Let $f$ be an $L^2$ function on the unit circle $f \in L^2(S^1, d \theta)$. This is equivalent to giving a Fourier series $\sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} a_n e^{i n \theta}$ with $\sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} | ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

How to compare the Hardy-Littlewood maximal function for balls and cubes?

I am currently working through a set of notes I found on the internet at: http://math.msu.edu/~charlesb/Notes/DuoChapter2.pdf I am up to page 8, and the Hardy-Littlewood maximal function for balls ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Solutions of the constant coefficient Helmholtz equation via the Fourier transform

When $f$ is a rapidly decaying Schwartz function, $$ g(x) = \frac{1}{2\lambda} \int_{\mathbb{R}} \sin \left(2\lambda\left|x-y\right|\right) f(y)\ dy $$ is an element of ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Does there exist a non-negative valued compactly supported function such that its Fourier transform only vanishes at a given point?

My question is as follows: Given $t_0\in\mathbb{R}$. Does there exist a non-negative valued compactly supported function $f\in L^1(\mathbb{R})$ such that its Fourier transform, $\widehat f\left( t ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

The regularity of elliptic equation

Define $$ Lu:=-\partial_j(a_{ij}\partial_iu)+b_i\partial_iu+cu $$ where $a_{ij}$, $b_i$, and $c$ are all of $C^\infty(\bar \Omega)$ and we assume $\Omega$ is open bounded in $R^N$, smooth boundary, ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

On convergence rate of kernel approximation

Let $\{K_\epsilon\}$ be a sequence of mollifiers, (or often take heat kernels). We have known from classical analysis that if $f$ is uniformly continuous then the error ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

Help on understanding Schwartz space

Can someone give an example of Schwartz space function that doesn't decay exponentially?
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Research paper in harmonic analysis that can be read in parallel to studying the subject.

In my idle hours I started to learn some math I touched only superficially in academia in former times. Among others I am working through the books of A. Deitmar on harmonic analysis. I've almost ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Corollary from Khintchine's inequality

Let $z_1,\dots,z_n\in\mathbb{C}$ and $\epsilon_j\in\{-1,1\}$ for $j=1,\dots,n$ independent random variables with $P(\epsilon_j=\pm 1)=1/2$. Khintchine's inequality states that ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

How to compute this distribution?

My question refers to this answer. I was hoping someone could explain in more detail the following reasoning. It remains to observe that $\Delta v$ is the distribution composed of the ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

Bounds on integral

I am calculating Fourier coefficients for certain functions and have come across an integral of the form $$I=\int_0^{2\pi} \int_0^1 r^2e^{2\pi i r(m\cos\theta+n\sin\theta)}drd\theta,$$ where ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

Convergence in mean of differentiated Fourier series

Let a function $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be integrable on $[-\pi,\pi]$ and $2\pi$-periodic. Let $$ \frac{a_0}{2}+\sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty (a_n \cos nx+b_n \sin nx) $$ be the Fourier ...