Harmonic analysis is the generalisation of Fourier analysis. Use this tag for analysis on locally compact groups (e.g. Pontryagin duality), eigenvalues of the Laplacian on compact manifolds or graphs, and the abstract study of Fourier transform on Euclidean spaces (singular integrals, ...

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101
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5answers
7k views

What do modern-day analysts actually do?

In an abstract algebra class, one learns about groups, rings, and fields, and (perhaps naively) conceives of a modern-day algebraist as someone who studies these sorts of structures. One learns about ...
24
votes
5answers
680 views

About a harmonic series problem : How to prove that $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{H_n}{n^3}=\frac{\pi^4}{72}$

How to prove that $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{H_n}{n^3}=\frac{\pi^4}{72}$$ $H_n$ is the n th harmonic number
14
votes
3answers
453 views

A series involves harmonic number

How do we get a closed form for $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{H_n}{(2n+1)^2}$$
13
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3answers
475 views

Rate of divergence for the series $\sum |\sin(n\theta) / n|$

In the following we consider the series $$ S(N;\theta)= \sum_{n = 1}^{N} \left| \frac{\sin n\theta}{n} \right| $$ parametrized by $\theta$. It is well known that this series (taking the limit ...
13
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1answer
437 views

Motivation for abstract harmonic analysis

I am reading Folland's A Course in Abstract Harmonic Analysis and find this book extremely exciting. However it seems Folland does not give many examples to illustrate the motivation behind much of ...
12
votes
3answers
757 views

Do discontinuous harmonic functions exist?

A function, $u$, on $\mathbb R^n$ is normally said to be harmonic if $\Delta u=0$, where $\Delta$ is the Laplacian operator $\Delta=\sum_{i=1}^n\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x_i^2}$. So obviously, ...
12
votes
3answers
822 views

learning algebra and harmonic analysis

I've revised my question a bit in response to the (very helpful) advice so far-- I have an engineering background but am interested in learning abstract harmonic analysis. My interest is rather ...
12
votes
1answer
553 views

Properties of Haar measure

Let $G$ be a locally compact group (but not discrete) and let $m$ be its left Haar measure. Is it true that $\forall \epsilon$ $\exists$ $C$ such that $C$ is a compact neighborhood of the identity and ...
12
votes
2answers
302 views

Are Fourier Analysis and Harmonic Analysis the same subject?

Are Fourier Analysis and Harmonic Analysis the same subject? I believe that they are not the same. Maybe there is big difference between those subjects but I need to know what is the main difference ...
12
votes
1answer
507 views

What are the differences and relations of Haar integrals, Lebesgue integrals, Riemann integrals?

Are Riemann integrals special cases of Haar integrals? Why do we need the invariant property under some actions of groups in the definition of Haar integrals? For example, if we have a group of real ...
12
votes
1answer
193 views

A property of exponential of operators

Let $X$ be a Banach space. $A\in B(X)$ is a bounded operator. we can define $e^{tA}$ by $$e^{tA}=\sum_{k=0}^{+\infty}\frac{t^kA^k}{k!}$$ I am interested in this property: If $x\in X$, such that the ...
12
votes
1answer
387 views

Plancherel formula for compact groups from Peter-Weyl Theorem

I'm trying to derive the following Plancherel formula: $$\|f\|^{2}=\sum_{\xi\in\widehat{G}}{\dim(V_{\xi})\|\widehat{f}(\xi)\|^{2}}$$ from the statement of the Peter-Weyl Theorem as given by Terence ...
11
votes
1answer
340 views

Stone-Weierstrass implies Fourier expansion

To prove the existence of Fourier expansion, I have to solve the following exercise, which supposedly follows from the Stone-Weierstrass theorem: Let $G$ be a compact abelian topological group ...
10
votes
1answer
212 views

Suppose $\phi$ is a weak solution of $\Delta \phi = f \in \mathcal{H}^1$. Then $\phi\in W^{2,1}$

I'm trying to prove the statement in the title in as simple a way as possible. It is Theorem 3.2.9 in Helein's book "Harmonic maps, conservation laws, and moving frames", although it is not proved ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

Criteria for swapping integration and summation order

I have a function (a potential from an electrostatic potential via a Fourier series) in the form of $$V(x, y, z)=\sum_n\sum_m \ a(x, n, m) b(y, n) c(z, m) \int\int f(u, v) d(u,n) e(v,m) du\, dv$$ ...
8
votes
3answers
239 views

A Van der Corput style inequality for highly oscillatory integrals

Suppose $f$ has at least two continuous derivatives, $f'$ is monotonically increasing, and $f' \geq \lambda$ for some $\lambda > 0$. How might one find the upper bound $|\int_a^b ...
8
votes
1answer
484 views

How to show convolution of an $L^p$ function and a Schwartz function is a Schwartz function

We have the Schwartz space $\mathcal{S}$ of $C^\infty(\mathbb{R^n})$ functions $h$ such that $(1+|x|^m)|\partial^\alpha h(x)|$ is bounded for all $m \in \mathbb{N_0}$ and all multi-indices $\alpha$. ...
8
votes
2answers
315 views

Mean Value Property of Harmonic Function on a Square

A friend of mine presented me the following problem a couple days ago: Let $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$ be a square and $u$ a continuous harmonic function on the closure of $S$. Show that the average of ...
8
votes
1answer
222 views

Wiener's theorem in $\mathbb{R}^n$

Reading Stein's "Singular integrals and differentiability properties of functions" I came across the following statement (this is in the proof of Lemma 3.2, pages 133-134): We now invoke the ...
7
votes
1answer
810 views

Theorem of Steinhaus

The Steinhaus theorem says that if a set $A \subset \mathbb R^n$ is of positive inner Lebesgue measure then $\operatorname{int}{(A+A)} \neq \emptyset$. Is it true that also ...
7
votes
1answer
122 views

Is every integrable function on the real line with compact support also square integrable?

I wonder that whether every integrable function on the real line with compact support is also square integrable ? In other words, is $L^1_c(\mathbb R)\subseteq L^2(\mathbb R)$ holds true? Thanks in ...
7
votes
1answer
205 views

Fourier transform of function in $L^{4/3}$

Suppose $f \in L^{4/3}(\mathbb{R}^2)$ and denote its Fourier transform by $\mathscr{F}(f)$. Is it true that the function $g:\mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ defined by ...
7
votes
1answer
189 views

Using normal families to bound a complex integral

I am trying to prove that $$\int_{\partial T(Q)} |F'(z)| \,ds(z) \lesssim \int\int_{T(Q)} |F'(z)| |\varphi'(z)|^2 \log \frac{1}{|z|} \,dx\, dy$$ This is an estimate on page $6$ of this paper by ...
7
votes
1answer
501 views

A net version of dominated convergence?

Let $G$ be a locally compact Hausdorff Abelian topological group. Let $\mu$ be a Haar measure on $G$, i.e. a regular translation invariant measure. Let $f$ be fixed in $\mathcal{L}^1(G, \mu)$. ...
7
votes
2answers
260 views

Good book on topological group theory?

I'm looking for a good introduction to the theory of locally compact groups and their representations. It may assume the reader to be familiar with basic group theory, topology and measure theory.
7
votes
2answers
204 views

Interpolation using trigonometric polynomials of bounded modulus

Consider a grid of points $T=\{t_1,\ldots,t_m\}$ with $0\le t_i\le 1$. I would like to derive conditions on $t_1,\ldots,t_m$ (interpolation points) under which for any sequence of complex numbers ...
7
votes
1answer
312 views

Basics of Haar measure

Suppose $G$ is a locally compact group. Then $G$ has a left-invariant measure $dg$, say, which means that $$\int f (hg) dg = \int f(g) fg$$ for any test function integrable on $G$. The ...
7
votes
3answers
335 views

Nonexistence of a cyclic vector for a representation on $\ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$

Let $S$ be the bilateral shift on $\ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$ and let $T = S + S^*$. I want to show that there is no cyclic vector for the representation of $T$ on $\ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$ i.e. $\forall x\in ...
7
votes
1answer
32 views

If $w$ is in weak $A_{\infty}(d\mu)$ where $d\mu$ is a doubling measure, then is $w\,d\mu$ doubling?

Let $\mu$ be a positive Borel measure on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and let it be doubling i.e. there exists a a constant $C>1$ such that $\mu(B(x_0, 2r)) \leq C \mu(B(x_0,r))$ for all balls $B(x_0,r)$. Let ...
7
votes
0answers
218 views

Kakeya Needle problem video

I'm intruiged by the Kakeya Needle problem, described here on Wikipedia. Wikipedia has a nice animation of a needle turning through a hypo-cycloid: What I'm searching for is a visualisation of the ...
6
votes
2answers
116 views

Recovering a group from its C*-algebras and group algebra

Let $G$ and $H$ be locally compact groups. Does anyone know the answers to these questions? Is it true that: if $C^*(G)$ and $C^*(H)$ are $*$-isomorphic, then $G\cong H$? if $C_r^*(G)$ and ...
6
votes
1answer
39 views

Extension of character in Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra. The continuous linear functional $\phi:A\to\Bbb{C}$ is called character if it is non-zero multiplicative function i.e., for every $a,b\in A$ we have ...
6
votes
1answer
272 views

$1/|x|^n$ is not integrable

Let $\mu $ be a positive Borel measure on $% %TCIMACRO{\U{211d} }% %BeginExpansion \mathbb{R} %EndExpansion ^{d}$ such that $\mu \left( B\left( a,r\right) \right) \leq Cr^{n}$ for some $n\in (0,d]$ ...
6
votes
1answer
51 views

How to determine measure from the integral equation?

Let $\{c_{n}\}_{n\in \mathbb Z}\subset \mathbb C$ and $\sum_{n\in \mathbb Z} |c_{n}| < \infty$ (that is, the series $\sum c_{n}$ is absolutely converges); we define $F:\mathbb R \to \mathbb C$ ...
6
votes
1answer
189 views

Lifting a homomorphism

In a set of lecture notes, I recently came across the remark that any continuous homomorphism from $\mathbb{R} \to S^1$ can be lifted to continuous homomorphism from $\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$. How ...
6
votes
1answer
108 views

Tate's Thesis: Meaning of Local Functional Equation

I am studying the development of Tate's Thesis in Lang's Algebraic Number Theory and have a conceptual question. The setting: Let $k=\mathbb{Q}_p$. Let $\mu$ be the unique Haar measure giving ...
6
votes
1answer
209 views

How does Pontryagin duality fit into the general cohomology theory framework?

Pontryagin duality implies the isomorphic relation of the function space $C(G)$ on a locally compact group $G$ to the function space on it's dual group $\hat G \overset{\sim}{=}\text{Hom}(G,T)$, ...
6
votes
1answer
236 views

Removable sets for harmonic functions and Hardy spaces of general domains

Let $\Omega$ be a domain of the complex plane. The Hardy space $H^p(\Omega)$ is defined, for $1 \leq p<\infty$, as the class of functions $f$ that are holomorphic on $\Omega$ such that $|f|^p$ has ...
6
votes
0answers
420 views

Positive definite function zoo

A positive definite function $\varphi: G \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ on a group $G$ is a function that arises as a coefficient of a unitary representation of $G$. For a definition and discussion of ...
5
votes
4answers
158 views

Compute $\left (1+\frac{1}{2}+\cdots+\frac{1}{n} \right )^2+\cdots+\left (\frac{1}{n-1}+\frac{1}{n} \right )^2+\left (\frac{1}{n} \right )^2$

Compute the value of the following expression $$\left (1+\frac{1}{2}+\cdots+\frac{1}{n} \right )^2+\left ( \frac{1}{2}+\cdots + \frac{1}{n}\right )^2+\cdots+\left (\frac{1}{n-1}+\frac{1}{n} \right ...
5
votes
4answers
763 views

Proof of Riemann-Lebesgue lemma

I read a book, and this mention to the following lemma of Rieman-Lebesgue type. Lemma. Let $-\infty<a<b<\infty$ and $f(x,y):[a,b]^2\to\mathbb R$ be an integrable and nonnegative function. ...
5
votes
1answer
133 views

In what locally compact abelian groups does $\mathbb{Q}$ embed densely?

I know that there is classification of local fields, but here is a closely related question: Can the additive group of $\mathbb{Q}$ be a proper dense subgroup of a locally compact abelian group, whose ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

Using Plancherel's Theorem to Prove the Gauss Sum

I'm interested in proving the following: Where $p$ is an odd prime and $z$ is a primitive $p$th root of unity, we let $Q(p)=\sum^{p−1}_{k=0}z^{k^2}$. Prove: $|Q(p)|=\sqrt{p}$. Specifically, I want ...
5
votes
1answer
383 views

Open subgroup of $SO(3)$

Does $SO(3)$ have an open nontrivial subgroup?(Group $SO(3)$ with usual matrices product, is all $3\times 3$ matrices whose determinant is 1 and for every element $A\in SO(3)$ we have $A^tA=AA^t=I_3$ ...
5
votes
1answer
63 views

Function invariant under Hilbert transform

Let $f\in C_0^\infty(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $$Hf(x)=p.v.\int_{\mathbb{R}}\frac{f(x-y)}{y} dx$$ the Hilbert transform of $f$. Is it possible that $Hf=f$ (a.e. and possibly after extending $H$ to $L^p$ ...
5
votes
1answer
946 views

Lyapunov's Inequality for Weak-Lp Spaces

Let $(X,\mu)$ be a measure space. Suppose that $0 < p_{0} < p < p_{1} < \infty$ and $\frac{1}{p} = \frac{1-\theta}{p_{0}} + \frac{\theta}{p_{1}}$ for some $\theta \in (0,1)$. If $f \in ...
5
votes
1answer
299 views

Completeness of BMO without duality to $H^1$

for $f \in L^1_{loc}$, let the sharp-function be defined as $f^\sharp(x) := \sup_{B \in x} |B|^{-1} \int_B |f(y) - |B|^{-1} \int_B f(z) dz | dy$ We define the space $BMO \subset L^1_{loc}$ via $BMO ...
5
votes
1answer
264 views

Harmonic functions on $\mathbf{Z}^2$

Problem 1: Find all functions $f:\mathbf{Z}^2 \to \mathbf{R}$ which are harmonic in the sense that $$f(x,y) = \frac{f(x+1,y) + f(x-1,y) + f(x,y+1) + f(x,y-1)}{4}$$for all $(x,y)\in\mathbf{Z}^2$, ...
5
votes
2answers
123 views

If $f \in L^1(\mathbb{R})$ and $\hat f \geq 0$, is $f$ continuous?

Suppose $f \in L^1(\mathbb{R})$. I am wondering what conditions on $\hat f = \left[ s \mapsto \int e^{its} f(t) \ dt \right] \in C_0(\mathbb{R})$ suffice to make $f$ continuous (or, more accurately, ...
5
votes
1answer
176 views

A Schwartz function problem

Let f be a strictly positive Schwartz function on $\mathbb R$. Does it imply $\sqrt f$ is a Schwartz function on $\mathbb R$?