2
votes
2answers
70 views

The trace of an operator

My question is derived from A. Deitmar's book: A First Course in Harmonic Analysis (second edition), p22, Exercise 1.17. Let me rewrite it again: Let $k:\mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be smooth ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Why the $L^1(R)$ space does not have a unconditional basis

Why the $L^1(R)$ space does not have a unconditional basis. It is a known fact that $L^p(R)$ ($1<p<+\infty$) has unconditional basis. A simple example is the dyadic wavelet or Haar system. I ...
7
votes
1answer
191 views

Using normal families to bound a complex integral

I am trying to prove that $$\int_{\partial T(Q)} |F'(z)| \,ds(z) \lesssim \int\int_{T(Q)} |F'(z)| |\varphi'(z)|^2 \log \frac{1}{|z|} \,dx\, dy$$ This is an estimate on page $6$ of this paper by ...
5
votes
0answers
56 views

An inequality between integrals of series of characteristic functions of cubes

Let $1\leq p<\infty$. Prove that there exists $C>0$ such that $$ \left(\int\left|\sum_{i=1}^\infty a_i\chi_{2Q_i}\right|^p \, dx\right)^{1/p} \leq C\left(\int\left|\sum_{i=1}^\infty ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Identifying the dual group of a locally compact abelian group with the spectrum of $ {L^{1}}(G) $.

Folland stated the following theorem in his book A Course in Abstract Harmonic Analysis on Page 88. The dual group of a locally compact abelian group can be identified with the spectrum of $ ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Locally compact group and continuous function with compact support

Suppose that $G$ is a locally comact group, let $H$ be a open subgroup of $G$ and let $\phi:G\to\Bbb C$ be a continuous function such that $Supp\phi=:\overline{\{x\in G: \phi(x)\neq 0\}}$ is compact. ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Open subgroup and group algebra

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and $H$ be an open subgroup of $G$. Consider the group algebras $L^1(G)$ and $L^1(H)$ with convolution product and consider $L^1(H)$ as a subalgebra of $L^1(G)$ ...
4
votes
1answer
46 views

Weak* convergence in $(L^q)^*$ and convergence in $L^p$

Let $\{\phi_n\}$ be a sequence in $L^p(X)$. Assume that $\phi_n\to \phi$ weak* under the natural identification $L^p\cong (L^q)^*$. Of course, it is not true in general that $\phi_n\to \phi$ in $L^p$ ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Fourier transform of a potential

I need help computing the distributional inverse Fourier transform of the function $1/|x|^2$ in dimension two. The integral makes sense written as \begin{align} 1/2\pi \int_{\mathbb{R}^2} e^{ix\xi} ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Relation between fractional integral operator and solution of poisson equation

For $0<\alpha<d$, fractional integral operator $I_{\alpha}$ is defined by $$I_{\alpha}f(x)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^d} \frac{|f(y)|}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}} dy$$ for any suitable function on $\mathbb{R}^d$. ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

Application of weak $L^p$ estimate besides for proving boundedness of some linear operator

For all $1\leq p< \infty$, weak-$L^p(\mathbb{R}^d)$ space is defined as a set of all functions $f$ such that $$\gamma^p|\{x\in \mathbb{R}^d: |f(x)|>\gamma\}|<\infty$$ for every ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

The function $f(t)=2+\sin(t)+\sin(t\sqrt2)$

The function $f$ defined on $\mathbb{R}$ by $$f(t)=2+\sin(t)+\sin(t\sqrt2)$$ can never reach $0$. Can we find some sequence $(t_n)_{n\geq0}$ such that $$\lim_{n \to \infty}f(t_n)=0 \ \ \ ?$$ Or in ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Non uniform continuity of a function and almost periodicity

We say that a continuous function $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{C}$ is almost periodic in the sense of Bohr if: For every sequence $(t'_n)_{n\geq0}$, there's a sub-sequence $(t_n)_{n\geq0}$ such that ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

How to make sense of the Fourier transform of this distribution

I want to compute the Fourier transform of this distribution: $$D(f)=\int_{\mathbb{R}} f(t,t^2) \frac{dt}{t}$$ ($f$ a Schwartz function on $\mathbb{R}^2$, the integral interpreted with a Cauchy ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Definition of Uniform Continuity on an LCA group

I was working on an exercise from Tao's An Epsilon of Room to show the existence of Haar measure on an LCA group. For one of part of the problem we have ($G$ an LCA group, $C_c(G)^+$ denoting the ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Mean Value Property and Harmonic functions: a simple exercise

Let $f:[a,b]\to\mathbb{R}$ such that for every $h>0$ such that $$(x-h,x+h)\subset[a,b]$$ we have $$f(x)=\frac{1}{2}(f(x-h)+f(x+h)).$$ How can I conclude that $f$ is harmonic in $[a,b]$? My idea ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Complex exponential is not Fourier multiplier on $L^p$

I am having difficulty to show that the function $m(\xi):= e^{i|\xi|^2}$ is not a Fourier multiplier on $L^p$ when $p\neq 2$. Note that $m:\mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{C}$ is called an $L^p$ Fourier ...
-1
votes
1answer
55 views

Is it true that the Fourier coefficient of convolution is the product of the coefficients?

what I mean by the title is the following: if we define the convolution between two $2\pi$-periodic, $C^1$ functions as $f*g(x) = (2\pi)^{-1}\int_{-\pi}^\pi f(x-y)g(y)dy$, is it true that the Fourier ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

$|supp(v)|=0$ implies the existence of $\lim_{\epsilon \to 0}\int_{|\theta -\phi|>\epsilon}\cot{(\pi(\theta-\phi))}dv(\phi)$

Let $v$ be a complex Borel measure on $[0,1]$ and $m$ be the Lebesgue measure. We define the support of measure by $$supp(v) = [0,1]-\cup\{I \subset [0,1]: v(I)=0\}$$ where $I$ is an interval. ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Density of a set of functions in Schwartz space

I have a difficulty doing the following problem: Let $S(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be the Schwartz space. I need to determine whether the following set of functions $A$: $$A= \{f\in S(\mathbb{R}^n): ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Characteristic Function as Fourier Multiplier

In lecture notes I have, it is mentioned that the characteristic function $\chi_I$ of an interval in $\mathbb{R}$ is an $L^p$ Fourier multiplier for $1 < p < \infty$. I thought this would be ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

$f, \hat{f} \in L^{1}(\mathbb R) \implies \widehat {\text{Re}(f)}, \widehat{\text{Im}(f)} \in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$?

Let $f:\mathbb R \to \mathbb C$ such that $f(x)= (f_{1}(x), f_{2}(x))$; where $f_{1}(x)=\text{Re}(f(x))=\text{the real part of} \ f $ and $f_{2}(x)=\text{Im}(f(x))= \text{ the imaginary part of} \ ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Why are function spaces typically defined on open sets?

I never really bothered to ask this question and now it seems silly...but why do we always seem to define function spaces $X(U)$ (e.g. $L^2(U), BV(U)$ for open sets $U\subset\Bbb{R}^n$? What breaks if ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Real version of the Jensen's formula.

Prove the Jensen's formula $$\int_{T}f(z+re^{2\pi i\theta})d\theta-f(z)=\iint_{D(z,r)}\log{\frac{r}{|w-z|}}\Delta f(w)dm(w)$$ where $w$ is in $D(z,r)$ and $f$ is a two-dimensional $C^2$ ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Hardy Space Cancellation Condition

I have been reading the chapter on Hardy spaces in Stein's Harmonic Analysis book, and I am having a lot of trouble figuring something out. The setting here is $\mathbb{R}^n.$ Let $f \in L^q$ be ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

On convergence rate of kernel approximation

Let $\{K_\epsilon\}$ be a sequence of mollifiers, (or often take heat kernels). We have known from classical analysis that if $f$ is uniformly continuous then the error ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Integrability of function and its Fourier transform implies differentiabilty

Is the the following true: "Assume $f\in L^1[0,1]$ and $\hat{f}\in L^1(\mathbb{R})$, then $f$ is differentiable a.e"
4
votes
1answer
79 views

A function $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ with infinite norm but finite weak seminorm

Let $0<q\leq p<\infty$. For $f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$, we define the norm \begin{equation} \|f\|_{p,q}=\sup_{a\in \mathbb{R},r>0} r^{\frac{1}{p}} \left(\frac{1}{r} \int_{a-r}^{a+r} ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Zero convolution of a function with a measure

Suppose $0\not=f\in L^1_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^2)$ and $\mu$ is a positive Borel measure with compact support. Given $f\ast\mu=0, $ what can be said about $\mu$?
1
vote
0answers
34 views

The property of positive fourier series. [duplicate]

This is the problem in the book 'Classical and multilinear harmonic analysis, volume 1' Let $f(x)=\sum_{n=0}^{N}[a_{n}\cos{2\pi nx}+b_{n}\sin{2\pi nx}]$ be a nonnegative function defiend on $[0,1]$. ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Harmonic inside with zero average

Assume $\Omega\in\mathbb{C}$ is a domain with nice enough boundary,say smooth boundary. What can be said about $f\in C(\bar\Omega)$, harmonic in $\Omega$ and $\int_{\partial\Omega}f(z)|dz|=0$, where ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

A Curious sum of sines and cosines with angles in arithmetic progression

I am stuck with the following problem: \begin{align} \max_{\theta\in\mathbb{R}}\sum_{i=1}^{N}(a_i\sin(i\theta)+b_i\cos(i\theta)), \end{align} where for $i(1\leq i\leq N$)$, a_i$ and $b_i$ are real ...
1
vote
0answers
198 views

Proof of strong maximum principle for harmonic functions

Let $u\in\mathscr C^2(U)\cap\mathscr C(\bar U)$ be harmonic in the non-empty open and connected set $U\subset\mathbb R^n$. If there exists a Point $x_0\in U$, so that $u$ has a local Maximum at $x_0$, ...
5
votes
4answers
767 views

Proof of Riemann-Lebesgue lemma

I read a book, and this mention to the following lemma of Rieman-Lebesgue type. Lemma. Let $-\infty<a<b<\infty$ and $f(x,y):[a,b]^2\to\mathbb R$ be an integrable and nonnegative function. ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Convention in Riesz representation theorem vs. tempered distribution theory

We are working over the complex field here. Sometimes analysis textbooks say that every continuous linear functional on $L^p$ is integration against some $f \in L^{p'}$ for $p\in (1, \infty)$, rather ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Sobolev spaces vs. Hardy Spaces

I have seen sobolev spaces (the ones with the p norms of the derivatives of a multivariable function) and Hardy spaces (the objects investigated in harmonic analysis when one asks about tangential and ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

How to prove $\widehat{(fg)}(n) = \hat{f} (n) \ast \hat{g} (n); (n \in \mathbb Z)$?

Let $f, g \in L^{1}(\mathbb T)= L^{1} ([-\pi, \pi))$. We define, the Fourier transform of $f$ as follows: $$\hat{f}(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{-\pi}^{\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt, \ (n\in \mathbb Z).$$ It is ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

about the classical Hardy Littlewood Sobolev inequality

The Hardy - Littlewood - Sobolev inequality says : Let $0< \alpha < N$ , $1 \leq p,q < \infty$ with $\frac{1}{q} = \frac{1}{p} - \frac{\alpha}{N}$, Consider $I_{\alpha} f (x) = c_{\alpha , ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Problem in harmonic analysis

suppose $p$ be a fixed psitive real number and $f$ is an entire function with $$\lvert f(0) \rvert^p=\int_\mathbb{C}\ \lvert f(z)\exp(-\alpha\lvert z \rvert ^2) \rvert^p dA(z) $$ where $\alpha ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Are the two definitions of the complementary Young function equivalent?

The description of the problem: For a Young function I would refer the reader to the book "Function spaces" by Pick Luboš, Kufner Alois, John Oldrich and Fucík Svatopluk, and published by de Gruyter. ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Determine polynomials with $n$-variables

Here is a funny problem arise from harmonic analysis: Let $E$ be a measurable subset of $\mathbb R^n$ with $m(E)>0$, where $m$ is the usual Lebesgue measure on $\mathbb R^n$. In practice, $E$ ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Abstract Fourier Analysis

I am trying to prove that given a locally compact abelian (Hausdorf) topological group, the characters on it parameterize the multiplicative linear functionals on the banach * algebra $L^1(G, d\mu)$ ...
3
votes
2answers
95 views

A bound for the product of two functions in BMO

The question: Let's consider $f\in L^\infty(\mathbb{T})$ and $g\in BMO(\mathbb{T})$. I'm trying to figure out if the following inequality is true $$ \|fg\|_{BMO}\leq C\|f\|_{L^\infty}\|g\|_{BMO}. $$ ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

Is the range of the Fourier transform $L^1(\mathbb{R}) \to C_0(\mathbb{R})$ closed under “quasi-inversion”?

Definitions: A function $f \in C_0(\mathbb{R})$ is quasi-invertible if $1 \notin \operatorname{ran}(f)$. The quasi-inverse of such an $f$ is $\frac{f}{f-1}$. Some discussion: Let $C_1(\mathbb{R})$ ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Show that $\int_{S^{n-1}}(\Delta _{S}f) gd\sigma=\int_{S^{n-1}}f( \Delta _{S}g)d\sigma$

Elias M. Stein said that by an application of Green's theorem the following equality holds $\int_{S^{n-1}}(\Delta _{S}f) gd\sigma=\int_{S^{n-1}}f( \Delta _{S}g)d\sigma$ where $\Delta _{S}$ is a ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Does $f(0) = +\infty$ when $\hat f \geq 0$ and $\int \hat f (s) \ ds = +\infty$?

Throughout, $f \in L^1(\mathbb{R})$ and $\hat f \in C_0(\mathbb{R})$ is its Fourier transform $s \mapsto \int e^{its} f(t) \ dt$. Motivation: If $\hat f \in L^1(\mathbb{R})$ too, then, by Fourier ...
5
votes
2answers
123 views

If $f \in L^1(\mathbb{R})$ and $\hat f \geq 0$, is $f$ continuous?

Suppose $f \in L^1(\mathbb{R})$. I am wondering what conditions on $\hat f = \left[ s \mapsto \int e^{its} f(t) \ dt \right] \in C_0(\mathbb{R})$ suffice to make $f$ continuous (or, more accurately, ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Is there a formula for the Haar measure on a product of groups?

Let $ (G_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}} $ be a sequence of locally compact topological groups with a corresponding sequence $ (\mu_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}} $ of Haar measures. Is there a way to construct a ...
3
votes
2answers
156 views

Why isn't the parallel between the Fourier transform and the Laplace transform complete?

I mean the question in the following sense. For Fourier, we can do it on compact intervals and then we get a sequence of coefficients. We can do it continuum-style, and then we get a superposition ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Why p>1, $L^p$ and $H^p$ are essentially the same?

the conclusion comes from http://projecteuclid.org/DPubS?service=UI&version=1.0&verb=Display&handle=euclid.bams/1183538894 (the first page) $L^{p}$ is Lebesgue integral function space, ...