5
votes
0answers
64 views

An inequality between integrals of series of characteristic functions of cubes

Let $1\leq p<\infty$. Prove that there exists $C>0$ such that $$ \left(\int\left|\sum_{i=1}^\infty a_i\chi_{2Q_i}\right|^p \, dx\right)^{1/p} \leq C\left(\int\left|\sum_{i=1}^\infty ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Invariant functions under integral transforms

We all know Fourier transform has invariants such as $e^{-x^2}$, and another MSE post has shown the non-existence of invariant function under Hilbert transform using Fourier transform. I am wondering ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

How to estimate (compute) Fourier transform?

Let $f:\mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ such that $$f(x)= \frac{\sin \pi x}{x (x^{2}-1)}$$ for $x\in \mathbb R - \{ 0, -1, 1 \}$ and $f(x):= \pi $ for $x=0$ and $f(x)=-\frac{\pi}{2}$ for $x= -1, 1$. ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

for any $k\in N$, p.v$\int_{a}^{b}\frac{\cos kx}{t-x}dx=?$

We know that the Hilbert transform of cosine function is sine,see http://mathworld.wolfram.com/HilbertTransform.html. Now, we don't integral from $-\infty \to \infty$. We integral from $a \to ...
2
votes
1answer
262 views

Integrating $\sin(n\theta(x))/\sin(\theta(x))$ for some function $\theta(x)$

I have an indefinite integral of the form: $$ \int \frac{\sin(n\theta(x)))}{\sin(\theta(x))} dx. $$ $\theta$ is a function of $x$ (and actually a complicated one). Is it possible to integrate it ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

How to compute this distribution?

My question refers to this answer. I was hoping someone could explain in more detail the following reasoning. It remains to observe that $\Delta v$ is the distribution composed of the ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

how to prove the convolution formular?

let $\overset{\backsim} {g}(x)=g(-x)$; suppose $u,\phi,\psi$ always make the integral significant,$E_n$ is the n-dimensional euclidean space. Then how to prove ...
3
votes
1answer
160 views

Bounds on integral

I am calculating Fourier coefficients for certain functions and have come across an integral of the form $$I=\int_0^{2\pi} \int_0^1 r^2e^{2\pi i r(m\cos\theta+n\sin\theta)}drd\theta,$$ where ...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

Criteria for swapping integration and summation order

I have a function (a potential from an electrostatic potential via a Fourier series) in the form of $$V(x, y, z)=\sum_n\sum_m \ a(x, n, m) b(y, n) c(z, m) \int\int f(u, v) d(u,n) e(v,m) du\, dv$$ ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Restricted Direct Products in Koch's Number Theory

On p.353 of Number Theory: Algebraic Numbers and Functions by Helmut Koch, he considers a group $G$ which is the restricted direct product of the locally compact abelian groups $G_i$ with respect to ...
12
votes
1answer
514 views

What are the differences and relations of Haar integrals, Lebesgue integrals, Riemann integrals?

Are Riemann integrals special cases of Haar integrals? Why do we need the invariant property under some actions of groups in the definition of Haar integrals? For example, if we have a group of real ...