2
votes
0answers
37 views
+100

Besov spaces---concrete description of spatial inhomogeneity

Some very pedestrian questions about Besov spaces. Just to fix notation: 1.Let $f \in \mathcal{S}'$, the space of tempered distributions. 2.$\Psi, \{ \Phi_n \}_{n \geq 0} \subset \mathcal{S}$ such ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

characterization of unital Fourier multipliers on $L^\infty(\mathbb{R})$?

Does there exist a characterization of Fourier multipliers $T \colon L^\infty(\mathbb{R}) \to L^\infty(\mathbb{R})$ which are unital, i.e. $T(1)=1$? In the case of the torus $\mathbb{T}$, it is easy ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Sufficient condition for an operator to be compact in Hilbert space of holomorphic function with respect to Gaussion weight (Fock space).

What I read in a book I could not understand, some one please help. Let $\mathcal{F}=\{f:\mathbb{C^n}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}: \text{$f$ is holomorphic and}\int_{\mathbb{C}^n}\lvert ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Bounded approximate identities in one-sided ideals of $L_1(G)$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and consider its $L_1$-group algebra, that is, $L_1(G)$. It is easily seen that $L_1(G)$ has a two-sided bounded approximate identity: just use a basis of compact ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

TT* Duality argument

I am trying to obtain $L^p$ estimate for a system of nonlinear PDE. I do not have $L^2$ to work with for my problem, I heard $TT^*$ argument is useful tool if one wishes to mapp from $L^p$ to $L^p$. ...
8
votes
0answers
275 views

norm of a singular integral operator

My question is from Harmonic Analysis, about the study of singular kernels (in the Calderon Zygmund sense.) Suppose that a kernel $K$ is a singular kernel, extending to a bounded operator on $L^p$, ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

How to choose, $\phi \in C^{\infty}_{c}(\mathbb R)$ such that its Fourier transform $\hat{\phi}$ is 1 in some neighbourhood of the given point?

Put $C_{c}^{\infty}(\mathbb R)=$ The space of $C^{\infty}$ functions on $\mathbb R$ whose support is compact. Fix $x_{0}\in \mathbb R.$ My Question is : Can we expect to choose, $\phi \in ...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

The trace of an operator

My question is derived from A. Deitmar's book: A First Course in Harmonic Analysis (second edition), p22, Exercise 1.17. Let me rewrite it again: Let $k:\mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be smooth ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

$\widehat{f\ast g}= \hat{f} \cdot \hat{g}$ for $f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}(\mathbb R)\cap C(\mathbb R) (1<p<\infty, p\neq 2), g\in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb R)$?

It is well-known that, for $f,g \in L^{1}(\mathbb R).$ Then, by Fubini's theorem, one can derive, $\widehat{f\ast g} = \hat{f} \cdot \hat{g},$ (that is, Fourier transform takes, convolution to point ...
2
votes
1answer
23 views

Local Module Homomorphism

Let $A$ be Banach algebra and $X,Y$ be two left Banach $A$-modules. It is said that the linear bounded map $\phi:X\to Y$ is left $A$-module homomorphism if for any $a\in A$ and any $x\in X$ we have ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Identifying the dual group of a locally compact abelian group with the spectrum of $ {L^{1}}(G) $.

Folland stated the following theorem in his book A Course in Abstract Harmonic Analysis on Page 88. The dual group of a locally compact abelian group can be identified with the spectrum of $ ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Fourier transform of function similar to a Riesz kernel

I am trying to prove that the Fourier transform of $$\frac{x_1 x_2} {|x|^4}$$ in $\mathcal{R}^2$ (in the sense of distributions) is a bounded multiplier given by $\frac{\xi_1 \xi_2}{|\xi|^2}$ but am ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Locally compact group and continuous function with compact support

Suppose that $G$ is a locally comact group, let $H$ be a open subgroup of $G$ and let $\phi:G\to\Bbb C$ be a continuous function such that $Supp\phi=:\overline{\{x\in G: \phi(x)\neq 0\}}$ is compact. ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Open subgroup and group algebra

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and $H$ be an open subgroup of $G$. Consider the group algebras $L^1(G)$ and $L^1(H)$ with convolution product and consider $L^1(H)$ as a subalgebra of $L^1(G)$ ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

Weak* convergence in $(L^q)^*$ and convergence in $L^p$

Let $\{\phi_n\}$ be a sequence in $L^p(X)$. Assume that $\phi_n\to \phi$ weak* under the natural identification $L^p\cong (L^q)^*$. Of course, it is not true in general that $\phi_n\to \phi$ in $L^p$ ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Is every unitary representation a direct sum of irreducible subprepresentations?

I've read that any unitary representation of a compact group decomposes as a Hilbert space direct sum of irreducible representations. In the book I'm reading this is stated as a prong of the ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Relation between fractional integral operator and solution of poisson equation

For $0<\alpha<d$, fractional integral operator $I_{\alpha}$ is defined by $$I_{\alpha}f(x)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^d} \frac{|f(y)|}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}} dy$$ for any suitable function on $\mathbb{R}^d$. ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

Application of weak $L^p$ estimate besides for proving boundedness of some linear operator

For all $1\leq p< \infty$, weak-$L^p(\mathbb{R}^d)$ space is defined as a set of all functions $f$ such that $$\gamma^p|\{x\in \mathbb{R}^d: |f(x)|>\gamma\}|<\infty$$ for every ...
4
votes
1answer
31 views

restriction of unitary operator is unitary?

Let $\mathcal{U}: \mathcal{H} \rightarrow \mathcal{H}$ be a unitary operator on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. If $\mathcal{K}\subset \mathcal{H}$ is a closed subspace such that ...
12
votes
1answer
198 views

A property of exponential of operators

Let $X$ be a Banach space. $A\in B(X)$ is a bounded operator. we can define $e^{tA}$ by $$e^{tA}=\sum_{k=0}^{+\infty}\frac{t^kA^k}{k!}$$ I am interested in this property: If $x\in X$, such that the ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

How to make sense of the Fourier transform of this distribution

I want to compute the Fourier transform of this distribution: $$D(f)=\int_{\mathbb{R}} f(t,t^2) \frac{dt}{t}$$ ($f$ a Schwartz function on $\mathbb{R}^2$, the integral interpreted with a Cauchy ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Show that $\log(x)$ is a Bounded Mean Oscillation (BMO)

As an extension of our class notes, we were asked to show that the function $w =\log(x)$ is a Bounded Mean Oscillation (BMO). First off, I believe our professor made a mistake, and really wanted us ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Approximating a mean on $L^{\infty}(G)$ by a norm $1$ non-negative $f\in L^{1}(G)$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. A mean $M$ on $L^{\infty}(G)$ is a continuous linear functional on $L^{\infty}(G)$ such that $1 = \langle 1 , M\rangle = \|M\|$. My Exercise: Show that the set ...
6
votes
1answer
40 views

Extension of character in Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra. The continuous linear functional $\phi:A\to\Bbb{C}$ is called character if it is non-zero multiplicative function i.e., for every $a,b\in A$ we have ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Complex exponential is not Fourier multiplier on $L^p$

I am having difficulty to show that the function $m(\xi):= e^{i|\xi|^2}$ is not a Fourier multiplier on $L^p$ when $p\neq 2$. Note that $m:\mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{C}$ is called an $L^p$ Fourier ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

$f, \hat {f} \in L^{p} \cap L^{\infty} \implies f\in A(\mathbb R)$?

$1\leq p \leq \infty $. We put, $$X_{p}= \{f\in L^{p}(\mathbb R)\cap L^{\infty}(\mathbb R) :\hat{f}\in L^{p}(\mathbb R)\cap L^{\infty}(\mathbb R)\};$$ and we consider the algebra of Fourier ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Why are function spaces typically defined on open sets?

I never really bothered to ask this question and now it seems silly...but why do we always seem to define function spaces $X(U)$ (e.g. $L^2(U), BV(U)$ for open sets $U\subset\Bbb{R}^n$? What breaks if ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Essential hypothesis of Fourier Inversion formula

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and we define its Fourier transform as follows: $\hat{f}(\xi)=\int_{\mathbb R} f(x)e^{-2\pi i \xi\cdot x} dx, (\xi \in \mathbb R);$ and we define $f^{\vee}(x):=\hat{f}(-x)= ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

How to show the completeness of the space of Fourier transforms $\mathcal{F}L^{1}$?

Consider the space of all Fourier transforms of $L^{1}(\mathbb R),$ that is, $$\mathcal{F}L^{1}=\mathcal{F}L^{1}(\mathbb R):= \{f\in L^{\infty}(\mathbb R):\hat{f}\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)\},$$ with the ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

$f_{n}\to f$ in $L^{1}\implies \hat{f_{n}}\to \hat{f}$ in $L^{1}$?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and it Fourier transform, $\hat{f} (y) : = \int _ {\mathbb R} f(x) e^{-2\pi i x\cdot y} dx ; y \in \mathbb R .$ Suppose there exists $f_{n}, \in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ such ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Differentiabilty of certain convolution

Let $\Gamma$ be a smooth closed curve. Suppose $f\in L^2(\Gamma,ds)$ and $g$ is defined everywhere on $\mathbb{C}$ with compact support. Moreover $\frac{dg}{dz}$ exists everywhere but point $z=0$. ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

$g, f, \hat {f} \in L^{1}(\mathbb R)\cap L^{2}(\mathbb R) \cap C_{0}(\mathbb R) \implies \widehat{(fg)}= \hat{f} \ast \hat{g} ? $

Let $f, g\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and it Fourier transform of $f$, $\hat{f} (y) = \int _ {\mathbb R} f(x) e^{-2\pi i x \cdot y} dx, \ (y\in \mathbb R)$ and the convolution of $f $ and $g$; $f\ast g ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Can we expect, $\left\|f|f|- g|g|\right\|\leq C \left \|f-g\right \|$ in the Banach algebra $A(\mathbb R)$?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and it Fourier transform, $\hat{f} (y) : = \int _ {\mathbb R} f(x) e^{-2\pi i x\cdot y} dx ; y \in \mathbb R ;$ and consider Fourier algebra $$A(\mathbb R):= \{f\in ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Dual Lorentz characterization of $L^q$

I am trying to do Exercise A.4 of Terence Tao's book Nonlinear dispersive equations: local and global analysis. The exercise is on p.342 in Appendix A. The problem statement is: Let $f\in ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

How to apply the method of stationary phase here?

Consider the following oscillating integral $$ I(\xi;t) = \int\limits_{\mathbb R}\int\limits_{\mathbb R^n} e^{it(\xi y - \theta f(y))}a(y) \, dy \, d\theta, \quad \xi \in \mathbb R^n \setminus 0, ...
6
votes
1answer
57 views

How to determine measure from the integral equation?

Let $\{c_{n}\}_{n\in \mathbb Z}\subset \mathbb C$ and $\sum_{n\in \mathbb Z} |c_{n}| < \infty$ (that is, the series $\sum c_{n}$ is absolutely converges); we define $F:\mathbb R \to \mathbb C$ ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

When it is possible to integrate an oscillatory integral?

Let $\phi(x,t;\theta) = \theta f(x,t)$, $\theta \in \mathbb R$, $x \in \Omega \subset \mathbb R^k$ ($\Omega$ is a domain), $t \in (0,+\infty)$, be a phase function and define an oscillatory integral ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

How to factorize exponential as a convolution of finite number of functions( series)?

We choose a points $x_{1},..., x_{n}$ in $\mathbb Z$ (not 0), such that $$x_{k+1}\not = x_{1}+x_{2}+...+x_{k} \ \ (k=1,2,...,n-1).$$ Let $\delta_{x}$ denote the measure of total mass $1$, ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Does there exists $f\in A(\mathbb T)$ such that $||f||=r$ and $||\mathrm{e}^{if}||= \mathrm{e}^{r}$?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ and define the Fourier coefficient of $f$ : $\hat{f}(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi} \int _{-\pi}^{\pi} f(t)\, \mathrm{e}^{-int} dt; (n\in \mathbb Z)$.Consider the space, $$A(\mathbb ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

How to inter change of norm and limit in the Banach algebra?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ and define the Fourier coefficient of $f$ : $\hat{f}(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi} \int _{-\pi}^{\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt; (n\in \mathbb Z)$.Consider the space, $$A(\mathbb T):= \{f\in ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

The dual of L^1(G) for a locally compact group G

I might be missing something, but most literature on topological groups and harmonic analysis that I've encountered mention that $L^\infty(G)$ can be naturally identified with the dual of $L^1(G)$ by ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Why the space of Fourier-Stieltjes transforms on a compact groups is same as the space of FT on compact groups?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and we put $L^{1}(G)= \ \text {The space of all complex functions which are integrable with respect to the Haar measure of } \ G.$ Let $\Gamma$ is the dual group ...
2
votes
2answers
50 views

Boundedness of functional

In the setting of $2\pi$-periodic $C^1$ functions (whose Fourier series converge to themselves), and given a linear functional $D:C^1_{\text{per}}\to\mathbb R$ satisfying ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Is there a formula for the Haar measure on a product of groups?

Let $ (G_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}} $ be a sequence of locally compact topological groups with a corresponding sequence $ (\mu_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}} $ of Haar measures. Is there a way to construct a ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Generalizing the ptwise or $L^1$ ergodic theorem

I was able to write a proof based on the hardy-littlewood maximal function of the following statement: Let $(X, \Sigma, \mu)$ be a $\sigma$-finite measure space, and $d=n \geq 1$ be fixed. Let ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

Matrix-valued functions with lacunary Fourier series

This question is motivated by investigation of the operator space structure of Hankel matrices (which is surely well-known to the experts). Consider a lacunary Hankel matrix, i.e. a matrix ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

A problem concerning measures on locally compact spaces

I am stuck on a question for quite sometime now, although in the text (http://www.latp.univ-mrs.fr/~chaabi/ARTICLES%20IMPORTANTS/Autres%20articles%20interessant/Jewett.pdf , Pg. 10, 2.3E ) it is said ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Corollary from Khintchine's inequality

Let $z_1,\dots,z_n\in\mathbb{C}$ and $\epsilon_j\in\{-1,1\}$ for $j=1,\dots,n$ independent random variables with $P(\epsilon_j=\pm 1)=1/2$. Khintchine's inequality states that ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Application of Green's theorem to probability

I encountered this problem while reading a statistic text. Since I am not quite familar with the background knowledge. Wonder can someone help me to explain the details of the following proof? ...
5
votes
1answer
64 views

Function invariant under Hilbert transform

Let $f\in C_0^\infty(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $$Hf(x)=p.v.\int_{\mathbb{R}}\frac{f(x-y)}{y} dx$$ the Hilbert transform of $f$. Is it possible that $Hf=f$ (a.e. and possibly after extending $H$ to $L^p$ ...