A groupoid (in the sense of category theory) is a small category in which every morphism is an isomorphism. Groupoids arise throughout mathematics, e.g. in guise of fundamental groupoids in the theory of covering spaces, holonomy groupoids in the theory of foliations or Lie groupoids in mathematical ...

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31
votes
5answers
2k views

What structure does the alternating group preserve?

A common way to define a group is as the group of structure-preserving transformations on some structured set. For example, the symmetric group on a set $X$ preserves no structure: or, in other ...
25
votes
1answer
720 views

Purely combinatorial proof that$ (e^x)' = e^x$

At the beginning of Week 300 of John Baez's blog, Baez gives a proof that the "number" of finite sets (more specifically, the cardinality of the groupoid of all finite sets, where an object in the ...
17
votes
4answers
358 views

What are the ramifications of the fact that the first homotopy group can be non-commutative, whilst the higher homotopy groups can't be?

Does this mean that the first homotopy group in some sense contains more information than the higher homotopy groups? Is there another generalization of the fundamental group that can give rise to ...
17
votes
0answers
240 views

Existence of a certain functor $F:\mathrm{Grpd}\rightarrow\mathrm{Grp}$

Let $\mathrm{Grpd}$ denote the category of all groupoids. Let $\mathrm{Grp}$ denote the category of all groups. Are there functors $F\colon\mathrm{Grpd}\rightarrow \mathrm{Grp}, ...
14
votes
1answer
553 views

Categorification of $\pi$?

Is there a categorification of $\pi$? I have to admit that this is a very vague question. Somehow it is motivated by this recent MO question, which made me stare at some digits and somehow forgot my ...
11
votes
2answers
323 views

A comparison between the fundamental groupoid and the fundamental group

Are there two path connected topological spaces $X,Y$ such that the fundamental groupoid of $X$ is not isomorphic to the fundamental groupoid of $Y$ but the fundamental group of $X$ is isomorphic to ...
11
votes
2answers
133 views

Which of these constructions are left adjoints?

A groupoid can be regarded as a small category in which every arrow is an isomorphism A monoid can be regarded as a small category with only a single object A preorder can be regarded as a small ...
10
votes
1answer
678 views

Does May's version of groupoid Seifert-van Kampen need path connectivity as a hypothesis?

May's A Concise Course in Algebraic Topology gives the following statement of the Seifert-van Kampen theorem for fundamental groupoids $\Pi(X)$ (section 2.7): Theorem (van Kampen). Let ...
10
votes
3answers
381 views

Statement about Homotopy in Brown's “Topology & Groupoids”

I am trying to understand a statement in Brown's Topology and Groupoids, 7.2.5 (Corollary 1), page 270. Let's first have some preliminary remarks Let $X,Y$ be topological spaces. The track groupoid ...
7
votes
3answers
158 views

Is there a “natural” / “categorical” definition of the “parity” of a permutation?

Given a permutation $\sigma$ on $n$ elements (i.e. $\sigma \in S_n$), there is a notion of "parity" (or "sign" or "signature") of $\sigma$, which can be defined in several equivalent ways (look here). ...
6
votes
4answers
912 views

definition of a groupoid

Notation: Underlining $\underline{G}$ denotes a category and $\underline{G}(x,y)$ the class of morphisms from $x$ to $y$. On the Wiki page about groupoids, it is written (I write here my own more ...
5
votes
2answers
145 views

Understanding an Example of a Lie Groupoid

For the definition of Lie groupoid see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lie_groupoid . In this question I want to understand Example 1.1.17 in "General theory of Lie groupoid and Lie algebroids" by ...
4
votes
2answers
234 views

Connected groupoids and action groupoids

It is written in Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groupoid, that any connected groupoid $A\rightrightarrows X$ is isomorphic to the action groupoid coming from a transitive action of some group ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

Definition of a groupoid of fractions

The title sums it up : I am looking for a definition of "a groupoid of fractions for a category". I would be interested in any example someone might have as well...
4
votes
0answers
112 views

Two definitions of equivariant sheaves

Let $G$ be a topological group. Here are two definitions of $G$-equivariant sheaves on a $G$-space $X$. (a) Define an $G$-equivariant sheaf by a sheaf $F$ (étalé space) equipped with a $G$-action ...
3
votes
3answers
91 views

From groups to groupoids.

Let $\mathcal{G}$ be a groupoid and $p$ an object in $\mathcal{G}.$ It is well known that the set ${\rm Mor}_{\mathcal{G}}(p,p)$ is a group. I would like to know if there is a way to recognize a ...
3
votes
1answer
24 views

Conjugation in a groupoid

In a group $G$ , the conjugation of any element $g \in G$ by $h$ defines an inner automorphism $\psi_h : g \to hgh^{-1}$. If one considers instead a connected groupoid $\mathcal{G}$, is there a ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Properties of the Category of topological spaces with $n$ basepoints.

I've recently encounted a problem in my reading which would seem to be more naturally phrased if the category we work in shifted from the category $\textbf{Top}^*$ of pointed topological spaces, to ...
3
votes
1answer
388 views

covering spaces and the fundamental groupoid

Briefly, my question is whether there is a basepoint-free statement of the basic theorem on covering spaces. For a nice space $X$, I would hope that there is an equivalence of categories between ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

How do you construct the lifted topology of a groupoid cover?

If I have a particularly nice space $X$ (Hausdorf, locally path connected, semi-locally 1-connected, I think), then then there is an equivalence of categories between the cover category over $X$ and ...
3
votes
2answers
69 views

Is a groupoid a universal algebra?

I was trying to use the first isomorphism theorem on groupoids. From the wikipedia page I know that it holds for groups, rings and algebras. So are groupoids algebras? Or, in other words, does the ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

When is a morphism of $S$-groupoids a monomorphism?

According to "Champs algébriques" by Laumon and Moret-Bailley, and $S$-groupoid is a category $\mathscr{X}$ and a functor $a: \mathscr{X} \to (\mathrm{Aff}/S)$, where $(\mathrm{Aff}/S)$ is the ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Constructing the classifying space for a groupoid G

I am working with the classifying space BG of the groupoid G. One definition is as follows: $$ BG = \bigsqcup _n (G_n \times \Delta ^n) /(d_i(g),x) \sim (g, \delta _i (x)). $$ Where the $d_i$ are ...
3
votes
1answer
225 views

Where to get help with Homotopy type theory?

I'm trying to understand the Homotopy Type Theory book. I find myself completely lost in Chapter 2, especially when it starts using higher groupoids. What is the recommended background for this book? ...
2
votes
3answers
248 views

can the statement “a simplicial set is the nerve of a category if and only if it satisfies a horn-filling condition” be tweaked for groupoids?

For some reason I convinced myself that a simplicial set (or maybe I mean directly Kan complex) is homotopy equivalent to the nerve of a groupoid if and only if it has no higher homotopy groups. Is ...
2
votes
1answer
237 views

Topological Space as an $(\infty,0)$-category

Given a topological space $X$, we may wish to consider it as an $(\infty,0)$-category, where the objects are the points of the space, the 1-morphisms are continuous paths between points, the ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Which constructions on a category are still interesting for a groupoid?

By a groupoid, I mean a (small) category in which every morphism is an isomorphism. It looks to me that constructions on a category like the opposite ("dual") category or products and (co-)limits ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Etale groupoid and Morita equivalence

Let $\mathcal{G}=(G_{0},G_{1})$ be a groupoid, where $G_{0}$ is the space of objects and $G_{1}$ is the space of morphisms. $\mathcal{G}$ is called etale if both the source and target maps $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

The axiom of choice and connected groupoids

Recall the two definitions of equivalence of categories: Definition 1. An equivalence of categories is a quadruplet $(F, G, \alpha, \beta)$, where $F : \mathbb{C} \to \mathbb{D}$ and $G : \mathbb{D} ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Relationship between functors

You will have to forgive me as I am very new to category theory - fifth of the way through Categories for a working mathematician. I'm interested in the following; Let $F:A \to B$ and $G:A \to C$ be ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Should the first be the last by composition of paths?

Given two paths $f,g:\mathbb{I}\rightarrow X$ with $f\left(1\right)=g\left(0\right)$ there is a composite $f.g$ defined by $t\mapsto f\left(2t\right)$ if $2t\leq1$ and $t\mapsto g\left(2t-1\right)$ ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

In a groupoid, do any two objects have a morphism between them?

This is a question about the definition of a groupoid (in category theory). I've read the Wikipedia article, and it says that a groupoid is a small category in which every morphism is an isomorphism. ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Groupoids isomorphism

Let $G, G'$ be two groups and $X=\{x,y\}$ be a set of two elements. Consider a groupoid $\mathcal{G}$ with objects from $X$ such that Hom$(x,x)=G$ and Hom$(y,y)=G'$. Suppose Hom$(x,y) \neq ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

Group of Isomorphisms of a Groupoid

Write a careful proof that every group is the group of isomorphisms of a groupoid. In particular, every group is the group of automorphisms of some object in some category. First can someone tell me ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Equivalence of certain comma categories

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be some category, $A \in \mathcal{C}$, $\mathbf{Grpd}_A$ be a groupoid consisting of all objects isomorphic to $A$ and all isomorphisms between them, and $i: \mathbf{Grpd}_A \to ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Groupoid $C^*$ algebra of product groupoid

Let $G$ and $H$ be locally compact (Hausdorff, second countable) groupoids with Haar systems $\mu$ and $\nu$, respectively. Is it true then that the (full) groupoid $C^*$-algebras satisfy $$ ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

A certain product of C*-algebras

So, I am looking for some kind of 'product' $\bullet$ on the category of (unital?) $C^*$-algebras satisfying that $M_n(\mathbb{C})\bullet M_m(\mathbb{C}) = M_{m+n}(\mathbb{C})$ where ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Torsors for 2-groups

Let $\mathbb{G}$ be a 2-group, by which I mean a strict monoidal category in which all objects are invertible (up to coherent isomorphisms) and all morphisms are invertible (strictly). What is the ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

2-morphisms from spans of spans

I have a question about the construction of 2-morphisms from spans of spans in the paper "2-vector spaces and groupoid" by Jeffrey Morton . Suppose we have a span of span of groupoids as follows and ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

An example of functions on a groupoid

There are two $C^\ast$-algebras associated to the $\ast$-algebra (under a convolution and the usual involution) $$C_c(G) := \{ f:G\longrightarrow \mathbb C :\:f \text{ has compact support}\}$$ of ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Proving closure of unit space of a Hausdorff groupoid

For Hausdorff topological groups, the set $\{e\}$ containing only the identity is closed. This is because Hausdorff implies T1 which implies singletons are closed. For topological groupoids, defined ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Can the integral group ring construction be extended to groupoids in such a way that it provides a functor from Groupoids to Rings?

If $G$ is a group, and $R$ is a ring, one can construct the group ring $R[G]$, which is a free $R$-module with basis $G$, and with multiplication coming from the original multiplication of $G$. ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Relationship between groupoid morphisms and the induced functor on their categories of actions?

This is similar to a question I asked recently, but this time specifically for groupoids. Suppose $f: A \rightarrow B$ is a groupoid morphism. Let $f^\ast: [B, \text{Set}] \rightarrow [A, ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Determination of a connected groupoid by its objects and by a set of automorphisms. [duplicate]

One may readily show that a connected groupoid $G$ is determined up to isomorphism by a group (one of the groups $\hom_G(x,x)$) and by a set (the set of all objects). This is the nature of the problem ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Groupoid-valued presheaf as a colimit of representables

Is there a specific way to see a presheaf of groupoids as a colimit of representables ? As you can understand I'm looking for a similar result to the well-known fact that presheaves of sets are ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Smooth group actions ----> “Action Lie groupoids”?

It is well known that any group action of a group G on a set X gives rise to the corresponding action groupoids, see http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/week249.html , for instance. Now in a perfect ...