A groupoid (in the sense of category theory) is a small category in which every morphism is an isomorphism. Groupoids arise throughout mathematics, e.g. in guise of fundamental groupoids in the theory of covering spaces, holonomy groupoids in the theory of foliations or Lie groupoids in mathematical ...

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2
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2answers
60 views

Which constructions on a category are still interesting for a groupoid?

By a groupoid, I mean a (small) category in which every morphism is an isomorphism. It looks to me that constructions on a category like the opposite ("dual") category or products and (co-)limits ...
3
votes
3answers
79 views

From groups to groupoids.

Let $\mathcal{G}$ be a groupoid and $p$ an object in $\mathcal{G}.$ It is well known that the set ${\rm Mor}_{\mathcal{G}}(p,p)$ is a group. I would like to know if there is a way to recognize a ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Determination of a connected groupoid by its objects and by a set of automorphisms. [duplicate]

One may readily show that a connected groupoid $G$ is determined up to isomorphism by a group (one of the groups $\hom_G(x,x)$) and by a set (the set of all objects). This is the nature of the problem ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Groupoid-valued presheaf as a colimit of representables

Is there a specific way to see a presheaf of groupoids as a colimit of representables ? As you can understand I'm looking for a similar result to the well-known fact that presheaves of sets are ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Torsors for 2-groups

Let $\mathbb{G}$ be a 2-group, by which I mean a strict monoidal category in which all objects are invertible (up to coherent isomorphisms) and all morphisms are invertible (strictly). What is the ...
9
votes
2answers
103 views

Which of these constructions are left adjoints?

A groupoid can be regarded as a small category in which every arrow is an isomorphism A monoid can be regarded as a small category with only a single object A preorder can be regarded as a small ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Where to get help with Homotopy type theory?

I'm trying to understand the Homotopy Type Theory book. I find myself completely lost in Chapter 2, especially when it starts using higher groupoids. What is the recommended background for this book? ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Should the first be the last by composition of paths?

Given two paths $f,g:\mathbb{I}\rightarrow X$ with $f\left(1\right)=g\left(0\right)$ there is a composite $f.g$ defined by $t\mapsto f\left(2t\right)$ if $2t\leq1$ and $t\mapsto g\left(2t-1\right)$ ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Smooth group actions ----> “Action Lie groupoids”?

It is well known that any group action of a group G on a set X gives rise to the corresponding action groupoids, see http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/week249.html , for instance. Now in a perfect ...
5
votes
3answers
344 views

Statement about Homotopy in Brown's “Topology & Groupoids”

I am trying to understand a statement in Brown's Topology and Groupoids, 7.2.5 (Corollary 1), page 270. Let's first have some preliminary remarks Let $X,Y$ be topological spaces. The track groupoid ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

Is a groupoid a universal algebra?

I was trying to use the first isomorphism theorem on groupoids. From the wikipedia page I know that it holds for groups, rings and algebras. So are groupoids algebras? Or, in other words, does the ...
3
votes
0answers
99 views

Two definitions of equivariant sheaves

Let $G$ be a topological group. Here are two definitions of $G$-equivariant sheaves on a $G$-space $X$. (a) Define an $G$-equivariant sheaf by a sheaf $F$ (étalé space) equipped with a $G$-action ...
11
votes
2answers
294 views

A comparison between the fundamental groupoid and the fundamental group

Are there two path connected topological spaces $X,Y$ such that the fundamental groupoid of $X$ is not isomorphic to the fundamental groupoid of $Y$ but the fundamental group of $X$ is isomorphic to ...
14
votes
0answers
166 views

Existence of a certain functor $F:\mathrm{Grpd}\rightarrow\mathrm{Grp}$

Let $\mathrm{Grpd}$ denote the category of all groupoids. Let $\mathrm{Grp}$ denote the category of all groups. Are there functors $F\colon\mathrm{Grpd}\rightarrow \mathrm{Grp}, ...
4
votes
2answers
214 views

Connected groupoids and action groupoids

It is written in Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groupoid, that any connected groupoid $A\rightrightarrows X$ is isomorphic to the action groupoid coming from a transitive action of some group ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

In a groupoid, do any two objects have a morphism between them?

This is a question about the definition of a groupoid (in category theory). I've read the Wikipedia article, and it says that a groupoid is a small category in which every morphism is an isomorphism. ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Groupoids isomorphism

Let $G, G'$ be two groups and $X=\{x,y\}$ be a set of two elements. Consider a groupoid $\mathcal{G}$ with objects from $X$ such that Hom$(x,x)=G$ and Hom$(y,y)=G'$. Suppose Hom$(x,y) \neq ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Properties of the Category of topological spaces with $n$ basepoints.

I've recently encounted a problem in my reading which would seem to be more naturally phrased if the category we work in shifted from the category $\textbf{Top}^*$ of pointed topological spaces, to ...
5
votes
2answers
134 views

Understanding an Example of a Lie Groupoid

For the definition of Lie groupoid see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lie_groupoid . In this question I want to understand Example 1.1.17 in "General theory of Lie groupoid and Lie algebroids" by ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Group of Isomorphisms of a Groupoid

Write a careful proof that every group is the group of isomorphisms of a groupoid. In particular, every group is the group of automorphisms of some object in some category. First can someone tell me ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

2-morphisms from spans of spans

I have a question about the construction of 2-morphisms from spans of spans in the paper "2-vector spaces and groupoid" by Jeffrey Morton . Suppose we have a span of span of groupoids as follows and ...
10
votes
1answer
606 views

Does May's version of groupoid Seifert-van Kampen need path connectivity as a hypothesis?

May's A Concise Course in Algebraic Topology gives the following statement of the Seifert-van Kampen theorem for fundamental groupoids $\Pi(X)$ (section 2.7): Theorem (van Kampen). Let ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Etale groupoid and Morita equivalence

Let $\mathcal{G}=(G_{0},G_{1})$ be a groupoid, where $G_{0}$ is the space of objects and $G_{1}$ is the space of morphisms. $\mathcal{G}$ is called etale if both the source and target maps $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

The axiom of choice and connected groupoids

Recall the two definitions of equivalence of categories: Definition 1. An equivalence of categories is a quadruplet $(F, G, \alpha, \beta)$, where $F : \mathbb{C} \to \mathbb{D}$ and $G : \mathbb{D} ...
2
votes
3answers
219 views

can the statement “a simplicial set is the nerve of a category if and only if it satisfies a horn-filling condition” be tweaked for groupoids?

For some reason I convinced myself that a simplicial set (or maybe I mean directly Kan complex) is homotopy equivalent to the nerve of a groupoid if and only if it has no higher homotopy groups. Is ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

When is a morphism of $S$-groupoids a monomorphism?

According to "Champs algébriques" by Laumon and Moret-Bailley, and $S$-groupoid is a category $\mathscr{X}$ and a functor $a: \mathscr{X} \to (\mathrm{Aff}/S)$, where $(\mathrm{Aff}/S)$ is the ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Relationship between functors

You will have to forgive me as I am very new to category theory - fifth of the way through Categories for a working mathematician. I'm interested in the following; Let $F:A \to B$ and $G:A \to C$ be ...
3
votes
1answer
337 views

covering spaces and the fundamental groupoid

Briefly, my question is whether there is a basepoint-free statement of the basic theorem on covering spaces. For a nice space $X$, I would hope that there is an equivalence of categories between ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

An example of functions on a groupoid

There are two $C^\ast$-algebras associated to the $\ast$-algebra (under a convolution and the usual involution) $$C_c(G) := \{ f:G\longrightarrow \mathbb C :\:f \text{ has compact support}\}$$ of ...
2
votes
1answer
224 views

Topological Space as an $(\infty,0)$-category

Given a topological space $X$, we may wish to consider it as an $(\infty,0)$-category, where the objects are the points of the space, the 1-morphisms are continuous paths between points, the ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Definition of a groupoid of fractions

The title sums it up : I am looking for a definition of "a groupoid of fractions for a category". I would be interested in any example someone might have as well...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Equivalence of certain comma categories

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be some category, $A \in \mathcal{C}$, $\mathbf{Grpd}_A$ be a groupoid consisting of all objects isomorphic to $A$ and all isomorphisms between them, and $i: \mathbf{Grpd}_A \to ...
6
votes
4answers
799 views

definition of a groupoid

Notation: Underlining $\underline{G}$ denotes a category and $\underline{G}(x,y)$ the class of morphisms from $x$ to $y$. On the Wiki page about groupoids, it is written (I write here my own more ...
16
votes
4answers
336 views

What are the ramifications of the fact that the first homotopy group can be non-commutative, whilst the higher homotopy groups can't be?

Does this mean that the first homotopy group in some sense contains more information than the higher homotopy groups? Is there another generalization of the fundamental group that can give rise to ...
14
votes
1answer
529 views

Categorification of $\pi$?

Is there a categorification of $\pi$? I have to admit that this is a very vague question. Somehow it is motivated by this recent MO question, which made me stare at some digits and somehow forgot my ...
30
votes
5answers
1k views

What structure does the alternating group preserve?

A common way to define a group is as the group of structure-preserving transformations on some structured set. For example, the symmetric group on a set $X$ preserves no structure: or, in other ...
22
votes
1answer
680 views

Purely combinatorial proof that$ (e^x)' = e^x$

At the beginning of Week 300 of John Baez's blog, Baez gives a proof that the "number" of finite sets (more specifically, the cardinality of the groupoid of all finite sets, where an object in the ...