The study of symmetry: groups, subgroups, homomorphisms, group actions.

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How many compatible group structures does a topological space admit?

Suppose I have a topological space $(G,\tau)$ and am interested in whether there exists a topological group $(G,*,\tau)$. In other words, can we assign a binary operation $*$ to $(G,\tau)$ which ...
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69 views

Haar measure on transversals

It is well known that there exists an invariant Haar measure on Locally compact group $G$. Haar measure on coset space and double coset space with respect to a closed subgroup $H$ and a compact ...
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117 views

Finitely Presented Group

Let the descending central series of a group $G$ be $$G=\Gamma^1\geq\Gamma^2\geq\cdots$$ where $\Gamma^{q+1}=[G,\Gamma^q]$ for which $\Gamma^q/\Gamma^{q+1}$ is an Abelian group. Suppose that $G$ is ...
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47 views

Generating A_n using involutions — minimum number of multiplications that are sufficient?

What is the smallest $k = k(n)$ for which the following holds? There is a set of involutions $I \subset A_n$ such that for every $a \in A_n$, there exist $i_1, \ldots, i_k \in I$ such that $i_1 i_2 ...
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50 views

Is $G_\Delta$ acting transitively on $\Delta$? ($\Delta$ is an imprimitive block )

Suppose $G$ acts imprimitively (but transitively) on set $X$ and let $\Delta$ be some block of imprimitivity. It should be clear, that $G_\Delta$ is acting transitively on $\Delta$, but I cannot see ...
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85 views

What is the smallest $n$ for which the usual “counting sizes of conjugacy classes” proof of simplicity fails for $A_n$?

A common proof of the simplicity of $A_5$ proceeds as follows. First, note that a normal subgroup is always a union of conjugacy classes. Also, a subgroup has order dividing the size of the group by ...
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52 views

Subgroup consisting of unipotent elements centralizes a flag

Is there a reasonably elementary and short proof that a subgroup of consisting of unipotent matrices over a field centralizes a flag? By elementary, I mean accessible to students who have had a ...
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72 views

Abelian group whose quotient is $p$-divisible

Let $G$ be an abelian group of finite torsion-free rank which has no $p$-divisible subgroup. The group $G$ has a free subgroup $F$ of finite rank and the quotient $G/F$ is $p$-divisible. Can be proved ...
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108 views

Icosahedral symmetry

Is there a clear and correct reference for full icosahedral symmetry that includes a presentation and its action on vertices, edges, and faces? The Wikipedia article for icoshedral symmetry gives ...
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69 views

Showing $\mathbb{Z}_{2} * \mathbb{Z}_{3} \cong\ (a, b\ |\ a^2 = b^3 = e)$

Let $G = (a, b\ |\ a^2 = b^3 = e)$. I recognize there must be an epimorphism $\phi : G \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}_{2} * \mathbb{Z}_{3}$ (the free product) by the Van Dyck theorem, but I must show an ...
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50 views

What is the structure of the Coxeter groups of type $\text{D}_n$

I am curious on the structure of the Coxeter group $G$ of type $\text{D}_n$. Here I let $\{e_1,\cdots,e_n\}$ be the standard basis of the vector space $\mathbb{R}^n$. Then I choose ...
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174 views

Generation of left ideals in group rings

This looks like an elementary exercise on group rings (I heard it somewhere), nonetheless it seems to be non-trivial to me. Any references much appreciated. Suppose that we are given an (infinite) ...
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183 views

What is the intuition of conjugacy classes?

How can I fully understand what are conjugacy classes are in groups? I know the definition, that $a$ and $b$ are conjugate if $gag^{-1}=b$ for some $g\in G$. But what is the intuition? Using a ...
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91 views

Find all the central extensions of $\Bbb{Z}_2$ by $\Bbb{Z}_2 \times \Bbb{Z}_2$.

Find all the central extensions of $\Bbb{Z}_2$ by $\Bbb{Z}_2 \times \Bbb{Z}_2$. At first I was going to say that, since central extensions mean a trivial homomorphism, there must be only one: ...
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82 views

Proof that if $H \triangleleft G$ and $G/H$ is abelian, then $G' \le H$

I'd like some input on one part of my attempted proof for the following result. The other part I feel good about. "If $H \le G$ is any subgroup, show that $G' \le H$ if and only if $H \triangleleft ...
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73 views

What about non finitely generated groups?

Finite groups and finitely generated groups are intensively studied, but are there interesting investigations on non finitely generated groups? I already know some references for abelian groups, so I ...
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136 views

Irreducible representation of $S_4$

Could one please point out an irreducible representation of degree 2 of the group $S_4$. Thank you.
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94 views

Prime divisor in the Automorphism group

Suppose that $G$ is a non-abelian simple group and $r$ is a prime number such that $r$ not divide $|G|$. It is a question for me that whether $r$ can divide |Aut($G$)|?
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100 views

What is the relationship between solvable, nilpotent and transfer homomorphism?

I know some facts such as: Nilpotent groups are solvable, $p$-groups are nilpotent, a finite group whose order is a product of distinct primes is solvable, and finite groups are nilpotent if and only ...
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185 views

Problem 4.3, I. Martin Isaacs' Character Theory

Let $G=H\times K$ be the direct product of finite groups. Let $\varphi\in Irr(H)$ and $\eta\in Irr(K)$ be faithful. Show that $\varphi\times\eta$ is faithful if and only if $(|Z(H)|,|Z(K)|)=1$. Here, ...
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294 views

Semi-direct product isomorphic to direct product

I would like some help on the following problem from anyone who would like to help. Let $f: H \to G$ be a group homomorphism. For $h \in H$, define $\rho(h) = \phi_{f(h)} \in Aut(G)$. The situation ...
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98 views

Has every finite group a minimal presentation ?

For a finite group $G$ let $d(G)$ be the minimal number of generators of $G$ and let $r(G)$ be the minimal number $r$ such that $G$ has a finite presentation with $r$ relators. Call a presentation ...
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111 views

is a group that eliminates quantifiers in the group language Abelian?

Let $G$ be a group. Consider it as a structure in the language of groups $L=(e,\cdot, (-)^{-1})$. Suppose that $G$ eliminates quantifiers in this language. Is it true that $G$ must be Abelian then? ...
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172 views

Easy proof of trivial fusion implies normal p-complement

Theorem: Suppose G is a finite group with Sylow p-subgroup P. Then the following are equivalent: The set K of elements of G of order relatively prime to p (the p′-elements) form a subgroup If A and ...
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128 views

finitely presented groups of exponential growth

Does there exists a finitely presented group of exponential growth which does not contain free sub-semigroups (of rank $\geq 2$)?
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149 views

A problem of J.D. Dixon

Referring to his paper from 2004, I was wondering if anyone is aware of any relevant work done on the following problem: Of course, the case $w(X_1,X_2)=X_1X_2X_1^{-1}X_2^{-1}$ admits the answer ...
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245 views

Matrix group as subgroup of $GL(n,\mathbb{R})$ or $GL(n,\mathbb{C}$)?

As far as I understand, one has (at least?) two choices to introduce infinite matrix groups: Either, one can say they are all subgroups of the general linear group over the complex numbers numbers ...
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85 views

Ways to think about one-relator groups

What are some intuitive ways to think about one-relator groups? I am aware of the Freiheitsatz, and Bass-Serre theory. What I'm interested in are ways people who work extensively with one-relator ...
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205 views

Clarification: intersection of a finite number of subgroups of finite index and Poincaré

From Scott's book Group Theory $1.7.10.$ (Poincaré) The intersection of a finite number of subgroups of finite index is of finite index. My question is: Did Poincaré prove the Theorem as stated ...
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133 views

Is there a formula for $|\langle H\cup K\rangle|$, if $H$ and $K$ are nonempty subsets of a finite group $G$?

I know that if $H$ and $K$ are subgroups of a finite group $G$, then $|HK|=\frac{|H||K|}{|H\cap K|}$. Is there a formula for $|\langle H\cup K\rangle|$, if $H$ and $K$ are nonempty subsets of a ...
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235 views

Exercise 6.3.16 from Scott, Group Theory

How to demonstrate that a simple non-abelian group of odd order has order divisible by the cube of its smallest prime divisor?
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138 views

F.g. groups with a finite index abelian subgroup

It is well known that a virtually cyclic group is either finite, or finite-by-(infinite cyclic) or finite-by-(infinite dihedral). I want to know if there is some similar description for f.g. ...
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101 views

Looking for: a subgroup of an uncountable simple group of countable index

Consider the simple group $A_\lambda$, the alternating group on the set $\lambda$, which I will assume has regular cardinality. Recall that this is the smallest subgroup of all permutations of ...
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Is $H^2$ weakly closed in $H$? Isaacs Finite Group Theory, exercise 8B.6

I'm trying to solve exercise 8B.6 on page 249 of Isaacs's Finite Group Theory textbook (the second question in a series; this is the third as question here). I have an idea, but it doesn't quite ...
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46 views

When does PSL(5,q) have order exactly divisible by a specific odd power of 5?

In a misguided attempt at answering a question on divisibility of simple group orders, I looked at $\newcommand{\PSL}{\operatorname{PSL}}v_p(|\PSL(p,q)|)$ which went smooth enough for $p=2$ and $p=3$, ...
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499 views

What does a Cayley table tell?

Other than showing if a group is abelian and the order of the group, what else does a Cayley table indicate?
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134 views

a split exact sequence of finite groups

Suppose G has a cyclic normal subgroup $\langle a\rangle$ of order $m$ and prime power index $s$ such that $m$ and $s$ are relatively prime. Then the following exact sequence splits: $$1 ...
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88 views

How do I find the orbits given the ring of invariants?

Suppose I have a group $G$ acting linearly on a vector space $V$ and I know the ring of invariants $K[V]^{G}$ (i.e., I know the subring of $K[V]$ which is fixed pointwise under the induced action). My ...
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305 views

Can “anti-groups” and “anti-manifolds” be constructed? (and other “anti-objects”)

Is it possible to create an "antigroup"? What I mean by this is, given some group G, and some "antigroup" H, then the "free product" of G and H, G*H will equal the "group" (vacuously a group) of no ...
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384 views

A finite length module is the direct sum of the image and kernel of a projection-like endomorphism

I have a question about abelian groups (or rather $X$-groups): Suppose $A$ is an abelian group (or rather an $X$-group) which is artinian and noetherian. $f$ is an endomorphism (or rather an ...
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46 views

Subgroups of $S_{n}$ of index $n$

We know that for $n\geq{5}$ any subgroup of $S_{n}$ of index $n$ is isomorphic to $S_{n-1}$. We know that by looking at the set of functions that fix a given $j$, we can obtain $n$ such subgroups ...
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54 views

A name for the automorphisms induced by the normalizer by conjugation?

Let $N$ be a subgroup of a group $G$, $H := \operatorname{N}\left( N \right)$ the normalizer of $N$. There is a natural morphism from $H$ to $\operatorname{Aut}\left( N \right)$ given by $h \mapsto ...
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Groups with more than half elements of order 2

In Dihedral groups, at least half elements are of order two. Question: If a (non-abelian) finite group has at least half elements order two, then what can be said about the group?
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what is the “largest” abelian subgroup of SL(2,Z)?

I suppose "largest" is a bit of a nebulous term, so to make it precisely, I suppose I could ask for the largest size of a minimal generating set of an abelian subgroup's image in $PSL(2,\mathbb{Z})$. ...
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Prime factors of binomials

Is it true that for each $n\geq 2$ there are two primes $p, q$ such that (at least) one of them divides $\binom{n}{k}$ for each $1\leq k\leq n-1$? Examples: For $n=6: \binom{6}{1}=6; ...
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70 views

Group generated by two polynomials

The $Homeo(\mathbb{R})$ be the group of all the homeomorphisms on $\mathbb{R}$, with the group operation of composition. Let $f(x)=x^3+\alpha$ and $g(x)=x^3+\beta$ be two elements of ...
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Is a semidirect product of linear groups a linear group?

It is known that linear groups are not closed under extensions, but what if the extension splits, i.e. it is a semidirect product? Suppose that $K,R$ are subgroups of $\mathop{GL}(n,\mathbb{F})$, ...
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CHECK: Determine the groups of order $99=3^2 \cdot 11$.

Determine the groups of order $99=3^2 \cdot 11$. The trivial group of order $99$ is $\mathbb{Z}_{99}$, which is cylic. By Sylow's theorem, the number of subgroups of order $11$ must divide $99$, and ...
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Prove that in a group iterated commutators with repeated generators is trivial implies that each generator commutes with all its conjugates

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group with generating set $S=\{x_1,\cdots,x_n\}$. Let $[x,y]=x^{-1}y^{-1}xy$ be the commutator of $x$ and $y$. Suppose that every iterated commutator with repeated ...
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21 views

Software for Braid Groups

I am looking for software/online tool that works on Braid Groups. I am aware that there are resources that allows you to draw braids by imputing generators or detect whether two braids are equivalent ...