# Tagged Questions

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### Why should I consider the components $j^2$ and $k^2$ to be $=-1$ in the search for quaternions?

I'm reading a paper about Hamilton's discovery of quaternions and it explains why he failed in his 'theory of triplets' where he tried to make a vector with $3$ dimensions, as an analogy to the ...
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### Projective special linear groups are co-hopfian?

Is it known if $PSL(2,\, F)$, with $F$ a field of prime $p$ characteristic (maybe with all proper subfields of finite order), is co-hopfian? I've searched everywhere but found nothing. Definition A ...
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### A field having an automorphism of order 2

The following fact is used in the Unitary space. If $F$ is a field having an automorphism $\alpha$ of order 2. Let $F_0=\{a\in F: \alpha(a)=a\}$. Then $|F:F_0|=2$. Is there any easy proof (or ...
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### What is the meaning of “fix” in field theory?

What is the meaning of "fix" in field theory? Example: I found a definition of field automorphism, A field automorphism fixes the smallest field containing $1$, which is $\Bbb Q$, the rational ...
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### Proving that a certain maximal subfield has countably infinite index

Let $K$ be a maximal subfield of $\mathbb C$ which does not contain $\sqrt{2}$. I've shown that $\mathbb C$ is an algebraic extension of $K$, and that the Galois group of any finite extension of $K$ ...
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### What is Abstract Algebra essentially?

In the most basic sense, what is abstract algebra about? Wolfram Mathworld has the following definition: "Abstract algebra is the set of advanced topics of algebra that deal with abstract algebraic ...
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### Subgroup of roots of unity of a field. [closed]

Let $F$ be a field. Show that the set of all $n$th roots of $1$ is a subgroup of $F^\times$.
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### Is the order of $\operatorname{Gal}(\bar{\Bbb Q}/\Bbb Q)$ known?

Is the order of $\operatorname{Gal}(\bar{\Bbb Q}/\Bbb Q)$ known? And if so is there a description on how the order can be found? My initial thoughts is that because $\bar{\Bbb Q}$ is countable and ...
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### Does represented ring appear to be a field? [closed]

$\mathbb{R}[x]/(x^{2}+1,x^3-2x^2+x-2)$ Hello! My name is Ramzan! I`m solving this issue!
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### An example concerning some fields

I was trying to understand the following example This is also why I've made some questions today on locally finite fields. I've almost understand everything (thanks also to some of you) but I ...
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### Subgroups of $F^*$ are cyclic

Q: If $F$ a field then every finite subgroup of $F^*$ is cyclic. Solution: Suppose $d\mid |G|$ for $G$ subgroup of $F^*$ and $G$ not cyclic. Suppose $A,B$ subgroups of $G$ of order $d$. Then ...
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### Automorphism group of a non-normal field extension

Consider finite field extensions $L>K>F$ such that $L/F$ is Galois, and $K/F$ is separable. I am particularly interested in the case $F=\mathbb{Q}$. By Galois theory, $K/F$ is normal iff ...
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### Order of invertible matrices

I recently came across an interesting problem in Artin which says: If $A \in GL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ is of finite order then it has order $1,2,3,4,6$. I was looking for a generalization of this problem. ...
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### $Gal(\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt 2 + \sqrt 3)/\mathbb{Q})$

A basis for $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt 2 + \sqrt 3)$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ is $\{1,\sqrt 2 , \sqrt 3 , \sqrt 6 \}$ The roots of $x^2 -2$ are $\pm \sqrt 2$ and the roots of $x^2 -3$ are $\pm \sqrt 3$ so to find ...
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### Problem of Galois Extension

$\Bbb K$ is a non-Galois extension of $\Bbb Q$ and $[K:\Bbb Q]=4$. If $\Bbb F$ is the Galois closure of $\Bbb K$ then show that $Gal(\Bbb F/\Bbb Q)$ is either $S_4, A_4$ or $D_8$ with order 8. ...
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### Galois Theory problem (primitive roots of unity)

If $e_1,e_2......,e_{p-1}$ denote primitive $p^{th}$ roots of unity. Here $p$ is prime. And set the sum of the $n^{th}$ powers of the $e_i$ as $p_n=e^n_1+e^n_2......+e^n_{p-1}$ Now I want to show that ...
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$Gal(\Bbb K/\Bbb F)\cong S$. Where $\Bbb K$ is extension of $\Bbb F$. And $S= G_1\times G_2\times\cdots\times G_K$ is a solvable group. Where each $G_i$ are groups of prime power order and $o(S)= n.$ ...
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### A question on solvable groups.

Let's suppose $S$ is a group and can be written as $S= G_1\times G_2\times\cdots\times G_K$; here each $G_i$ is a group of prime power order. And $o(S)= n.$ Is this $S$ solvable group? If yes how will ...
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### Constructing expressions

Suppose you are given all the elementary symmetric functions of $n$ variables $x_1,x_2,...,x_n$ and two rational functions $A(x_1,x_2,...,x_n)$ and $B(x_1,x_2,...,x_n)$ in the same $n$ variables that ...
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### Group-Isomorphism problem

I want to find an group-isomorphism $$\psi : (\mathbb{Z}/8\mathbb{Z},+) \longrightarrow \mathbb{F}_9^\times$$ which should be used to multiply elements in $\mathbb{F}_9$ or to find the inverse ...
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### Splitting field in multiple field extension

Let $F\subset K\subset E$ be fields, $f(x)\in F[x]$. E is the splitting field of $f(x)$ over $F$. Prove $E$ is the splitting field of $f(x)$ over $K$. My problem with this proof is that I do not know ...
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### Galois group of intermediate fields

Find all subfields $M \subset \mathbb{Q}(\zeta_{7})$ where $\zeta_7=e^{2\pi i/7}$ and determine $Gal(\mathbb{Q}/M)$ and $Gal(M/\mathbb{Q})$. I've found that there are 2 intermediate fields ...
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### Characterizing $\operatorname{Gal}(\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{p_1},\dots,\sqrt{p_n})/\mathbb{Q})$ for $p_i$ primes?

For what $n$ is $$\operatorname{Gal}(\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{p_1},\dots,\sqrt{p_n})/\mathbb{Q})$$ known, where the $p_i$ are primes? By Kummer theory, I think that  ...
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### Are there nonisomorphic fields with isomorphic multiplicative groups?

This is false for finite fields as the multiplicative groups of finite fields are cyclic, and different cardinalities yield cyclic groups of different cardinalities. But I'm unsure how to proceed for ...
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### Field Extensions and their dimensions

There is a powerful theorem with respect to a field $F$ extensions and their dimensions. $F<E<K \ \Rightarrow [K:F] = [K:E][E:F]$ This is analogous to the famous Lagrange's theorem with ...
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### Is a field determined by its family of general linear groups?

Assume that $K,L$ are fields such that there is an isomorphism of groups $\mathrm{GL}_n(K) \cong \mathrm{GL}_n(L)$ for all $n \in \mathbb{N}$. Does it follow that $K \cong L$? I am also interested in ...
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### About isomorphism of rings and fields

If $A,B$ are rings and $A$ is a field. If $A$ is a field and $A\cong B$ so $B$ is a field too? Thank you!
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### prove that the Galois group $Gal(L:K)$ is cyclic

Let $L$ be a field extension of a field $K$. Suppose $L=K(a)$, and $a^n\in K$ for some integer $n$. If $L$ is Galois extension of $K$ (i.e., $L$ is the splitting field of $f(x)\in K[x]$, and $f$ is ...
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### Show that $GL_n(\mathbb{F})$ is a finite group iff $\mathbb{F}$ has a finite number of elements

I would like to know if my proof below is correct. Problem Show that $GL_n(\mathbb{F})$ is a finite group iff $\mathbb{F}$ has a finite number of elements. Solution If $\mathbb{F}$ is a ...
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### automorphisms of a finite field

Let $F$ be a finite field of characteristic $p$ over $\mathbb{Z}_p$ with $p^r$ elements. Then I have proved that the map $\phi: x\mapsto x^p$ is a field automorphism of $F$. Moreover, $\phi(x)=x$ if ...
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### Is a set that is an abelian group under addition and a group under multipliation a field?

I suspect the answer to my question is yes, but I'm just checking my understanding. If we have a set which is an Abelian group under addition and a group under multiplication is it then defined as a ...
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### Galois groups of intermediate fields

Suppose $k\subset E$ is Galois and let $F$ and $F'$ be two intermediate fields. Let $FF'$ be the smallest intermediate field containing $F$ and $F'$. Also let $G$ denote $\text{Gal}(E/k)$. Let ...
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### $F$ a finite field of $p^n$ elements. Suppose $F^\times=<x>$. Then $\phi(x)=x^{p^r}$ for automorphisms

Let $p$ be a prime and $F$ a finite field of $p^n$ elements. Suppose $F^\times=<x>$. Let $\phi$ be an automorhpism of $F$. Then prove that $\phi(x)=x^{p^r}$ for some integer $r$. How to prove? ...
Can we say anything about Brauer group of $\mathbb{Q}$? And how can we construct it?