A group is an algebraic structure consisting of a set of elements together with an operation that satisfies four conditions: closure, associativity, identity and invertibility. Group theory studies groups.

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Proof involving the group of permutations of $\{1,2,3,4\}$.

Let $\sigma_4$ denote the group of permutations of $\{1,2,3,4\}$ and consider the following elements in $\sigma_4$: ...
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What does it mean a transitive permutation?

let $X$ be a finite set. Let G be a group. What is the meaning of $G$ is a transitive permutation on set $X$?
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26 views

Doubt about associative property of a group (Abstract Algebra).

I am new to abstract algebra and I have a doubt about the associative property. Suppose a set is given, such as $G=\{0,1,2,3,4\}$ under $\pmod{5}$ addition operation and we have to check whether $G$ ...
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12 views

$G$ be a finite group and $f \in Aut (G)$ such that $f^3$ is identity and $f$ has unique fixed point , then any $p$-Sylow subgroup is normal?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $f \in Aut (G)$ such that $f^3$ is identity and $f(x)=x \implies x=e$ ; then is it true that for every prime $p$ dividing $|G|$ , there is exactly one $p$-Sylow subgroup ...
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1answer
18 views

Prove $(H \times 1)(1\times K)= H\times K$ where $H,K$ are groups.

Prove $(H \times 1)(1\times K)= H\times K$ where $H,K$ are groups. Suppose $x=ab,a\in H\times 1,b\in 1\times K$ Then $x=(h,1)(1,k)$ where $h\in H,k\in K$ Hence $x=(h,k)\in H\times K$ Let ...
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14 views

Proof that $\operatorname{End}(V) \rightarrow Gl_n(K), F \mapsto M_A^A(F)$ denotes a group-isomoprhism.

Definition: Let $A$ be a Basis of $V$, $V$ a $K$ - Vectorspace. $M_A^A(F) = \Phi_A \circ F \circ \Phi_A^{-1} $, where $\Phi_A$ denotes the following function: $n := \dim V, \{x_1,\ldots,x_n\} = A$ ...
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1answer
16 views

Classifying groups of order $6$ using semidirect products

Let G be a group of order 6. I am able to do the exercise without semidirect products($G \cong Z_6 $ or $S_3$) but I don't know how to use semidirect products to do this. By Sylow's theorem, there ...
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1answer
15 views

Sylow counting argument; prove G isomorphic to the direct product.

Let G be a group of order $|G|=pq^m$, where $p$ and $q$ are primes with $q^m<p$. i) Use a Sylow counting argument to show that $G\cong C_p\rtimes_hQ$ where Q is a group with $|Q|=q^m$ and ...
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3answers
26 views

Prove that the four roots of unity form an abelian multiplicative group

My question is: Let $i = \sqrt{-1}$. Prove that the four roots of unity $\{1, -1, i, -i\}$ form an abelian multiplicative group. I know that abelian group is a group with commutative property. ...
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30 views

Permutations of $S_n$ whose order divides a positive integer $m$

For which $n,m \in \mathbb{N}$ is $$K_m = \{\sigma \in S_{n}: \text{ord}(\sigma) \text{ divides } m \}$$ a subgroup of $S_{n}$? How does one approach such a problem?
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46 views

On algebraic groups of dimension 1

I am searching for a possible analogue of a result in algebraic groups in a non-commutative setting, so I am looking for different proofs of the following : Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field. ...
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0answers
30 views

Hausdorff quotient space

consider a smooth manifold $M$ and a group action, i.e. a group homomorphism $\phi: G\rightarrow S(M)$, where $S(M)$ denotes the group of diffeomorphisms of $M$. Suppose that for all $K\subset M$ ...
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3answers
35 views

Order $n$ elements of infinite groups of finite exponent $n>2$

I want to show or to disprove the following result: If $G$ is an infinite group, $n$ the exponent of $G$ is finite, $n>2$, then there are infinitely many elements of order $n$ and infinitely ...
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1answer
30 views

Prove that every sylow $2$-subgroup of $G$ is abelian.

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H \unlhd G$ where $|H|$ is odd and $G/H$ is abelian. Let $P$ be a sylow $2$-subgroup of $G$, then can we say that $P$ is abelian?
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31 views

Group with > 1 elements that is a free group and a permutation group?

Consider the set $S = \{A, B\}$ and the group $G = \{e_G, \varphi\}$ with operation composition (where $e$ is the identity map and $\varphi$ maps $A$ to $B$ and $B$ to $A$). This is the permutation ...
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1answer
11 views

Calculating $| \langle \cup_{i=1}^n P_i \rangle |$ where $P_i$ are Sylow subgroups of G

I'm trying to prove: Let $\lbrace P_i: i \in I \rbrace$ be a set of Sylow subgroups of a finite group G, one for each prime divisor of $|G|$. Then $\langle \cup_{i \in I} P_i \rangle = G$. (From ...
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2answers
25 views

CG-modules: what does this notation mean?

I am trying to solve a question, but I do not know what the notation used means. If anyone could help me out that'd be great! I don't need help doing the proof, just what the notation means would be ...
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1answer
58 views

High-school group-theory problem(given in a contest)

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $ H \le G $ be a subgroup of $G$. Suppose there is some $ \emptyset \neq S \subset G$ such that for any $x\in S$ we have $x^2 \notin H$. Prove that there is $T ...
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28 views

Statements about the order of a group

Let $G$ ba group. The statements are equivalents (i) $|G|$ is prime (ii) $G$ does not have a non-trivial proper subgroup. (iii) $G\simeq\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z} $ A suggestion to prove these ...
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2answers
61 views

In group theory, do $ \langle\mathbb{Z}, +\rangle $ and $ \langle\mathbb{R}, +\rangle $ have the same order?

Of course, $ \mathbb{Z} $ is countable, while $ \mathbb{R}$ is uncountable, so the two cannot be isomorphic. However, the reason for my question is the notation for the order of $ $$ ...
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33 views

Show that Z*n is the maximal subset of Zn which is a group with the operation [a] · [b] = [ab].

Let Zn be the set of equivalence class of integers mod(n) which are relatively prime to n, i.e. Zn = 􏰀[i] | gcd(n, i) = 1􏰁. So I understand how this works when the binary operation is ...
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33 views

Show that $S_4$ is not isomorphic to $D_4\times\mathbb{Z}_3$

Show that $S_4$ is not isomorphic to $D_4\times\mathbb{Z}_3$ I have no idea how to show this. I'm studying for a test, so I am less interested in solutions and hints than I am strategy. What ...
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16 views

Questions on the proof of Beilinson-Bernstein localization theorem

I am trying to understand the Beilinson-Bernstein localization theorem (following the book by Hotta, Takeuchi and Tanisaki). I got stuck at the following two steps. Any help will be greatly ...
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1answer
19 views

$A_n$ is generated by 3-cycles given $n\geq 3$. Is this proof correct?

The elements of $A_n$ is either of the form $(a,b,c,...)...$ or of the form $(a,b)(c,d)...$ In both cases, the element is a product of an even number of transpositions, not pairwise disjoint in the ...
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1answer
40 views

Normalizers of subgroups of Sylow $p$-subgroups

I am wondering whether there is an easy example of a finite group $G$ with a Sylow $p$-subgroup $P$ and a subgroup $Q\leq P$ such that the normalizer $N_P(Q)$ of $Q$ in $P$ is NOT a Sylow $p$-subgroup ...
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31 views

Abelian subgroup of standard wreath product

Let $A$ and $B$ be non-trivial groups. We construct their (restricted) wreath product as follows. Denote by $A^{(B)}$ the set of all function from $B$ to $A$ with finite support, and equip it with ...
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44 views

Quotient of direct sum of abelian groups [on hold]

Let $A \oplus B \simeq A' \oplus B $. Does it follow that $A\simeq A'$? Many thanks in advance!
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1answer
32 views

How to find an element and a subgroup of a certain given order in $U(n)$

How can I find a subgroup of order $k$ in $U(n)$ or an element of order $k$? Here $U(n)$ is the group of units modulo $n$. For example, if $n=700$ and $k=6$ I know that since $700=5^2 \cdot 7 ...
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1answer
43 views

Is it true that if $|A|>\frac{|G|}{2}$ then $A^{-1}A=AA^{-1}=G$? [duplicate]

Let $G$ be a finite group, $A\subseteq G$ and put $A^{-1}=\{ a^{-1}:a\in A\}$. Is it true that if $|A|>\frac{|G|}{2}$ then $A^{-1}A=AA^{-1}=G$?
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26 views

Smallest $n$ such that $U(n)$ contains a subgroup isomorphic to $\mathbb Z_5 \oplus \mathbb Z_5$

I solved the following exercise: Find an integer $n$ such that $U(n)$ contains a subgroup isomorphic to $\mathbb Z_5 \oplus \mathbb Z_5$. Here $U(n)$ is the group of units modulo $n$. To solve it ...
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1answer
76 views

If $f:\mathbb{Z} \to \mathbb{Z}$ is an isomorphism, prove that $f$ is the identity map. [on hold]

I am a little baffled by this question. Is it safe to assume that since $f$ is an isomorphism, $f (1) = 1$ ? And, if it is safe to assume this, could I construct a proof by induction, by using the ...
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1answer
40 views

In $U(55)$ show $x \mapsto x^3$ is injective

I am stuck on showing that $\varphi : U(55) \to U(55) $ given by $x \mapsto x^3$ is an isomorphism. I already knwo that $\psi: U(n)\to U(n), \psi(x) = x^k$ is an isomorphism if and only if $\gcd(k,n) ...
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1answer
22 views

Direct Product and Quotient of Groups

Quick (and basic) group theory question: Say G, H, K some (Lie) groups, does it in general hold that $$ (G \times H)/H = G $$ and that $$ H = K\times G \to K = H / G $$ And if so, does it then ...
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If $G$ acts $k$-transitive and $k > 5$ and $G$ is neither alternating nor symmetric, then $(n-k)! \ge 2n$

The following is an exercise from D. Robinson: A Course in the Theory of Groups. Let $G$ be a $k$-transitive permutation group of degree $n$ which is neither alternating nor symmetric. Assume $k ...
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1answer
29 views

Can the galois group be the symmetric group, if the discriminant is a perfect square?

Let $f\in \mathbb Z[X]$ be an irreducible polynomial. Suppose, the discriminant of $f$ is a perfect square. Can the galois group of $f$ over $\mathbb Q$ be $S_d$, where $d$ denotes the degree of ...
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24 views

Centralizer of $(1,2,3)(4,5,6,7,8) \in A_{11}$

Let $$\tau = (1,2,3)(4,5,6,7,8) \in A_{11},$$ where $A_{11}$ is the group of even permutations. Let $H$ be the centralizer of $\tau$. I can easily prove that $H$ is a subgroup of $A_{11}$. How do I ...
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1answer
64 views

Prove/Disprove : Every polynomial with prime degree and coefficients in $[-1,1]$ has galois-group $S_p$

Conjecture : Let $p$ be a prime number , $f\in \mathbb Z[X]$ an irreducible polynomial with degree $p$ and coefficients in the range $[-1,1]$. Then the galois group of $f$ over $\mathbb Q$ ...
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32 views

$G$ a finite group such that $x^2 = e$ for each $x$ implies $G \cong \mathbb{Z}_2 \times … \times \mathbb{Z}_2$ ($n$ factors)

Let $G$ be a finite group such that $x^2 = e$ for each $x \in G$. I know already that $G$ is abelian and that the order of $G$ is $|G| = 2^n$ for some $n \geq 0$. Now I wish to show that $$G \cong ...
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25 views

Evaluate the Projection Operator for this Irreducible Representation of Dihedral Group

I am trying to compute the projector for the Dihedral group of order 12 ($D_{12}=D_{2n}$) for a certain Irreducible Representation. The representation is two dimensional and so I need to caculate ...
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1answer
45 views

For which $p$ is $G_p = \{\sigma \in S_{12}: \text{ord}(\sigma) \text{ divides } p \}$ a subgroup of $S_{12}$?

Let $p$ be a prime number. I've to figure out for which $p$ $$G_p = \{\sigma \in S_{12}: \text{ord}(\sigma) \text{ divides } p \}$$ is a subgroup of $S_{12}$. I realize that we have to ...
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1answer
31 views

If $a$ is the only element of order $2$ in a group, show that $a$ is in the center of the group.

If $a$ is the only element with order $2$ in a group $G$, then $a \in Z(G)$. I'm studying for a test and I can't figure out how to prove it. What kind of methods might I try to solve this ...
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27 views

Verification: A self-conjugate element in an odd-order finite group is the identity

I think I've found a proof of the following, but my proof is horrible, and I feel like I've made a mistake or that I've missed an important principle: Theorem: Let $G$ be a finite group of odd order ...
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1answer
21 views

Studying the symmetry group of the dodecahedron by introducing axes.

For my bachelor project I'm studying the symmetry of the Platonic solids (as a start at least). I computed the symmetry group of the tetrahedron by labeling the vertices, and the cube by labeling the ...
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2answers
46 views

Proving an Stabilizer is the whole group.

Let $G$ be a group of $143$ elements acting on a set $X$ of $108$ elements. I need to prove that there is one element whose Stabilizer is the whole group. I have tried doing it using the Orbits ...
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3answers
42 views

subgroup having index $2$ of $R^*$

The question is to find all the subgroups of $R^*$ (non-zero reals under multiplication) of index $2$. The index can be found out for finite groups. How to find subgroups having certain index for an ...
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Finding subgroups with a specific property.

I'm trying to find subgroups with the following properties: if $[G:H]=n$ there is a $g∈G$ so that $g^n≠e$. What do I do know is that $H$ cannot be normal (previous exercise). I just can't find any ...
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2answers
30 views

If $H \triangleleft K \leqslant G$, which requirements must be placed on $K$ in order to obtain $N \triangleleft G$?

Let $H$ be a normal subgroup of $K$, which is a subgroup of $G$. By just sketching some computations it seems that $H$ is not necessarily a normal subgroup of $G$ even if $K$ is a normal subgroup of ...
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9 views

the numbers Tr$(X^n)$ determine the conjugacy class of semisimple $X \in GL_n(\mathbb{C})$.

L.S., I am reading a paper of D. Blasius, where he states that the numbers Tr$(X^n) $ determine the conjugacy class of a semisimple element $X \in GL_n(\mathbb{C})$. I am having trouble proving this. ...
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33 views

Is $U(1)$ a normal subgroup of $U(2)$ and does the question even make sense?

I have been wondering whether $U(1)$, defined as the group of complex phases (edit for clarity: I mean complex numbers of unit absolute value, such as $e^{i\alpha}$ with $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$) with ...
2
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3answers
37 views

Question regarding the normality of a certain subgroup of a group

Let $G$ be a group and $N$ a normal subgroup of $G$. Let $H=\{g\in G\mid gn=ng\space \forall n\in N\}$. Prove that $H$ is a normal subgroup of $G$. I've tried seeing if we can write $H$ as the ...