Gromov hyperbolic spaces, also known as $\delta$-hyperbolic spaces, are geodesic spaces in which every triangle is thin. Hyperbolic groups are fundamental examples of Gromov hyperbolic spaces in geometric group theory.

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Proof of $\delta$-Hyperbolicity of $\mathbb H^n$ just with the hyperboloid model?

Do you know any proof of the fact that $\mathbb H^n$ is Rips-hyperbolic (i.e., geodesic triangles are $\delta$-slim for some $\delta$, also called "Gromov-hyperbolic" in some contexts), which makes no ...
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Is the Cayley graph of a word-hyperbolic group a CAT(0) metric space?

It is mentioned on the Wikipedia article for Hadamard spaces that the Cayley graphs of a word-hyperbolic (f.g.) group are CAT(0) metric spaces. Is it so? My question comes from the fact that the ...
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quasi-geodesics in hyperbolic space

I've stumbled across a proof of geodesic stability in hyperbolic space, located in the following blog post: https://lamington.wordpress.com/2010/05/19/hyperbolic-geometry-notes-5-mostow-rigidity/ ...
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Hyperbolic groups from Dehn functions

Hyperbolic groups may be defined as finitely generated groups admitting a linear Dehn function. I wonder whether it is possible to prove most of the classifical properties of hyperbolic groups in this ...
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50 views

Modify a Dehn presentation

Suppose you have a Dehn presentation $\langle X \mid R \rangle$ of (say not the free group) a hyperbolic group. Has there been some work done on changing this presentation, e.g. adding a relation ...
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Equalities and inequalities for quadrilaterals in hyperbolic space

In euclidean space any quadrilateral satisfies equalities and inequalities $$a^2 + b^2 + c^2 + d^2 = p^2 + q^2 + 4x^2$$ $$a^2 + b^2 + c^2 + d^2 \ge p^2 + q^2$$ where $a,b,c,d$ are the side lenghts, ...
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Weakly relatively hyperbolic groups

A finitely-generated group $G$ is weakly hyperbolic relatively to a collection of subgroups $\{ H_1, \ldots, H_r\}$ if the graph obtained from a Cayley graph of $G$ by coning off the cosets of the ...
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Totally geodesic hypersurface in compact hyperbolic manifold

In [Zeghib: Laminations et hypersurfaces géodésiques des variétés hyperboliques, Annales scientifiques de l'ENS, 1991] it is shown, that in a compact manifold of negative curvature, there exists only ...
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From Tilings To Groups

I am studying (on my own) some random group theory, and using this primer. The book focuses on finitely presented groups, and the main definition of a hyperbolic group there is "word-hyperbolic", ...
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Gromov's boundary at infinity, drop the hypothesis on hyperbolicity

It's an easy result that if we have two quasi isometric hyperbolic spaces, then their Gromov boundaries at infinity are homeomorphic. I found online these notes where at page 8, prop 2.20 they seem ...
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Are all $\delta$-hyperbolic groups CAT(0)?

In Alessandro Sisto's notes on geometric group theory he mentions that "Many, probably most people in the field" believe that not all $\delta$-hyperbolic groups are CAT(0) groups. Can anything be said ...
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Is $\mathbb{Z}_3$ CAT(0) and/or (Gromov) $\delta$-hyperbolic?

This example is confusing me. Is $\mathbb{Z}_3 = \langle a\vert a^3\rangle$ $\operatorname{CAT}(0)$ and/or (Gromov) $\delta$-hyperbolic? The Cayley graph clearly has bounded diameter, therfore it is ...
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Ultralimit of Cayley graph of $\mathbb{Z}^2$

I am new to ultralimits and I am trying to find out what the asymptotic cone $\operatorname{Cone}_{\omega}(X)$ of $X:=\operatorname{Cay}(\langle\mathbb{Z}^2\vert(1,0),(0,1)\rangle)$ is. And how to ...
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Strong contraction of hyperbolic space

I'm trying to study Hyperbolic geometry, but I can not understand the following statement. Let $X$ be a $δ$-hyperbolic space. Then, there exists $M > 0$ such that for any geodesic $γ$, and ...
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Thin triangles vs Slim triangles in hyperbolic spaces

What is the difference between thin triangles and slim triangles in $\delta$ hyperbolic spaces? Google search seems to consider thin and slim as synonyms and shows the same results for the two.
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Fundamental group of a closed hyperbolic surface is Gromov hyperbolic

Does anyone have a reference for the proof of the result in the title? Thanks!
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Deck transformations and Gromov Hyperbolicity

I would like to ask, once more, for some references in Gromov-hyperbolic spaces. The question is specifically the following: Does someone know any alternative reference, alternative proof, anything, ...
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Let Cay(G, S) be the cayley graph of G with respect to the finite generating set S where G=⟨S∣R⟩ and R is finite.

Let $\operatorname{Cay}(G, S)$ be the cayley graph of $G$ with respect to the finite generating set $S$ where $G = \langle S\mid R\rangle$ and $R$ is finite. I am reading some notes that claim that ...
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Gromov hyperbolic metric spaces are quasi-convex

I'm aware about the fact stated above, but I'm not able to find some references or proofs besides Gromov's Hyperbolic Groups - Essays in Group Theory. I'll state things precisely. I will consider a ...
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Is a $0$-hyperbolic group free?

In his article, Abderezak Ould Houcine asks the following question: If $G$ is a hyperbolic group, let $\delta_0(G)$ denote the infinimum of $\delta$ for which $G$ is $\delta$-hyperbolic. When ...
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Hyperbolic metric spaces

I'm trying to prove a simple proposition wich is in Burago's "A Course in Metric Spaces" (Exercise $8.4.5$, p.$287$). Before exposing my problem, let me give some definitions. A metric space $(X,d)$ ...
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Using the Gromov product in inappropriate ways

The Gromov product $(x,y)_z=1/2(d(z,x)+d(z,y)-d(y,x)$ is used in Gromov hyperbolic groups to measure how long two rays stay together or how thin a triangle is. In particular, if $(x,y)_z=n$ in a ...
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References for Hyperbolic Graph Theory

I'm sorry to disturb you but I really got stuck! I can't find any clear and, somewhat, complete reference for this topic. I'm looking for a book, or review, or survey or course notes regarding ...
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Infinite geodesic rays leaving a K-quasiconvex subgroup stay K-close to it.

I am going through some basic properties of $\delta$-hyperbolic spaces and groups and I am having some difficulties proving precisey some things that are anyway intuitively clear to me. Let $G$ be a ...
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normalizer of a cyclic subgroup in a torsion-free hyperbolic group

How one can show that in a torsion-free hyperbolic group if elements $x$ and $y$ (edit: $y\ne1$) satisfy: $$ xy^mx^{-1}=y^n $$ then $m=n$ and $x$ and $y$ belong to the same cyclic subgroup?
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Parabolic isometries on Gromov hyperbolic spaces

Let $X$ be a $\delta$-hyperbolic geodesic space. Then we have the following classification of isometries on $X$: Theorem: Let $g$ be an isometry on $X$. Then, exactely one of the following case ...
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Boundary of hyperbolic spaces and isometries

Do you know a good reference about boundary of hyperbolic spaces (following Gromov) and the classification of the isometries acting on hyperbolic space (hyperbolic, parabolic and elliptic isometries)? ...
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563 views

Are hyperbolic triangle groups hyperbolic?

This might be a silly question, but are hyperbolic triangle groups hyperbolic, in the sense of Gromov? By a hyperbolic triangle group, I mean a group given by a presentation, $$\langle a, b, c; a^p, ...
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Isoperimetric inequalities of a group

How do you transform isoperimetric inequalities of a group to the of Riemann integrals of functions of the form $f\colon \mathbb{R}\rightarrow G$ where $G$ is a metric group so that being ...