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11
votes
3answers
677 views

Homomorphisms of graded modules

Let $M$ and $N$ be graded $R$-modules (with $R$ a graded ring). $\varphi:M\rightarrow N$ is a homogeneous homomorphism of degree $i$ if $\varphi(M_n)\subset N_{n+i}$. Denote by $\mathrm{Hom}_i(M,N)$ ...
10
votes
2answers
268 views

Path Algebra for Categories

For a while I had been thinking that the path algebra of a quiver $Q$ over a commutative ring $R$ is the same as the "category ring" $R[P]$ (analogous to "group ring", "monoid ring", "semigroup ring", ...
8
votes
0answers
187 views

An elegant description for graded-module morphisms with non-zero zero component

In an example I have worked out for my work, I have constructed a category whose objects are graded $R$-modules (where $R$ is a graded ring), and with morphisms the usual morphisms quotient the ...
5
votes
1answer
53 views

holonomic D-modules

I am trying to develop an intuition about holonomic D-modules and find the literature formidable (I study physics). My question is, given a linear differential operator in n-variables, ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Difference between graded ring and graded algebra

Wikipedia says that a graded $A$-algebra is just a graded $A$-module that is also a graded ring. Question: when one says then "finitely generated graded $A$-algebra", does one mean that every element ...
5
votes
0answers
73 views

“Graded free” is stronger than “graded and free”

This topic suggested me the following question: If $R$ is a commutative graded ring and $F$ a graded $R$-module which is free, then can we conclude that $F$ has a homogeneous basis (that is, a ...
4
votes
2answers
163 views

Graded modules over $k[t,t^{-1}]$

If $R=k[t,t^{-1}]$ is a graded ring where $R_0=k$ is a field and $t\in R$ is a homogeneous element of positive degree which is transcendental over $k$, how can I prove that every graded $R$-module ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

What does it mean for the coordinate ring of an affine variety to be graded?

My question is relatively simple, assume that $X$ is an affine variety such that its coordinate ring $A:=\Bbbk[X]:=H^0(\mathcal O_X,X)$ is $\Lambda$-graded for some monoid $\Lambda$. Now if ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Why we can consider both modules as modules over $R_{(p)}$? (Bruns and Herzog, Theorem 1.5.9)

I'm reading Bruns-Herzog's book Cohen Macaulay rings and have a probably elementary question. Why we may consider both modules as modules over $R_{(p)}$ in this theorem? ... i know that ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

Dimension of graded module

Let $R$ be a Noetherian positively graded ring and $M$ a finite graded $R$-module. Prove that $\dim M = \sup\{\dim M_p: p\in\operatorname{Supp} M \text{ graded}\}$. This is the Exercise 1.5.25 ...
4
votes
0answers
195 views

Construction of graded rings and modules

In Algebraic Geometry and Homological Algebra - as far as I know - we often consider graded rings and modules so as to encode more information, say, some sort of (computational) complexity. For ...
3
votes
3answers
382 views

Hilbert-Poincaré Series of Finite-Dimensional Graded Algebras

Suppose I have two finite-dimensional $\mathbb{Z}_{\geq 0}$-graded $\mathbb{C}$-algebras $A = \bigoplus_{k \geq 0} A_{k}$ and $B = \bigoplus_{k \geq 0} B_{k}$ with Hilbert-Poincaré series, $P_{A}(t) = ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

Notes on dga's with a look towards Rational Homotopy Theory?

What is the best set of notes that give an introduction to differential graded algebras, preferably with ample examples and calculations, for someone that is ultimately interested in doing ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

Blow-up along an ideal sheaf

Let $k^2=\operatorname{Spec} \; k[x,y]$ where $k$ is an algebraically closed field. Let $\mathcal{I}$ be the ideal sheaf defined by $(x,y)$. Then $$ Bl_{\mathcal{I}}k^2 $$ is covered by two open ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Krull dimension and graded prime ideals

How can we show that $\dim R/p=0\Leftrightarrow p=(x_{1},\ldots,x_{n})\Leftrightarrow R/p\simeq\mathbb{K}$, where $R=\mathbb{K}[x_{1},\ldots,x_{n}]$ is considered graded with standard grading (i.e. ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

Proof details of Theorem 11.1 in Atiyah-Macdonald

I have some trouble filling in the details of this proof from Atiyah-Macdonald. In this result, the authors assume what follows: 1) $A = \oplus_{n=0}^\infty A_n$ is a Noetherian graded ring, and ...
2
votes
3answers
91 views

$0$-th exterior power, empty product of modules and their tensor product

$\def\finiteprod#1#2{#1_{1}\times#1_{2}\times\dots\times#1_{#2}}$In Lang's algebra he defines the tensor product as a universal object in the category of multilinear maps from $\finiteprod En$ where ...
2
votes
3answers
126 views

What does $p+q=k$ mean in the index of summation?

I need help solving something I don't understand. OK so the problem is this: $$H^k(X,C)=\bigoplus_{p+q=k} H^{p,q}(X),$$ What does the $\;p+q=k\;$ mean? Thank you anybody that helps! :)
2
votes
2answers
339 views

Localizing and taking degree zero commutes with tensor product

Let $S$ be a graded ring ($S_n=0$ for $n<0$), $f\in S$ a homogeneous element, and $M, N$ two graded $S$-modules. I'm trying to prove that $$(M\otimes_S N)_{(f)}\simeq ...
2
votes
1answer
201 views

Compute Hilbert function of a monomial ideal

I'd like to know whether there exist easy methods that compute the Hilbert function of a graded $k$-algebra, without computer programs. My homework asks to me to compute the Hilbert function of ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Should Hom(M,N) be also graded ??

If $M,N$ are graded modules over a graded ring $R$, then $\operatorname{Hom}_{R}(M,N)$ is also a graded module and how ?
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Poincaré series of quotient module

I am trying to calculate the Poincaré series $P(M,t)$ with respect to the standard degree grading of the graded $\mathbb{C} [x,y,z,w]$-module $ M=\mathbb{C}[x,y,z,w]/I$, where $I = (x,w) \cap (z,w) ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

on exactness of the functors $M \mapsto \hat{M}$ and $M \mapsto \hat{A}\otimes_{A}M$

if $A$is a Noetherian ring, $M$ a finitely generated module,$I$ is an ideal of $A$, and $\hat{A}$ is the $I-adic$ completion of $A$, then we know $\hat{A}\otimes_{A}M\cong\hat{M}$. Also on ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Does the category of graded rings have limits?

Let $\mathfrak{C}$ be the category of ($\mathbb{Z}$)-graded-commutative rings. Does this category have limits in it? I am particulary interested in power series rings over a field. Is there a ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

About Betti Numbers

I'm studying the book 'The Geometry of Syzygies' of David Eisenbud, but I'm having problem with the following step, in page 7 he says the we have a free resolution to the set of ten points in ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Reference request: Tensor product of DG-modules

Let $A$ be a (skew-) commutative DG-algebra, and let $M,N$ be two DG $A$-modules. I am looking for a reference which describes the functor $-\otimes_A -$ and its basic properties (associtivity, ...
2
votes
1answer
312 views

Some questions on graded rings

At the moment I'm mostly interested in commutative graded rings (and in particular those graded over $\mathbb{N}$), but any comments or references about more general graded rings would also be ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

The zero component of tensor products of graded mods

I guarantee there is an easy reference on this, but for some reason I cannot find it. If you can point me to a reference or just write a short proof for me, I would be appreciative. Given a graded ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Tor for graded modules over a graded ring

I am confused about how this Tor is defined. Suppose $R$ is a graded ring, $M,N$ graded modules over $R$. What is $\operatorname{Tor}_{st}^R(M,N)$? I am confused about the subscripts. I realize ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Finitely generated graded modules over $K[x]$

I need some help on this exercise from A Course in Ring Theory by Donald S. Passman The result is supposely similar to the well-known structure theorem in the non-graded case. So let $M$ be a ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Is the length of the composition series of a free module identical to the number of its bases?

Let $A_0$ be an Artinian ring, $M$ a free $A_0$-module. Then, is the length of the composition series of $M$ identical to the number of its bases? It seems to me that it is not. If $\mathfrak a$ ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Endomorphisms preserving bilinear form

Let $V=V_0 \oplus V_1$ be a $\mathbb{Z_2}$ finite dimensional graded vector space of dimension $2n$. Let $x_1,..,x_n,y_1,...,y_n$ be a basis of $V$ such that the $x_i$ form a basis for $V_0$ and the ...
2
votes
0answers
116 views

Computing ext over graded rings

This question came up as I was reading Beilinson, Ginzburg, Soergel paper Koszul Duality Patterns in Representation Theory. Suppose that $A$ is a Koszul ring (for the definition of Koszul ring ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

Degree 1 elements in a graded ring from a blow-up perspective

This may be an elementary question but I hope this question will benefit others as much as myself. Let $k^4 = Spec \; k[x_1, x_2, x_3, x_4]$. Writing $Bl_{\mathcal{I}}(k^4)$ as $R = ...
1
vote
5answers
270 views

Split-Lemma for chain complexes

Suppose $k$ is a field and $A$, $B$ and $C$ are chain complexes of $k$-vector spaces, i.e., objects in $\mathbf{Ch}(k\text{-}\mathbf{Vect})$. Is there are chain complex version of the split lemma, ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

Showing: If $w\in C\ell^1(V,Q)$ anticommutes with all $v\in V$, then $w=0$

Show that if an element of the odd part of the Clifford Algebra anticommutes with everything in the vector space, then it is 0. Been having a really hard time making any progress with this one.
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Finite free graded modules and the grading of their duals

Let $S$ be a $\mathbb{Z}$-graded ring and $F$ a $\mathbb{Z}$-graded module that is free of finite rank $n$. Then we can write $F = \oplus_{i=1}^n S(\nu_i)$, where $S(\nu_i)$ is a graded ring ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

How to think of a chain complex as a module?

I just started learning the subject, so the question should be basic. A complex $\mathbf{F}$ over a ring $R$ is a sequence of homomorphisms of $R$-modules $$\mathbf{F}: \cdots \to ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Graded Vector Spaces and the Interchange Law

I'm a little confused about how to correctly interchange factors in tensor products on graded vector spaces. In particular let $V:= \bigoplus_{n \in \mathbb{N}} V_n$ be a $\mathbb{N}$-graded vector ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Decomposition of finately generated graded modules over PID

I found this decomposition theorem used in a paper I'm reading, but it isn't referenced and I can't seem to find it in any of the books I have: Every graded module M over a graded PID decomposes ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

'Finitely generated modules' versus 'Finitely generated algebra'

I'm reading Commutative Algebra by Bourbaki, and I'm on chapter III of the book. I really think that the author made a typo there, but I'm not so sure. It's Proposition 1, and its Corollary on page ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Why do we have $\operatorname{Proj}(\oplus_{i=0}^\infty t^i \left< x\right>^i)\cong \operatorname{Proj}(\oplus_{i=0}^\infty t^i \left< x^2\right>^i)$?

I'm just curious but why is it that $$ \operatorname{Proj}\left(\oplus_{i=0}^\infty t^i \left< x\right>^i\right) $$ isomorphic to $$ \operatorname{Proj} \left(\oplus_{i=0}^\infty t^i \left< ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Understanding $Bl_{\mathcal{I}}(k^4)/S_2$ where $\mathcal{I}$ is defined by $(x_1-x_2,x_3-x_4)$

Let $k_4=Spec(k[x_1, x_2, x_3,x_4])$ and $\mathcal{I}$ is the ideal sheaf defined by $(x_1-x_2,x_3-x_4)$. Then $$ Bl_{\mathcal{I}}(k^4) = Proj (\oplus_{i\geq 0} I^i t^i) $$ where ...
1
vote
2answers
222 views

Direct sum and direct product of graded modules

Let $M$, $N$ be $R$-graded modules, say: $$M= \bigoplus_{i\in\mathbb Z} M_{i}, N= \bigoplus_{j\in\mathbb Z} N_{j}.$$ Then $$\operatorname{Hom}(M,N) \cong \prod_{i\in\mathbb Z} \bigoplus_{j\in\mathbb ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Generating connected module over a connected $K$-algebra

I have an algebraic question that I cannot solve. It is extracted from Adams and Margolis' paper on modules over the Steenrod Algebra. Here is the problem : Let $K$ be a commutative ring with ...
0
votes
2answers
219 views

Radicals of homogeneous ideals over semigroup-graded rings.

In this post I set out to prove an equation holding in a ring $R$ graded over $\mathbb{Z}$ or $\mathbb{N}$. The equation was: $\sqrt{J^\ast}=(\sqrt{J})^\ast$, where $J$ is an ideal of $R$, $J^\ast$ ...
0
votes
1answer
145 views

Isomorphism of ($\mathbb{Z}/{(n)}$-graded) Rings

Let $A=\bigoplus_{d=0}^n A_g$ and $B=\bigoplus_{d=0}^n B_h$ be $\mathbb{Z}/{(n)}$-graded rings. In particular, we assume $A_n\ne 0$ and $B_n\ne 0$. Let $\phi:A\to B$ be an isomorphism of rings. My ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Graded direct products can differ from direct products

Assume $R$ is a graded ring and the $M_i$ are graded modules. Then Bruns and Herzog define the graded direct product $^*\Pi M_i$ as the submodule of $\Pi M_i$ generated by the sequences $(x_i)$ with ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Questions on (subring/ submodule) of a graded (ring/ module)

I have a question which seems a bit silly... If we have $R$ a graded ring, does it follow that every subring of $R$ is also graded? Because I have a problem here as such: I have a graded ring $R$ ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

The variety associated to a polynomial ring with a particular grading

We impose various grading on an algebra or a module to understand its homological properties. So I made up the following problem and I would like to understand its correspondence as a variety. ...