For questions about geometric shapes, congruences, similarities, transformations, as well as the properties of classes of figures, points, lines, angles.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
0answers
77 views

How many points you should draw in the square at least?

There is a square, which side length is $2$, To ensure there exists a triangle in the square, with an area less than $0.5$, how many points should you draw in the square at least. the goal is for all ...
4
votes
0answers
60 views

Shortest closed loop containing all extreme points of a convex set

Suppose $S\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is compact and convex. Suppose $\Gamma:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}^2$ is a continuous map with $\Gamma(0)=\Gamma(1)$. Suppose $\Gamma$ passes through all extreme points of $S$. ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

A light beam enters a closed room. What is the maximal number of reflections?

I have the following problem: a light beam enters a mirror room with integer coordinates in the plane (consider it as a polygon). One of the walls of the room is removed and a light beam enters the ...
4
votes
0answers
41 views

The largest regular m-gon that fits inside a regular n-gon

This question just popped into my head while doing some "for fun" math. More precisely: Let $m,n\in\Bbb{Z};m,n>2$. Let $P$ be a regular $n$-gon (let's say $P$ is the convex hull of the $n$ $n$th ...
4
votes
0answers
112 views

Obtaining a deeper understanding of lower level Mathematics

I am a college student, at a community college and I am in the process of obtaining an associates degree in general science with a specialization in mathematics in hope of transferring to a university ...
4
votes
0answers
94 views

In how few points can a continuous curve meet all lines?

Inspired by this (currently closed) question, I'm wondering about a related topic: given that we have a continuous parametric curve (that is, a curve of the form $(x=x(t), y=y(t))$ for ...
4
votes
0answers
116 views

Hexagonal circle packings in the plane

I have been reading the paper Spiral hexagonal circle packings in the plane (Alan F. Beardon, Tomasz Dubejko and Kenneth Stephenson, Geometriae Dedicata Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 39-70), which proves ...
4
votes
0answers
195 views

What is the catch in this geometrical/number theory question?

Here is a simple geometrical construction: $CA \perp x$ and $DE \perp OC$ As a result: $\bigtriangleup CDE \cong \bigtriangleup CAO$, because $\angle CDE=\angle CAO=\frac{\pi }{2}$ and $\angle ECD$ ...
4
votes
0answers
112 views

Biggest ball included in an intersection of balls

I would like to prove that for any family of balls $\{B(c_i,r_i)\}_i \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ such that $\{c_1, \dots, c_n\} \subset \bigcap_i B(c_i,r_i) $ and $\forall i, r_i \geq 1$, there exists a ...
4
votes
0answers
65 views

Spacing nodes by moving the shortest distance possible.

I have a list of N nodes with positions $(x, y)$ each. I want to move each node the shortest possible distance such that every node is placed on the radius $R$ from at least one other node, and is at ...
4
votes
0answers
155 views

Invariant of matrix under elementary transformations

$\DeclareMathOperator{\rank}{rank}$ Let $A \in \mathbb R^{n \times n}$, $b \in \mathbb R^n$, $c \in \mathbb R$. Consider the following matrix $$ B = \begin{bmatrix} A & b \\ b^T & c ...
4
votes
0answers
182 views

Second derivative of a metric in terms of the Riemann curvature tensor.

I can't see how to get the following result. Help would be appreciated! This question has to do with the Riemann curvature tensor in inertial coordinates. Such that, if I'm not wrong, (in inertial ...
4
votes
0answers
179 views

How to find the maximum diagonal length inside a dodecahedron

I am trying to find the maximum length of a diagonal inside a dodecahedron with a side length of 2.319914107*10^89 meters. I am not sure if any other information than that is needed, if it is I ...
4
votes
0answers
194 views

Reflections in regular polygons

I was thinking about regular polygons and paths beginning at a vertex such that whenever the path hits a side, it has a mirror reflection (angle of incidence equalling the angle of reflection) and ...
4
votes
0answers
193 views

Geometric intuition for Jordan normal forms (invariant subspaces, shearing, scaling, etc.)

I'm trying to visualize what a linear operator does to a vector space if that operator can be put into Jordan normal form. For concrete motivation, let's take $V = \mathbb{R}^3$, with some linear ...
4
votes
0answers
115 views

Union of two self-intersecting planes is not a surface

I need to show that the union of xy-plane and xz-plane, i.e. the set $S:=\lbrace (x,y,z)\in\mathbb{R}^3 : z=0 \mbox{ or } y=0\rbrace$, is not a surface. Here is my claim, $\textbf{Claim :}$ Suppose ...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

Points at Integer Distances in 3-space

With the restriction no three points in a line, no four points on a circle, there is a 7 point configuration of points on the plane such that all pairs of points are at integer distances. [1] For ...
4
votes
0answers
167 views

Three properties of the Lebesgue measure on $\mathbb{R}^n$

I'm writing notes for my upcoming class in Game Theory and I realized some time ago that I only need three properties of the Lebesgue measure $\lambda$ on $\mathbb{R^n}$. It is a non-negative ...
4
votes
0answers
69 views

Spectrum of laplacian in a parallelogram

Is the spectrum of the laplacian on an arbitrary parallelogram with dirichlet boundary conditions known?
4
votes
0answers
115 views

How many points does one need for an epsilon-net

Does anyone know, how many points does one need to have an $\varepsilon$-net on a unit sphere sitting in the three-dimensional Euclidean space? Thanks!
4
votes
0answers
141 views

Tilings of the plane

There are many possible tilings (or tesselations) of the plane: periodic ones by a - necessarily - finite number of prototiles (e.g. regular tilings) aperiodic ones by a finite number of prototiles ...
4
votes
0answers
48 views

Reference Request: Background/Extention on Bill Thurston's Lecture 'The Mystery of Three-Manifolds'

I found Thurston's lecture The Mystery of Three- Manifolds fascinating but, well, mystifying. For those with insufficient time to watch the video, he establishes correspondence (in his very intuitive ...
4
votes
0answers
249 views

“Green Globs” question

When I was in high school geometry, we had a fun little game on the computer called Green Globs (the website for the software is http://www.greenglobs.net/index.html). A number of targets (globs) are ...
4
votes
0answers
70 views

Convex pentagons are similar if conformally equivalent.

The problem: Suppose two convex pentagons $A$ and $B$ have equal interior angles (that is, $A=A_1A_2A_3A_4A_5$ and $B=B_1B_2B_3B_4B_5$) with $\angle A_j =\angle B_j$ for each $j\in\{1,\ldots,5\}$). ...
4
votes
0answers
148 views

Convex hull of balls

The convex hull is defined as the smallest convex set containing a set of points. Now we want to generalize it to a set of balls. If these balls have the same radius, then it can be shown that a ball ...
4
votes
0answers
93 views

Curve - non singular curve and its genus

Help me please with this problem:$ X \subset \mathbb{P}^{2}$ defined as $x^{3}y+y^{3}z+z^{3}x=0$ 1.Prove X - non singular curve and find its genus. 2.Prove X - maximal curve over $F_{8}$ field, and ...
4
votes
0answers
165 views

Which chapters of Euclid's elements would be helpful for drawing a grid?

I am drawing a $19 \times 19$ grid on my desk. For aesthetic purposes, I don't want to use a ruler. Rather, I want to use Euclidean theorems to 'prove' to myself that such and such line meets at a ...
4
votes
0answers
199 views

how do you map a sphere to a cube

I want to map a sphere to a cube in order to create a panoramic tour like the one given here But I don't know how can you obtain images like This image is one of the cube's faces. What I tried was ...
4
votes
0answers
821 views

Calculate “Volume” and “Surface Area” of a voxel-based sphere

By "voxel-based sphere" I mean a sphere made up of cubes. Sorry if that is not the correct terminology. Imagine a sphere made out of legos. Except each voxel is a cube (unlike most legos). Determining ...
4
votes
0answers
74 views

Removing highly scattered points in the plane to eliminate all high-area rectangles

The following question came up at tea today, and none of us managed to come up with an answer. I was wondering if anyone had any ideas. Does there exist a subset $X$ of $\mathbb{R}^2$ with the ...
4
votes
0answers
94 views

Can Kollros' Theorem w/ extra turns be seen via inversive geometry?

Kollros' Theorem, with extended turns allowed, says For every ring containing $p$ spheres, there exists a ring of $q$ spheres, each touching each of the $p$ spheres [...] if more than one turn is ...
4
votes
0answers
93 views

how understand if a segment is inside a lissajous curve

i am a programmer and not a math guru, but i like geometry. so if i'm not accurate in math terminology or i have folly question please sorry me. i'm drawing with a programming language the lissajous ...
4
votes
0answers
302 views

Can “anti-groups” and “anti-manifolds” be constructed? (and other “anti-objects”)

Is it possible to create an "antigroup"? What I mean by this is, given some group G, and some "antigroup" H, then the "free product" of G and H, G*H will equal the "group" (vacuously a group) of no ...
3
votes
0answers
19 views

Is there a name for this partial order between metrics?

Suppose we have a set $X$ and two metrics $d_1,d_2$ on it (which may or may not attain $\infty$). Assume furthermore that $d_1,d_2$ have the same metric components (where a metric comoponent is a ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

Division of space by balls in R^n

I would like to know the generalized proof of this result: http://mathworld.wolfram.com/SpaceDivisionbySpheres.html, for $n$ dimensions. What is the maximum number of regions divided by $q$ ...
3
votes
0answers
141 views

How can higher-dimensional projection maps be described mathematically?

New question: (resulting from discussions with Sabyasachi) I am wonder how can higher-dimensional projection maps, analogous to for example the Mercator, Miller, Behrmann projections, can be ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

What is this method of dividing a plane called?

I have an idea of a method for recursively dividing a plane, and as I'd like to do more research about this algorithm and the set of points that it produces, I'd like to know what it's formally known ...
3
votes
0answers
35 views

Are there more ways to prove two triangles are congruent (other than SSS, SAS, etc.)?

Yeah well, in high school we're taught that we can prove two triangles to be congruent using one of those five criteria: SSS, SAS, ASA, AAS and HL. But I'm wondering: Since if a triangle is ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

How to determine the length of $x$ in this sketch?

Consider the following construction: Assume that you are given the lengths of the sides $a,b,c,d,e$ as well as the size of the angle $\phi$. The task is to determine the length of $x$ in terms of the ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Upper bound for area of polygons

is there a formula for an upper bound for the area of a polygon, knowing the length of its edges? In the ideal situation, the answer would be a function $f_n(l_1,l_2,\dots,l_n)$ of the edges lengths ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Why can't I tie a infinite rope in hard knots?

I think this is a genuine math problem. And it's somehow related to knot energy but not directly solved by the latter. Why can't I tie a hard knot on a rope of infinite length? By infinity I mean ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

Crosscap function in $\mathbb{R}^4$ - and how to show it is proper?

I found the Cross-cap function in $\mathbb{R}^3$ as follows: $$f(x,y,z)=(yz,2xy,x^2-y^2),$$ My questions are (I couldn't show any progress for Q1,2.I have thought hard but had no clue): Q1: Is ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

History of incenter and Euler line

It is easy to see that if a triangle is isosceles, then its incenter lies on its Euler line. Who first proved the converse of this result and what technique was used? (See the post "The incenter and ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

Why does a figure look the same in every coordinate system?

After reading Maximilian M. Answer here: Gauss' Theorem - Can't understand a parameterization I'm trying to figure out why does a figure look the same in every coordinate system I choose. For ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Ways to partition a sphere?

first of all, sorry for the lack of terminology/ignorance on the subject, I just joined this website. I need a sphere or sphere-like 3D shape, whose surface is partitioned into another geometric ...
3
votes
0answers
30 views

Nonplanar equilateral lattice “pentagons”

It is well-known that no two-dimensional point lattice contains a regular pentagon. (See for example http://mathworld.wolfram.com/LatticePolygon.html) The same is true for lattices in $\mathbb{R}^n$, ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Focus-Focus Definition for a Parabola

I am looking at the focus-focus definitions of the conics, i.e. defining them as the locus of points with the property that some function of the distance from the point to two foci is a constant. ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

geometric problem and optimisation

Let $S$ be a rigid body in $\mathbf{R}^3$ of finite diameter. Assume that there is a plane which divides the space in two regions, one containing $S$ in its entirety. The question is: What is the ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

Selecting k vectors with maximum spread out of a set of n vectors

Given a set $\mathcal{V}$ of $n$ vectors, find a subset $\mathcal{V}_k = \mathcal{V} - \mathcal{V}_{n-k}$ containing $k$ maximally spread vectors. Intuitively, these $k$ vectors should be spread as ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

Polyomino group structure?

Has anyone ever heard of (can you think of) of a group structure on $\mathbb{P}$, the set of all polyominoes? Ideally the monomino would be our identity element, I'd say. (Thanks to Justin Lanier ...