3
votes
3answers
46 views

Right-Angled Isosceles Triangle covering puzzle

Consider a RAIT (right-angled isosceles triangle), from which we remove a RAIT smaller than half its area by a cut perpendicular to the hypotenuse, like this: How many RAITs are required to cover ...
16
votes
6answers
2k views

Can one deduce whether a given quantity is possible as the area of a triangle when supplied with the length of two of its sides?

Recently I have found a question like following: In triangle $ABC$, $AB=AC=2$. Which of the following could be the area of triangle $ABC$? Indicate all possible areas: [A] $0.5$ [B] $1.0$ ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

Prove triangles formed by two midpoints and an altitude are congruent

Triangle ABC has altitude BH. M is the midpoint of AB, and N is the midpoint of CB. Prove triangle MBN is congruent to triangle MHN. Can we say that MN bisects BH? If so, why? If MN bisects BH (at ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Prove triangle made from two altitudes and midpoint is isosceles

In triangle ABC, AH and BK are altitudes. M is the midpoint of AB. Prove that triangle MHK is isosceles. All I can see is that the angles formed where the altitudes intersect are equal, and since ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

In any triangle ABC, the expression (a + b + c) (a + b - c) (b + c - a) (c + a - b)$ is equal to

In any triangle ABC, give an equivalence to the expression $$(a + b + c) (a + b - c) (b + c - a) (c + a - b)$$ Can somebody help me? Note that ...
7
votes
4answers
170 views

Construction of a triangle

I need to construct a triangle with given information: $c = 6$, $h = 4$ and $\alpha - \beta = 30º$. I'll put approximate result for any clarification.
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Calculate PQ if AC = 20

I need to calculate PQ knowing that AC = 20. This is what I got so far: If I call the point between P and A, "M" and If I call the angle: $$\measuredangle{QPB} = y$$ Then: ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Find the value of $a$.

please help I'm lost on what numbers to add or what formula to use
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Do the medians (or other cevians) form all the triangles?

I want to know whether set of medians of all triangles, or some other class of cevians, can form the set of all the triangles? For example, in the case of altitudes, $(4,7,10)$ is an counterexample. ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Geometry, Mensuration

If the diagonal BC passes through center of the circle, then the area of the shaded region in the given figure is \begin{align*} a)\quad &\dfrac{a^2}{2(3-\pi)}\\ b) \quad ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

$S$, $I$, $O$ are circumcenter, incenter and orthocenter then $SO\ge IO \sqrt2$

Let $S$, $I$ and $O$ be the circumcenter, incenter and orthocenter of $\triangle ABC$ then prove that $SO\ge IO \sqrt2$, or equivalently $SO^2\ge 2IO^2$. I was able to derive an expression for $SO^2$ ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Sum of inradius of constructed triangle

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with inradius $r$ and circumradius $R$. Let $A′B′C′$ be the triangle for which $A′B′$ is the perpendicular to $OC$ through $C$ and so on. Let $r_1$ be the inradius of $A'BC$, ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

Maximum Area of a Triangle when 1 Side, Perimeter Known

This is an example of a "quantitative comparison" question the GRE would test. Suppose the following information is known: one side of a triangle has length 12 the perimeter of the triangle is 40 ...
2
votes
2answers
38 views

How to find the area of an isosceles triangle without using trigonometry?

I have an isosceles triangle with equal sides $10$ unit, angle between them is $30^\circ$. I need to be confirmed that the area of this triangle can be found in any method other than using any kind ...
4
votes
4answers
81 views

Construction of an equilateral triangle from two equilateral triangles with a shared vertex

Problem Given that $\triangle ABC$ and $\triangle CDE$ are both equilateral triangles. Connect $AE$, $BE$ to get segments, take the midpoint of $BE$ as $O$, connect $AO$ and extend $AO$ to $F$ where ...
2
votes
3answers
53 views

For a triangle $ABC$, $a^2+b^2+c^2=8R^2$ then it is a right triangle?

$ABC$ is a triangle, $a^2+b^2+c^2=8R^2$ then how do we prove it is a right triangle?
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Triangle question, proving isoceles given trigometric conditions

$ABC$ is a triangle satisfying the following condition: $$\frac{\sin B}{\sin A}=\frac{\tan B+\cot C}{\tan A+\cot C}$$ How do I prove that $ABC$ is isoceles? I really have no idea.
0
votes
1answer
33 views

How prove that $|QA| < |QC|$ in triangle?

$ABC$ is a triangle with a right angle at $A$, and $|AB|$ > $|AC|$. The point $D$ is defined so that $BCD$ is equlateral and $AD$ intersects $BC$ at $P$. The point $Q$ is defined so that $QDP$ is ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

How do I find a missing angle using a reciprocal trigonometric function?

I just attempted this as best as I could, but I'm not sure if I'm correct. Here's the work: $$\cot x =\frac{1}{2}$$ $$\frac{1}{\tan{x}} = \frac{1}{\frac{1}{2}}$$ $$\frac{1}{\tan^{-1}\cdot\tan x} = ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

If $\frac1{HB}-\frac1{HA}=\cot C \cdot (\frac1{BC}-\frac1{AC})$, where $H$ is the orthocenter, then $ABC$ is isoceles?

If given that for a triangle $ABC$, with orthocenter $H$:$$\frac1{HB}-\frac1{HA}=\cot C \cdot (\frac1{BC}-\frac1{AC})$$ Then prove or disprove that $BC=AC$. How should I proceed with this?
4
votes
1answer
77 views

How show that $ABC$ is equilateral?

Let $D$, $E$ and $F$ be three points on sides $BC$,$AC$ and $AB$ of triangle $ABC$ such that lines $AD$, $BE$ and $CF$ concur at point $M$. If three trianles $MDB$, $MCE$ and $MAF$ have equal areas ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

How prove that $AD>BE$ in triangle?

Let $D$ be a point on the side $BC$ of a triangle $ABC$ such that $AD>BC$ . The point $E$ on $CA$ is defined by the equation $\frac{AE}{EC}=\frac{BD}{AD-BC}$ .How prove that $AD>BE$?
3
votes
2answers
52 views

Geometrical proof for $PA+PB+PC\le3R$, where $P$ is the orthocenter and $R$ is the circumradius

$ABC$ is an acute angled triangle, where $P$ is the orthocenter, and $R$ is the circumradius. I want to show that $PA+PB+PC\le 3R$ geometrically, that is without using trigonometry. I have a trig ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Splitting a triangle to make two equal halves, find the length of the new line

Could someone please explain to me how I would find this out? I have a triangle and I need to find the length of the line that would split it down the middle so that the areas were even. A = 105 ...
2
votes
2answers
234 views

Area of Triangle when 2 Sides and No Angle Known

It is quite possible this question has no answer -- that is, the area cannot be determined from the information given. It's a question I've created myself as I study for the GRE. No trigonometry is ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

Find side BC of a triangle given AB, AC, and a relation between $\angle A$ and $\angle B$

A question from my class: In triangle $ABC$, $3\angle A+2\angle B=180$ and $AB=10, AC=4$. So question is, what all can we comment on side $BC$. Can we find its exact length? I have a crude ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

How to prove that three points are collinear [closed]

If H is the point within triangle ABC prove that the external bisector of the angles of AHB, BHC, CHA meet AB, BC, CA respectively at three collinear points. I don't have any idea how to solve this ...
-1
votes
1answer
63 views

How to get the third point coordinates in isosceles triangle?

Isosceles triangle $ABC$ $AB = AC = d_1$ $BC = d_2$ $A = (x_1, y_1)$ $B = (x_2, y_2)$ $C = (x_3, y_3)$ $\angle BAC = \phi$ $\angle ABC =\angle ACB = \theta$ I want an equation for $x_3$ and $y_3$ ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Number of triangles formed by all chords between $n$ points on a circle

We have $n$ point on circumference of a circle. We draw all chords between this points. No three chords are concurrent. How many triangles exist that their apexes could be on circumference of ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

problem about length of perpendicular chords

Question $AB$ is chord of circle $O$,points $D$ and $E$ are chosen on $AB$ in a way that $AD=BE$.prove two chords that are perpendicular to $AB$ and pass $D$ and $E$ points are equal.(prove $LK=MN$) ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Triangle Theorem relating the shortest and longest distance from any arbitrary point inside

I recall somewhere there was a relationship such that given a triangle T and a point A: if A is inside of T, then the sum of the longest distance from A to any point on a side of T, plus the shortest ...
5
votes
1answer
51 views

Circle with perpendicular chords

A blue circle is divided into $100$ arcs by $100$ red points such that the lengths of the arcs are the positive integers from $1$ to $100$ in an arbitrary order. Prove that there exists two ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Minimum Value of $x_1+x_2+x_3$

For an Acute Triangle $\Delta ABC$ $$\begin{align}x_n=2^{n-3}\left(\cos^nA+\cos^nB+\cos^nC\right)+\cos A\,\cos B\,\cos C\end{align}$$ Then find the least value of $$x_1+x_2+x_3$$ My Approach: I have ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Rotation matrix of triangle in 3D

How can I find out the rotation matrix of a right angle triangle defined by 3 points in 3D space (assuming the un-rotated triangle faces the x axis)
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Area of a triangle whose each side is less than 2 and greater than1.

What is the area of a triangle if each of its sides is greater than 1 and less than 2? My Try:Let a,b,c be the sides of triangle,then ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Similar triangle, Quick question (Thick Lens Formula)

http://www.panohelp.com/thinlensformula.html On the right hand side, f is defined as focus of the lens, i understand why the image distance is (f + fm). However i have spent an afternoon and could ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

If you know 2 sides of the triangle, wha is the third side?

I understand why A & C are correct but I don't get how E is a possible length since whatever number I plug in for x I get a number greater than 5x+5...
2
votes
4answers
66 views

How many pieces of information are needed to determine a triangle?

Typically 2 sides and 1 angle need to be given in order to determine a unique triangle. Alternatively 1 side and 2 angles, or the Cartesian coordinates of three vertices, or the area, base, and ...
3
votes
2answers
109 views

Triangle problem - finding the angle

Please look at the following figure: All the angles are in degrees. I have to find $x$. I am really no good at solving geometry problems. I tried to search the internet for similar problems and ...
8
votes
5answers
283 views

Tangent and angle bisectors [closed]

The tangent to the incircle of a triangle ABC is reflected about the external angle bisectors. Show that the triangle formed by the resulting 3 lines is congruent to ABC .
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Locus of the Orthocenter of the Traingle

Coordinates of $\Delta ABC$ are $A(3,4)$, $B(5 \cos\theta, 5 \sin\theta)$ and $C(5 \sin\theta,-5 \cos\theta)$. Find the locus of its orthocenter. My idea: It is clear that $(0,0)$ is equidistant ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Geometric proof with a isosceles triangle

Given is $\triangle ABC$ with the medians $AD$, $BE$ with $|AD|=|BE|$. The medians intersect in $S$. a. Use similar triangles to show that $|AS|:|SD|=|BS|:|SE|=2:1$. b. Prove that $\triangle ABC$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Paths followed by Morley triangle vertices as apex moves parallel to base

Let the vertices of a triangle $T$ be $(A,B,C)$, and $(a,b,c)$ the vertices of its Morley triangle $M$. Designate vertex $C$ as the apex of $T$. Now move apex $C$ parallel to $AB$, all the while ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Triangle in 3D space point X and Y coordinate know find Z

I have a triangle in a 3D space. I know the points X an Y coordinate but I dont know the Z. How can the Z be calculated by knowing the points of the triangle and the X an Y coordinate of the point ...
2
votes
3answers
75 views

Finding an area of a triangle inside of a triangle, given certain areas of other triangles, and area ratios.

I'm studying for the Waterloo Math Contest (Galois, Gr. 10) taking place in April of 2015 and I am preparing by looking at previous problems and solving them. This is question 4(c) on the 2010 Galois ...
2
votes
2answers
34 views

Get the angle in a circle using center, radius and one point in a circle.

There is a circle and i know Point1 this is fixed and i know another point Point2 which can be anywhere in the circle. and i want to know the angle which is made at center. Thanks Your help will be ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

How to calculate a variable vertex's coordinates on a scalene triangle given an original triangle

The vertex I'm looking for lies on one of the altitudes of the red triangle which we know everything about via calculation. Given the desired, final angle (135 degrees, but theoretically, any ...
1
vote
2answers
27 views

Find length of $CD$ where $\angle BCA=120^\circ$ and $CD$ is the bisector of $\angle BCA$ meeting $AB$ at $D$

$ABC$ is a triangle with $BC=a,CA=b$ and $\angle BCA=120^\circ$. $CD$ is the bisector of $\angle BCA$ meeting $AB$ at $D$. Then the length of $CD$ is ____ ? A)$\frac{a+b}{4}$ B)$\frac{ab}{a+b}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Finding the area of a triangle in terms of the radius of the excircle

Prove that the area of a triangle $ABC$ is $$\frac12 (b + c - a)r$$ where $r$ radius of the excircle opposite to $A$ and the rest of the symbols have their usual meaning. I started off with the ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Rationalizing triangle relationship for a bar inside a hemisphere

Find ratio of length AE to diameter of the hemisphere Given that ABD = 90 degree, AO = BO, O is the center of the sphere. This is actually a physics problem, but I bump into geometric problem ...