6
votes
1answer
68 views

Probability that two circles in space are linked

Let $C_0$ be a circle centered on the origin, and $C_1$ a circle centered on $(1,0,0)$, center distance of $1$. Q1. If both $C_0$ and $C_1$ are randomly oriented and have the same radius $r ...
4
votes
0answers
344 views
+100

Fitting Expanding Spheres in the Irregular Surface

This is a kind of a puzzle: What we have? Consider a irregular 3D surface formed due to overlapping spheres, with same radius $R$, lets say them $S_{Big}$. We put similar set of sphere of initial ...
-1
votes
0answers
22 views

What is the use of direction cosines? [closed]

What is the use of direction cosines and direction ratios? Is there any practical problems related to direction cosines? Why we tagged the word 'direction'? If possible explain me through photos or ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

Finding a 3rd coordinate of the rectangle points in 3d

I have a 4 3-D-points, each of them has only 2 of 3 known coordinates, as follow (? is unknown here): P5 (P5x, P5y?, P5z) P6 (P6x, P6y?, P6z) P3 (P3x, P3y, P3z?) P4 (P4x, P4y, P4z?) They build ...
0
votes
1answer
11 views

Calculate position of N points around given point in 3d space?

Sorry if I used wrong words - English is not my native language, and I never actually studied geometry. For a project I'm working on, I need to calculate set of points, that: are in given, ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Seams/net of curved surfaces

Like with the seams of a piece of clothing or inflatable, what would the methodology be to creating a flat net of a curved 3d object? I would like to create a model of a mobius torus, and would like ...
5
votes
1answer
69 views

Find all such functions defined on the space

$f:\mathbb{R}^3\to \mathbb{R}^{\ast}$ is such that for any non-degenerate tetrahedron $ABCD$ with $O$ the center of the inscribed sphere, we have : $$f(O)=f(A)f(B)f(C)f(D) $$ Prove that $f(X)=1$ for ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Proving the 3-d pythagorean theorem on surface areas of oblique triangular pyramid

I would like suggestions if possible, other than the really sloppy picture, I'll edit that once my dad gets me Microsoft office. I got a snip of the shape, and edited it as best as I could. The ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Given a point origin, find ray that intersects two lines

I'm working on a specific shadow calculation for a graphics project. I have a point light source obscured by a straight edge object, and I want to find where the edge of the shadow intersects a ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Triangle in 3D space point X and Y coordinate know find Z

I have a triangle in a 3D space. I know the points X an Y coordinate but I dont know the Z. How can the Z be calculated by knowing the points of the triangle and the X an Y coordinate of the point ...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

Finding how “spreaded” a point cloud in 3D

I don't know the proper term for "spreaded" but what I want to find is, a value that indicates how far is an average point from the centroid. I think this is standard deviation of the point set, but ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Rotate XYZ frame in 3D space

Given a XYZ frame in 3D space at origin O(0,0,0). And given a plane equation: ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

Given an axis of rotation and an angle, work out the rotation angles around x,y,z axis

I want to convert from one 3D rotation convention to another. The first convention has an axis of rotation, $\boldsymbol{r}$ and an angle $\theta_r$ to rotate about this axis. The second convention ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Euler angles for mapping three points on a sphere to three other

Let $\mathbf{a}$, $\mathbf{b}$, $\mathbf{c}$ be points on the unitary sphere, so that $\|\mathbf{a}\| = \| \mathbf{b} \| = \| \mathbf{c} \| = 1$. Let $\mathbf{a'}$, $\mathbf{b'}$, $\mathbf{c'}$ be ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

rotating vector based on plane normal

This is probably very basic, but here is a drawing of what I'm trying to achieve : Explanation : Those are 3D normalized vectors and I'm trying to change v1 to v1' based on vn. As shown in the ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Volume of overlap between two convex polyhedra

I have two convex polyhedra represented by triangle meshes. I can easily determine if they are in contact or not, but when they are in contact then I would like to determine the volume of their ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Incorporating an error ellipse from eigenvalue/vectors into 3D geometry

I have a 3D point with a covariance matrix, and an associated 3D vector that begins at the point. I would like to be able to consider alternative points for the starting position of the vector, ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

How to find the $ x,y$ coordinates of a point in between $2$ points in $3$ dimension

Point $1 = (0,0,0)$ Point $2 = (5,6,7)$ Given that point $3$ have a $z$-coordinate of $3$, how can I find the $x,y$ coordinates of point $3$?
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Fitting by an ellipsoid with a known center?

Consider a set of $N$ points in 3D of coordinates : $$p_{i} = \left\{x_{i}, y_{i}, z_{i} \right\}$$ The very general question I ask is : how to fit these points by the surface of an ellipsoid ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

How does a measurement error change the volume of a tetrahedron?

Consider that I have a tetrahedron $T$ whose the lengths of edges are $(a,b,c,d,e,f)$. I want to calculate the volume of the tetrahedron by Cayley-Menger Determinant. However, I know that, the ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

3D Geometry Contest Math Problem

The problem is as follows: Six solid regular tetrahedra are placed on a flat surface so that their bases form a regular hexagon H with side length 1, and so that the vertices are not lying in the ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Generate rotations about X & Y axes between certain 3D vectors

Given a semi-arbitrary 3D vector (the z will always be positive for my purposes), how could I find rotation about the X and Y axis? Alternatively, how might I simplify an XYZ rotation to the X and Y ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

N points in a circle around a point on a sphere.

Consider a 3D sphere: $(x_{c}, y_{c}, z_{c})$ : cartesian coordinates of the center $r$ : the radius Consider a random point on the surface of this sphere of coordinates : $(x_{0}, y_{0}, ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Multiplication with vectors.

Well, I'm not quite sure if I chose right terms for my problem but I will give it a chance. Here, I have some tasks and examples ( http://www.mif.vu.lt/matinf/asm/gr/p12.pdf ). On the bottom of the ...
3
votes
2answers
64 views

Find point in 3D space based on plane and known point

I'm struggling with drawing geometry in 3D spaces via OpenGL. My current task is to find coordinates of point. Assume we have such input data: Points $a$, $b$ and $k$ define a plane. Point $c$ ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

Projecting 3D Point to Plane

I have a plane defined by the equation $Ax + By + Cz + D = 0$. It does not pass through the origin. I have projected the origin of my global coordinate system onto the plane, so it is at $(a, b, c)$. ...
1
vote
2answers
37 views

What is the difference between $z=0$ plane and $26z=0$ plane

I'm using this site to calculate a plane equation. The points are $(2,3,0)$, $(5,1,0)$ and $(6,9,0)$. The result is $26z = 0$ plane. Is there a difference between $26z =0$ and $z = 0$? Moreover, ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Intersection volume of two oriented bounding boxes

I have been searching the web for a while now, but to my surprise I haven't found a algorithm to the following problem yet: Given are two oriented bounding boxes, that is, they generally are not axis ...
1
vote
2answers
104 views

How to rotate a plane in 3-D using standard form?

I have a set of points $N = \{n_1, n_2, ...\}$ on a plane $z = 0$. And I have another set of points $M = \{m_1, m_2, ...\}$ on plane $ax + by + cz + d = 0$. $|N| = |M|$ $\forall n_i, n_j \in N$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Finding the missing coordinate of a point within a 3D triangle

We have an equilateral triangle $ABC$ in 3-dimensional space. The points are known, such as: $A = (x_1,y_1,z_1)$ $B = (x_2,y_2,z_2)$ $C = (x_3,y_3,z_3)$ Point $P$ is on triangle $ABC$. If I know ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Calculating Intersection of Three Spheres Step by Step

How do I calculate the intersection of three spheres step by step? Assume that the spheres are $S_i(c_i, r_i)$ where $i = 1,2,3$, $c_i$ is the center coordinates of $S_i$ and $r_i$ is the radius of ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Rays in the space

I have a nice problem from a mathematical circle: Let n be a positive integer. Determine the smallest n with the property in the space having
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Ellipsoid intersection

Let $E$ be an ellipsoid centered at $p = (x,y,z) \in \mathbb{R}^3$ and let $T:\mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}^3 $ be a linear transformation which transforms $E$ to a unit sphere. Let $R$ be the ray $p_0 ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Rotate $z = 0$ plane in 3D

I have 100 points on $z=0$ plane. I want to rotate those points, such that they lie on any plane $P(a,b,c,d)$, preserving distances. Hence, I need a rotation matrix. For instance, if my points are ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Distortion in spherical coordinates

I'm trying to realized 3d models of stones. My idea was to create a 2D random angular distribution with opportune correlation, namely $R(\theta,\varphi)=rand(\theta,\varphi,c_l)$ where ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

is there a higher dimensional analogue of the first isogonic center?

I'm curious to know if, given four points $a, b, c, d$, you can always find a point $p$ such that last lines $pa, pb, pc, pd$ form equal angles pairwise. I'd also appreciate resources on 3d geometry ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Rotation rate around one axis transformed to a different axis at an angle to the first

Suppose I have a motor with axis M on my diagram rotating at rate $r$ [rad/sec]. Connected to the motor is a gyroscope, the axis G of which is at an angle a to to that of the motor (the gyroscope ...
1
vote
2answers
89 views

Finding a normal to an ellipsoid

Let $E$ be an ellipsoid centered at $v = (x,y,z) \in \mathbb{R}^3$ and let $T:\mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}^3 $ be a linear transformation which transforms $E$ to a sphere $S$ with a radius of length ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Converting 3D into 2D

I have a quad and I'm trying to convert its vertices so that they're facing the camera which is lying at 0,0,1 looking down the Z, or not even specifically facing the camera, just so they're facing up ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Collinear points in 3dimension

Given three $3D$ points: $A,B$ and $C$, what is the procedure to check if they are collinear? In general, given $n$ points in $m$-dimension, how should one find out, if these $n$-points defines a ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Unusual 3D Packing Problem

I made up this interesting problem playing with wire sculptures: If I have a $10 \times 10 \times 10$ clear box and inside I can put wireframe unit cubes, what's the maximum number of unit edges (or ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Solving for and x,y,z coordinate in a 3D plane

This is hard for me to explain, but basically I am making a game and I want a 3rd person like camera. I have a lot of information about how the camera should be but I can't seem to get the camera to ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Find the normal of a polygon with vertices that are not linearly independent in 3d

For example, take the vectors: $(1,2,3) (4,5,6) (7,8,9) (10,11,12) (13,14,15)$ What would the normal to the polygon be? I'm guessing it would be $(0,0,0)$? For vertices that are linearly ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Is the rhombic dodecahedron the only isohedral polyhedron that tiles 3-space (other than the cube)?

Is the rhombic dodecahedron the only face-transitive (or isohedral, i.e. all faces are the same) polyhedron that seamlessly tiles 3-dimensional Euclidean space (other than the cube)? I'm looking ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Finding the counter-clockwise direction of points in 3d

I have a set of 5 points of a polygon in 3d. I want to order these points in a counter-clockwise direction. How do I do this? In 2d, to check if two points are ordered counter-clockwise or ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Incenter of Triangle in 3D

I'm trying to figure out how to find the incenter of a triangle with (x, y, z) coordinates for the verteces. I can find the lengths of the sides and the radius of the incircle from that, so I've ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Find vector rotated on 3D plane

I don't have access to a computer so I can't give pictures but I will try to make this easy to visualize. Suppose I have a vector $n$. I will now draw a plane normal to this vector that and have that ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

clockwise or counter clockwise in 3D

I have two different situation that I need to make distinction between them (shown in the picture). In other words, in (A) points 3 and 4 are in right and left side of line 1-2. However, in case (B) ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Distance from a point to the walls of a cube in 3D

I have defined six different planes that constitute a cube($6$ plane equations). I place an object within the cube at a point $P_1 \equiv (X_c,Y_c,Z_c)$. There are $6$ cameras on the object pointing ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Partition of the 3d space with circles?

Does it exist a partition of the 3d space with circles of positive radium? I know the answer is no for a plane, but I can not transpose my demonstration to the space and I have no clue on how to do ...