For questions about geometric shapes, congruences, similarities, transformations, as well as the properties of classes of figures, points, lines, angles.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
0answers
21 views

Is there an easier way to show that a kite has perpendicular diagonals using scalar products?

I want to use scalar products to prove that a kite has perpendicular diagonals. My attempt : Let $a,b,c,d$ vectors with $a+b+c+d=0$ and $a^2=d^2$ and $b^2=c^2$ Then, we get ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Prove that $x^2-y^2+xy-1=0$ is a ruled surface

I am studying for an analytic geometry, final but I am totally lost for this problem... We didn't even cover this topic in class (my prof didn't show up for class for two weeks) and I have no clue on ...
-1
votes
1answer
17 views

Two circular tangents

The total area of both circles is $230$ $m^2$, i need to find the radius of each circle. The circles are externally tangential and the distance from their centers are $11$$m$. Unable to upload ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Reducible cubic surface are always singular.

I want to prove that Any reducible cubic surface are always singular. A possible way may be to take a look at the intersection of the irreducible components. But I don't know how. Thanks for any ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

How to visualize orientation of 3d objects

The way I visualize orientations of $1$- and $2$-dimensional objects is by an ant walking along a path. For a $1$d object (like a line/ line segment/ etc), just place the ant on the line and confine ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

finding volume of an n-dimensional pyramid numerically

In my experiment I need to compute hypervolume/area from a set of points, let's start with a base case -- Triangle: In this case, I have 3 points in a 2D space and they make a triangle, $p_1 = ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Find the coordinate transformation.

I do not know if this the correct forum to ask. If not please let me know, I will delete it. Thanks. I have a problem which I could not figure out. Consider an arbitrary point in space $A(R, \theta, ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Any curve of genus three is either hyperelliptic or trigonal?

A curve $C$ is said to be trigonal if it admits a rational function $f: C \to \mathbb{CP}^1$ of degree $3$. Is any nonsingular plane curve of degree four trigonal? Can the map be chosen so that it has ...
16
votes
0answers
56 views

Are there spaces that 'look the same' at every point, but are not homogeneous?

A metric space is homogeneous if for any two points there is a global isometry that maps one into the other. It is locally homogeneous if any two points have isometric neighborhoods, i.e. the space ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Find the equation of a cylinder

Find the equation of the cylinder that has directrix the curve: $x(t)=t, y(t)=t^2/2, z(t)=0$ and the generatrix is parallel to the line $${x-1\over 1}={y+2\over 1}={z\over 3}$$ I would really ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

what would the equation of a torus be by making the circunference $(y-2)^2+ z^2 = 0$ and $x=0$ turn along the $z$ axis

What I understand of the question is that I have to, somehow, give the equation of the torus that results of spinning the circumference $$(y-2)^2 + x^2 = 0$$ and $$x=0$$ which as far as I know is just ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Clustering of vectors via inner product relationship

This might be an odd question, but suppose I have a lot of vectors $a_i\in\mathbb{R}^{3}$ (not necessarily unit) and for some unit vector $u\in\mathbb{R}^{3}$ I find $$ \sum_{i=1}^m ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

What is wrong with my solution to this problem?

The base $ABCD$ of the figure has area $9$. The point $M$ divides the segment $AB$ on ratio $2$ and the edge $BF$ of length $2$ forms an angle of $60º$. Calculate $[CM,CB,BF]$, knowing that ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Lines on a quadric surface

I want to show that: Let $Q$ be a quadric surface of rank 3 in $\mathbf{P}^3$(over $\mathbf{C}$), then any line in $Q$ must pass through the only singular point of $Q$. I know that up to a transform ...
2
votes
1answer
11 views

Decomposition of hyper-rectangles into congruent simplices

Let $(a_1, \ldots, a_d) \in \mathbb{N}_+^d$ be positive integers and the semi-axes of the $d$-dimensional $\ell_1$-ellipse $$ E_{\bf a} := \{{\bf x} \in \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}^d: \sum_{j=1}^d ...
3
votes
2answers
19 views

Find the number of possible points $R$.

$P(3,1),Q(6,5)$ and $R(x,y)$ are three points such that the angle $\angle PRQ=90^{\circ}$ and the area of the triangle $\triangle PRQ=7$.The number of such points $R$ that are possible is . $a.)\ ...
1
vote
3answers
50 views

A point D in a triangle ABC such that $\angle DAB= \angle DBC= \angle DCA$

I got this question from a student of mine, who is participating in a math olympiad competition: How can we construct a point D in a triangle ABC such that $\angle DAB= \angle DBC= \angle DCA$? I've ...
1
vote
1answer
8 views

How to find point on sphere from pitch and heading

I have a sphere of radius R and I would like to draw some vector positions on it given pitch and heading. I have a heading between 0 and 360 (0 being +x direction), and a pitch between -90 and 90 (90 ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Find h in terms of r

A sphere and a cylinder have equal volumes. The sphere has a radius 3r. The cylinder has radius 2r and height h. Find h in terms of r. I'm only 15, someone walk me through this as simple as ...
1
vote
3answers
29 views

How to find the radius if two circles intersect in two distinct points?

Question- if two circles $(x-1)^2+(y-3)^2=r^2$ and $x^2+y^2-8x+2y+8=0$ intersect in two distinct points , then find the range in which r exists I have these two circles $(x-1)^2+(y-3)^2=r^2$ and ...
2
votes
4answers
40 views

Geometric progression, how to find $x$

I tried many ways to solve this problem, but I can't! Please, someone explain how to solve this problem: If the sequence: $8, x, 50$ is a geometric progression, then $x = ?$
0
votes
0answers
4 views

Question regarding Calibration while using Phase Measuring Profilometry (PMP)

We are using PMP to create the 3d model of a real world object in a summer project. However, to actually use PMP we need to relate the camera and the projector parameters and coordinates. To ...
-1
votes
1answer
20 views

Standard integral Kähler form on $\mathbf{CP}^1 \times \mathbf{CP}^2$

$\newcommand{\Proj}{\mathbf{CP}}$What is the "standard integral Kähler form" on $\Proj^1 \times \Proj^2$? Does that mean Fubini-Study form on $\Proj^1$ and $\Proj^2$?
6
votes
4answers
284 views

Coordinates of the center of the circle

I am stuck on this problem: If the lines $y=x+\sqrt{2}$ and $y=x-2\sqrt{2}$ are two tangents of a circle and $(0,\sqrt{2})$ lies on this circle then what is the equation of the circle? I ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Analytic structures on $S^1$|

I am currently studying Haefliger's paper "Homotopy and Integrablity". During the last chapter, he applies his theory of $\Gamma$-structures to analytic codimension $1$ foliations. Throughout the ...
1
vote
2answers
17 views

How to find the area of the triangle formed by the lines $y=ax$ , $x+y-a=0$ and the $y$ axis?

I found out the intersection points $A( \frac{a}{1+a}$ , $\frac{a^2}{1+a} )$ and $B$ as $(0,a)$. Now, I don't know what to do next. Please explain in easy steps. Thank you!
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Tetrahedron and balls in space

A right tetrahedron and a ball arbitrarily located in space are given. It is allowed to reflect the tetrahedron from each of its faces. It is possible to place the center of the tetrahedron inside the ...
3
votes
4answers
75 views

Why do disks on planes grow more quickly with radius than disks on spheres?

In the book, Mr. Tompkins in Wonderland, there is written something like this: On a sphere the area within a given radius grows more slowly with the radius than on a plane. Could you explain ...
1
vote
3answers
31 views

Use Vectors To Show Three Vertices Belong to a Right Triangle

The Full Question Theorems Used This is what I call theorem 1: My Work This problem has two major steps as far as I can see. First, I must show that these are points of a triangle(not ...
2
votes
2answers
31 views

Find the equation of line in new co-ordinate system.

A line is represented by equation $4x+5y=6$ in the co-ordinate system with the origin $(0,0)$.You are required to find the equation of the straight line perpendicular to this line that passes ...
-1
votes
2answers
29 views

Construct a regular hexagon of specific height?

Is it possible to construct a hexagon of particular height, meaning distance between the faces (not vertices)? I have seen various methods of constructing a hexagon (ruler and compass only) which are ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Find the length of the intercept cut by the side $BC$ on the y-axis .

The equation of two equal sides $AB$ and $AC$ of isosceles triangle $\triangle ABC$ are $x+y=5$ and $7x-y=3$ respectively.What will be the length of the intercept cut by side $BC$ on the y-axis? ...
4
votes
0answers
36 views

Does every irreducible projective cubic curve have a nonsingular point of inflection?

Does every irreducible projective cubic curve necessarily have a nonsingular point of inflection? I've been trying to construct counterexamples, to no avail, which leads me to believe the question can ...
6
votes
1answer
70 views

Can eight circles be constructed from three circles?

Given three sufficiently spaced circles in a plane, is it possible, using a straight edge and compass, to construct the eight circles that are tangent to all three given circles?
-1
votes
1answer
31 views

The minimum perimeter and maximum height of a triangle under constraints [duplicate]

I do not get the following formulas : The minimum perimeter of any triangle (abc), given the heights corresponding to the a and b-sides. The maximum height corresponding to the side b of any ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Area Between Intersecting Lines - Elegant Solution?

I am running simulations, and the output will be a line y = mx+b. I am interested in the area below the line between x=0 and x=1. I am only interested in the area that is below the diagonal y = x. I ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Relationships Between Moduli Space and Objects They Parametrize

My friend and I were wondering recently what, if any, are the relationships between the geometric properties of a moduli space and the geometry of the objects that the space parametrizes. As an ...
2
votes
3answers
28 views

Gradient of a line

The line L is a reflection of the line $2y + 3x =9$ in the $y-$ axis (I had to draw the graph on the grid previously) Find gradient of the line L How would I go about solving this?
1
vote
2answers
21 views

Find the area of $\triangle POQ$ .

If $P$ and $Q$ are two points on the line $3x+4y=-15$ such that $OP=OQ=9$, then the area of $\triangle POQ$ will be ? $\color{green}{a.)18\sqrt2}\\ b.)3\sqrt2\\ c.)6\sqrt2\\ d.)15\sqrt2$ The ...
2
votes
0answers
6 views

Dinamically generate Goldberg polyhedra G(m,n)

In these pages the autor provided a lot of info about some Goldberg polyhedra (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goldberg_polyhedron): http://dmccooey.com/polyhedra/DualGeodesicIcosahedra.html ...
2
votes
3answers
59 views

Prove this is a rectangle

Suppose we have quadrilateral $ABCD$ where $m\angle A = m\angle B = 90^\circ$ and $AB \cong CD$. Is this figure always a rectangle? If not, can someone give a counterexample? I tried drawing the ...
2
votes
3answers
18 views

Find the relationship between $a$ and $b$.

If the medians $PT$ and $RS$ of a triangle with vertices $P(0,b),Q(0,0)\ \text{and}\ R(a,0)$ are perpendicular to each other,which of the following satisfies the relationship between $a$ and $b$? ...
5
votes
2answers
78 views

Geometric intuition for derivatives of basic trig functions

I was inspired by this question to try and come up with geometric proofs for the derivatives of basic trig functions--basically, those that have simple representations on the unit circle ($\sin, \cos, ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Determine the correct calculation to maintain visual exactness between two squares with different centers of rotation [migrated]

I'm encountering this math problem while working on some CSS / JavaScript, so the coordinate system as well as dimensions are noted as such. I've been scratching my head at this for a while and ...
-1
votes
1answer
33 views

differntial geometry

i m facing much difficulty in understanding behaviour of acceleration vector relating to unit normal vector &unit tangent vector . However,study reveals that tangent vector is perpendiular to ...
-2
votes
2answers
28 views

Find the length of the diagonals? [on hold]

ABCD is a rectangle. It's diagonals meet at $O$. Find the length of the diagonals if $OA=3x+5$ and $OB=2x+9$.
-1
votes
0answers
7 views

How to calculate the horizontal offset of the top Bezier point of an Arc

Given the following: A circle with a diameter D 3 Bezier points P0 P1 and P2 that make an equilateral triangle, and the upper point P1 is at the top of the circle. The distance between P0 and P2 is ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Identification of the Lie algebra of an isotropy group with the tangent space - stuck with a statement

I think I am stuck with the following statement that I read on the Encyclopedia of Mathematics website regarding Isotropy representations: "If $G$ is a Lie group acting smoothly and transitively on ...
2
votes
2answers
30 views

Maximum perimeter for triangle inscribed in circle

How to prove that isosceles triangle has maximum perimeter from all trangles inscribed in circle? I found that from all isosceles trinagles - equilateral has maximum perimeter: Maximum perimeter of ...
5
votes
1answer
39 views

What does a linear equation with more than 2 variables represent?

A linear equation with 2 variables, say $Ax+By+C = 0$, represents a line on a plane but what does a linear equation with 3 variables $Ax+By+Dz+c=0$ represent? A line in space, or something else? On ...