For questions about geometric shapes, congruences, similarities, transformations, as well as the properties of classes of figures, points, lines, angles.

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1answer
11 views

Create Ellipse From Eccentricity And Semi-Minor Axis

So I am given the eccentricity of an ellipse and the radius semi-minor axis as well as the center of the ellipse. So in the example below we know the center of the ellipse is at ( 0, 0 ) and the ...
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0answers
14 views

How to find truncated cylinder\ungula Volume

How would I calculate the volume at a height in an upside down truncated cylinder? Everything I find online shows a truncated cylinder being flat and level on its base, but what if the cylinder is ...
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1answer
28 views

O.I.M. polygon inequality

I am trying to prove an inequality which was used to prepare the Romanian O.I.M. team. I seem to lack ideas on how to tackle this problem. We take a convex polygon $P_1\ldots P_{n+2}$ and consider ...
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0answers
24 views

How do I calculate the area the Wigner Seitz cells cover in a square?

It's my first time here, so I appologise in advance if I break any rules through this post. So I have a Cartesian Lattice spanning across the Euclidean plane and a unit square. The lattice points ...
1
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1answer
34 views

Easy case of Helly's theorem (for $\text{radius}=1$ circles)

There are $n$ points on the plane. Any $3$ of them can be covered with a radius $1$ circle. Prove that there is a radius $1$ circle that covers all the points. Came to this when tried to prove an easy ...
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4answers
64 views

Find the area of a triangle given the radius of its incircle and a tangential point

A friend gave me recently the following interesting problem and I would like to share a couple of solutions. Any additional contributions are welcome. A triangle $\vartriangle ABC$ is given and we ...
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0answers
27 views

Intuitive way to find the minimum surface in $\mathbb R^3$?

Suppose we have two arbitrary closed curves which intersect neither each other nor themselves. By intuition, I guess that the minimum surface ending at boundaries is unique and it is achieved by this ...
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1answer
11 views

Countable intersection of Cut Locuses is always empty?

If $C_p(M)$ is the cut locus of some $p\in M$ in some Riemannian Manifold $M$, then does there always exist a countable collection of points $\{p_n\}_{m \in \mathbb{N}}$ such that: \begin{equation} ...
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2answers
29 views

Width of rotated plane

I'm trying to get the width of a rotated plane, but my knowledge of trig functions didn't really help me get what I want. I have a plane, that is $310$ units wide, and is $200$ units away from the ...
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1answer
26 views

inner product of positive semi definite symmetric matrices [on hold]

I have a positive semi definite symmetric matrix $X$, $(n\times n)$. let $X=vv^T$ s.t $\|v\|=1$. I came to a point where I am stuck to show which is: $v^TYv=\langle X,Y\rangle$ (How to show this ...
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2answers
43 views

Regular n sided polygon

$A_1A_2A_3....A_{18}$ is a regular 18 sided polygon.B is an external point such that $A_1A_2B$ is an equilateral triangle.If $A_{18}A_1$ and $A_1B$ are adjacent sides of a regular n sided polygon.Then ...
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1answer
33 views

Circle bisecting the circumference of another circle

If the circle $x^2+y^2+4x+22y+l=0$ bisects the circumference of the circle $x^2+y^2-2x+8y-m=0$,then $l+m$ is equal to (A)$\ 60$ (B)$\ 50$ (C)$\ 46$ (D)$\ 40$ I don't know the condition when one ...
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1answer
27 views

What condition do I have set to have $x_j$ for $j=1,…,n$ to be non-negative?

I have $\sum_{j=1}^n q_{jj}(x_j-y_j)^2\le1$ What condition do I have set to have $x_j$ for $j=1,...,n$ to be non-negative? The book I am reading says $\sqrt{q_{jj}}\ge1/y_j$ but why? edit: ...
3
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1answer
33 views

Prove a rotating window shade won't break my window when raised to a specific height.

I have a large lampshade that covers my window to block out sunlight. It has a metal rod sewn in at the bottom to weigh it down, but it's aluminum, so it can rock in wind. We recently had a flash ...
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0answers
27 views

Segments of a hypotenuse

The hypotenuse of a right triangle is divided into 2 segments by the altitude to the hypotenuse The sum of the greater segments on the hypotenuse of 2 disimilar right triangles is equal to the ...
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2answers
40 views

Can you do this to find circumference from area of a circle

If you divide the circumference by $2$, does it equal the area divided by the radius? That is, do you have $C/2 = A/r$ for any circle? ...
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2answers
15 views

Geometrical calculation to enlarge the height of rotated rectangle

There is a polygon (rotated rectangle) that defined by 4 corner points in 2D coordinate system. Does anyone help me with the fast (minimum trigonometry operations) algorithm to change its height by ...
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0answers
27 views

Minimum perimeter of a triangle when two altitudes are known [on hold]

Two altitudes of triangle $\triangle ABC$ perpendicular to the $a$ and $b$ sides are given as $u,v \gt 0$ respectively. Can we express the minimum perimeter of such $\triangle ABC$ only in terms of ...
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0answers
29 views

Maximum height of the side $b$ of any $\triangle$ known perimeter and height of $a$ side [duplicate]

Get the formula only with the data. The maximum height corresponding to the side $b$ of any $\triangle ABC$ once known the value of its perimeter and height corresponding to the $a$ side.
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1answer
27 views

Polarity on a Hyperboloid of one sheet

Given a quadric $Q = \{v \in \mathbb{R}^n \mid \alpha(v,v) = 1\} \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, defined by a bilinear form $\alpha: \mathbb{R}^n\times\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$, and an affine subspace ...
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1answer
37 views

'Chasing sides' in a geometry problem

Consider the circle $W=x^2+y^2=81$. Let $AB$ be a diameter of circle $W$. $AB$ is extended through $A$ to $C$. Point $T$ lies on $W$ so that line $CT$ is tangent to $W$. Point $P$ is the foot of the ...
3
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1answer
27 views

Intersection of Random Subspace and Hypercube

Suppose that $A \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is a random linear subspace of dimension $k < n$. I am interested in the event that $A$ intersects the hypercube $[-1,\ 1]^n$ at a specific face. In other ...
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0answers
38 views

Triangle inscribed in another triangle

If $a,b,c$ are the sides of a triangle,$\lambda a,\lambda b,\lambda c$ the sides of a similar triangle inscribed in the former and $\theta$ the angle between the sides $a$ and $\lambda c$,prove that ...
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0answers
9 views

2 dimension riemann manifolds of signature 0 metric

Does anyone have a proof that any 2d riemann manifold is conformally flat if metric has signature 0? Thanks.
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1answer
58 views

Evaluate $\iint dydx$ on the domain $0\leq r\leq1$, ${\pi}/{3}\leq\theta \leq{2\pi}/{3}$ [duplicate]

I need to evaluate $\displaystyle\iint \color{red}{dydx}\;\;\;,\bigg\{\frac{\pi}{3}\leq\theta \leq\frac{2\pi}{3}\bigg\}\;\;\;\;,0\leq r\leq1$ $\color{blue}{\text{without using polar ...
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4answers
46 views

Finding the equation of the straight line $y=ax+b$?

If I have a circle $x^2+y^2=1$ and line that passes trough $(0,0)$ and I know the angle between the line and the axis. If, for example, the angle is $\frac{\pi}{3}$, how can I find the equation of ...
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2answers
37 views

Finding matrix representation of an Ellipsoid [on hold]

I have a $2$-dimensional ellipsoid centered at $(1,2)$. The axes are parallel to $y=x$ and $y=-x$, and it passes through points $(-1,0)$, $(3,4)$,$(0,3)$,$(2,1)$. I would like to find the symmetric ...
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0answers
26 views

Rotating one coordinate system about another

I have two coordinate systems: A and B. I also have a point p, whose position relative to ...
3
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0answers
52 views

What is the name of this shape? (spacetime)

After seemingly endless searching for terms such as curved cone, hyper-cone etc I am at a loss as to what this shape is called. I believe it is commonly used to depict the curvature of space time. ...
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1answer
24 views

Clarify formula that computes number of dies on wafer

I want to compute the number of dies per wafer (also DPW in the following). There are some formulas, that can be used to do so: ...
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1answer
40 views

A good book on basic (Euclidean) geometry.

We were studying demonstrative geometry, so I thought if I read Euclid's Elements it would give me the proper conceptual basis to understand the theorems. But then I learned that Euclid's method of ...
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0answers
31 views

Number of triangles possible in android lock patterns?

I recently starting using the patternlock on my android phone and i play around with it a lot, just drawing lines until im locked out for 30 secs. I thought i'd make it into a pointless game of ...
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3answers
42 views

Angle between medians in right triangle

In a right angled triangle,medians are drawn from the acute-angles to the opposite sides.If maximum acute angle between these medians can be expressed as $tan^{-1}(\frac{p}{q})$ where p and q are ...
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2answers
47 views

Farthest point on parallelogram lattice

On points arranged in a parallelogram lattice, like on the image in this Wikipedia article, how to calculate the maximal distance any point on the plane may have to its closest point from the lattice. ...
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1answer
25 views

How to show the average x-coordinates of four collinear points on the curve is a constant?

Show that if four distinct points of the curve $y=2x^4+7x^3+3x-5$ are collinear then their average x-coordinate is some constant k. Find k. Shall I use vector to calculate their x-coordinate, or ...
3
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4answers
76 views

How to prove that the line perpendicular to the radius is the tangent in the calculus sense?

Let $P=(p_1,p_2)$ be a point on an semicircle and $r$ be the line perpendicular to the radius $\overline{OP}$, like the picture below. Euclid showed (Book III, Proposition 16) that $r$ does not ...
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0answers
42 views

“Maximum point lies on a curve” implies tangential derivative is zero there.

Given a differentiable function $f:\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}$, suppose that it has a local maximum at the point $(x_0,y_0)$. Let $\gamma$ be a smooth curve passing through $(x_0,y_0)$. Does it follow ...
2
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2answers
30 views

Using the cross product to find the angle between two vectors in $\Bbb R^3$

Let $$u = \langle 1, −2, 3 \rangle \qquad \text{and} \qquad v = \langle −4, 5, 6 \rangle$$. Find the angle between $u$ and $v$, first by using the dot product and then using the cross product. ...
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0answers
20 views

Prove winding number is the same as index of a vector field.

I'm trying to prove that the winding number and the index around a point in a vector field are the same. I know that the index is sometimes defined as the winding number but I'm working with the ...
2
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2answers
30 views

Parallelogram ABCD

There's a parallelogram $ABCD$. I'm given point $A(3,12)$ and point $B(-1,5)$. Given the equations of the lines $BC$ and $AC$ are $y=8x+13$ and $y=3x+3$ respectively. How to find the coordinates of ...
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1answer
10 views

Show that tetrahedral has a segment perpendicular to a plane

In this tetrahedral, I have that $$DC = DA, AB = BC$$ and also, I have that angle $DBA$ is $90^\circ$. I need to show that at least one segment is perpendicular to a plane in this tetrahedral. ...
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3answers
23 views

Derivation of the equation for the envelope

Suppose we have a family of curves on the plane. The equation of the curves is given by $$ f(x ,y ;t) = 0 . $$ Here $t$ is the parameter. On Wiki, the equations determining the envelope of this ...
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2answers
54 views

Area of regular n-gon without trig?

As the title suggests I'm trying to find a formula for the area of a regular n-gon that doesn't use trigonometry. I already know the trig formula and I realize that my question is simply asking for ...
2
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1answer
68 views

How can I find $\det(A)/\det(B)$, when individual determinants blow up

I am interested in the quantity: $\frac{\det(A)}{\det(B)}$ of positive definite matrices $A$ and $B$. The problem I am running into now is that for large $A$,$B$, (around $200 \times 200$), the ...
3
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1answer
46 views

Let $S$ be a set of $n$ points in the plane with min spacing of 1. Prove $S$ has a subset of $\ge n/7$ points with min spacing of $\sqrt{3}$.

I believe I have proven the case $n=8,|T|=2$, but welcome feedback. I need help proving the case for general $|T|>2$. From the 2003 Canada National Olympiad: Let $S$ be a set of $n$ points in ...
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1answer
23 views

orthocentre and triangle related question

$AD$, $BE$, and $CF$ are the altitudes of triangle $ABC$ with orthocentre $H$, then $C$ is the orthocentre of which triangle? Answer: triangle $ABH$. Please explain.
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2answers
36 views

Given 4 points with 2 on different radius. Obtain the center of the circle.

I'm struggle on a math question that states the following: Black holes have an overwhelming gravity, such that the nearest stars begin spinning around them (Example). Every affected star keeps ...
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1answer
19 views

What is the name for the image form you get you take a line segment and sweep it through a region of space?

For instance, if you were to take a line segment and translate it along a coplanar path, then you'd get a plane. If the path is cyclic and on that path you rotate the line segment on the axis ...
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2answers
44 views

Finding a triangle ABC if $2\prod (\cos \angle A+1)=\sum \cos(\angle A-\angle B)+\sum \cos \angle A+2$

Find $\triangle ABC$ if $\angle B=2\angle C$ and $$2(\cos\angle A+1)(\cos\angle B+1)(\cos\angle C+1)=\cos(\angle A-\angle B)+\cos(\angle B-\angle C)+\cos(\angle C-\angle A)+\cos\angle A+\cos\angle ...
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2answers
32 views

Generalization of Cantor Pairing function to triples and n-tuples

Is there a generalization for the Cantor Pairing function to (ordered) triples and ultimately to (ordered) n-tuples? It's however important that the there exists an inverse function: computing z from ...