The corpus of tools and results that arose from studying manifold theory using non-algebraic techniques, that is, as opposed to (algebraic-topology). The focus of the field tends to be on special objects/manifolds/complexes and the topological characterisation and classification thereof. A key ...

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2
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1answer
37 views

When gluing maps are isotopic?

Let $M$ and $M'$ be compact orientable connected topological 3-manifolds. (One may need more conditions to answer the question.) Suppose we have two homeomorphisms $f$ and $g$ from the boundary ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

For a Cantor set $\mathcal{C} \subset S^3$ such that $\pi_1(S^3 \setminus \mathcal{C})=0$, prove $S^3 \setminus \mathcal{C}$ can be split by a sphere.

I'm working from the paper Cantor Sets in $S^3$ with Simply Connected Complements by Richard Skora. On page 184 the second sentence states that any Cantor set $\mathcal{C} \subset S^3$ such that ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Doubt about local flatness of low dimensional embeddings

I would like to know if it is possible to have a simple curve $\gamma $ on a surface $S$ such that $\gamma$ is compact and embedded (i.e. with respect to the topology induced from $S$ it is ...
0
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0answers
12 views

Isotopy of a graph extending to an ambient isotopy

Let $\Gamma$ be a graph and $f: \Gamma \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{2}$ be its embedding into the plane. Suppose I deform $f$ with an isotopy, ie. I have a map $F: \Gamma \times I \rightarrow ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Definition of a metric space with bounded growth

Does anyone know the definition of a metric space with bounded growth? I was reading a paper by Roe titled Hyperbolic groups have finite asymptotic dimension, where he writes a definition, but I ...
2
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0answers
34 views

References on the relations between Top, Diff and PL

I have heard many times informal statements like "differentiable and pl manifolds are essentially the same for such and such dimensions", but I would like to know what they mean exactly and how such ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Existence of orientation-reversing automorphisms

Let $M$ be a connected orientable manifold (I don't really care about which category of manifolds we should work in). Since I read that there are nice manidolds without orientation-reversing ...
13
votes
1answer
333 views

Can one cancel $\mathbb R$ in a bi-Lipschitz embedding?

Let $X$ be a metric space. Suppose that the product $X\times\mathbb R$ admits a bi-Lipschitz embedding into $\mathbb R^{n}$. Does it follow that $X$ admits a bi-Lipschitz embedding into $\mathbb ...
4
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1answer
65 views

Mapping Class Group

$\newcommand{\MCG}{\mbox{MCG}}$Let $\alpha$, $\beta$ be non-isotopic, non-separating curves on a surface $S$ (meaning that "cutting along " them will not disconnect the surface). How do we show that ...
8
votes
2answers
216 views

Surgery results in a cylinder

While reading a proof of a theorem about Reshetikhin Turaev topological quantum field theory, I encountered the following problem. Suppose we have several unlinked unknots $K_i$, $i=1, \dots, g$ in ...
3
votes
2answers
382 views

Homotopy Question Help?

Let $X$ be a topological space and suppose $X_1$ and $X_2$ are spaces obtained by attaching an n-cell to $X$ via homotopic attaching maps. Show that $X_1$ and $X_2$ are homotopy equivalent. Proof: ...
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2answers
33 views

Are topologically well-behaved measure 0 subsets of $\Bbb R^2$ finite graphs?

Conjecture: If $X\subseteq \Bbb R^2$ is locally simply connected (hence locally path connected), compact and Lebesgue measure $0$ then $X$ is homeomorphic to a finite graph. It is clear that ...
2
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0answers
74 views

A Homeomorphism that is not unique even upto Isotopy

I'm currently reading the following paper by Richard Skora, entitled Cantor sets in $S^3$ with simply connected complements found here, and on page 2, just before Theorem 1, it says "the homeomorphism ...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

Russian Texts on Geometry

I recently saw a question today pertaining to Russian mathematics and I have a similar question but of a slightly different flavor. I've always heard that the Soviet Union had a history of producing ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

An Atlas for $\mathbb{R}/{2\pi \mathbb{Z}} $

I've been having some difficulty finding an atlas for $\mathbb{R}/{2\pi \mathbb{Z}}$. The way I have been thinking of this so far is by using the standard projection map $\pi$ on open intervals of ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Number of connected components of the complement of a closed curve.

Let $\gamma:[0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ be a continuous, closed curve (i.e. $\gamma(0) = \gamma(1)$). My question is about the number of connected components of the complement $\mathbb{R}^2 ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Definition of “Representing” a Handlebody (Lefschetz Fibration)?

Sorry, I could not find a clear explanation of the meaning of the word represented in the following:"any 4-dimensional 2-handlebody W can be represented by a topological (achiral) Lefschetz fibration ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Closed 4-manifolds with uncountably many differentiable structures

I know that $\mathbb{R}^4$ admits uncountably many differentiable structures and I was wandering what happen if we consider closed (or just compact) 4-manifolds. Are there any closed (or compact) ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Homologous surfaces in three-manifolds

Let M be a 3-manifold. Let $S$ and $T$ be properly embedded surfaces in $M$ such that $[S] = [T] \in H_2(M, N(\partial S)) $. Is it true that we can isotope $\partial S$ so that it coincides with ...
27
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is the Jordan Curve Theorem not “obvious”?

I am horribly confused about Jordan's Curve Theorem (henceforth JCT). Could you give me some reason why should the validity of this theorem be in doubt? I mean for anyone who trusts the eye theorem is ...
5
votes
1answer
56 views

The graph of $x\mapsto |x|$ cannot be the image of an immersion.

How can one prove that the set $\{(x,|x|)\in \mathbb{R}^2 \mid x\in \mathbb{R}\}$ cannot be the image of an immersion of a smooth manifold? This was my homework exercise in a course about ...
1
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0answers
55 views

What is a manifold with cusp?

What I am primarily currently learning about is hyperbolic geometry and methods to find hyperbolic structures on triangulated manifolds. I see phrases such as 'cusp ends' and 'manifold with one cusp' ...
3
votes
1answer
26 views

Extensions of diffeomorphisms of $S^2$ and the connectedness of $\text{Diff}^+(S^2)$

In this MO question by Daniel Moskovich, he claims that the fact that every diffeomorphism of $S^2$ extends to a diffeomorphism of $D^3$ implies that $\text{Diff}^+(S^2)$, the group of ...
1
vote
2answers
24 views

Questions about the Nature of Chirality (with some focus on dimensionality)

Are all chiralities the same? (Not in the sense of "is the right hand the same as the left hand?" but in the sense of "is the way in which X is chiral the same (or negative of the same) as the way in ...
3
votes
0answers
34 views

Why are homotopy spheres spin-cobordant in dimensions divisible by 4?

Manifolds are assumed to be smooth having dimensions $\geq5$. As usual, $\Omega^{Spin}_{*}$ denotes the spin bordism ring and $\Omega^{SO}_{*}$ the oriented bordism ring. Let $\Sigma^n$ be a closed ...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

Homeomorphisms of product spaces: an example [duplicate]

In the first of these lectures (http://www.mpim-bonn.mpg.de/node/4436) given by M. Freedman he says that there exists (compact metric) spaces $X$ and $Y$ such that $X\times S^{1}$ is homeomorphic to ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

About generalized Schoenflies problem in the smooth category

Reading some books and comparing with Wikipedia I found some different statements about how the smooth Schoenflies problem is solved in high dimension, and I wanted to know which one is the correct ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Deforming disks into other disks

Right now I'm casually reading through Carson's "Topology of Surfaces, Knots, and Manifolds." I don't have a strong background in topology, and I was told that this was a very accessible and ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Number of connected components of this complement

Let $X$ be a locally finite simplicial complex and let $K$ be a finite subcomplex of $X$. Why is the number of connected components of the complement $X-K$ finite?
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Cancelling Handle Attachments

Let $(W, \partial W)$ be an $n$-dimensional manifold with boundary. Suppose that $(W', \partial W')$ is obtained from $(W, \partial W)$ by attaching a $k$-handle via an embedding $\phi: S^{k-1}\times ...
3
votes
1answer
314 views

How does handle attachment work in Morse Theory

I am reading R.E.Gompf and A.I. Stipsicz, 4-Manifolds and Kirby Calculus. I can't understand the 2nd-paragraph of p.101, where they explain framings on the attaching sphere. In particular I cannot ...
13
votes
4answers
452 views

Useful fibrations

What are the most useful fibrations that one be familiar with in order to use spectral sequences effectively in algebraic topology? There's at least the four different Hopf fibrations and $S^1\to ...
3
votes
2answers
94 views

About two notions of holonomy

I have found something called "holonomy" in two apparently different contexts: Let $M$ be a smooth manifold, $E\to M$ a vector bundle and $\nabla $ a connection on $E$. Then you have a notion of ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Why is this a group action?

Let $G$ be a group and let $H$ be an infinite cyclic normal subgroup of $G$ of finite index. Let $K$ be the centralizer of $H$ in G, $$K=C_G(H)$$ and suppose that the index of $K$ in $G$ is 2. Let $E$ ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Notation and shorthand of cobordism G=O, SO, U

This is really a basic question: From Wikipedia: "The basic examples are G = O for unoriented cobordism, G = SO for oriented cobordism, and G = U for complex cobordism using stably complex ...
7
votes
1answer
110 views

Playing with the torus and semisimplicial sets (prove that $\phi$ and $\psi$ are not homotopic)

Recall that we can express the torus $|X.| \cong T$ as a square with edges $e$ and $f$, diagonal $g$, faces $T_1$ and $T_2$, and a single vertex $v$, and appropriate identifications. Let $Y.$ be the ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Upper bound on the number of charts needed to cover a topological manifold

If $M^n$ is a compact topological manifold (not necessarily with additional structure), is there an upper bound on the number of charts needed to cover $M$ ? Does this bound depend on the dimension of ...
10
votes
1answer
88 views

Is the E8 manifold homeomorphic to a CW complex?

Is the E8 manifold homeomorphic to a CW complex? (I know that it is not triangulable) Edit: The E8 manifold is the unique compact (without boundary), simply connected topological 4-manifold, whose ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Torsion Subgroup of Mapping class group.

What is the cardinality of finite order elements in Mapping class group of a surface $S_{g,n}$ of genus g and n boundary components. 1) If it is infinite then how can I generate a collection of ...
4
votes
2answers
77 views

High-Dimensional Topology vs. Low-Dimensional Topology: What are the hard questions in the former?

This is a somewhat vague/non-technical question. I've heard a lot about how the topology of manifolds (smooth or otherwise) is simpler in dimension at least 5, due to the applicability of surgery ...
5
votes
2answers
207 views

Does the Euler characteristic of a manifold depend upon the field of coefficients?

Define the Euler characteristic of a space $X$ to be $$\chi(X)= \sum_i \dim H_i(X, \mathbb Q)$$ This is obviously not necessarily well-defined for an arbitrary space $X$, so let $X$ be a manifold ...
6
votes
1answer
191 views

Easier proof about suspension of a manifold

For what manifolds $M$ is the suspension $\Sigma M$ also a manifold? By the suspension of a topological space $X$ (not necessarily a manifold), I mean the space $$\Sigma X = (X \times [0,1])/{\sim}$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Confusion about difference between homotopy, topology and isotopy

Please clear my confusion about difference between homotopy, topology and isotopy. The first question is: Is it true two objects are isotopic implies they are topologically equivalent and ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

the knot surgery - from a $6^3_2$ knot to a $3_1$ trefoil knot

It is intuitive that one can simply doing a cut-gluing surgery to make a $6^3_2$ to a $3_1$ trefoil knot: e.g. from to All one needs to do it to cut the three intersections at the angle of ...
5
votes
1answer
80 views

Why are the total spaces of two Serre fibrations equivalent when the bases and the fibers are equivalent?

Suppose $B$ is a pointed space and suppose $f\colon E\to B$ and $f\colon E'\to B$ are two Serre fibrations. Let moreover a map $g\colon E\to E'$ be given such that $f=f'\circ g$ which is a weak ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Homeomorphic or Homotopic

Q1: Are the Fig (a) and (b), the equivalence "=" is Homeomorphic or Homotopic? ps. for details of the figures see Ref here. I learned that "The characterization of a homeomorphism often ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Actual Definition of the term: Hopf Band?

Sorry if this is too trivial: I need an actual working definition of the term: Hopf band. I see references to it in many searches, but never an actual precise definition. All I know so far is that ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Why is surgery along a framed link well defined?

Let $L=L_1 \cup L_2 \cup \cdots \cup L_n $ be a framed link in $ S^3 $. I want to perform the surgery along $L$ to get a new manifold $M$. By definition, to perform this surgery, I must perform the ...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

Are there closed manifolds that can be given multiple geometric structures of constant curvature

For example, is there a closed differentiable manifold that can be given both a Euclidean structure and a Hyperbolic structure? If not, is there a reasonably easy proof that no such manifold exists?
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Projection onto a convex closed set

H, If $K$ is a non-empty convex and closed subset of a uniformly convex Banach space $X$ (Hilbert for example) and $v \notin K$, we know that there exists a unique $k_0\in K$ such that ...