The corpus of tools and results that arose from studying manifold theory using non-algebraic techniques, that is, as opposed to (algebraic-topology). The focus of the field tends to be on special objects/manifolds/complexes and the topological characterisation and classification thereof. A key ...

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isotopy equivalence of maps

In the book Encyclopaedia of Mathematics, Vol. 6, Question: I do not understand the part Does this mean $F_1\circ f_0=f_1: X\to Y$ or as subsets of $Y$, $$ \{y\in F_1(f_0(X))\}=\{y\in f_1(X)\}? ...
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52 views

Rigorous definition of an embedded connected sum.

Can someone point me to a rigorous definition of a connected sum of two smooth embeddings? I know about the usual construction, the problem is that I can't find a proof that this construction is well ...
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1answer
31 views

Computation with Mayer-Vietoris and fundamental classes

Let $M$ be an $n$-dimensional closed oriented connected manifold and suppose that $\bar{U},\bar{V}\subset M$ are $n$-dimensional manifolds with boundary so that $M=\bar{U}\cup \bar{V}$ and ...
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Understanding the “shape” of a singular Riemann surface

Consider the singular Riemann surface given by the following expression: $$z^d w^d-z^d-w^d+t=0\ ,$$ where $t$ is a parameter in $(-1,1)$ and $d$ is a positive integer greater than 2. For $t\neq0$ the ...
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114 views

Homotopic equivalence for $S^5$ without three $S^1$

Consider a standard embedding of $S^5$ in $\mathbb R^6$: $S^5: \; x_1^2 + x_2^2 + x_3^2 + x_4^2 + x_5^2 + x_6^2 = 1.$ And consider three circles, which are sections of $S^5$ by $x_1 x_2$, $x_3 x_4$, ...
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1answer
47 views

isotopy equivalence between manifolds

The definition below is from Encyclopaedia of Mathematics: Volume 6. Question: For any $n\geq 1$, is the $n$-dimensional closed cube $$[0,1]^n=[0,1]\times [0,1]\times\cdots \times[0,1]$$ isotopy ...
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Gluing 3 dimensional tetrahedra with orientation reversing edge

I am not sure how to proceed on exercise 3.2.3 in Thurston's book "Three Dimensional Geometry and Topology". The wording is as follows: "In a gluing of three dimensional simplices, each edge enters ...
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equivalent characterizations of manifolds such that configuration spaces are homotopy equivalent

Let $M$ and $N$ be manifolds. If $M$ is homeomorphic to $N$, then the $k$-th configuration spaces $F(M,k)$ is homeomorphic to $F(N,k)$. If $M$ is homotopy equivalent to $N$, then the $k$-th ...
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86 views

The first Kirby move and $\mathbb{C}P^2$

A surgery on a link in $S^3$ can be regared as 2-hadnle attachements to $D^4$ (resulting 4-manifold $W$ whose boundary is the result of the surgery). I would like to know how the first Kirby move ...
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An intutive proof of 'replacing two-caps by a handle'

I am trying to understand a statement given in Polchinski Vol.1 - a torus with cross-cap can be obtained either as (g,b,c) = (0,0,3) or as (1,0,1), trading two cross-caps for a handle. Here, g is ...
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124 views

Equivalence of knots: ambient isotopy vs. homeomorphism

I am looking into knot theory and have found two different definitions stating that two knots $K_1$ and $K_2$ are equivalent, namely the concept of an ambient isotopy: These two knots are ambient ...
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83 views

What are the 8 non-compact Euclidean 3-manifolds?

I have found several sources that mention that there are eight non-compact Euclidean 3-manifolds, with four orientable and four non-orientable. There are two standard references for this, but ...
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32 views

Isotopy: Definition

An isotopy is a homotopy from one embedding of a manifold $M$ in $N$ to another such that at every time, it is an embedding. In this definition, I am wondering why $M$ and $N$ are required to be ...
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Is there any “Brunnian-like” braid which is not a pure braid in $B_n$ with $n\geq 3$?

A braid $\beta$ is called Brunnian if it satisfies $\beta$ is a pure braid; $\beta$ becomes a trivial braid after removing any of its strands. Obviously in $B_2$, every braid satisfies condition ...
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86 views

Fundamental group of open subsets of $\mathbb{R}^n$

Suppose that $U$ is an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$. What can be said about its fundamental group? I'm sure that the answer should be well known, since this is rather natural question.
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Linear vs smooth actions of finite groups on spheres, Euclidean spaces and closed disks

I would like to know examples (with references, if possible) of the following: (1) a finite group $G$ acting effectively and smoothly on a sphere $S^n$ but admitting no effective linear action on ...
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actions of $\mathbb{Z}_2$ on spheres

Let $S^m$ be the $m$-sphere and $$F(S^m,2)/\mathbb{Z}_2=\{(a,b)\mid a,b\in S^m, a\neq b\}/(a,b)\sim (b,a)$$ be the $2$-nd unordered configuration space on $S^m$. Why $F(S^m,2)/\mathbb{Z}_2$ is ...
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86 views

Non trivial homomorphism from $SU(2)$ to the diffeomorphism group of the circle

Is there a non trivial homomorphism $f: SU(2) \to \operatorname{Diff}(S^1)$? (From the comments) By a previous question, we know that there is no nontrivial homomorphism $SU(2) \to O(2)$. Since ...
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1answer
52 views

Mapping the intersection of hyperplanes/simplex to lower-dimensional unit-simplex

Suppose I have an object in $\mathbb{R}^5$ described by: $$x_1+x_2+x_3+x_4+x_5=1$$ $$x_1+2x_2+3x_3+4x_4+5x_5=6$$ $$x_1+7x_2+8x_3+9x_4+10x_5=11$$ $$x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4,x_5 \geq 0$$ Is there a way that I ...
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31 views

Thom space of unit circle

Say we embed $S^1$ into $\mathbb{R}^2$ as the unit circle. What is the Thom space $Th(i)$ associated to this embedding $i:S^1 \to \mathbb{R}^2$? By definition, the Thom space is the one point ...
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129 views

Planar kelvin problem

What is the minimal possible value of the maximal total side length shared by any two tiles in a tiling of the plane if all tiles have the same area $A$? $\text{Total side length} = ...
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90 views

General relationship between braid groups and mapping class groups

I just finished correcting my answer on visualizing braid groups as fundamental groups of configuration spaces, and in the process became interested in the other pictorial definition of the braid ...
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Open condition given by inequality on functions

Let's say we have two functions $f,g\in C^\infty(D)$, $D$ an open domain in $\mathbb{R}^2$. The condition $f(x,y)<g(x,y)$ is an open condition on $D$? With this I mean: do the points $(x,y)\in D$ ...
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finite graphs with homeomorphic covering space that do not cover the same graph.

I came across this exercise from section 1.3 in Hatcher's "Algebric topology". Construct finite graphs $X_1$ and $X_2$ having a common finite-sheeted covering space $X_1 \cong X_2$ , but such ...
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1answer
51 views

Fuchsian group with parabolic element

I'm interested in this problem: let $\Gamma \subset PSL(2, \mathbb{R})$ a Fuchsian group (i.e. it is a discrete subgroup) which contains the trasnformation $\gamma \colon z \mapsto z+1$ then the ...
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natural map to the homotopy fibre

In the paper Homology fibrations and group completion theorem, McDuff-Segal, page 280, paragraph 4, line 2-line 3 and Configuration spaces of positive and negative particles, McDuff, page 105, line ...
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543 views

Is the complement of countably many disjoint disks path connected?

Let $\{D_n\}_{n=1}^\infty$ be a family of pairwise disjoint closed disks in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Is the complement $$ \mathbb{R}^2 -\bigcup_{n=1}^\infty D_n $$ always path connected? Here ...
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59 views

Topological information from metric tensor

Suppose I am working with a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, and I have a particular coordinate expression for the metric $g$. What topological information can I infer about the manifold $M$? For ...
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79 views

triviality of tensor product of vector bundles

Let $\xi$ be a $O(n)$-bundle with fibre $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $\xi\otimes \mathbb{C}$, $\xi\otimes \mathbb{H}$ be complex vector bundles and quaternionic vector bundles. If $\xi$ is not a trivial ...
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108 views

Why the lens space L(2,1) is homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}P^3$?

According to one definition of lens space $L(p,q)$, which is gluing two solid tori with a map $h:T^2_1 \rightarrow T^2_2$. And $h(m_1)=pl_2+qm_2$, $l_i$ means longitude and $m_i$ means meridian of the ...
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universal bundle of topological monoids

Let $M$ be a topological monoid. There is a classifying space $BM$ (cf. canonical map of a monoid to its classifying space). When $M$ is a group $G$, there is a principal $G$-bundle $EG\to BG$ such ...
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pontrjagin ring of the homology of iterated loop suspension

In The homology of C n+1 spaces, n>=0, F. Cohen, proof of Theorem 3.1 and proof of Theorem 3.2 (p. 228 - 243) I totally do not understand the proofs of these two theorems from page 228 to page 243 ...
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Does every bijection of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ extend to a homeomorphism of $\mathbb{R}^2$?

Given a bijection $f\colon \mathbb{Z}^2 \to \mathbb{Z}^2$, does there always exist a homeomorphism $h\colon\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}^2$ that agrees with $f$ on $\mathbb{Z}^2$? I don't see any ...
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68 views

Is every open cover of a smooth manifold finer than a cover built from the union of disjoint open sets?

Let $M$ be a finite dimensional smooth manifold and $M=\bigcup_{i\in I}U_i$ an open cover of $M$. Does there exist a finite open cover $M=\bigcup_{k=0}^l V_k$, such that each $V_k$ is the disjoint ...
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38 views

configuration space model for classifying space of monoid

Let $M$ be a monoid and $BM$ be its classifying space. There is a model for $BM$ based on labelled configuration spaces of the line $[0,1]$. Points of the configurations are labelled by elements of ...
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1answer
83 views

John Hempel's proof of residual finiteness of surface groups

John Hempel proved that fundamental groups of $2$-manifolds are residually finite. I want to understand this proof so I have some questions: Why if we have $S(f)=\emptyset$ then $f$ represents ...
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1answer
51 views

Are there compact manifolds homotopy equivalent to a wedge sum of compact manifolds?

One example given by Hatcher as an application for the cohomology ring is to distinguish $\mathbb{CP}^2$ from $S^2 \vee S^4$ up to homotopy equivalence despite their cohomology groups being the same. ...
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Alexander polynomial of sums

A standard argument of knot theory reveals that the Alexander polynomial of the sum of two knots $K= K_1 \# K_2$ is equal to the product of the Alexander polynomial of the two summands $K_1$ and ...
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1answer
35 views

Definition of a rim torus

We know a torus is $S^1 \times S^1 =T^2$. We know a solid torus is $D^2 \times S^1$ whose boundary is a torus $S^1 \times S^1 =T^2$. What is the definition of a rim torus?
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428 views

Can one cancel $\mathbb R$ in a bi-Lipschitz embedding?

Let $X$ be a metric space. Suppose that the product $X\times\mathbb R$ admits a bi-Lipschitz embedding into $\mathbb R^{n}$. Does it follow that $X$ admits a bi-Lipschitz embedding into $\mathbb ...
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cup product in cohomology ring of a suspension

Let $X$ be a CW-complex. Let $\Sigma$ be suspension. Let $R$ be a commutative ring. Is the cup product of $$ H^*(\Sigma X;R)$$ trivial? How to prove? Where can I find the result?
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Confused with The Transversality Theorem when all manifolds are boundaryless

In Guillemin-Pollack's book Differential Topology, the Transversality theorem states that The transversility Theorem. Suppose that $F:X \times S \to Y$ is a smooth map of manifolds, where only $X$ ...
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1answer
52 views

Remove one ring of Borromean rings in 3-sphere: linked or unlinked?

We know Borromean rings in a 3-sphere $S^3$ can be unlinked if we remove one of the three rings. Here let us consider a slight different procedure. If we remove the neighbored solid torus $B^2 \times ...
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Integral Over the N-Sphere in the framework of chains:

Integration over manifolds is commonly defined with object called chains. What about if I want to integrate the exterior derivative of a $k-form$ over the n-sphere and use Stokes theorem: ...
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82 views

Which spaces admit bump functions?

Let me first fix terminology. Let $X$ be a topological space and $A\subseteq B\subseteq X$ be subsets. Let's say X admits a bump function relative to $A\subseteq B$ if there's a continuous function ...
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1answer
80 views

If $M$ is a 4-dimensional, compact, simply connected manifold with boundary, what is the topology of $\partial M$?

I know if we have a compact simply connected 3-manifold with boundary, then the boundary will be $S^2$. The argument is as following 1) $H_1(M)\simeq 0$; 2) Poincare duality $H_2(M,\partial ...
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58 views

What is a simply connected space and a multiply connected space?

I was reading the book Hyperspace by Michio Kaku when I read about simply connected space and multiply connected space. I just tried searching the answer using Wikipedia but I wasn't able to ...
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1answer
65 views

About the Chern class of the determinant line bundle

Is it true that the first Chern class of a rank $k$ complex line bundle is equal to the first Chern class of its determinant line bundle?
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55 views

cohomology ring of a subspace of real projective spaces

I learned $H^*(\mathbb{R}P^n;\mathbb{Z}_2)=\mathbb{Z}_2[a]/(a^{n+1})$, $|a|=1$, in topology class, when studying cell complex and cohomology. Now I want to find the cohomology ring ...
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1answer
60 views

Is my graph a tree?

Let M be a smooth connected manifold. G is a group act on M cocompactly and suppose there is a harmonic function $h$ on M with minimal energy.$h:\rightarrow [0,1]$ such that h is nonconstant and ...