The study of the geometric structure of measures, as well as the study of geometry from a measure-theoretic viewpoint, geometric measure theory has applications in partial differential equations, harmonic analysis, differential and Riemannian geometry, as well as calculus of variations. Statements ...

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119 views

Radon-Nikodym derivative of the Hausdorff measure transform

Let $H^{m}$ be the $m$-dimensional Hausdorff measure, let $D = \operatorname{diag }(d_1,...,d_k)$ be a nonsingular scale matrix. Consider the change of measure formula: $$ \int\limits_{A} f(Dx) \; ...
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167 views

Co-area formula involving non-integer Hausdorff measure

Is there any co-area formula involving non-integer Hausdorff dimension? Moreover is it sensible to write the following: Let $S$ be a subset in $ \mathbb{R}^n$ with Hausdorff dimension s ...
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3answers
332 views

How can a density be larger than $1$?

From Frank Morgan: Geometric Measure Theory, Fourth Edition: A Beginner's Guide, page 13,the $2$-dimensional density of the cone $x^2+y^2=z^2$ at $0$ is $\sqrt{2}$. I feel strange of that´╝îroughly ...
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106 views

Online reference about Geometric Measure Theory.

I would like to find an online reference about the basics of Geometric Measure Theory. The reference should treat such things as regions and isoperimetric surfaces. Can you tell me, where I can find ...
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2answers
171 views

Sub-dimensional linear subspaces of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ have measure zero.

I would appreciate it if someone could refer me to a proof (or simply give one here) for the statement in the title. That is: Given $k<n$ every $k$-dimensional subspace of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ has ...
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1answer
284 views

Banach-Tarski Paradox on the middle third Cantor set

In analysis and topology, the middle third Cantor set $C$ is often a very interesting topic of discussion. My question is that is it possible to have some sort of measure preserving bijection $f: ...
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1answer
118 views

A question about the proof of Rademacher theorem

I'm referring to the proof of Rademacher theorem due to C.B.Morrey (i'm reading it on Simon: 'Lectures on geometric measure theory').\ The proof can be summarized in the following steps:\ 1)For every ...
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3answers
97 views

Hausdorff measure with non-power test function

At my analysis course some time ago we were told that there is definition of Hausdorff measure through the test functions which are continuous and non-decreasing $h:(0,\infty)\to(0,\infty)$ and ...
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1answer
39 views

References on estimating capacities (Newton, Martin etc) for sets & alternative formulations.

By G-capacity for capacitable set K I mean: $Cap(K)=[inf\{\int\int G(x,y)d\mu(y)d\mu(x):\mu$ probability measure on K$\}]^{-1}$. where G(x,y) is any kernel eg. the Green kernel. Q1:We've calculated ...
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1answer
51 views

Constructing an example related to Vitali's covering theorem

An exercise in Fremlin's measure theory vol 2 asks to construct a family $\mathcal I$ of open intervals in the real line such that every point of $\mathbb{R}$ belongs to arbitrarily small intervals of ...
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1answer
106 views

Two Definitions of Minkowski Dimension

I'm currently reading a paper. Let $F\subset\mathbb R^n$ and $\epsilon\gt0$, the paper defined $m^s(F):=\liminf_{\epsilon \to 0}\epsilon^{s-n}\lambda(F_\epsilon)$ and $M^s(F):=\limsup_{\epsilon \to ...
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60 views

How smooth is the distribution function of a convex polynomial?

Here is a prototype of the problem I have in mind: Let $P:\mathbb{R}^2\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a strictly convex, nonnegative polynomial such that $P(0,0)=0$. Let $\alpha\geq 0$, and consider the ...
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1answer
96 views

Lipschitz manifold and semi-algebraic is Lipschitz graph?

It is known that there are Lipschitz manifolds that are not Lipschitz graphs and $C^1$ manifold is locally $C^1$ graph. If $M\subset \mathbb{R}^m$ is a Lipschitz manifold (with the outer distance) ...
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1answer
80 views

Measurability of upper and lower derivatives of Radon measures

Let $\mu$ and $\nu$ be Radon measures in $\mathbb R^N$. Define their upper and lower derivatives by $$ \overline{D}_\nu\mu(x):=\limsup_{r\to0}\frac{\mu(B_r(x))}{\nu(B_r(x))},\qquad ...
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1answer
139 views

About measure theoretic interior and boundary

Reference:- Evans-Gariepy, Federer, other books and notes of geometric measure thoery. I just want to clarify whether these definitions of measure theoretic interior and boundary are correct. Given ...
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1answer
186 views

The definition of $p$ capacity of a set $A\subset\mathbb{R}^n$

I am having a bit of difficult understanding the definition of the $p$-capacity of a set $A\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ and I was wondering if anyone would be able to clarify whether I have the right idea or ...
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1answer
179 views

Hausdorff Measure- Lower semi-continuity

By definition , when we are given a set $A \in \mathbb{R}^n$ , $$ H_\delta^{n-1} (\partial A ) = \inf \left\{ \sum_{j=1}^{\infty} \alpha_{n-1}\frac{1}{2^{n-1}} [\operatorname{diam}(U_j)] ^{n-1} ...
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1answer
140 views

Equality in the Isoperimetric Inequality

Stein and Shakarchi, in their book Real Analysis, the third volume of the Princeton Lectures in Analysis series, give a proof of the isoperimetric inequality for closed rectifiable curves in ...
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21 views

Density and $\lambda$ - measurability of a Radon measure

Let $\lambda$ be a Radon measure on $\mathbb{R^n}$ and $A \subset \mathbb{R^n}$. Show that $\displaystyle \lim_{r \rightarrow 0} \frac{\lambda(A \cap B(x,r))}{\lambda(B(x,r))}=0 \ \ \ \text{for ...
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38 views

Problem with definition of pushforward density

Let $X$, $Y$ be smooth manifolds and let $\pi \colon X \to Y$ be a submersion. Then for every $y \in Y$ the set $W_y = \pi^{-1}(y)$ is a submanifold in $X$. Let $\mu \in \Gamma(|\Lambda| X)$ be a ...
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1answer
60 views

Upper Bound on Surface Area of Algebraic Surfaces

I have a family of multi-variate polynomials, with bounded degree and a bound on the norm of the coefficients, say for example, all multi variate polynomials of the form: $\{ a_1 xy + a_2x + a_3xyz: ...
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36 views

$L^1$ approximate continuity points of epigraph of a continuous function

Consider a continuous function $f\colon \mathbb R\to \mathbb R$. Let $F(x,y):=\mathrm{sign\,}(y-f(x))$. Is it true that for a.e. $x\in \mathbb R$ the point $(x,f(x))$ is not a point of $L^1$ ...
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60 views

Measures whose projections are absolutely continuous

Let $\mu$ be a finite Borel measure on the plane. Does there exist a characterization of the property that almost all (wrt rotations) projections of $\mu$ to lines on the plane are absolutely ...
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1answer
98 views

Estimate on the Hausdorff dimension of boundary of balls

I am reading Evans and Gariepy's book on GMT and I have a couple questions: 1) if E is a set of locally finite perimeter, is it true that E is $ \| \partial E\|$- measurable? 2) At a certain point, ...
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91 views

Is critical Haudorff measure a Frostman measure?

Let $K$ be a compact set in $\mathbb{R}^d$ of Hausdorff dimension $\alpha<d$, $H_\alpha(\cdot)$ the $\alpha$-dimensional Hausdorff measure. If $0<H_\alpha(K)<\infty$, is it necessarily true ...
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1answer
74 views

Is Hausdorff measure continuous with respect to Hausdorff distance?

Say I have a sequence of surfaces, $S_n$ in $\mathbb{R}^k$ with $d$-dimensional Hausdorff measure $m_d(S_n)$. Say $S_n$ converges in the Hausdorff distance sense to a surface $S$ with $d$-dimensional ...
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1answer
45 views

Does the squared root $\sqrt{|\cdot|}$ belong to $BV((-1,1))$?

Does the squared root belong $\sqrt{|\cdot|}$ to $BV((-1,1))$? In an affirmative case, what is its derivative in the distributional sense, i.e., what is the Radon measure $\mu$ such that $\mu=Du$ ?
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1answer
40 views

approximate tangent planes and standard tangent planes

Let $ h: U \rightarrow R^{n-m} $ be a $ C^1 $-function on $ \overline{U} $, where $ 0 \in U \subset R^m $ is an open set. Suppose $ h(0)=0 $ and $ \nabla h (0)=0 $. Then if $ M \subset R^n $ is the ...
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330 views

Riemannian measure and Hausdorff measure in a general Riemannian Manifold

Let $ M $ be a Riemannian manifold and let $ \mu $ be its Riemannian measure. This is the measure obtained by Riesz reprersentation theorem such that for every continuous function with compact support ...
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1answer
103 views

The problem of concentration (Clarification of statement in Evans: Weak Convergence Methods for Nonlinear PDE)

I am working through Evan's book on Weak Convergence Methods for Nonlinear PDE. He assumes that $U$ is an open bounded smooth subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and that $1<q<n$. In ($\S$D) concerning ...
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1answer
201 views

Surface measure for Lipschitz domain

Let $D\subset R^d$ be a bounded Lipschitz domain. Must there exist a bounded function $\Phi$ on $\partial D$ and collections of subsets $(\partial D )^{\epsilon} \subset \partial D $ (indexed by ...
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1answer
23 views

Estimating the $(N-1)$- Hausdorff measure of $\Omega\cap \partial B(0,r)$ when $\lim_{r\to\infty} m(\Omega\cap B(0,r))/m(B(0,r))=0$.

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^N$ be a open, unbounded and connected set ($N\ge 2$). Let $m$ and $\mathcal{H}^{N-1}$ denote respectively, Lebesgue and $(N-1)$-Hausdorff measures. Suppose that ...
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1answer
50 views

Choice of number in the proof the 5-r covering theorem

Why has the number 3 been chosen? I have tried drawing this and it seems wrong (its not). The balls definitely dont seem to be disjoint either. It would seem that if a particular $x$ has $r(x)$ ...
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1answer
29 views

Projection of measurable sets

If $ X $ and $ Y $ are metric spaces, $ f: X \rightarrow Y $ is lipschitzian and $ H^k $ is the Haussdorf measure, it is easy to check that $ f(A) $ is $H^k $-measurable whenever $ A $ is $H^k ...
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1answer
55 views

A Borel measure defines semi-continuous function?

Let $X$ be a metric space with outer measure $\mu$, which is assumed to be a Borel measure, i.e., all Borel sets are measurable. For a fixed subset $A\subset X$ (not necessarily measurable, but you ...
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1answer
37 views

Local Approximation $W^{1,p}$ functions by smooth functions.

I am working through "Measure Theory and Fine Properties of Functions" by Evans and Gariepy, and Chapter 4 section 2 focuses on approximating $W^{1,p}$ functions. In particular, I am confused by ...
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1answer
305 views

A formula for Perspective measurement

If I have a photograph of a rectangular object whose image recedes with perspective, is it possible to work out the scale of measurements along that object? For example: I have a photograph of a ...
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1answer
149 views

Simple questions about Hausdorff measure

Let $s>0$ and $0 < \delta \leq \infty$. For a set $E \subset R^n$ define $$ H_{s}^{\delta} (E)=\inf \left\{ \sum_i r_{i}^{s}\right\},$$ where the infumum is taken over all coverings of $E$ by ...
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1answer
43 views

Uniform Rectifiability

What is the definition of uniform rectifiability as used in the context of analytic capacity of compact sets in $\mathbb{C}$? The precise context is this paper by Mattila, Mernikov and Verdera.
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1answer
178 views

metric and measure on the projective space

Let $RP^n$ be the $n$-dim real projective space. I have the following four questions. What is the so called standard metric on $RP^n$? More generally, consider a metric space $M$ with an equivalent ...
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1answer
52 views

Hausdorff measure of an embedded submanifold

Let $ M $ be a $ C^1 $- embedded n-submanifold (without boundary) of $ R^{n+k} $. Is it true that for every $ K $ compact set in $ R^{n+k} $ the n-dimensional Haussdorf measure of $ M \cap K $ is ...
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50 views

Density of an $n$-dimensional embedded submanifold

Let $ M $ be a n-dimensional embedded $ C^1 $ submanifold in $ R^{n+k} $. Let $ H^n $ be the n-dimensional Haussdorf measure of $ R^{n+k} $. I want to prove that $$ \lim_{r \rightarrow 0} ...
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1answer
99 views

change of variable for Hausdorff measure

Let $U$ be an open set in $\mathbb{R}^n$, $T:U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ be a diffeomorphism defined on $U$, $\mu$ be the $d$-dimensional Hausdorff measure, $0<d<n$. Is it true that we have the ...
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1answer
109 views

Null sets of $\sigma$-algebras generated by functionals

These are some questions that I couldn't answer after a class I'm teaching. I would very much appreciate help. Let $\Omega=[0,1]^N$ and suppose that $f,g\colon \Omega \to [0,1]^N$ are two functions ...
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1answer
230 views

Hausdorff dimension of a smooth manifold

I read a book about fractal stating that without proof: every $m$-dimension $(m<n)$ smooth manifold $M$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ has Hausdorff dimension $m$. How can we prove it?
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1answer
55 views

Connection between local dimension and Hausdorff measures

Given that the local dimension of a measure $\nu$ at a point $w$ is defined by $$d[\nu](w) = \limsup_{r \to 0} \frac{\log(B(w,r))}{\log r}$$ is it possible to find a measure which has local dimension ...
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1answer
86 views

Limit Volume of Parallel Sets

Given $F \subset \mathbb R^n$ non empty and $\epsilon > 0$. Let $F_\epsilon$ be $\epsilon$-parallel set of $F$, $$F_\epsilon := \{x \in \mathbb R^n:d(x,F)\le\epsilon\},$$ with $d(x,F):= \inf_{y\in ...
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1answer
345 views

Estimate the surface area of a 2D shape where the only known value is the length of the enclosing boundary

Wondering if it is possible to estimate the surface area of a 2D shape where the only known value is the length of the enclosing boundary, and that it is know the internal surface area is solid. ...
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1answer
231 views

Volume form and Hausdorff measure

Let $M$ be a smooth orientable $(n-1)$-dimensional submanifold in $\mathbb{R}^n$, $dS$ be its volume form and $dH^{n-1}(x)$ be an $(n-1)$-dimensional Hausdorff measure. How to show than that $$ ...
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32 views

Probability of hitting a Borel set by transient Brownian motion ($d\geq 3$)

I am looking for references/progress made in estimating the hitting probability for Borel sets. For spheres we have $P_{x}(T_{B_{r}(0)}<\infty)=(\frac{|r|}{|x|})^{d-2}$, where $x=B_{0}$ for ...