The study of the geometric structure of measures, as well as the study of geometry from a measure-theoretic viewpoint, geometric measure theory has applications in partial differential equations, harmonic analysis, differential and Riemannian geometry, as well as calculus of variations. Statements ...

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109 views

Limits to the growth of the volume of a union of spheres

Assume that $x_i$, $i=1,\ldots,m$ are points in $\mathbb{R}^n$, with the maximal distance between any two of them being at most $1$. Define $$ a(r)=\mu\Bigl(\bigcup_{i=1}^m B(x_i,r)\Bigr),$$ where ...
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171 views

Fourier dimension of a measure restricted to an open set

Suppose that the measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ has Fourier dimension $\beta$, which is to say that $\beta= \sup\left\{\gamma \leq n : |\hat{\mu}(x)| \leq C(1+|x|)^{-\gamma/2}\right\}$. The Fourier ...
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141 views

Integral Geometry Reference Request

I am looking for a good introductory reference (book, lecture notes, survey article) on integral geometry. I am especially interested in the Crofton formula in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and its extensions to ...
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139 views

Radon-Nikodym derivative of the Hausdorff measure transform

Let $H^{m}$ be the $m$-dimensional Hausdorff measure, let $D = \operatorname{diag }(d_1,...,d_k)$ be a nonsingular scale matrix. Consider the change of measure formula: $$ \int\limits_{A} f(Dx) \; ...
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173 views

Co-area formula involving non-integer Hausdorff measure

Is there any co-area formula involving non-integer Hausdorff dimension? Moreover is it sensible to write the following: Let $S$ be a subset in $ \mathbb{R}^n$ with Hausdorff dimension s ...
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3answers
339 views

How can a density be larger than $1$?

From Frank Morgan: Geometric Measure Theory, Fourth Edition: A Beginner's Guide, page 13,the $2$-dimensional density of the cone $x^2+y^2=z^2$ at $0$ is $\sqrt{2}$. I feel strange of that,roughly ...
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125 views

Online reference about Geometric Measure Theory.

I would like to find an online reference about the basics of Geometric Measure Theory. The reference should treat such things as regions and isoperimetric surfaces. Can you tell me, where I can find ...
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2answers
225 views

Sub-dimensional linear subspaces of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ have measure zero.

I would appreciate it if someone could refer me to a proof (or simply give one here) for the statement in the title. That is: If $k<n$, then every $k-$dimensional subspace of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ has ...
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1answer
291 views

Banach-Tarski Paradox on the middle third Cantor set

In analysis and topology, the middle third Cantor set $C$ is often a very interesting topic of discussion. My question is that is it possible to have some sort of measure preserving bijection $f: ...
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1answer
20 views

$\iint |x-y|^{-t} \,d\mu\, d\mu < \infty$ iff $t<1$

Consider the measure space $([0,1], \mathcal{L}([0,1]), \mu)$, where $\mu$ is the restriction of the Lebesgue measure to the closed interval $[0,1]$. I wish to show $\iint |x-y|^{-t} \,d\mu\, d\mu ...
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103 views

Hausdorff measure with non-power test function

At my analysis course some time ago we were told that there is definition of Hausdorff measure through the test functions which are continuous and non-decreasing $h:(0,\infty)\to(0,\infty)$ and ...
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2answers
62 views

Geometric Series with coin tosses

Suppose you toss a coin and observe the sequence of H’s and T’s. Let N denote the number of tosses until you see “TH” for the first time. For example, for the sequence HTTTTHHTHT, we needed N = 6 ...
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1answer
55 views

Prove that this function is Borel measurable

Prove that if $s\ge 0$, $f:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^m$ is continuous and $K\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ is compact, then the function $$ F:\mathbb{R}^m\to [0,\infty]\\y\mapsto H^{s}(K\cap f^{-1}(\{y\})) $$ ...
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1answer
47 views

References on estimating capacities (Newton, Martin etc) for sets & alternative formulations.

By G-capacity for capacitable set K I mean: $Cap(K)=[inf\{\int\int G(x,y)d\mu(y)d\mu(x):\mu$ probability measure on K$\}]^{-1}$. where G(x,y) is any kernel eg. the Green kernel. Q1:We've calculated ...
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1answer
62 views

Constructing an example related to Vitali's covering theorem

An exercise in Fremlin's measure theory vol 2 asks to construct a family $\mathcal I$ of open intervals in the real line such that every point of $\mathbb{R}$ belongs to arbitrarily small intervals of ...
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1answer
143 views

Two Definitions of Minkowski Dimension

I'm currently reading a paper. Let $F\subset\mathbb R^n$ and $\epsilon\gt0$, the paper defined $m^s(F):=\liminf_{\epsilon \to 0}\epsilon^{s-n}\lambda(F_\epsilon)$ and $M^s(F):=\limsup_{\epsilon \to ...
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1answer
173 views

A question about the proof of Rademacher theorem

I'm referring to the proof of Rademacher theorem due to C.B.Morrey (i'm reading it on Simon: 'Lectures on geometric measure theory').\ The proof can be summarized in the following steps:\ 1)For every ...
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2answers
61 views

How smooth is the distribution function of a convex polynomial?

Here is a prototype of the problem I have in mind: Let $P:\mathbb{R}^2\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a strictly convex, nonnegative polynomial such that $P(0,0)=0$. Let $\alpha\geq 0$, and consider the ...
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2answers
96 views

Evaluating the limit for the Minkowski content of $F_{\alpha}=\{0,1,\frac{1}{2^{\alpha}},\frac{1}{3^{\alpha}},\frac{1}{4^{\alpha}},\dots\}$.

The Minkowski content is defined as $\displaystyle M_{\beta}(A)=\lim_{\delta \rightarrow 0} \frac{\mu(A_{\delta})}{(2\delta)^{1-\beta}}$ where $0 < \beta < 1$, $A \subset \mathbb{R}$, and ...
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1answer
32 views

question on existence of open set

Let $U$ be a bounded open set in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $A$ be an open subset of $U$. Fixed $\epsilon >0$. Does there exist an open set $B \subset U$ such that $B \cap \overline{U} \ne \emptyset$ and ...
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1answer
102 views

Lipschitz manifold and semi-algebraic is Lipschitz graph?

It is known that there are Lipschitz manifolds that are not Lipschitz graphs and $C^1$ manifold is locally $C^1$ graph. If $M\subset \mathbb{R}^m$ is a Lipschitz manifold (with the outer distance) ...
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1answer
93 views

Measurability of upper and lower derivatives of Radon measures

Let $\mu$ and $\nu$ be Radon measures in $\mathbb R^N$. Define their upper and lower derivatives by $$ \overline{D}_\nu\mu(x):=\limsup_{r\to0}\frac{\mu(B_r(x))}{\nu(B_r(x))},\qquad ...
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1answer
48 views

Projection of measurable sets

If $ X $ and $ Y $ are metric spaces, $ f: X \rightarrow Y $ is lipschitzian and $ H^k $ is the Haussdorf measure, it is easy to check that $ f(A) $ is $H^k $-measurable whenever $ A $ is $H^k ...
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1answer
161 views

About measure theoretic interior and boundary

Reference:- Evans-Gariepy, Federer, other books and notes of geometric measure thoery. I just want to clarify whether these definitions of measure theoretic interior and boundary are correct. Given ...
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1answer
231 views

The definition of $p$ capacity of a set $A\subset\mathbb{R}^n$

I am having a bit of difficult understanding the definition of the $p$-capacity of a set $A\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ and I was wondering if anyone would be able to clarify whether I have the right idea or ...
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1answer
196 views

Hausdorff Measure- Lower semi-continuity

By definition , when we are given a set $A \in \mathbb{R}^n$ , $$ H_\delta^{n-1} (\partial A ) = \inf \left\{ \sum_{j=1}^{\infty} \alpha_{n-1}\frac{1}{2^{n-1}} [\operatorname{diam}(U_j)] ^{n-1} ...
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1answer
142 views

Equality in the Isoperimetric Inequality

Stein and Shakarchi, in their book Real Analysis, the third volume of the Princeton Lectures in Analysis series, give a proof of the isoperimetric inequality for closed rectifiable curves in ...
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54 views

The Co-area formula for $BV$ function V.S. the co-area formula for $C^\infty$ functions

I am working on the proof of the co-area formula for $BV$ functions. Suppose $u\in BV(\Omega)$ then the co-area formula states that $$ \|Du\|(\Omega)=\int_{-\infty}^\infty \|\partial ...
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30 views

A covering argument for metric Jacobian

Given a Lipschitz map between Carnot Groups $ f : G_1 \to G_2$, with homogeneous dilations $ \delta^1_s, \delta^2_s$, we have the almost everywhere Pansu derivative $ D_H f(x)(y) = \lim_{s\to 0} ...
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37 views

Show the Hausdorff dimension of a set of numbers with digit 5

I can show heuristically that the answer is $log(9)/log(10)$ but I am struggling to prove this rigorously. This is using the construction that after the first iteration we have $9$ intervals, length ...
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28 views

Density and $\lambda$ - measurability of a Radon measure

Let $\lambda$ be a Radon measure on $\mathbb{R^n}$ and $A \subset \mathbb{R^n}$. Show that $\displaystyle \lim_{r \rightarrow 0} \frac{\lambda(A \cap B(x,r))}{\lambda(B(x,r))}=0 \ \ \ \text{for ...
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1answer
44 views

What is the density of the SRB measure conditioned to unstable manifolds?

I have a question regarding the SRB measure. As Lai-Sang Young puts it, the SRB-measure is the invariant ergodic invariant measure most compatible with volume. (see [ ...
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50 views

Problem with definition of pushforward density

Let $X$, $Y$ be smooth manifolds and let $\pi \colon X \to Y$ be a submersion. Then for every $y \in Y$ the set $W_y = \pi^{-1}(y)$ is a submanifold in $X$. Let $\mu \in \Gamma(|\Lambda| X)$ be a ...
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53 views

$L^1$ approximate continuity points of epigraph of a continuous function

Consider a continuous function $f\colon \mathbb R\to \mathbb R$. Let $F(x,y):=\mathrm{sign\,}(y-f(x))$. Is it true that for a.e. $x\in \mathbb R$ the point $(x,f(x))$ is not a point of $L^1$ ...
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63 views

Measures whose projections are absolutely continuous

Let $\mu$ be a finite Borel measure on the plane. Does there exist a characterization of the property that almost all (wrt rotations) projections of $\mu$ to lines on the plane are absolutely ...
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1answer
110 views

Estimate on the Hausdorff dimension of boundary of balls

I am reading Evans and Gariepy's book on GMT and I have a couple questions: 1) if E is a set of locally finite perimeter, is it true that E is $ \| \partial E\|$- measurable? 2) At a certain point, ...
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101 views

Is critical Haudorff measure a Frostman measure?

Let $K$ be a compact set in $\mathbb{R}^d$ of Hausdorff dimension $\alpha<d$, $H_\alpha(\cdot)$ the $\alpha$-dimensional Hausdorff measure. If $0<H_\alpha(K)<\infty$, is it necessarily true ...
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1answer
93 views

Is Hausdorff measure continuous with respect to Hausdorff distance?

Say I have a sequence of surfaces, $S_n$ in $\mathbb{R}^k$ with $d$-dimensional Hausdorff measure $m_d(S_n)$. Say $S_n$ converges in the Hausdorff distance sense to a surface $S$ with $d$-dimensional ...
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2answers
44 views

Estimating the missing points of a 3D point cloud

Consider a cloud of N points (forming a smooth 3D object), in which n points are missing. Also, consider that there is no prior knowledge about the original shape of the point cloud. The only ...
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1answer
42 views

Prove carpet has positive Hausdorff measure in its dimension

Given $D\subset\{0,1,2,\dots n-1\}\times\{0,\dots,m-1\}$, let $$K(D)=\{\sum_{k=1}^\infty(a_kn^{-k},b_km^{-k}):(a_k,b_k)\in D\forall k\}.$$ Show that if $D$ has uniform horizontal fibers (i.e. the ...
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1answer
28 views

Differentiation theorem for Radon measures

I have trouble to understand a detail in the proof of the following Theorem: Theorem: Let $\nu, \mu: \mathcal P(\mathbb R^n) \to [0, \infty]$ be outer Radon measures, such that $\nu \ll \mu$. Then ...
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2answers
34 views

A conjecture about lines and points in the plane

Let $ l_1, l_2, \ldots$ be an infinite sequence of lines in the plane, and let $(a_1, b_1), (a_2, b_2), \ldots$ be an infinite sequence of pairs of points such that $a_i, b_i \in l_i$ and $a_i \neq ...
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1answer
28 views

Show that an irregular 1-set in the plane is totally disconnected

A $1$-set is a Borel set such that $0 < \mathcal{H}^1(A) < \infty$, where $\mathcal{H}^s$ is the Hausdorff measure. Let $A$ be an irregular $1$-set in the plane. Deduce from the theorem below ...
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1answer
53 views

A question on Hausdorff measure

This question is part of a homework assignment. Considering the hausdorff measure $\mathcal{H}_{2}$ on $\mathbb{R}^{3}$, I need to compute the measure of the unit cube: $A = \{(x,y,z) \in ...
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1answer
46 views

Does the squared root $\sqrt{|\cdot|}$ belong to $BV((-1,1))$?

Does the squared root belong $\sqrt{|\cdot|}$ to $BV((-1,1))$? In an affirmative case, what is its derivative in the distributional sense, i.e., what is the Radon measure $\mu$ such that $\mu=Du$ ?
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116 views

The problem of concentration (Clarification of statement in Evans: Weak Convergence Methods for Nonlinear PDE)

I am working through Evan's book on Weak Convergence Methods for Nonlinear PDE. He assumes that $U$ is an open bounded smooth subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and that $1<q<n$. In ($\S$D) concerning ...
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1answer
212 views

Surface measure for Lipschitz domain

Let $D\subset R^d$ be a bounded Lipschitz domain. Must there exist a bounded function $\Phi$ on $\partial D$ and collections of subsets $(\partial D )^{\epsilon} \subset \partial D $ (indexed by ...
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1answer
49 views

Bounding dimension of IFS

Given the IFS $\{\frac x {2+x},\frac 2 {2+x}\}$ ($0\le x \le 1$) with attractor K prove that $0.53<\dim_HK<0.8$ I thought using the results from my last question by saying ...
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2answers
39 views

A property of Radon Measures

Let $\mu: \mathcal P(\mathbb R^n) \to [0, \infty]$ be an outer Radon-measure. This means that every Borel-set $B \subset \mathbb R^n$ is $\mu$-measurable, $\mu$ is Borel-regular, i.e. for every set $A ...
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1answer
53 views

A counterintuitive construction: finely covering a horizontal strip with vertical bands

Let $Q:=[0,1]^2$ and suppose we have a horizontal strip $S=\{\alpha\le y\le\beta\}\cap Q$ inside it (with $0\le\alpha<\beta\le 1$). We want to cover $S$ in an accurate way with vertical bands: ...