# Tagged Questions

Galois theory allows one to reduce certain problems in field theory, especially those related to field extensions, to problems in group theory. For questions about field theory and not Galois theory, use the (field-theory) tag instead. For questions about abstractions of Galois theory, use (galois-...

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### A real number $x$ such that $x^n$ and $(x+1)^n$ are rational is itself rational

Let $x$ be a real number and let $n$ be a positive integer. It is known that both $x^n$ and $(x+1)^n$ are rational. Prove that $x$ is rational. What I have tried: Denote $x^n=r$ and $(x+1)^n=s$ ...
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### Is Frobenius the only magical automorphism?

The Frobenius automorphism is special because the $p$-power map makes sense in any characteristic $p$ ring, which allows us to canonically extend the Galois-theoretic Frobenius to any such ring. I don'...
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### Are most rational quintics unsolvable?

It is well-known that, as polynomials of degree exceeding 4, there exist quintics whose roots cannot be solved for by radicals (Abel-Ruffini theorem). So we can divide the set of rational quintics ...
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### Intuitive reasoning why are quintics unsolvable

I know that quintics in general are unsolvable, whereas lower-degree equations are solvable and the formal explanation is very hard. I would like to have an intuitive reasoning of why it is so, ...
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### Is my field algebraically closed?

For a field $L$, let $\widetilde L$ be the splitting field of all irreducible polynomials over $L$ having prime-power degree. Question: Do we have $\widetilde{\mathbf Q}=\overline{\mathbf Q}$? ...
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### Original works of great mathematician Évariste Galois

Through this question I wanted to know the original works of Galois. When I was reading Galois theory ( since from last month ) , I have been seeing one common line in every book, whose essence ...
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### Contributions of Galois Theory to Mathematics

What are the major and minor contributions of Galois Theory to Mathematics? I mean direct contributions (like being aplied as it appears in Algebra) or simply by serving as a model to other theories. ...
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### Why isn't the inverse of the function $x\mapsto x+\sin(x)$ expressible in terms of “the functions one finds on a calculator”?

The function $f(x)=x+\sin(x)$ is easily checked to be a bijection from the reals to itself, and so it has a unique inverse $y\mapsto g(y)$ such that $f\circ g=g\circ f$ are both the identity map. ...
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### Intuition behind looking at permutations of the roots in Galois theory

What I find after reading books is that they explain only the conceptual definition and no one mentions the explanation behind it; I have been reading the Galois theory as many people told me to read, ...
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### Is every group a Galois group?

It is well-known that any finite group is the Galois group of a Galois extension. This follows from Cayley's theorem (as can be seen in this answer). This (linked) answer led me to the following ...
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### Galois groups of polynomials and explicit equations for the roots

Lets say I have calculated the galois group of some polynomial and I also have the subgroup structure. What's an effective procedure to turn the group into equations for the actual roots of the ...
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### Why there is much interest in the study of $\operatorname{Gal}\left(\overline{\mathbb Q}/\mathbb Q\right)$?

Let's start for a simple quote from wikipedia: "No direct description is known for the absolute Galois group of the rational numbers. In this case, it follows from Belyi's theorem that the ...
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### Algebraic numbers that cannot be expressed using integers and elementary functions

Can we give an explicit${^*}$ example of a real algebraic number that provably cannot be represented as an expression built from integers and elementary${^{**}}$ functions only? ${^*}$ explicit ...
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### “Standard” ways of telling if an irreducible quartic polynomial has Galois group C_4?

The following facts are standard: an irreducible quartic polynomial $p(x)$ can only have Galois groups $S_4, A_4, D_4, V_4, C_4$. Over a field of characteristic not equal to $2$, depending on whether ...
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### Ring structure on the Galois group of a finite field

Let $F$ be a finite field. There is an isomorphism of topological groups $(\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{F}/F),\circ) \cong (\widehat{\mathbb{Z}},+)$. It follows that the Galois group carries the structure ...
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### Expressing a root of a polynomial as a rational function of another root

Is there an easy way to tell how many roots $f(x)$ has in $\Bbb{Q}[x]/(f)$ given the coefficients of the polynomial $f$ in $\Bbb{Q}[x]$? Is there an easy way to find the roots as rational ...
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### Is every rigid field perfect?

A field is rigid iff its automorphism group is trivial. A field $F$ is perfect iff all irreducibles in $F[x]$ are separable. Is every rigid field perfect?
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### Finding the degree of a field extension over the rationals

Let $\alpha = \sqrt{\sqrt{2}+\root 4 \of 2}$, $\beta =\sqrt{\sqrt{2}- \root 4 \of 2}$, $\gamma = \sqrt{-\sqrt{2}+i\root 4 \of 2}$ and $\delta = \overline{\gamma}=\sqrt{-\sqrt{2}-i\root 4 \of 2}$. Let ...
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### Galois group of a reducible polynomial over $\mathbb {Q}$

Let $f \in\mathbb {Q}[X]$ be reducible - for the sake of simplicity, $f = gh$ with $g,h \in\mathbb {Q}[X]$ irreducible. Let L be the splitting field of f. Does $Gal(f) \simeq Gal(g) \times Gal(h)$ ...
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### How to transform a general higher degree five or higher equation to normal form?

This is a continuation of How to solve fifth-degree equations by elliptic functions? How to transform a general higher degree five or higher equation to normal form? For xeample, a quintic equation ...
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### Explicit computation of a Galois group

Let $E$ be the splitting field of $x^6-2$ over $\mathbb{Q}$. Show that $Gal(E/\mathbb{Q})\cong D_6$, the dihedral group of the regular hexagon. I've shown that $E=\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_6, \sqrt[6]{2})$, ...
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### Decomposition of an algebraic number into a sum or product of algebraic numbers with smaller degree

An algebraic number can be identified by its minimal polynomial together with isolating intervals with rational bounds for its real and imaginary parts. The degree of an algebraic number is the degree ...
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### Galois group of $x^3 - 2$ over $\mathbb Q$

I know the Galois group is $S_3$. And obviously we can swap the imaginary cube roots. I just can't figure out a convincing, "constructive" argument to show that I can swap the "real" cube root with ...