Galois theory allows one to reduce certain problems in field theory, especially those related to field extensions, to problems in group theory. For questions about field theory and not Galois theory, use the (field-theory) tag instead. For questions about abstractions of Galois theory, use ...

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On a Proof in Galois Theory

We have the following lemma (used in the proof of Abel's Theorem): If $\text{Char}(F)=0$, $E/F$ is a radical extension, and $K/E$ is the Galois closure of $E/F$, then $K/F$ is also a radical ...
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Field extensions and irreducibility

I'm having trouble trying to show that the function f=x^3 + x + 3 is irreducible in the rationals. I tried using Eisensteins criterion but it didn't work as it doesnt satisfy all conditions. the ...
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Galois Extensions

I have to solve the following exercise: Let $f(x)=3x^4-3x^2+1$ be a polynomial in $\mathbb{Q}[x]$ and let $\alpha$ be one of its roots. 1) Determine $[\mathbb{Q}(\alpha):\mathbb{Q}]$ and ...
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$5|\#\text{Gal}(f/\mathbb{Q})\subset S_5 \implies \text{Gal}(f/\mathbb{Q})$ contains a $5$-cycle?

Context: Consider $$ f(x):=x^5-4x+2\in\mathbb{Q}[x]. $$ By Eisenstein's criterion, $f$ is irreducible over $\mathbb{Q}$. Since $\mathbb{Q}$ has characteristic $0$, we know every irreducible polynomial ...
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Determining if an extension is a normal extension [MORANDI'S BOOK]

I'm dealing with the following problem: Let $K$ be a field and suppose that $\sigma\in\mbox{Aut}(K)$ has infinite order. Let $F$ be the fixed field of $\sigma$. If $K/F$ is algebraic, show that ...
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1answer
45 views

Non-Galois number fields and complex embeddings

Let $K$ be a number field. $K$ is a normal extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ iff $\exists f(x)\in\mathbb{Q}[x]: K$ is the splitting field for $f(x)$. A field extension is Galois iff it is normal and ...
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Let $G = \text {Gal}(L/K)$. How do I see that $\phi \in G$ is completely determined by $\phi\mathbb( \sqrt[4] {3})$ and $\phi(i)$?

Let $K = \mathbb Q$ and $L = \mathbb( \sqrt[4] {3}, i)$. I see that $L \supset K$ is a an Galois extension. Also, after computations I've $[L : K] = 8$ (degree of $L$ over $K$ considered as a vector ...
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Deriving the Resolvent Cubic From Elementary Symmetric Functions

On page 614 of Dummit and Foote's Abstract Algebra, while deriving the resolvent cubic for a quartic $g$, they go from a trio of elements $\theta_i, i=1,2,3$ which were defined in terms of the roots ...
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1answer
34 views

relation between the characteristic polynomial and the minimal polynomial

Define $l_a : F(a) → F(a) $ by $ l_a(x)=ax$, when $[F(a):F]=n$ . show that the minimal polynomial of $a$ over $F$ is the same as the minimum polynomial of $l_a$ as defined in linear algebra. this ...
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25 views

a question about field extensions and tower formula

if $K|F$ is a field extension & $a_1,a_2,...,a_n$ are the elements of $K$ which are algebraic on $F$ , we know that $[F(a_1,a_2,...,a_n):F]=<\Pi_{i=1}^n[F(a_i):F]$,it can be proved by induction ...
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78 views

On a Proof that the Splitting Field of a Separable Polynomial is Galois

Prop.: If $f \in F[x]$ is separable, then the splitting field of $f$ over $F$ is a Galois extension of $F$. Proof: By induction over $[E:F]$, where $E$ is the splitting field. By previous results ...
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1answer
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an exercise in Galois theory about polynomials

find a field $F$ and different polynomials $f(X),g(X)\in F[X]$ that for every $\alpha \in F$ we have $f(\alpha)=g(\alpha)$. prove that it is impossible if $F$ is infinite. i think this example ...
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106 views

History of the three “impossible” compass-and-straightedge problems

I'm preparing a presentation about constructible numbers and I wanted to know some of the history about it to motivate the topic. I wanted to know if the classical Greek problems (doubling the cube, ...
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33 views

Algebraic Extensions

I have the following question: there is this statement i can't understand: Let $A$ be an integral domain which is integrally closed ( in its field of franctions ) and let $K$ be its fraction field. ...
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independence of Galois conjugates

Let $L \supset K$ be a transcendental extension of fields, $K$ algebraically closed and let $y \in L'$ be algebraic over $L$, and let $\sigma(y)$ be its Galois conjugate for some $\sigma \in ...
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If $f(x)\in\mathbb{Q}[x]$ of degree $p$ and $\operatorname{Gal}(K/\mathbb{Q})$ has element of order $p$ then $f(x)$ is irreducible.

Let $f(x)\in\mathbb{Q}[x]$ , $p$ prime, $\deg f(x)=p$ and $G = \operatorname{Gal}(K/\mathbb{Q})$ has element of order $p$, where $K$ the the splitting field of $f(x)$ over $\mathbb{Q}$. Show that ...
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Finite characteristic splitting fields of low degree polynomials

Let $f(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ be a polynomial. Let $f_p(x) \in \mathbb{Z}_p[x]$ denote the polynomial $f \bmod{p}$ (where $p$ is a prime). We say $p$ is good for $f$ if $f_p(x)$ splits (into linear ...
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If $\deg(f) > p^k$ then $f$ as an irreducible divisor of degree $> k$

Let $p$ be prime and let $f \in \mathbb{F}_p[X]$ with no repeated roots. Let $k \in \mathbb{N}^*$ such that $\deg(f) > p^k$. Show that $f$ has an irreducible divisor of degree $> k$. My ...
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39 views

What is the difference between the algebraic function fields and the fields itself

I'm studying this book and I don't understand exactly what's the difference between the algebraic function field $F/K$ and $F$ itself. Thanks
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1answer
46 views

Sum of roots of unity an algebraic integer proof

Let S be the sum of a finite number of nth roots of unity (where n is fixed, and the sum is non-zero). How do I go about showing that S is an algebraic integer in the cyclotomic field of order n ?
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1answer
52 views

Field extension of degree 3 and polynomial roots

Deleted the old question, because tho whole question kind of changed. I am facing following problem: Given extension of finite fields $L/K$ of degree $3$, prove that every polynomial of degree $3$ ...
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How often are Galois groups equal to $S_n$?

Let $\mathbb{Z}[x]_n$ be the set of polynomials in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$ of degree at most $n$. Then, consider some sensible increasing filtration $$A_0 \subset A_1 \subset A_2 \subset \cdots$$ of ...
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Relation between Galois theory and Fermat primes

I am curious about a possible relation between Galois theory and Fermat primes. There is a general solution to any polynomial equation of degree less than or equal to $4$. The only Fermat primes (of ...
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60 views

Decomposition group of a prime ideal and root of polynomials

Let $f(x)$ be a monic irreducible polynomial with integer coefficient. Let $K$ be the splitting field of $f$ and $\alpha$ one of its roots. Let $p$ a prime number such that $p$ does not divide ...
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50 views

every irreducible polynomial has a root in some field extension

We know the following fact from field theory. Let $F$ be a field and $p(X)$ an irreducible polynomial in $F[X]$. Then we can find a field extension $L$ of $F$ such that $p(X)$ has a root in $L$. ...
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1answer
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Abelian Kummer Extension

A field extension of the form $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_n, \sqrt[n]{\beta})$ where $\zeta_n$ is a primitive $n$th root of unity and $\beta \in \mathbb{Q}(\zeta)$ is called a Kummer extension. Even though ...
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54 views

dimension of $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt2)$

How can I prove that the splitting Field $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt2)$ over the rational numbers $\mathbb{Q}$ is two dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{Q}$ ?
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Constructing common extension of two finite fields

I am facing following problem, and would be very thankful for any input: I am supposed to prove that two finite fields with same number of elements are isomorphic. I know the usual proof via ...
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How to write a particular fixed field as a simple extension of $\mathbb{R}$? (Morandi's book)

I'm working in the following problem from Morandi's Book Field and Galois Theory: Let $A$ =$\left(\begin{array}{cc} a & b \\ c & d \end{array} \right)$ with $a=d=-1/2$ and ...
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Normal extension and group of automorphisms

Let $K \supset F$ a normal extension (finite). Show in details that, for every $\alpha \in K$, the polynomial $$f(x)=\prod_{\sigma \in Aut_F(K)}(x-\sigma(\alpha))\in F[x];$$ My attempt: Since $K$ ...
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Any general “formula” solutions for higher order polynomial equation?

We know that fifth (or higher) degree polynomial equation has no general solution formula using only the usual algebraic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) and application of ...
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$[F(t):F(t^n)]=n$ where $t$ is trascendental

Let $F$ be a field and let $t$ be trascendental over $F$. Prove that $[F(t):F(t^n)]=n$. Obviously $[F(t):F(t^n)]\le n$ since the polynomial $f(x)=x^n-t^n \in F(t^n)$ has $t$ as a root. But I don't ...
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1answer
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How to show that any solvable transitive subgroup of S$_p$ where $p$ is a prime has a conjugate contained in Aff($\mathbf F_p$)?

Here Aff ($\mathbf F_p$) denotes the group of affine transformations $x\rightarrow ax+b,$ with $ a\neq 0, b\in \mathbf F_p$. What I've done is to show that the penultimate group in the solvable series ...
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1answer
39 views

Prove that there exists a sequence of intermediate fields.

How can I prove that for $K\subset L$ - the Galois extension of degree $p^n$, where $p$ is prime, there exists a sequence $K=K_{0}\subset K_{1}\subset \cdots \subset K_{n}=L$ such that ...
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The determination of the Galois group of a polynomial

The GAP package has a function $\mathtt {GaloisType}$ that takes a polynomial as an argument and returns a number, the index of the transitive group of order the degree of the polynomial. I read ...
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1answer
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Is $F\subset F(a,b)$ a Galois extension?

I know that $F\subset F(a)$ and $F\subset F(b)$ are the Galois extensions of degree $n$ and $m$ respectively, $(n,m)=1$. 1) How can I show that $F\subset F(a,b)$ is the Galois extension either? 2) ...
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Field Extension, Splitting Field and Galois Theory

Let $f(x)\in \mathbb{Q}[x]$ be an irreducible polynomial of degree $n\geq 3$. Let $L$ be the splitting field of $f$, and let $\alpha \in L$ be a root of $f$. Given that $[L:\mathbb{Q}]=n!$, prove that ...
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1answer
54 views

Normal Basis Theorem Proof

I am a little confused by the proof of the Normal Basis Theorem in E. Artin's Galois Theory. Specifically, I am having trouble understanding why a certain squared matrix has a particular form. The ...
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1answer
49 views

Solvability of the groups.

Let $M$, $N$ be normal subgroups of a group $G$ such that $G/M$ and $G/N$ are solvable groups. How can I prove that $G/(M\cap N)$ and $G/\langle M,N\rangle$ are solvable either? Thanks in advance.
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Degree of the field extension.

Could you help me showing that for a field $F$ the degree of the extension $F(x^{2}+\frac{1}{x^{2}})\subset F(x)$ is $4$? I have found the polynomial $y^{4}-(x^{2}+\frac{1}{x^{2}})y^{2}+1$ such that ...
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Field made of real&imaginary parts of members of another field

Let ${\mathbb K}$ be a normal extension of $\mathbb Q$. Let $\mathbb L$ be the subfield of ${\mathbb C}$ generated by the real and imaginary parts of elements of $\mathbb K$. Thus $\mathbb L$ is a ...
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1answer
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Calculating Splitting field

Find the splitting field of the polynomial and degree over $\mathbb{Q}$ $P(X)=X^4+2$. The roots of $P(X)$ are $\sqrt[4]{2}\sqrt{i},\ -\sqrt{i}\sqrt[4]{2}, \ i\sqrt{i}\sqrt[4]{2},\ ...
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1answer
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Galois group of order 2^4

Find the galois group the polynomial $f(X)=(X^2-2)(X^2-3)(X^2-5)(X^2-7)$ over $\mathbb{Q}$. A splitting field for $f(X)$ is $K=\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{2},\sqrt{3},\sqrt{5},\sqrt{7})$. We must have ...
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1answer
20 views

Error on parity bits of Reed-Solomon error correction code

I'm trying to figure this out but it seems never to be covered in articles explaining Reed-Solomon codes. If I have a string with 64 characters (bytes) and 4 parity bytes for error checking and ...
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1answer
18 views

Terminology for Galois groups of non-Galois extensions.

I am having a confusion with terminology. If $L/K$ is not Galois, what is the meaning of "the Galois group of $L$ over $K$"? I have two guesses: 1) It is the field automorphisms of $L$ that fix ...
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Separable extension [closed]

Let $\alpha$ algebraic over $k$ of characteristic $p>0$ Prove that $\alpha$ is separable over $k$ if and only if $k(\alpha)=k(\alpha^p)$. Any suggestion, please.
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Galois group of $X^{5}-2X+7$ over $\mathbb{Q}$

Is there any way to determine the Galois group of $X^{5}-2X+7$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ not using the discriminant? Thanks!
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1answer
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For a finite etale map $X\rightarrow T$ of degree $d$, and a $U$-point $t\in T(U)$, are there at most $d$ points in $X(U)$ lying over $t$?

If $f : X\rightarrow T$ is a finite etale morphism of connected schemes, and $U$ is another connected scheme and we're given a map $t : U\rightarrow T$, then must it be true that there are at most $d$ ...
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Any other mathematicians like Galois in recent history?

Any other mathematicians like Galois in recent history ? For "someone like Galois", I mean someone who developed a completely new theory all by himself, solved a big problem and the theory has big ...
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Proving degree $n$ have at last $n$ roots in $F_q[X]$

How to prove that in $F_{q}[X]$ of degree $n$, have $n$ roots?