Elementary questions about functions, notation, properties, and operations such as function composition.

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1answer
41 views

For what values of $x\in \Bbb N$ is $\tan^{-1}\left(\frac{360}{x}\right)$ rational?

For what values of $x\in \Bbb N$ is $$\tan^{-1}\left(\frac{360}{x}\right)$$ rational? Just wondering if there is any method to accomplish this.
0
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0answers
5 views

On the zero set of a smooth function which is linear on the first variable.

Let $f:C^n\times R^n\rightarrow C$ be a smooth function which is linear in $z\in C^n$. (1) For any $z\in C^n$, $f(z,R^n)$ is compact and there exists $x_z\in R^n$ satisfying $f(z,x_z)=0$. (2) There ...
1
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4answers
87 views

Solving the equation $ f^{-1}(x)=f(x)$

I attempted to solve the equation given in the title for the function; $$f: \mathbb R_{++} \to\mathbb R_{++}; \quad f(x)=x^2(x+2)$$ I understand that the problem is equivalent to solving $f(f(x))=x$ ...
4
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1answer
38 views

How to determine the generating function?

So I have $$\overset{*}{F} = \overset{*}{F}_{n-1} + \overset{*}{F}_{n-2} + g(n)$$ where $\overset{*}{F}$ is NOT a Fibonacci number for $n \geq 2$. $g(n)$ is any function $g: \mathbb{N} \to ...
1
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1answer
13 views

To find, wether '1' lies in the range of f, where $f(x)=[ln(\frac{7x-x^2}{12})]^\frac{3}{2}$?

$f(x)=[ln(\frac{7x-x^2}{12})]^\frac{3}{2}$, For the given function, the question is whether, f(x) can equal 1 for some real value of x?
3
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2answers
44 views

How to precisely define $C^\infty$ in $f(x) \in C^\infty$

In single variable calculus, a common way to denote a function that is continuous for all derivatives is to write $f(x) \in C^\infty$ i.e. $f(x) = \exp(x)$ Is there a more rigorous way to define ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Exponential type of $\sin z$

An entire function $f$ is of exponential type if $\,\lvert\, f(z)\rvert\le C\mathrm{e}^{\tau\lvert z\rvert},\,$ for all sufficiently large values of $\lvert z\rvert$. The exponential type of $f$ is ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Graphical transformation : reflect and shift

I know that x[-n] will be reflection of x[n] along y-axis and x[n+k] will shift x[n] to left by k points. Now if I take x[n] 1. x'[n]=x[-n] should reflect along y axis 2. x'[n+k]=x[k-n] should shilf ...
1
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1answer
59 views

$f '(x) = -f(x)$ and $f(1) = 1$, Solve for $f(2)$

I am honestly not even sure how to start this problem... My first thought was that $f(2) = 2$ ... But now I don't even know where to go from there.
0
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2answers
57 views

Determine if z is a function of x and y. $6x-4y+2z=10$

"Determine if z is a function of x and y. $6x-4y+2z=10$. Find the formula" All i did was equate for z $$z = 5-3x+2y$$ That is the formula. And It's pretty obvious that the answers are unique but i ...
0
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2answers
66 views

Why is $f'(c) = \text{does not exist}$ a critical point?

In my lecture the prof wrote that when the derivative does not exist at a point it is also a critical point I can understand that $f'(c) = 0$ indicates that we have a flat place on our curve, so ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Looking for a formula with that goes with a specific family of line graphs

I need a formula that I can use in my Arduino project that gives me the following graph family. The idea is that 'x' would be drawn randomly, and 'a' would be the number of previous attempts at my ...
3
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2answers
42 views

period of $\cos(x) + x - \lfloor x \rfloor$?

What is the period of $\cos(x) + x - \lfloor x \rfloor$? This is what I have done: $x = \lfloor x \rfloor + \{x\}$ $\cos(x)$ has period $2\pi$ $\{x\}$ has period $1$ so $\cos(x) + \{x\}$ should ...
1
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2answers
69 views

Graph of the function $y = 2 + (x + 1)^3$

I know that this function will have the behavior of $Y = X^3$ but as I will translate for this function $(Y = X^3)$? I do this: $$(x + 1)^3 = x^3 + 3x^2 + 3x + 3 \quad y = x^3 + 3x^2 + 3x + 5$$ But ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Find a function with the property, or prove it doesn't exist

Today, I encountered the following problem in my research. I'd like to find a function $f(x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_n)$ such that $$ 0 = \frac{d f(x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_n)}{d a}\bigg|_{c_1,c_2,\ldots,c_n} ...
1
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0answers
20 views

How would we generate a basis of sigmoidal functions?

I am trying to figure out how to generate a basis of sigmoidal functions. My issue is thus: there are several possible generating functions for a sigmoid (logistic curves, error functions, arctangent, ...
0
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1answer
16 views

The domain of logarithmic functions with sinx and cosx

I need to solve this equation: $\log_{\cos x} \sin x + \log_{\sin x} \cos x=2$ But in order to solve it, I first need to find the domain. What I did was this: $\cos x\neq1 \wedge \sin x\neq1 $ ...
9
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2answers
133 views

Does equation $f(g(x))=a f(x)$ have a solution?

Suppose $g: [0,1] \to [0,1]$ is a strictly increasing, continuously differentiable function with $g(0)=0$ and $g(1) < 1$, and $a \in (0,1)$. Is there a function $f:[0,1] \to \mathbb{R}$ such that ...
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2answers
45 views

Proving the equation has no root. [closed]

How to show that for $a\in \mathbb R$, the equation $x^2+12a^2+4ax-8a+8=0$ has no root?
2
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0answers
76 views

Inverse of $f(x)=x+\sin(x)$

I'm attempting to find $$f^{-1}(x)$$ for the function $$f(x) = x + \sin{x}.$$ So far I've tried some simple algebraic methods as well as rewriting $\sin{x}$ as a power series. I'm not quite sure where ...
1
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1answer
34 views

Integral with an unknown function

I am trying to solve this integral $$ \int \frac{f(x)}{g(x)}\frac{\mathrm dg}{\mathrm dx}\mathrm dx $$ where $g$ is an unknown function of $x$, and $f(x)$ is a known function that can be integrated ...
0
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1answer
27 views

What would the multifunctional inverse of $F(x)=|x|$ be?

What would the multifunctional inverse of $F(x)=|x|$ be, assuming $x$ is on the complex plane. Also, how would this usually be represented? Note that this won't be a 'true' function. (But assume a ...
0
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2answers
58 views

For a function $f:S\to S$, if $f$ is injective, then $f\circ f\circ f$ is injective

For a function $f:S\rightarrow S$, if $f$ is injective, then $f\circ f\circ f$ is injective. Is my attempt correct? True. Let $S=A$ , $S=B$ and $S=C$ and $f=g$ . Suppose $f:A\to B$ and ...
7
votes
4answers
489 views

Doubt about the domain in logarithmic functions.

According to my book, the logarithmic function $$\log_{a}x=y$$ is defined if both $x$ and $a$ are positive and $x\neq 0$ and $a\neq 1$. So are these not correct? $$\log_{-3}9=2$$ $$\log_{-2}-8=3$$ ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Proof that a function is unbounded [closed]

I have this function \begin{equation*} f(x):=\left\{\begin{array}{cl} \frac{3}{2}x^{\frac{1}{2}}(\sin\frac{1}{x})+x^{\frac{3}{2}}(\cos\frac{1}{x})(-x^{-2}), & \mbox{for }0<x\leq 1,\\ 0, & ...
4
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0answers
32 views

Identification of a function

I recently came across the following function $$\sum_{k=1}^\infty(\log(k))^n\frac{z^k}{k}$$ I found it while dealing with the polylogarithm function, $Li_n (z)$ (Notice that if instead of ...
2
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0answers
63 views

Show that if $f$ is a proper surjective map which is locally injective then $f$ must be a covering map

Suppose $f :X \to Y$ is a continuous proper map between locally compact Hausdorff spaces. Show that if $f$ is a surjective map which is locally injective then $f$ must be a covering map. It is ...
3
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1answer
34 views

Classification of Proper Maps between domains in $\mathbb{R}^n$

Suppose $f:D_1\to D_2$ is a continuous map between domains in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Show that $f$ is proper iff for every sequence $(x_n)$ in $D_1$ which accumulates only on $\partial D_1\cup\{\infty\}$, ...
0
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3answers
76 views

For a function Y : X→X , if Y is injective, then Y∘Y∘Y is injective.

For a function Y : X→X , if Y is injective, then Y∘Y∘Y is injective. My attempt: Using contrapositive, if Y is not injective. then Y ∘ Y is not injective, the there exist x, x' ∈ X with x ≠ x' but ...
1
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1answer
135 views

Shoud a function be defined for all elements in the domain in order to be surjective/bijective?

In other words, the surjection says: for any y in the codomain there should exist x in the domain. Now, do I need for every x in the domain to have an y in the codomain for surjectivity?
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2answers
69 views

Proving question on sets

I am unable to understand this question. I have to say whether its true of false and then prove it but I can't proceed with the question unless I understand it. Let $S$ be the set of stars in our ...
1
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3answers
150 views

Limit of a Sine Function

Calculate via the limit definition: $$\lim\limits_{x \to \frac {\pi}2^-} \frac{\sin^2(\frac {\pi}2-x)}{\sqrt{\pi-2x}},$$ I tried to calculate this limit using the definition of a limit and got ...
6
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1answer
50 views

which functions can be obtained as a composition of a continuous function with itself? [duplicate]

let $f(x)=x^2$, then $f(f(x))=x^4$, so $x^4$ is a continuous function from $\Bbb R$ to $\Bbb R$ which can be obtained as $f\circ f$ for a continuous $f\colon \Bbb R\to \Bbb R$. general example: for ...
1
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3answers
71 views

Prove that $f : [a,b] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a bijection from $[a, b]$ to $[f(a), f(b)]$

I'm a 1st year mathematics student, and in my analysis class I'm having trouble with proving the following: Let $a < b \in \mathbb{R}$, and let $f : [a,b] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous ...
0
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1answer
21 views

How should one define the cross product for two vector valued functions?

In many textbooks regarding vector analysis, the cross product is mention in the section about the properties of the derivative of vector functions, but there seems to be no explanation what that ...
2
votes
2answers
44 views

Characteristic Function in the subset E

Let $E \subseteq \mathbb R$. Then the characteristic function $\chi_{E}:\mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ is continuous if and only if a) $E$ is closed. b) $E$ is Open. c) $E$ is both Open and Closed. d) ...
0
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1answer
26 views

What is the definition of a binary relation?

According to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binary_relation it is first defined as "a collection of ordered pairs of elements of A" and then as "an ordered triple (X, Y, G) where X and Y are arbitrary ...
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3answers
64 views

Derivative of a Rational function $f(x)=\sqrt{2x-5\over3x+1}$

I'm trying to find the derivative of, $$f(x)=\sqrt{2x-5\over3x+1}$$ I think I can change this into $$f(x)= \left({2x-5 \over 3x+1}\right)^{1\over2} \\ =[(2x-5)(3x+1)^{-1}]^{1 \over 2}$$ Am I not ...
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0answers
16 views

Help in identifying the one dimensional map

In the paper: http://inds08.uni-klu.ac.at/INDS2008/INDS08_System_Identification_using_Symbolic_Chaotic_Sequence.pdf there is a chaotic map in Eq(11) $$c_{n+1} = \frac{\gamma c_n(1-c_n^2)}{1+\rho ...
1
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1answer
28 views

Deciding whether $(ax+b)/(cx+d)$ is increasing

In order of studying usual function such us : 1) $f(x)=ax^2$ 2) $g(x)=\frac{a}{x}$ 3) $h(x)=\frac{ax+b}{cx+d}$ 4) $p(x)=ax^2+bx+c$ To know if a function is increasing or decreasing we can ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Prove that $f$ in monotonic

In my assignment I have to prove the following: Let $f$ a continuous function in $\Bbb R$. Prove the following: if $|f|$ is monotonic increasing, in R then $f$ is monotonic in R. ...
1
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1answer
29 views

What does “2- place real function” mean?

What does "2-place real function" mean? This comes up in the context of copulas, as here.
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2answers
28 views

Derivatives problem

Given the equation $f(x)=\frac{2x+4}{\sqrt{x}}$, evaluate $f(0.5)$ and $f'(0.5)$. I am having a problem understanding the problem. The first part is straight forward, but it's the second part I'm ...
0
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2answers
42 views

If $f(z)= \frac 1z $ be defined and analytic on region $ |z| \gt 1 $ in $ \Bbb C $ then can we find an entire function $g$ such that :

$g$ should be such that $f(z)=g(z)$ on $ |z| \gt 1$ in $\Bbb C $. Now,Can we plainly apply uniqueness theorem and say that such a function $g$ can not exist?
1
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2answers
28 views

Extreme value theorem, without Heine Borel.

I was wondering, if there are any mistakes, in this proof of the extreme value theorem: Theorem. Let $X$ be a compact set and $f:X\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, s.t. $f$ is continuous. Then there exists ...
0
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2answers
59 views

Is the function continuous - $f(x) = \frac{1}{\sin x} + \frac{1}{x-1}$

I have an assignment in which I have to prove that a function "recieves every real value, where $x\in (0,1)$". Here is the function: $$f(x) = \frac{1}{\sin x} + \frac{1}{x-1}$$ I don't know the ...
4
votes
2answers
95 views

Does proper map $f$ take discrete sets to discrete sets?

Suppose $f:X \to Y$ is a continuous proper map between locally compact Hausdorff spaces. Are the following results true? $1$. The map $f$ takes discrete sets to discrete sets. $2$. If $f$ is ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Inverse of a set of ordered pairs.

An exam ask me the following question. Let $r=\{(x,y) \ | \ x \in [-1,1] \ \text{and} \ y=x^2\}$, is the following statement true? $$r^{-1}=\{(x,y) \ | \ x \in [0,1] \ \text{and} \ y=\pm\sqrt{|x|} ...
-2
votes
2answers
66 views

Prove $f(A_1 \cap A_2 \cap A_3 \cap \dotsb \cap A_n)=f(A_1) \cap f(A_2) \cap f(A_3) \cap \dotsb \cap f(A_n)$ [closed]

Let $f: R \to R$ be a one to one function. For any collection of subsets $A_1, A_2, A_3, \dotsc A_n$ of $R$, prove that $$f(A_1 \cap A_2 \cap A_3 \cap \dotsb \cap A_n)=f(A_1) \cap f(A_2) \cap f(A_3) ...
2
votes
5answers
48 views

Prove that $X \subset Y \implies f^{-1}(X) \subset f^{-1}(Y)$

Let E and F be two sets and $f: E \to F $ be a function, and $X, Y \subset F$. Prove that $X \subset Y \implies f^{-1}(X) \subset f^{-1}(Y)$ My answer: Let $y \in X$, then $f^{-1}(y) \in ...