2
votes
0answers
37 views

notation for minimum and maximum?

I'm trying to figure out the correct notation for this situation for use in Machine Learning. I have various ratings (for texts): ...
7
votes
5answers
479 views

Functional Notation.

I have some doubts regarding function notation: First If I present a function I write:$f(x)$ If I write it's inverse:$f^{-1}(x)$ So why doesn't$f(f(x))=f^2(x)$ Second If $\frac{df(x)}{dx}=f'(x)$ ...
5
votes
2answers
76 views

What is this notation for a function? I've never seen it written like this before.

What does this mean? $$ f=\{ (x,y): y= x+2 \}$$ I don't understand what "$(x,y):$" means in regard to the problem. Also why is the $y$ inside of the $f(x)$ function. Isn't it supposed to be outside? ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

What does $X:Y\to x(t)$ mean?

Relatively new into math and working my way into it. I need some help understanding the statement below. X:Y -> x(t). Can someone please help me with what does it mean? So just to clarify I have a ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Hyperbolic sinc function

Cardinal sine function or sinc function is defined by: \begin{equation} \mathrm{sinc}x=\begin{cases}\frac{\sin x}{x}, & x \neq 0,\\ 1, & x = 0,\end{cases} \end{equation} Is there any ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

How to represent the ceiling function using mathematical notation?

How to represent the ceiling function using mathematical notation? I need an equation to input in a program because it doesn't except the ceiling function so it has to be some sort of mathematical ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Combinaision of two functions

Let us denote $X_0 = \{x, y\}$ and $X_1 = \{a, b\}$ two disjoint sets of variables; let us denote $V$ a set of values. I have two functions $f_0 : X_0 \rightarrow V$ and $f_1 : X_1 \rightarrow V$, ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Is there accepted notation and/or terminology for the smallest cover of $S$ with cells from $P$?

Let $X$ denote a set. Then for $S \subseteq X$ and $P$ a partitioning of $X$, define $P \diamond S$ as the smallest cover of $S$ with cells from $P$. Explicitly: $$P \diamond S = \bigcup\{Q \in P ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

How to make clear a letter is a function?

How should I make clear that a symbol is a function? Usually a function is denoted by the letter $f$ or $g$, or is directly applied to arguments (e.g. $c(x,y)$) or is implied to be a function by an ...
0
votes
3answers
109 views

What is the $\lor$ symbol?

In researching the consensus algorithm, I came upon the consensus theorem: How does the $\lor$ symbol function?
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Express function counting number of elements in subsets

I wish to express a function $freq(x)$ as an equation but I have no clue how to properly do this. Basically I have the following: Let $a_i \subset A$ be one of many subsets of A. Each subset $a_i$ ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Definition of the Domain of a Function when the sets are the elements

In case I have a function that calculate the normalized distance of elements in two sets $A$ and $B$ I can define the function as $\mathrm{elementDistance} : A \times B \rightarrow [0,1]$. But if I ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Definition of Kronecker Delta

Is $\delta _{mn}=1$ when $m\neq n$, and $\delta _{mm}=0$? I am not very good at Math. So would you give me the answer and explanation please?
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Function with similar properties

Suppose I have a function $f$ and derive another function from it with similar properties. For example I have that my new function is zero when the other function is zero. I would still like to use ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

Domain of a composite function

I was given the question: Find the domain of the function $f(x)=\ln(\ln(\ln x))$ I found the answer by inspection: $\qquad D(\ln x)=(0,\infty)$ $\therefore\quad D(\ln(\ln x))=(1,\infty)$ ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Is there standard notation to handle “chains of functions”?

Let $f(x)=g $ $g(y)=z $ Is there standard notation to express z in terms of f(x)? Something like (f(x))(y)?
1
vote
2answers
33 views

Iterated self-composition of arbitrary function

Does there exist some notation that represents the iterative composition of a single-input, single-output function with itself? As in, say, $f_5(x)=f(f(f(f(f(x)))))$. In other words, going by the ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Notation regarding the maximum function over a list of naturals

So I'm trying to write down the maximum function(with a precise mathematical notation) over a set of integers by utilizing the generic maximum function which takes two integers, $max: \mathbb{N} ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Expression as argument in function definition

When a function definition has an expression (instead of just a single variable) as the argument to the function, what does this mean? For example, I have this question (part b): Given a certain ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Is there a difference between writing $f: X\rightarrow Y$ and writing $f:X\mapsto Y$?

I think I've heard about a year ago that "$\mapsto$" is only used for a bijection, or do they mean the same thing?
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Groups - Compositions

If the f is written to the right of its argument does that mean the composition of $f g$ is actually $g(f(x))$ instead of being $f(g(x))$ which is the notation I'm used to. I ask this because I read ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Notation for partial function set.

There is a standard notation for the set of all functions between S and T, namely T^S. Is there a similar notation for the set of all partial functions between S and T?
-1
votes
1answer
39 views

What is the place holder glyph for a set?

What glyph do set theorists use to denote an unspecified set? For example, logicians use φ to talk about an unspecified sentence in first order logic. Does set theory have a comparable glyph? Thank ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

Large Composition Operator?

Doing composition of functions with my students and was wondering if there was a large composition operator similar to Sigma and Pi? What I'm thinking is composing a function n times... $$(f\circ ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

'Union' of maps

Let $f : A \to Y$, $g : B \to Y$. Suppose that $f(x) = g(x)$ whenever $x \in A \cap B$. Define $$ h : A \cup B \to Y, \\ h(x) = \begin{cases} f(x) & \text{ if $x \in A$} \\ g(x) & \text{ if ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

function application order

In traditional mathematics, when we post-compose $x$ by $f$ we write $fx$ or $f(x)$, that is we prefix writing things right to left. I realize some might be used to it, and it is absolutely trivial, ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

About Kernel and the coimage of a function

Introduction I was serching for a concept of "equivalence relations" induced by an arbitrary function in a "natural" way and I found the concept of Kernel. But I'm not sure that I understand it and ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Subscript before a function symbol?

Does anyone know what the subscript before the function means? $$ _pf_p $$ It's part of a definition for selfish routing in networks: Let $N = (V,E)$ be the network, which is a directed graph. ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

How should I interpret this function notation?

I'm trying to implement an FDGD Algorithm from a paper and I'm a little stuck how to interpret a piece of function notation. See page 7, equations 2 and 3 in this document: In there we have ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Expressing three recursive forms into one using parameters?

I have the following recursive function that takes three forms and I want to express it in one form: Initial: $f(x) = m * f(x-1)$, $f(0) = value.$ Forms: 1 - $f(t) = m * f(t-1)$. where t is at ...
0
votes
3answers
74 views

Function Notation question that needs an answer

$f(x)= f(x+1)+3$ and $f(2)= 5$, determine the value of $f(8)$. I don't understand how $f(x)$ can equal $f(x+1)+3$
7
votes
3answers
182 views

Regarding the notation $f: a \mapsto b$

While I have come to understand that $f:a\mapsto b$ means that for input from the set $a$, the function will return a value from the set $b$, I am curious as to how far one may "drag" this notation. ...
11
votes
4answers
172 views

The origin of the function $f(x)$ notation

What are the historical origins of the $f(x)$ notation used for functions? That is when did people start to use this notation instead of just thinking in terms of two different variables one being ...
0
votes
3answers
70 views

Express the range of a Domain Subset [Notation]

I got a Function f with Domain A and Range B, if S is a subset of A, how can I express the set of the computed values of s with function f?.
1
vote
1answer
38 views

On notation for derivative of an n-Dimensional Gaussian

How to we represent the derivative of a n-D gaussian function defined by $g(\mathbf{x}) = \dfrac{1}{\sqrt{2 \pi \left|\Sigma\right|} } \exp^{-\dfrac{1}{2}({\mathbf{x}-\boldsymbol\mu}) ^\top \Sigma ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

$f(x) \neq x$ ambiguity?

The question is : An integer function $f(x)$ is valid only for $x = 0, 1, 2, 3$ and has an interesting property $f(f(x)) = x$. It is also known that $f(x) \ne x$. Find out how many such functions ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Can subscripts be used like this?

I have a variable named $P$, and another three variables named $P_c$, $P_d$ and $P_u$. Now, if I define this function: $$f(x) = x_c + x_d + x_u$$ Is it correct to say that: $$f(P) = P_c + P_d + P_u$$ ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Definition of functions on metric spaces.

In the post Definition of functions, it is stated in the accepted answer that one way to define a function is to define it as the triple $(f, X, Y)$ where $f \subset X \times Y$. My question is what ...
-1
votes
2answers
34 views

Applying a function to a set rather than a value

I do apologize about the title, I dont understand the question so I couldnt come up with a better title, if someone else could edit it to a more meaningful title I would appreciate it. So here is the ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Notation to describe amount of relevant elements in a tuple?

Say, we have the set $A=\{♠,♣,♥,♦\}^3$ and would like to define the following map: \begin{align} f: A &\to \{0,1,2,3\} \\ a &\mapsto \text{amount of ♥'s in the tuple } a \end{align} For ...
1
vote
2answers
87 views

Notation and terminology for functions, interpreting $f(y)$

It seems to me there are two different interpretations of a symbol $f(y)$. I will explain what I mean: Suppose I have a function $f(x) = x$. (I took the identity map to have a simple example). Also ...
1
vote
2answers
129 views

Notation of a function that maps a random element

Let there be a functions $f$ and $g$ such that, $$f:A \times B \mapsto \Re$$ $$g: B \mapsto A$$ where $\forall b \in B$, $g(b)$ is some $a$ such that, $\forall a' \in A, f(a,b) \geq f(a',b)$. (This ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

notation question re: function space

This is a quick notation question: when one writes $X: C[0,\infty) \to \mathbb{R}$, what does that mean exactly? Is $C[0,\infty)$ the space of continuous functions with a domain of $[0,\infty)$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Validity of notation from the aspect of function description

I have the following notation that should describe the nature of my function $for \forall a \in A \exists f:A \rightarrow S, A \subset N, S \subset [0,1]^n,|S|=n$ Can anyone tell me is the notation ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Is $g(x,y) = f(\frac{x}{2},\frac{y}{2})$ correct notation?

I was a bit confused when I saw this statement $g(x,y) = 2f(\frac{x}{2},\frac{y}{2})$, and seeing it used in a double integral $\int \int g(x,y) = 2 \int \int f(\frac{x}{2},\frac{x}{2}) \, dx dy$. I ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

“Anti-cumulative” Relation Image using Intersection

Given a binary relation $R \subseteq X \times Y$, the familiar image of some $A \subseteq X$ is defined as $R[A] = \{y\ |\ (x, y) \in R, x \in A\}$. Naturally we have the property $R[A] = \bigcup_{x ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Restricting binary relations by composing with an “inclusion binary relation”

If $X' \subseteq X$ then we may define an inclusion map $\iota : X' \to X$ where $\iota(x) = x$. One use of $\iota$ is that we can express the restriction of some $f : X \to Y$ to $X'$ as $f|_{X'} = f ...
6
votes
1answer
82 views

Wrong use of function notation $f(n)$

I've recently read in a book about computational complexity theory: $$ O(f(n)) = \{g:\mathbb N \to\mathbb R \cup \{0\} : \exists \xi > 0,n_0\in \mathbb N\;\: g(n) \leq \xi \cdot f(n) \;\: \forall n ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Issues with notation

I have this definition, and I am having difficulties with notation: Maybe I should explain a little bit: $D_{1}$ and $D_{2}$ are two matrices (or databases) with the same number of columns, but ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Function and dependent variable are represented by the same symbol?

Is it wrong to represent a dependent variable and a function using the same symbol? For example, can we write the parametric equations of a curve in xy-plane as $x=x(t)$ , $y=y(t)$ where $t$ is the ...