Elementary questions about functions, notation, properties, and operations such as function composition.

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-7
votes
0answers
17 views

How to check the availability of particular function [on hold]

I want to check the availability of particular function that returns the value of results in binary like 0 or 1....How to check these function using mathematics...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Proof for Surjections

I'm reading through Basic Algebra I (which I enjoy so far. Thoughts on this for self-studying?) and am having a difficult time proving surjection. I believe I understand the concept, but when it comes ...
-2
votes
1answer
20 views

parameterize the following functions [on hold]

Help determining the parameterized solution of the following functions $$a) { \left( x-2 \right) }^{ 2 }+{ \left( y-1 \right) }^{ 2 }=4\quad if\quad 1\le y\le 3$$ $$b) \frac { { \left( x+3 \right) ...
1
vote
2answers
33 views

Graph a function

I have a question, I have a function: $$f(x) = \frac{-x^2-10x}{2}$$ I'm really confused how to replace the x. So, what would be the points in $y$ if $x$ were: $-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4$?
-3
votes
0answers
24 views

Need a parabolic equation using two points and the slope at those points.

Can someone give me a function to solve any parabolic equation that has two known points with known slopes? Thanks much. Example: Point 1: (x1, y1), slope a Point 2: (x2, y2), slope b
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Math Formula For A Loyalty System

Basically, I help someone manage a stream on twitch.tv. She uses a program that rewards the viewers with a virtual currency. For every 30 minutes they watch they get 1 point. Also, they get a 1 ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Exercise about vector functions of real variable

Parametrize in a clockwise direction by means of a continuous vector function into pieces, starting at the point $(1,1)$ the following curve. (Sorry for my bad English) $$c:\begin{cases} { \left( ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Convex and Concave Functions using Known Function Values

I am reading the classic Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision Under Risk (1979, Econometrica) by Kahneman and Tversky. I am not clear on something on page 278: ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Interesting properties of functions and sets that depends on dimension of space.

For $n=1$ (or $m=1$), we have some basic properties of functions and sets that are not valid (or not necessarily valid) for $n\neq 1$ (or $m\neq 1$). For exemple: Calculus. Let $[a,b]$ be a closed ...
2
votes
2answers
29 views

Establish the absolute maximum of a function

We have this function:$$f(x)=\begin{cases} \sin(x) \cdot\ln(\sin2x), & \mbox{if }0<x<\pi/2 \\ 0, & \mbox{if }x=0,\mbox{or }x=\pi/2 \end{cases}$$ So, how to prove that it decreases and ...
1
vote
2answers
27 views

How to find the period of the sum of two trigonometric functions

I want to know if there exists a general method to find the period of the sum of two periodic trigonometric function. Example: $$f(x)=\cos(x/3)+\cos(x/4).$$
0
votes
1answer
27 views

How to deduce number of unordered distinct pairs using set operations and bijections

In (b) of the example, we are ask to calculate the number of ordered pairs of distinct positive integers. I like the first method's answer (using bijections, set operations) because it clearly shows ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Assessment of function $f(T^*)=1-\frac{d\phi(T^*)}{dT}e^{-\phi(T^*)}\int\limits_{T0}^{T^*}e^{\phi(T)}dT$

Is it possible to assess the following function: $f(T^*)=1-\frac{d\phi(T^*)}{dT}e^{-\phi(T^*)}\int\limits_{T_0}^{T^*}e^{\phi(T)}dT$ where $\phi(T)$ is an positive monotonic, differentiable, bounded ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Two definitions of functions

In literature on logic and set theory, there seem to be two different definitions of functions, one more general than the other. First of all, a function $f\colon X\to Y$ consists of three element ...
0
votes
3answers
94 views

What is the $\lor$ symbol?

In researching the consensus algorithm, I came upon the consensus theorem: How does the $\lor$ symbol function?
0
votes
5answers
33 views

Smallest value of function on a line

Problem : If the point $(\alpha, \beta)$ lies on the line $2x+3y=6$, the smallest value of $\alpha^2+\beta^2$ is (a) $36/13$ (b) $6\sqrt{13}/13$ (c) $6$ (d) $13$ Solution : Since ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Relations and functions with valence 0

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First-order_logic#Non-logical_symbols Relations of valence 0 can be identified with propositional variables. For example, P, which can stand for any ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

I am searching for an unusual real-valued function.

It needs to fulfill following condition for all positive $x,y ∈ ℝ$: $$f(x)+f(y)+2xyf(xy)=\frac{f(xy)}{f(x+y)}$$ any ideas?
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Express function counting number of elements in subsets

I wish to express a function $freq(x)$ as an equation but I have no clue how to properly do this. Basically I have the following: Let $a_i \subset A$ be one of many subsets of A. Each subset $a_i$ ...
2
votes
4answers
111 views

Proving exponential is growing faster than polynomial

Let $P(x)$, a polynomial which isn't the zero-polynomial. I want to prove the following limits $$\lim \limits_{x\to\infty} \left|P(x)\right|e^{-x} = 0$$ $$\lim \limits_{x\to-\infty} ...
1
vote
2answers
20 views

What does a number in gradient symbol subscript means?

While solving some problems I have encountered a subscript in front of a gradient symbol. I'm unable to understand it, I know a superscript of 2 on gradient symbol means Laplacian but what does ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

$C^0$ is a closed subspace of $L^{\infty}$

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be an open bounded set. Let $f\in C^0(\bar\Omega)$. I have to prove that $\|f\|_{\infty}=\|f\|_{L^{\infty}}$. One implication is trivial. Let's consider the other one. ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Range of $f(x)=\frac{\sin x -1}{\sqrt{3-2\cos x-2\sin x}}$ for a specified domain

We are asked to find the range of the function $$f(x)=\frac{\sin x -1}{\sqrt{3-2\cos x-2\sin x}}, \;\;\text{for}\;0\le x\le2\pi$$ I tried to find the range of each basic function of cos and sin then ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

How to find an example

I want to find a function $f\in C^1([0,+\infty)\times\mathbb{R},\mathbb{R})$ such that $f(t,0)=0$ $f(t,u)\leq \alpha u+\beta$, $\alpha<\lambda_1,\beta\geq 0$ $f(t,u)\geq C_1 |u|^{\sigma}$ where ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Examples of interesting integrable functions with at least 2 fixed points and an explicit inverse

What are some interesting functions I can use to demonstrate this integration trick: $$\int_a^b [f(x)+f^{-1}(x)]=b^2-a^2$$ I would like to know of some interesting functions where this trick is not ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

As we call “1/x” inverse x, how we name “ -1/x”?

Just as sin(x) represents some f(x), where the f(x) = opposite/hypotenuse and it seems redundant to create another function csc(x) = the inverse of sin(x) As we call "1/f(x)" inverse f(x), then how ...
2
votes
2answers
32 views

Composition of injections (proof)

I'm trying to prove that composition of injections is an injection. I want to know if this is a good proof: Composition of injections is an injection. Let $f:S_1\rightarrow S_2$ and ...
1
vote
3answers
43 views

Is Inverse Function Composition Commutative?

Given $f: \mathbb{R}\to(-1,1)$ is there a theorem that states $f\left(f^{-1}(x)\right) = f^{-1}\left(f(x)\right)$. In example, is $\tanh{\left(\tanh^{-1}{(x^2)}\right)} ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

It $f(x)=x+\sin x$, then can we find $f^{-1} (x)$?

We have a bijective function $f(x)=x+\sin x$. So what is $f^{-1} (x)$? Let $f^{-1}(x)$ be $g(x)$. Suppose we have to find $g\left(\dfrac{\pi}{6}+\dfrac{1}{2}\right)$ and ...
1
vote
3answers
30 views

Nth value of Function

Given x and y we define a function as follow : f(1)=x f(2)=y f(i)=f(i-1) + f(i+1) for i>2 Now given x and y, how to calculate f(n) Example : If x=2 and y=3 ...
6
votes
3answers
117 views

Functions with different codomain the same according to my book?

My book gives the following definition: A function $f$ from $A$ to $B$ is defined as $f\subseteq A\times B$ such that if $(a,b)\in f$ and $(a,b_1)\in f$ then $b=b_1$ and there exists a $(a,b)\in ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

The second derivative of g(t)= f(x(t), y(t))

For the chain rule for differentiating a function $g(t) = (f(x), y(t))$ how do you get from the identity $g'(t) = \frac{df}{dx} \cdot \frac{dx}{dt}+ \frac{df}{dy}\cdot\frac{dy}{dt}$ to the identitiy ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

If $f(g(x))=\sqrt {x^2-2x+8}$ and $f(x)=\sqrt x,$ find $g(x)$.

If $f(g(x))=\sqrt {x^2-2x+8}$ and $f(x)=\sqrt x,$ find $g(x)$. There is no example like this in my math book.
0
votes
1answer
57 views

How to prove that $f:\mathbb{N}\rightarrow X$ where $f$ maps to an element in a set, is a bijection?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be disjoint finite sets, $|X|=n$ and $|Y|=m$, so that we have the following bijections: $f:\mathbb{N}_n \rightarrow X$ and $g:\mathbb{N}_m \rightarrow Y$ I need to prove that ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

How to find the smallest value by using Lagrange multiplicators?

Let $a$, $b$ and $c$ be positive constants. How one can find the smallest value of the sum of three numbers $x_1$, $x_2$ and $x_3$ at the surface $\dfrac{a}{x_1}+\frac{b}{x_2}+\frac{c}{x_3}=1$ by ...
1
vote
2answers
33 views

How to check the function is convex or not?

How one can check the function whether it is convex or not. I know one method by using Hessian Matrix but I think it did not fit for the following example. I think Hessian matrix method cannot be ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

Find all differentialbles function [on hold]

Find all differentialbles function $f:[0,\infty)\rightarrow\mathbb R$ such that: a) $f^{\prime}$ is non-decreasing; b) $x^{2}f^{\prime}(x)=f^{2}(f(x)),~\forall x\in\lbrack0,\infty)$
3
votes
2answers
41 views

Composition of functions is constant in $\mathbb{R^2}$.

Let $\hspace{0.05cm}f:\mathbb{R^2}\to\mathbb{R^2}$ $\hspace{0.05cm}$ and $\hspace{0.05cm}$$g:\mathbb{R^2}\to\mathbb{R^2}$ $\hspace{0.05cm}$ be such that$\hspace{0.05cm}$ $g\circ f$$\hspace{0.05cm}$ ...
0
votes
2answers
20 views

Prove for a monotone function, if $x_0$ is interior on interval $I$ then the one-sided limits exists

The proof goes like this: Lets suppose $f$ is nondecreasing (for nonincreasing we'll observe the function $-f(x)$). Let $x_0$ an interior point in the interval $I$, and $\left\{x_k\right\}$ an ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Spatial Basis Functions…any practical hints on choosing them?

I am not coming from a pure mathematical background, and now in my daily life as an engineering student, I am getting faced to spatial basis functions to approximates variables. The problem is: Are ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Injective function, continuous at $x$, not locally monotone at $x$.

I set out to prove the following statement or give a counterexample: Suppose $f:[a,b] \to \mathbb{R}$ is one to one. Suppose $f$ is continuous at $x\in [a,b]$. Then there is a neighborhood of ...
-2
votes
3answers
59 views

problem on continuity [on hold]

For $x>0$, let $[x]$ denote the largest integer less than or equal to $x$. Let $f:[0,\infty)\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be given by $f(x)=[x^2+[x^2]]\sin(2\pi x)$. Then $f$ is continuous at $2$ or ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views
+200

Determining the maximum value for the solution of this delay differential equation?

I am working on the following delay differential equation $$\frac{df}{dt}=f-f^3-\alpha f(t-\delta)\tag{1},$$ where $\frac{1}{2}\leq\alpha\leq 1$ and $\delta\geq 1$. I know that there are three ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Name of a property of a function on sets.

I've got a function $f : \mathcal{P}(\mathbb R) \longrightarrow \mathcal P (\mathbb R \times V)$ for some non-empty set $V$. $f(\mathbb R)$ clearly represents a binary relation between real numbers ...
-1
votes
0answers
78 views

What is the name of formula?

Can someone help me to name this formula? $$ f(x) = \begin{cases} 1 + x & x \ge 0 \\ \frac{1}{1-x} & x < 0 \end{cases} $$ thanks.
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Different names for “function”

Quoting a book, "functions can also be named: Mappings, Transformations, Operators, Arrows or Morphisms" I have the idea that these different names are used depending on different contexts. But I ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Is $f(i)=n-i, f:\mathbb{N_n}\rightarrow \mathbb{N_n}$ a bijection?

My text states that $f:\mathbb{N_n}\rightarrow \mathbb{N_n}$ where $f(i) = n-i$ is a bijection. I am not convinced about this because if $i=n$, then $f(n)=n-n=0$ but $0 \notin \mathbb{N_n}$. ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Question on the Weierstrass function

On Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weierstrass_function), the Weierstass non-differentiable function is defined as: $$f(x)=\sum^{\infty}_{n=0}a^ncos(b^n\pi x)$$ where $0<a<1$, $0<b$, ...
0
votes
4answers
26 views

Composition of Even and Odd Functions and their Outcome

Give an example of an even function. Give an example of an odd function. If f(x) is odd and g(x) is even, must f(g(x)) be even? Must g(f(x)) be even? I've tried generic functions like f(x) = x^3 ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

If a converse of an implication is false, does this mean that the proof of that implication will always have an implication that is not reversible?

Let $f:X \rightarrow Y$ be a function and $B_1, B_2 \in \mathcal{P}(Y)$. Prove that $B_1 \subseteq B_2 \Rightarrow \overleftarrow{f}(B_1) \subseteq\overleftarrow{f}(B_2)$. My attempt: $\begin{align} ...