Elementary questions about functions, notation, properties, and operations such as function composition.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

6
votes
1answer
46 views

which functions can be obtained as a composition of a continuous function with itself? [duplicate]

let $f(x)=x^2$, then $f(f(x))=x^4$, so $x^4$ is a continuous function from $\Bbb R$ to $\Bbb R$ which can be obtained as $f\circ f$ for a continuous $f\colon \Bbb R\to \Bbb R$. general example: for ...
1
vote
3answers
52 views

Prove that $f : [a,b] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a bijection from $[a, b]$ to $[f(a), f(b)]$

I'm a 1st year mathematics student, and in my analysis class I'm having trouble with proving the following: Let $a < b \in \mathbb{R}$, and let $f : [a,b] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

How should one define the cross product for two vector valued functions?

In many textbooks regarding vector analysis, the cross product is mention in the section about the properties of the derivative of vector functions, but there seems to be no explanation what that ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Characteristic Function in the subset E

Let $E \subseteq \mathbb R$. Then the characteristic function $\chi_{E}:\mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ is continuous if and only if a) $E$ is closed. b) $E$ is Open. c) $E$ is both Open and Closed. d) ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

What is the definition of a binary relation?

According to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binary_relation it is first defined as "a collection of ordered pairs of elements of A" and then as "an ordered triple (X, Y, G) where X and Y are arbitrary ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Let $f(x)$ be a function that satisfies $f(f'(x))=3xf(x) \iff x\in \Bbb{A}$. Find $f(x)$. [on hold]

I had this question on an exam and I didn't even know how to start. Could anyone give me some hints? Let $f(x)$ be a function that satisfies $f(f'(x))=3xf(x) \iff x\in \Bbb{A}$. Where $\Bbb{A}$ ...
1
vote
3answers
50 views

Derivative of a Rational function $f(x)=\sqrt{2x-5\over3x+1}$

I'm trying to find the derivative of, $$f(x)=\sqrt{2x-5\over3x+1}$$ I think I can change this into $$f(x)= \left({2x-5 \over 3x+1}\right)^{1\over2} \\ =[(2x-5)(3x+1)^{-1}]^{1 \over 2}$$ Am I not ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Help in identifying the one dimensional map

In the paper: http://inds08.uni-klu.ac.at/INDS2008/INDS08_System_Identification_using_Symbolic_Chaotic_Sequence.pdf there is a chaotic map in Eq(11) $$c_{n+1} = \frac{\gamma c_n(1-c_n^2)}{1+\rho ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Deciding whether $(ax+b)/(cx+d)$ is increasing

In order of studying usual function such us : 1) $f(x)=ax^2$ 2) $g(x)=\frac{a}{x}$ 3) $h(x)=\frac{ax+b}{cx+d}$ 4) $p(x)=ax^2+bx+c$ To know if a function is increasing or decreasing we can ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Prove that $f$ in monotonic

In my assignment I have to prove the following: Let $f$ a continuous function in $\Bbb R$. Prove the following: if $|f|$ is monotonic increasing, in R then $f$ is monotonic in R. ...
-6
votes
0answers
22 views

Linear relationships [on hold]

The function rule $C = 10n + 26$ relates the number of people $n$ who attend a small concert to the cost $C$ in dollars of the concert. Make a table of input and output pairs: show the cost if $27$, ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

What does “2- place real function” mean?

What does "2-place real function" mean? This comes up in the context of copulas, as here.
1
vote
2answers
22 views

Derivatives problem

Given the equation $f(x)=\frac{2x+4}{\sqrt{x}}$, evaluate $f(0.5)$ and $f'(0.5)$. I am having a problem understanding the problem. The first part is straight forward, but it's the second part I'm ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

If $f(z)= \frac 1z $ be defined and analytic on region $ |z| \gt 1 $ in $ \Bbb C $ then can we find an entire function $g$ such that :

$g$ should be such that $f(z)=g(z)$ on $ |z| \gt 1$ in $\Bbb C $. Now,Can we plainly apply uniqueness theorem and say that such a function $g$ can not exist?
1
vote
2answers
24 views

Extreme value theorem, without Heine Borel.

I was wondering, if there are any mistakes, in this proof of the extreme value theorem: Theorem. Let $X$ be a compact set and $f:X\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, s.t. $f$ is continuous. Then there exists ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

Is the function continuous - $f(x) = \frac{1}{\sin x} + \frac{1}{x-1}$

I have an assignment in which I have to prove that a function "recieves every real value, where $x\in (0,1)$". Here is the function: $$f(x) = \frac{1}{\sin x} + \frac{1}{x-1}$$ I don't know the ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Does proper map $f$ take discrete sets to discrete sets?

Suppose $f:X \to Y$ is a continuous proper map between locally compact Hausdorff spaces. Are the following results true? $1$. The map $f$ takes discrete sets to discrete sets. $2$. If $f$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Inverse of a set of ordered pairs.

An exam ask me the following question. Let $r=\{(x,y) \ | \ x \in [-1,1] \ \text{and} \ y=x^2\}$, is the following statement true? $$r^{-1}=\{(x,y) \ | \ x \in [0,1] \ \text{and} \ y=\pm\sqrt{|x|} ...
-3
votes
2answers
48 views

Prove $f(A_1 \cap A_2 \cap A_3 \cap \dotsb \cap A_n)=f(A_1) \cap f(A_2) \cap f(A_3) \cap \dotsb \cap f(A_n)$ [on hold]

Let $f: R \to R$ be a one to one function. For any collection of subsets $A_1, A_2, A_3, \dotsc A_n$ of $R$, prove that $$f(A_1 \cap A_2 \cap A_3 \cap \dotsb \cap A_n)=f(A_1) \cap f(A_2) \cap f(A_3) ...
2
votes
5answers
39 views

Prove that $X \subset Y \implies f^{-1}(X) \subset f^{-1}(Y)$

Let E and F be two sets and $f: E \to F $ be a function, and $X, Y \subset F$. Prove that $X \subset Y \implies f^{-1}(X) \subset f^{-1}(Y)$ My answer: Let $y \in X$, then $f^{-1}(y) \in ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

The functional equation $x(x+1)+C(x)=(x+1)(x+2)+C(x+1)=(x+2)(x+3)+C(x+2)=…$

Consider the functional equation $$x(x+1)+C(x)=(x+1)(x+2)+C(x+1)=(x+2)(x+3)+C(x+2)=...$$ The equality continues to infinity. Is there $C(x)$ that satisfies all the equality? If there is, what is it? ...
2
votes
4answers
53 views

If $f$ and $g$ are both functions from $X$ to $X$ and $f\circ g$ is the identity function, does $g\circ f$ also have to be the identity map?

If $f$ and $g$ are both functions from the set $X$ to $X$ and $f\circ g$ is the identity function, does $g\circ f$ also have to be the identity map? How (if at all) does your answer change if $X$ is ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Is this definition correct for the inverse of a function?

Is this definition correct for the inverse of a function? Let $f:X\to Y$ be a function. The inverse of $f$ is the function $g:Y\to X$ such that $g\circ f=i_X$ and $f\circ g=i_Y$. We denote the ...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

Definition of a function of sets

Suppose I have two sets of variables: $S_1 = \{X_1,X_2,\dots\}$ and $S_2 = \{Y_1,Y_2,\dots\}$. I want to define a function $f$ that takes all variables in $S_1$ and $S_2$ as parameters: ...
0
votes
3answers
51 views

Why is $f:\mathbb{R^+}\to \mathbb{R}$ defined by $f(x)=x^2$ not an invertible function?

Why is $f:\mathbb{R^+}\to \mathbb{R}$ defined by $f(x)=x^2$ not an invertible function? I know the answer: because it's not onto, but what is problem with it? what does it break the invertibility? ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Exceptions in functions

I have recently started studying functions(topics such as periodicity, odd/even, into/onto, etc.). I was wondering if there are any strange exceptions to the general rule that is taught?
2
votes
2answers
39 views

Proving a real valued function is periodic, and sketching it using obtained information

Consider an arbitrary function, something like $f\left ( x \right )=\arccos \left ( \sin \left ( 4x \right ) \right )$. Its graph looks like this: I was greatly confused by the image below, because ...
3
votes
2answers
66 views

When is the function Continuous?

In my assignment I have to determine when is the function continuous. This is the function: \begin{equation} g(x) = \begin{cases} \left\lfloor {\sin\frac{1}{x}}\right\rfloor&\text{if} \space ...
-3
votes
0answers
21 views

Rewrite the following relationships using function notation. [on hold]

Rewrite the following relationships using function notation. Question 1 options: a) An airplane needs to travel 400 km. Determine a function for the speed of the airplane, with respect to time. b) ...
-1
votes
0answers
31 views

Solving $\frac{\partial}{\partial r} \int_r^x g(y,r) dy = -\frac{\cosh(a\sqrt{x^2-r^2})}{\sqrt{x^2-r^2}}$

I am stuck on this problem. I need to find the correct function, $g(y,r)$, such that $$ \frac{\partial}{\partial r} \int_r^x g(y,r) dy = -\frac{\cosh(a\sqrt{x^2-r^2})}{\sqrt{x^2-r^2}} $$ So far I am ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Limit vs interior definition of continuity

Suppose I have two topological spaces $X$ and $Y$ whose topologies are defined by interior operators $\text{int}_X$ and $\text{int}_Y$ respectively, as well as a function $f$ with domain $I$ (for ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Solve $1/x^2 = \sum_{i=1}^{n} \frac{1}{x+a_i}$ over $x>0$

Does the equation $\frac{1}{x^2} = \sum_{i=1}^{n} \frac{1}{x+a_i}, \qquad a_i > 0, \quad i=1, \ldots, n$ always admits one and only one solution $x^* > 0$? If yes, what is the most elegant ...
2
votes
4answers
63 views

limit of sin function as it approches $\pi$

In my assignment I have to find the Classification of discontinuities of the following function: $$f(x)=\frac{\sin^2(x)}{x|x(\pi-x)|}$$ I wanted to look what happens with the value $x=\pi$ because ...
0
votes
2answers
19 views

Proper use of indicator function

Given a set $X$ and a subset $A \subseteq X$ the indicator function $\boldsymbol{1}_{A} : X \rightarrow \{0,1\}$ of $A$ is defined as $$\boldsymbol{1}_{A}(x) = \begin{cases} 1 & \text{if } x \in A ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

How to prove that the dependent variable could not be expressed explicitly in terms of the independent variable(s)?

Consider the equation that $$xy=\log{y}+1\text{.}$$ How does one prove that $y$ cannot be expressed explicitly in terms of $x$? By the way, I do not know how the adverb "explicitly" is strictly ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

find the Classification of discontinuities of a function

In my assignment I have to find the Classification of discontinuities of the following function: $$f(x)=\frac{\sin^2(x)}{x|x(\pi-x)|}$$ I wanted to start with the value $x=0$ because the function ...
0
votes
2answers
21 views

tangent for 3-dimensional function?

How can I calculate a tangent at a point $(x_0, y_0)$ in the direction $(r_1, r_2)$ for a $3-$dimensional function $f(x,y)$? I thought: \begin{equation*} T: (x_0, y_0, f(x_0,y_0)) + k \cdot (r_1, ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

How many Fibonacci Numbers are in the sequence

I have $I_n = \{2^n + 1, 2^n + 2, 2^n + 3, \dots , 2^{n+1}\}$ and I am trying to prove using induction how many Fibonacci numbers are there. First, the length of $I_n$ is $|I_n| = 2^n$ then for $F_0 ...
-1
votes
1answer
36 views

How to prove this has no real solution?

How to prove that $\left\lfloor x \right\rfloor +\left\lfloor 2x \right\rfloor +\left\lfloor 4x \right\rfloor +\left\lfloor 8x \right\rfloor +\left\lfloor 16x \right\rfloor +\left\lfloor 32x ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

Function Composition Thinking Problem

Here is the question: A banquet hall charges $\$975$ to rent a room, plus $\$39.95$ per person. Next month they will offer a $20\%$ discount off the total bill. Determine two equations, one for ...
-1
votes
1answer
24 views

Find the centroid of the region under the graph of the function $ w(x) = 4.5 + a x^{3} $ between $ x = 0 $ and $ x = 5 $. [on hold]

I need to find the centroid to determine where the equivalent force is acting on the region under the graph of $ w $ between $ x = 0 $ and $ x = 5 $. The given information is $$ w(0) = 4.5 ~ ...
0
votes
2answers
32 views

Finding two functions $f(x)$ and $g(x)$

I am not sure how to approach this question. It asks to find $f(x)$ and $g(x)$ such that $h(x)=f(g(x))$, for each function: a) $$h(x)=\sqrt{x^2 + 6}$$ b)$$h(x)=\frac{1}{x^3}-7x+2$$ If someone ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Determine the value of combined functions with square roots

The question I have is to determine the value of $f(g(x))$ given $f(x)=\sqrt{16-x^2}$ and $g(x)=x^2$ I know generally how to tackle these kinds of questions, but I am not sure what to do when there ...
2
votes
5answers
107 views

Determine whether $f(x)$ is increasing or decreasing

Let $f(x) = -x + (x^3/3!) + \sin(x)$ How do I determine if $f(x)$ is increasing or decreasing? I have already found the derivative of this function which is: $f'(x) = -1 + (x^2/2) + \cos(x)$ And I ...
0
votes
3answers
26 views

Find the domain of combined functions

I have a question asking to find the domain of $g(f(x))$ given $f(x)=2x^2+x$, and $g(x)=x^2+1$. I can easily do these questions in reverse when you have to find $f(g(x))$, but when having to find ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Open-Set Correspondence $\implies$ Continuity

I would like to show the following implication. Let $f$ be a function from $\mathbb{R}^n$ to $\mathbb{R}^m$. If $f^{-1}(U)\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ is open for every open $U\subset\mathbb{R}^m$, then ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Is it overkill to define the closure of a set $A,A\subseteq B$ by the union of the range of the recursive function $h(0)=A, h(n^+) = h(n)\cup f[h(n)]$

$f:B\to B,A\subseteq B$. Is it overkill to define the closure of a set $A,A\subseteq B$ over $f$ by the union of the range of the recursive function $h(0)=A, h(n^+) = h(n)\cup f[h(n)]$? I ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

$A \subset B \implies f^{-1}(A) \subset f^{-1}(B)$

Prove: $A \subset B \implies f^{-1}(A) \subset f^{-1}(B)$ I am busy setting up a proof for Real Analysis, and have come to a point where I need to use the above statement. Intuitively, I ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

What exactly is the distance of two elements in $C[0,1]$?

If $C[0,1]$ — the set of all continuous functions from $[0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb R$ — is equipped with the metric $||\cdot||_1$ (1-Norm), then what is the distance between ...
1
vote
1answer
11 views

Sequence of functions that extends the algebraic properties of exponents to higher level operators.

I was thinking about some simple algebraic exponent properties such as the following $$ z^{x+y} = z^xz^y $$ and I started wondering about analytically continuing this identity to "higher-level ...