The name "functional equation" is used for problems where the goal is to find all functions satisfying the given equation (and maybe some other conditions). So in this case, solving the equation means finding all functions fulfilling the equation. (This is different from the more common use of the ...

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1answer
36 views

Solution to functional equation and Cauchy

I want to show that the only continuos solutions to the functional equation $g(x)+g(y)=g(\sqrt{x^2+y^2})$ is $g(x)=cx^2$ where c is a constant i.e. c=g(1). I think that I maybe could rewrite the ...
0
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0answers
43 views

Conjecture about $A f(x) = f(g(x)) + f(h(x))$

Let a given real $A$ satisfy $0 < A < 2$. Conjecture : For any real entire nonconstant $f(x)$ there exist real entire $g(x)$ and $h(x)$ such that $A f(x) = f(g(x)) + f(h(x))$ or $ A f(x) ...
0
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1answer
34 views

Problem involving distances on a parametrically defined curve

SO the problem is stated below: A curve is defined paramterically by: $$x(t)=a\cosh t$$ and $$y(t)=b\sinh t$$ where a and b are positive constants and $-\infty < t < \infty$ The expression ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Newton method why the error is proportional to the square for the error of the last one?

We have learned that the Newton method is used to solve different equations. As I know, this method is iterative, which means that using an estimate point and using a loop, we can get closer and ...
9
votes
4answers
167 views

Solve $f\left(\frac{x-3}{x+1}\right)+f\left(\frac{x+3}{x+1}\right)=x$ $\forall x\neq -1$

Given function $y=f(x)$ such that $$f\left(\frac{x-3}{x+1}\right)+f\left(\frac{x+3}{x+1}\right)=x \quad\forall x\neq -1$$ find $f(x)$ and $f(2007)$.
4
votes
2answers
80 views

Proving the shortest function connecting two points is a straight line WITHOUT assuming the Euler-Lagrange equation

For learning purposes, I'm trying to prove that the shortest function passing through the two points $(x_1, y_1)$, $(x_2, y_2)$ is a straight line, without using the Euler-Lagrange equation. My ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Solve the functional equation $4f(x)=f(2x)$

Solve the functional equation $4f(x)=f(2x)$. As for now I know that one solution is $f(x)=cx^2$, where c is a constant value.
0
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2answers
64 views

What is the minimum degree for a polynomial to pass through points with defined slopes [duplicate]

I'm having some difficulty solving this problem. The information I have is the following: What is the minimum degree for a polynomial for it to pass through points $A(x_1,y_1)$ and $B(x_2,y_2)$ with ...
1
vote
2answers
143 views

Find all real real functions that satisfy the following eqation $f(x^2)+f(2y^2)=[f(x+y)+f(y)][f(x-y)+f(y)]$

Find all real functions $f:\Bbb R\rightarrow\Bbb R$ so that $f(x^2)+f(2y^2)=[f(x+y)+f(y)][f(x-y)+f(y)]$, for all real numbers $x$ and $y$. $f(x)=x^2$ is the only solution I think. So far I have got: ...
0
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0answers
27 views

$f(x+y)=f(x)+f(y)$ for all $x,y∈\mathbb{R}$. Prove that if $f$ is continuous at some point $x_{0}$, then it is continuous on $\mathbb{R}$ [duplicate]

$f(x+y)=f(x)+f(y)$ for all $x,y∈\mathbb{R}$. Prove that if $f$ is continuous at some point $x_{0}$, then it is continuous on $\mathbb{R}$. I have no idea about this question, does anyone could ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Number of possible solutions to equation

I am trying to solve $$x+y+z = 32$$ Where $x$, $y$, and $z$ are positive integers I believe the answer is: $C_{2}^{31}=465$ but I am not sure why. Can someone please explain?
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1answer
38 views

How do find the distribution of a R.V. from this functional/differential equation?

Assume that $X$ is some R.V. with domain $[0,1]$. A function $U:[0,1]\to[0,1]$ is defined as follows: $$U(x)=x\cdot F_X(x)+(1-x)(1-F_X(x)) = 2x\cdot F_X(x)- x - F_X(x) + 1$$ Where $F_X(x)=\int_0^x ...
7
votes
2answers
111 views

Function such that $f(x) f(\pi/2 - x) = 1$

I'm looking for functions that are smooth ($C^\infty$) between $0 < x < \pi/2$ that satisfy the equation $$f(x)\, f(\pi/2-x) = 1$$ on the inteverval $0<x<\pi/2$. I know that the constant ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

In which condition related to coefficients, some equation has a solution?

My purpose is to know in which condition related to the coefficients $c>0, \, n\geq 2, 0<p<1,\, a>c\, \, \, \text{and} \, \, b>0$, this equation $$ F(x)= -c x^{n+p} -bx^n + (a-c)x^p ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Solve functional equation $f(a)f(b)=\frac{1}{2}f(a+b)+\frac{1}{2} f(max(|b-a|,a))$

Solve functional equation $$f(a)f(b)=\frac{1}{2}f(a+b)+\frac{1}{2} f(max(|b-a|,a)),(*)$$ where the following conditions are satisfied: 1)$f:\mathbb{R}_{+}\cup \{0\}\rightarrow [0,1] ,$ 2)$f(0)=1,$ ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Soultion of a particular functional differential equation

I need to solve the following functional differential equation: $(4\mu-\lambda r - \lambda x+\lambda)f'(x) = \lambda( f(x) - f(1-x-r))$, where $x\in (0, 1-r)$, $r\in (\frac{1}{2}, 1)$ Or, a more ...
-1
votes
2answers
48 views

Solve the functional equation $f(x+a+f(y))=f(f(x))+a+y$ [closed]

So let $a$ be a real number. Find all functions $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ so that $f(x+a+f(y))=f(f(x))+a+y$, for all real $x,y$.
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1answer
48 views

Cauchy's Functional Equation

Consider Cauchy's Functional Equation $$\phi(t+s)=\phi(t)+\phi(s).$$ Can we say that any right continuous with left limits (cadlag) solution is Borel measurable? Obviously continuous solutions are ...
4
votes
2answers
70 views

Solve the functional equation $2f(x)=f(ax)$ for some $a$.

I am trying to solve the following functional equation, and could use some help.$$ 2f(x)=f(ax)$$ For some $a\in\mathbb{R}$. By repeated adding $2f(x)$ together we notice that $$2nf(x)=f(a^nx).$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Find all such functions $f:R\to R$

It's my last question. Just give me advise how to start. Q: Find all such functions $$f:\mathbb R\to \mathbb R,$$ for all real x, y, the equality $$f(yf(x))=x^2y^4$$
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0answers
88 views

Solving a functional equation in $L_2(\mathbb{R})$

Let $e\left(x\right)=e^{2\pi ix}$ and let $F$ be an arbitrary complex-valued function in $L^2 (\mathbb R)$. I am trying to solve the following functional equation (or rather family of equations): ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Nonlinear Functional Equation

Find all functions $f(x)$ such for a given fixed $a\in \mathbb{R}$ such that the following functional equation holds $$f(x)^{2}=f(x/a)$$ I'm not sure how to solve this equation other then using the ...
1
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0answers
24 views

Functional derivative of a repeated integral

For a given function $f$, the functional derivative of the functional $\mathcal{F}[\rho]=\int f(x,\rho(x))\,dx$ is well-known to be $\frac{\delta}{\delta \rho(x)}\mathcal{F}[\rho]=\frac{\partial ...
3
votes
3answers
92 views

Functional Equation: Find all functions $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ such that $(x+y)(f(x)-f(y))=(x-y)f(x+y)$

Find all functions $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ such that $$(x+y)(f(x)-f(y))=(x-y)f(x+y)$$ My attempt: If $x=-y \not = 0$ then $0= 2x f(0)$ so $f(0)=0$. Suppose for the sake of ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Does the equation $\tan(x)=y$ have any non-zero rational solution?

Trivially $\tan(0)=0$ but it seems this is the "unique" solution of the equation $\tan(x)=y$ on rational numbers. In fact if we try to make $y$ rational we usually use irrational (transcendental) ...
6
votes
4answers
75 views

Find all polynomials with real coefficients that satisfy $(x^2-6x+8)P(x)=(x^2+2x)P(x-2)$

Find all polynomials with real coefficients that satisfy $$(x^2-6x+8)P(x)=(x^2+2x)P(x-2)\forall x\in\Bbb R$$ My work; $$\frac{P(x)}{P(x-2)}=-\frac{4}{x-2}+\frac{12}{x-4}+1\tag{1}$$ ...
4
votes
1answer
222 views

About an integral equation

I would like to obtain $g$ by solving the following integral equation $$ \int_s^T R(u) dg(u) + f(s,T)\int_s^T g(u)du =0$$ where $f,R:\mathbb R _+ ^*\rightarrow \mathbb R _+ $and $g: \mathbb R _+ ...
17
votes
2answers
851 views

A functional equation with no solution

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to (0,\infty)$ be a differentiable function satisfying $$f(f(x))=f^\prime(x)$$for each $x$. Show no such function exists. I got this problem in an exam. I haven't done anything ...
0
votes
3answers
54 views

functional equation for $x^2$ $f(f(x))=x^4$

If $f(f(x))=x^4$ for all real $x$ and $f(1)=1$ find $f(0)$. It seems that $f(x)=x^2$ but can we solve without this explicit form of $f$?
0
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0answers
120 views

An Interesting Function

What would be the fastest method to compute Hyperfactorial Function written below F(n,r)=H(N)/H(r)*H(N-r) where r < N where H(N)=(1^1)(2^2)(3^3).....(N^N)
3
votes
4answers
102 views

Functional equation $f(x)-f(y)=\frac{1}{(x-y)^{2}}$

Please help me to solve the functional equation $$ f(x)-f(y)=\frac{1}{(x-y)^{2}} $$ for all real $x\neq y$. I have reduced it to $$ f(x+h)-f(x)=\frac{1}{h^{2}} $$ for all real $h\neq 0$. But what to ...
1
vote
0answers
142 views

Solving an integral (or series) equations system

Peace be upon you, In the question A late-diverging "approximating solution" for a system of functional equations, I have asked for an approximating solution for a system of functional ...
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votes
0answers
22 views

How to create a equation that is linear or exponential taking account to the sum?

Example I want to sell 1000 products on 10 days. I want the development on sales to be linear. How do I create a equation that can tell me how much I should sell per day? if the days where the x ...
1
vote
3answers
78 views

If $f$ is continuous, $f(1) >1$ and $f(x+y)=f(x)f(y)$, then $f$ is increasing.

Consider the function $f$ with the following properties: $$\lim_{x\rightarrow 0} f(x) =1,$$ $$f(x+y)=f(x)\,f(y),$$ $$f(x) >0,\quad \forall x\in\mathbb{R},$$ $$ -\infty<x,y<\infty.$$ Show ...
3
votes
3answers
108 views

How to solve the functional equation $f(2x) = (e^x+1)f(x)$?

I need to solve $f(2x)=(e^x+1)f(x)$. I am thinking about Frobenius type method: $$\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}2^ka_kx^k=\left(1+\sum_{m=0}^{\infty}\frac{x^m}{m!}\right)\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_nx^n\\ ...
3
votes
2answers
104 views

How to derive an proof for this infinite square root equation?

Here is continuous square root, namely: $\sqrt {1 + a \sqrt {1+b \sqrt {1+c\sqrt {1 +...}}}}$= any integer Find $a,b,c,d,e,f,...$ in general Uh, very interesting algebra pre-calculus problem, yet ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Functional-equation for strictly increasing functions

Let $n,c$-given natural numbers .Let $f(x)$ - strictly increasing function , domain of definition and set of values of ​​which are non-negative integers ,$f(0)=0 , f(1)=c$ and \begin{align} ...
2
votes
7answers
131 views

$f\left(x + \frac1x\right)= x^3+x^{-3},$ find $f(x)$

$$f\left(x + \frac1x\right)= x^3+x^{-3},$$ find $f(x)$. What i do know at this state is that.. express x as a function of y : $y= x + 1/x$ $x^2−xy+1=0$ Quad formula: $x= (y ± \sqrt {y^2-4}) / 2$ ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

How to find the function $f$ that satisfies $f(x, y) = f(x^{-1}, y^{-1})^{-1}$ and $f(x, y)$ is $\approx$ $average(x, y)$?

Fist of all, I'm a programmer, not a mathematician, and I'm sorry for my non native English. And I'm sorry if the question is not appropriate, it is my first time here. Or if the question has no ...
1
vote
3answers
71 views

Show a function for which $f(x + y) = f(x) + f(y) $ is continuous at zero if and only if it is continuous on $\mathbb R$

Suppose that $f: \mathbb R \to\mathbb R$ satisfies $f(x + y) = f(x) + f(y)$ for each real $x,y$. Prove $f$ is continuous at $0$ if and only if $f$ is continuous on $\mathbb R$. Proof: ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

How to demonstrate a particular functional equation solution

In order to find a prior probability distribution I have to solve the following functional equation: $$af\left(\frac{a\theta}{1-\theta-a\theta}\right)=(1-\theta+a\theta)^2f(\theta)$$ the solution of ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Failing to reproduce specific Functional derivative

I'm failing to reproduce an (indirect) result in a paper, namely $${δF[g]\overδg(x,y,z)}={r^4\over\ell^5} $$ where $F[g]=\iiint \frac{2dxdydz}{\ell g(x,y,z)} $ and $g(x,y,z)=-{\ell^2 \over r^2} $. ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Are there algorithms for solving simple functional equations?

So somebody posted yesterday asking a question for continuous solutions $f$ satisfying $f(x+y) = f(x)f(y)f(xy)$. Continuity could be used for a simpler proof but then somebody posted a solution ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Integers and funtional equation [duplicate]

Let $\Bbb{Z}^+$be the set of all non-negative integers where $n$ and $k$ are given natural numbers. We consider the following non-decreasing function, $$f:\Bbb{Z}^+ \to \Bbb{Z}^+$$ such that ...
6
votes
1answer
88 views

Functional Equation $f(mn)=f(m)f(n)$.

If $f: \mathbb N \mapsto \mathbb N$ is one-to-one and $f(mn) = f(m)f(n)$, what is the smallest possible value of $f(999)$? Easily $f(1)=1$, and I think $f(n)=n$ must be the only map, but not able to ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Differentiability Problem

Supposing we are given relation that $$f(xy + 1)= f(x).f(y) - f(y) - x +2$$ and also given that $$f(0)=1$$ for a differentiable function then is function one-one onto? I partially differentiated ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

Functional equation involving gamma function

Recently, I found the following functional equation: $$ n^{nx-1}\cdot\prod_{k=0}^{n-1}{\Gamma{\left(x+\frac{k}{n}\right)}}=\Gamma{(nx)}\cdot\prod_{k=1}^{n-1}{\Gamma{\left(\frac{k}{n}\right)}} $$ Now ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Proof involving functional equation

I'm trying to prove that if $$f(x+n)=f(x)f(n)$$ for all $x\in \Bbb R$ and $n \in \Bbb N$, then it also holds for $x,n \in \Bbb R$. One "argument" I came up with was regarding the symmetry. There's no ...
10
votes
2answers
224 views

Solving the functional equation $f(xy)=f(f(x)+f(y))$

Find all functions from $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ such that for all $x$ and $y$ $$f (xy)=f (f (x)+f (y))$$ I've put $x$ and $y$ as $0$ and $1$. How to proceed after substituting if we don't ...
0
votes
2answers
87 views

Approximating the Digamma fucntion near 1

Peace be upon you, I had the following system of equations to be solved \begin{align*} \begin{cases} \psi(\alpha)-\psi(\alpha+\beta)=c_1\\ \psi(\beta)-\psi(\alpha+\beta)=c_2 \end{cases} \end{align*} ...