The name "functional equation" is used for problems where the goal is to find all functions satisfying the given equation (and maybe some other conditions). So in this case, solving the equation means finding all functions fulfilling the equation. (This is different from the more common use of the ...

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2answers
60 views

Determine the smallest number P

I have here a hard problem, which I couldn't solve. Denote $M$ the set of all functions $f:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}$ with the following properties: $f(x)\ge0, \forall x$ in $[0,1]$, $f(1)=1$, $f(x+y)\ge ...
3
votes
4answers
443 views

Let $f(x)$ be a 3rd degree polynomial such that $f(x^2)=0$ has exactly $4$ distinct real roots

Problem : Let $f(x)$ be a 3rd degree polynomial such that $f(x^2)=0$ has exactly four distinct real roots, then which of the following options are correct : (a) $f(x) =0$ has all three real roots ...
3
votes
2answers
306 views

Implicit function $y = e^{(y-1)/x}$

I'd like to know if the function $ y = f(x) : [0,1] \rightarrow [0,1]$ defined implicitly by the transcendental equation $$\displaystyle y = e^{(y-1)/x}$$ is "well known" (name, properties) or is ...
2
votes
1answer
243 views

Finding a function that satisfies constraints numerically

I have the following system of equations for function $p(y)$ and I need help debugging my solution: $$\begin{align} 0&=\log(p(y))+1-\lambda-\gamma y^2-\eta ...
2
votes
1answer
348 views

Equation with a definite integral - can I differentiate it?

I have an equation like this: $$te^{t} = \int_0^t e^\tau u(\tau)d\tau$$ I don't really know how to solve it.. Would it be possible to differentiate both sides of the equation? If so, how can I do it ...
2
votes
3answers
239 views

Solving the functional equation $x[f(x+1)-f(x-1)]=1$ [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Solving the functional equation $f(x+1) - f(x-1) = g(x)$ How do I approach this problem $x[f(x+1)-f(x-1)]=1$.
2
votes
3answers
996 views

Function Satisfying $f(x)=f(2x+1)$

If $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ is a continuous function and satisfies $f(x)=f(2x+1)$, then its not to hard to show that $f$ is a constant. My question is suppose $f$ is continuous and it satisfies ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

A Dangerous Function [closed]

Recently, I have started solving many ques on functional equations. But, this ques for me was tough, $ f(y)^{x^2}+f(x)^{y^2}=f(y^2)^x+f(x^2)^y $ I've started substituting some values, trying to ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Contour approach to Riemann zeta functional equation

I have a question regarding Riemann's first proof of the functional equation that was given in his paper on the Riemann zeta function. I am an undergraduate working on a fairly short undergraduate ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

A scaling functional equation

I want to find a closed form of a function satisfying $$G(4z)=\frac{G(z)}{2z},$$ unfortunately I am not experienced with scaling problems, so I have no idea and would be thankful for any hints. ...
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vote
1answer
59 views

Cauchy functional equation with non choice

Assume ZF+ not AC. Then how many solutions are there for Cauchy functional equation? Thank you
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1answer
79 views

Show that for this function the stated is true.

For the function $$G(w) = \frac{\sqrt2}{2}-\frac{\sqrt2}{2}e^{iw},$$ show that $$G(w) = -\sqrt2ie^{iw/2} \sin(w/2).$$ Hey everyone, I'm very new to this kind of maths and would really ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

where can I find a good Proof for Cauchy's functional equation

Do you know where can I find good proofs for Cauchy's functional equation?
1
vote
1answer
340 views

A non-zero function satisfying $g(x+y) = g(x)g(y)$ must be positive everywhere

Let $g: \mathbf R \to \mathbf R$ be a function which is not identically zero and which satisfies the equation $$ g(x+y)=g(x)g(y) \quad\text{for all } x,y \in \mathbf{R}. $$ Show that $g(x)\gt0$ for ...
1
vote
3answers
119 views

Solving Series of equations

I have the following series of equations (n+2 equations n+2 variables): $k_0q_0+\lambda q_0 + c_0 = 0$ $k_1q_1+\lambda q_1 + c_1 = 0$ $k_nq_n+\lambda q_n + c_n = 0$ $q_1+q_2+....+q_n = 1$ ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

simplifying “$\prod_{a\in A}\sum_{b\in B_a}{h(a,b)}$”

Is this equality correct? For finite sets $A$ and $B_a$ (where $a\in A$), we have: $$\prod_{a\in A}\sum_{b\in B_a}{h(a,b)}=\sum_{f\in \prod_{a\in A}B_a}\quad \prod_{a\in A}{h(a,f(a))}$$
0
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0answers
58 views

properties about number of groups of linearly independent solutions in the general solutions of linear functional-differential equations

Are there any effective methods to determinate the number of groups of linearly independent solutions in the general solutions of linear functional-differential equations of the form ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

$x^3[f(x+1)-f(x-1)]=1$

Given that $x^3[f(x+1)-f(x-1)]=1$, determine $\lim_{x\rightarrow \infty}(f(x)-f(x-1))$ explicitly.