Questions on fractions, which are expressions (not values) of the form $\frac pq$.

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1
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1answer
47 views

What is the smallest fraction produced by a sum of fractions with bounded denominator?

For $x$ a sum of fractions: $$ x = \sum_{i=1}^{N}\frac{a_i}{b_i} $$ for all $a_i, b_i \in \mathbb{Z}$ with $ 0 < b_i \leq D$ and $N$ are non-zero positive integers, I know that the denominator of ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Why do the denominators of two fractions with numerators $1$ add up to a third fraction that have the special things below?

I found out that the denominators of two fractions with numerators $1$ add up to a third fraction that has the sum in the numerator and the product in the denominator. For example, ${1\over ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

How do I solve this equation?

I have an equation, where I need to find n, that I need help solving. I already cheated a little bit by using a CAS (Maple) to solve the equation, so i know what the result should be, but I need to ...
24
votes
8answers
2k views

How to make sense of fractions?

Can anybody explain what a fraction is in a way that makes sense. I will tell you what I find so confusing: A fraction is just a number, but this number is written as a division problem between two ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

variables to the power of a fraction

I have this question for advanced math, I can't seem to get my head around. $$\frac{x^{5/2}}{(x^{1/3})^4}$$
6
votes
1answer
336 views

Will 0.99999999 eventually become equal to 1?

I am currently learning about fractions, and there is something that I am finding it hard to make sense of. When a fraction it added to the right of the decimal point, the number becomes slightly ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

what is the default order and direction of operation?

I have a division like this 16/8/4/2 what is the default way to do calculations when the bracket is not specified . Method 1 : Is it correct to go from right to left like [16/ (8 / { 4 / ...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

How do I simplify this expression about factorization?

I am trying to simplify this $$\frac{9x^2 - x^4} {x^2 - 6x +9}$$ The solution is $$\frac{-x^2(x +3)}{x-3} = \frac{-x^3 - 3x^2}{x-3} $$ I have done $$\frac{x^2(9-x^2)}{(x-3)(x-3)} = ...
1
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0answers
66 views

exponential integration with fractional powers

I am trying to solve the following integral $$\int_{-\infty}^a \frac{\beta_1 \beta_2}{y^2(c-y)^2} e^{-\beta_1/(c-y)} e^{-\beta_2/y} \, dy$$ where $a<0$, $c>0$, $\beta_1>0$, $\beta_2>0$ I ...
2
votes
3answers
68 views

Why does $\sqrt{x} / y =\sqrt{x/y/y}$?

Sorry for the awkward title, hard to to sum a mathematical problem with words alone. Having said that, I recently learned that the root of any value, $x$, and then that over value $y$, is identical ...
6
votes
3answers
248 views

Why is $\frac{\sqrt{x+1}-1}{x}$ equal to $\frac{1}{\sqrt{x+1}+1}$?

I'm working with the expression $$\frac{\sqrt{x+1} - 1}{x}.$$ According to Wolfram Alpha "alternate form" section (http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=%28%28x%2B1%29%5E1%2F2-1%29%2Fx) it is equal to ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Function that maps a rational number to its numerator and denominator

Question: Is there a simple way to represent a function $f:\mathbb Q\to \mathbb Z^2$ that maps a rational number in lowest terms $r=\frac ab$ to the ordered pair of its numerator and denominator ...
1
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4answers
190 views

What does Pi equal to [duplicate]

What is the approximation of pi in a fraction form. I am very curious to know what it is. I have been seeing pi almost everywhere.
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Show that $\frac c {1+c} \le \frac a {1+a} + \frac b {1+b}$ , for $c \le a+b$ and $a,b,c \ge 0$

Show that $\frac c {1+c} \le \frac a {1+a} + \frac b {1+b}$ , for $c \le a+b$ and $a,b,c \ge 0$ So need to show $\frac c {1+c} \le \frac {a+b+2ab} {1+a+b+ab}$ We have $\frac c {1+c} \le \frac {a+b} ...
93
votes
12answers
11k views

Can you be 1/12th Cherokee?

I was watching an old Daily Show clip and someone self-identified as "one twelfth Cherokee". It sounded peculiar, as people usually state they're "1/16th", or generally $1/2^n, n \in \mathbb{N}$. ...
1
vote
3answers
82 views

How do I solve this, first I have to factor $ 2x\over x-1$ + $ 3x +1\over x-1$ - $ 1 + 9x + 2x^2\over x^2-1$?

I am doing calculus exercises but I'm in trouble with this $$\frac{ 2x}{x-1} + \frac{3x +1}{ x-1} - \frac{1 + 9x + 2x^2}{x^2-1}$$ the solution is The only advance that I have done is factor $ ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Integral exponential and fraction of powers

I am trying to solve the following integral $$ \int_0^y \frac{x^{m-1}}{(1+x)^{m+k}}\, \exp\left(-\frac{m}{\gamma} x \right) \,dx. $$ I tried to look into different books such as Gradshteyn and ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

power of a fraction

I am having trouble understanding where the numbers are coming from in this question. John and Melissa wonder about the potential increase in the value of their house. Assuming a 6% appreciation per ...
4
votes
5answers
101 views

$-\frac76=-\frac {4n}{3}$ struggling on solving this equation

I was wondering how to do this equation step by step. I forgot how to but it would be awesome if someone could help me out $$-\frac76=-\frac {4n}{3}$$
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Solve using Proportions/Multiplication?

How do I solve this using proportions and multiplication? How much is $\dfrac 1{200}$ of $50$ percent? I know that the answer is $0.25$, however, how would I solve that using proportions and ...
6
votes
2answers
82 views

Finding the derivative $f(x)=\sqrt{x^2 -9}$,

I need to find the slope at a=5, using the definition for the function $f(x)=\sqrt{x^2 -9}$, $$f'(x) = \lim_{\Delta x \to 0} {f(x+\Delta x)\over \Delta x}$$ The answer book says the slope is ...
1
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2answers
73 views

Finding derivative $f(x)={2\over x^3}$

I have to find the derivative and the slope at $a=6$ The function is $f(x)={2\over x^3}$ I have to find the answer using the formula, $$f'(x)= \lim_{\Delta x \to 0} {f(x+ \Delta x) - f(x) \over ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

Fractions with Hours and Days

So the question is: The number of hours left in a day on Mars was $\frac{1}{4}$ on the number of hours that had already passed. How many hours were left in the day? Day on Mars: $40$ hours. I did ...
1
vote
3answers
96 views

Can $1\over 1$, $1\over 2$, $1\over 3$, $1\over 4$, etc. be calculated by the added fractions below?

About $1\over 1$, $1\over 2$, $1\over 3$, and $1\over 4$, can $1\over 4$ also be written as $1\over 5^1$+$1\over 5^2$+$1\over 5^3$+$1\over 5^4$+...=$1\over 5$+$1\over 25$+$1\over 125$+$1\over ...
1
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2answers
180 views

Understanding the concepts of division and fractions

$\require{cancel}$ I'm having some issues regarding division so I will start by asking how this concept was developed throughout the ages: What was the first civilization to introduce the idea of ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

How to calculate a whole amount with fractions?

A contractor first completes $7/16$ of a building. Then he completes $1/4$ of it. And finally completes $2/5$th of the remainder of the building. If there is $36$ days left to finish the construction ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

How to calculate a distance with different fraction ratios?

This is the math question for my sixth grader son. The answer is $136$ meters but could not figure it out. Can someone please explain how to solve it. Thank you. Adam first walks $3/8$th of a road. ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Maple, simplyfing ODEs questions

I'm a novice using Maple 16. I'm using it mostly to check my DE homework solutions. And it happens a lot that I get stuff like in the picture. I mean (if I'm not missing anything important) that ...
1
vote
3answers
84 views

Which one is less than others?

Which one is less than others? $\frac{3}{5} , \frac{2}{3} , \frac{6}{13} , \frac{23}{38}$ Yes the answer is $\frac{6}{13}$ but the real question is this: I've a 12 years old brother and he just ...
0
votes
3answers
59 views

Given that $yz:zx:xy = 1:2:3$ and $\tfrac{x}{yz}: \tfrac{y}{zx} = 1:k$, find $k$

Given that $yz:zx:xy = 1:2:3$ and $\dfrac{x}{yz}: \dfrac{y}{zx} = 1:k.$ Find $k$. I understand that $ k = \frac{y^2}{x^2}, y = 1,$ and $x = 2$. Therefore $k = \frac{1}{4}$. This also brings me ...
64
votes
14answers
4k views

Why rationalize the denominator?

In grade school we learn to rationalize denominators of fractions when possible. We are taught that $\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$ is simpler than $\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}$. An answer on this site says that "there ...
-1
votes
3answers
67 views

How to show that show that $\frac{v+u}{1+ uv/c^2}=c$ when $u=c$?

I am trying to show that $\dfrac{v+u}{1+\dfrac{uv}{c^2}}=c$ when $u=c$. Context It's needed for a physics proof that I'm working on. This is the formula for relative velocity, $u$ represents the ...
13
votes
2answers
201 views

Why do I get $0.098765432098765432…$ when I divide $8$ by $81$?

I got this remarkable thing when I divided $16$ by $162$, or, in a simplified version, $8$ by $81$. It's $0.098765432098765432\cdots$, or more commonly known as $0.\overline{098765432}$, with all the ...
5
votes
6answers
183 views

How $\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}$ can be equal to $\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$?

How $\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}$ can be equal to $\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$? I got answer $\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}$, but the real answer is $\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$. Anyway, calculator for both answers return same numbers. ...
0
votes
2answers
100 views

How to simplify this expression with radicals? $3\sqrt2 - \sqrt{32} + \sqrt{\frac{80}{16}}$

I don't understand how I could calculate this: $3\sqrt2 - \sqrt{32} + \sqrt{\dfrac{80}{16}}$ My answer is $-\sqrt2 + \sqrt5$, but the real answer should be $\dfrac{9-4\sqrt2}{4}$.
0
votes
1answer
34 views

How to differentiate for critical points with variable in denominator

sorry for posting a particular problem, this is maybe more of an algebra problem than a calculus problem, but it does involve differentiating so I thought I would state the problem as one. I am ...
1
vote
3answers
130 views

How to solve following limit

I've been struggeling a bit with the following limit: $\lim\limits_{x \to 0} \frac{a- \sqrt{a^2 - x^2}}{x^2}$ The solution is: If a < 0 then -$\infty$ . If a > 0 then $\frac{1}{2a}$ But I don't ...
1
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1answer
46 views

Are some infinite fractions in one counting system non-infinite in another?

I'm curious whether some infinite periodic fractions in one counting system (e.g. decimal - 10/3 = 3.33333...) turn out to be non-infinite in another system and vice - versa. Please excuse me if my ...
0
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3answers
54 views

Split a whole number into fractions, find which of thoses fractions another belongs in

I want to split a number into $n$ parts and then take another number (which is less than or equal to the first number) and see which of the fractions the other number belongs to. For example, split ...
2
votes
2answers
260 views

Determine if $\frac{k-1}{k}+\frac{1}{k(k+1)}=\frac{k}{k+1}$ holds

How to prove if the following equality holds? $$\frac{k-1}{k}+\frac{1}{k(k+1)}=\frac{k}{k+1}$$ Maybe finding a common denominator would work, but I have no idea how to do it in this example. I see ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

What is the chances of a duplicate in this equation

I'm not very good at math; However I have a scenario where I'm trying to find the chance of duplicate for randomly generated data. In a nuttshell I have a "bag" with 62 different items, lets say a ...
1
vote
3answers
45 views

How to find the value of $a$ and $b$ from this limit problem with or without L'Hopital's formula?

Consider the limit: $$\lim_{x\to4} \frac{x^2+ax+b}{x-4} =14$$ Question: How can I find the values of $a$ and $b$? Attempt: My first thought is, we need to use L'Hopital's rule to make sure ...
5
votes
4answers
357 views

Find the fraction where the decimal expansion is infinite?

Find the fraction with integers for the numerator and denominator, where the decimal expansion is $0.11235.....$ The numerator and denominator must be less than $100$. Find the fraction. I ...
15
votes
1answer
253 views

Closed-form of infinite continued fraction involving factorials

Is there a closed form of this: $$ 1!+\dfrac{1}{2!+\dfrac{1}{3!+\dfrac{1}{4!+\ldots}}} $$
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Can two integer divisions be unified above one whole fraction line?

Is there a way to combine two integer divisions (i.e. division with the result rounded down to the nearest integer) into a single division operation? What I mean is that, when working with with real ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Is Cantor's diagonal argument dependent on the base used?

Applying Cantor's diagonal argument to irrational numbers represented in binary, one and only one irrational number can be generated that is not on the list. Wikipedia image: But if you change ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Help clarifying fraction and percentage question.

I have the following problem: Convert the mixed number $18 \frac 25 \%$ to an improper fraction, then, use the definition of percent to convert to fractional notation. If I follow the steps of ...
3
votes
7answers
183 views

Why Is $y^{-1}$ = $\frac{1}{y^1}$?

Basically, I'm asking 'Is there any place where I can access a compendium of formal mathematical proofs'? I need to know what processes mathematicians went through to declare $(-1)(-1)=1$ and so on. I ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Relating an expression to two similar ones

Is it possible to express $C$ solely in terms of $A$ and $B$, where $$A = \dfrac{m}{x+z}, B = \dfrac{n}{y+z}, C=\dfrac{m+n}{x+y+z}$$ and $m,n,x,y,z>0 \ ?$ If not, how close can I get?
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Hard problem with fractions

I can't solve the following problem. A person is $x$ years old. Find his age if the following is true. In a group of $x$ people each one started taking pictures of each of the others. At some point ...