Questions on fractals, irregular-looking mathematical objects that display the property of self-similarity.

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7
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1answer
452 views

Is a 3D Mandelbrot-esque fractal analogue possible?

I understand that (unlike complex numbers) there's no consistent 3 dimensional number system (even 4D loses some nice properties). Regardless, I'm wondering if there might be a 'trick' to create a 3D ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Is this a valid example of a non-euclidean Sierpinski attractor?

I am learning the basic concepts about the Chaos Game (I did a previous question about the same topic here), the method to create fractals elaborated by professor Michael Barnsley. The basic example ...
3
votes
2answers
49 views

Box-Counting Dimension with finite resolution

Does the method of determining dimension of a shape via the Box-Counting dimension (Minkowski–Bouligand dimension) have to be performed on fractals (objects that look the same at all scales), or can ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Chaos theory in stock market

I am doing an IB Extended Essay on chaos theory and fractals in the consumer stock market. It is a high school level essay (4000 words) and should be understandable for a calculus student. I'm having ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Construction of Rauzy Fractals with substitutions without a fixed point

The formal definition of a Rauzy fractal can be found at the beginning of this paper Using Sage-math-cloud, I can generate Rauzy fractals of substitutions that I choose. Should I choose the ...
0
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0answers
147 views

Is the Hausdorff dimension less than the box counting dimension?

I have been asked to prove that for a bounded set $F\subset\mathbb{R}^n$, $\dim_H F\le \underline{\dim}_B F \le \overline{\dim}_B F$ where $\dim_H F$ is the Hausdorff dimension, ...
5
votes
1answer
293 views

How is the study of fractals related to Fourier/spectral/harmonic analysis?

In chap. 3 of "Fractal Geometry of Nature" Mandelbrot mentions that "part of the study of fractals is the geometric face of harmonic analysis" (spectral or Fourier, he specifies), but to my dismay, ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Question from book 'Indra's Pearls' about limit set arising from infinite words (compositions of maps)

The book considers mappings $a, b, A,$ and $B$ where $A = a^{-1}, B = b^{-1}$. It goes on to say that words represented by compositions of these maps (e.g. $abbA$) correspond to points. I ...
5
votes
1answer
114 views

How can I calculate the formula of this fractal-like structure?

I did the following fractal-like structure manually, and I was trying to convert it to a formula (or an algorithm including formulas) to compute some parts of the drawing, but I get lost due to the ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Henon Map Parameter

In case of Hennon map two parameters $a$ and $b$ to be set.The Hénon map takes a point $(x_n, y_n)$ in the plane and maps it to a new point $x_{n+1} = 1-a x_n^2 + y_n$, $y_{n+1} = b x_n$. The map ...
3
votes
3answers
173 views

Critical points of a function

The literature on Mandelbrot and Julia sets mentions the phase "critical point" quite a lot, but usually doesn't bother to define what it means. As best as I can tell, a critical point is just any ...
13
votes
3answers
578 views

Why does the boundary of the Mandelbrot set contain a cardioid?

In a comment to a previous answer it has been mentioned that the boundary of the Mandelbrot set contains the cardioid $$ c = e^{it} \, \frac{2 - e^{it}}{4} $$ but how can we prove this?
4
votes
1answer
87 views

Can a fractal be a manifold? if so: will its boundary (if exists) be strictly one dimension lower?

So it is weekend! and I am reading a nice book, "The Poincaré conjecture", written by a mathematician (Donal O'Shea, topologist). The book introduces step by step basic concepts of Topology, and talks ...
0
votes
1answer
419 views

How to convert a right angled triangle into a equilateral triangle?

I want to use the Apophysis program to make a right angled sierpinski triangle into an equilateral triangle. But how can i do so? i have tried the second picture one but that is not correct.
1
vote
1answer
65 views

How to make an icosahedron from 20 tetrahedra?

To make an icosahedron out of Sierpinsky tetrahedrons is difficult because regular tetrahedra can't tile in space. The dihedral angle of a tetrahedron is ~70.53. So the first step would be to make ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Mandelbrot Set area

If there are an infinite amount of details that can be found in a Mandelbrot set, shouldn't the Mandelbrot Set have an infinite area? Supposedly the area of a Mandelbrot set is 1.5065918849 ± ...
4
votes
1answer
44 views

Example of a function that has fractional derivatives of order less than 1 but not 1

I have recently learned that some fractals can have fractional derivatives of order less than 1, say of 1/2 even if they are not differentiable (have no derivative of order 1). I wonder if there is a ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Any relationship between Hausdorff measures

Let $ S_1= ( [0,1], d_1 ) $ and $ S_2 = ( [0,1], d_2 ) $ be two metric spaces, where $ d_1 = |x - y|$ and $d_2 = (1/2^i) $ where binary expansion of x and y matches upto $ i^{th} $ coordinate. Let $ ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Lower Bound of Hausdorff Dimension of Cantor Set

Consider a Cantor set $E$ where the intervals at every level of the construction maintain a minimum spacing and have a finite number of intervals on each level. I have two questions regarding finding ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

How many vertices are in the Koch Snowflake?

EDIT: The question was put on hold because I didn't specify what I meant by vertex. In a comment below by Mark McClure, by "vertex" I mean one of the vertices of the standard, polygonal approximations ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Nonincreasing and nondecreasing sequences in Hausdorff metric

For every metric space $(X,d)$ we have the Hausdorff metric space $(\mathcal{H}(X),H)$ that assosiates with it, where $\mathcal{H}(X)$ is the space of nonempty compact subsets of $X$ and $H$ is the ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

What does “points spanned by powers” mean in the Goffinet dragon definition?

The definition of the Goffinet dragon fractal given by Wolfram Mathworld refers to plotting all points spanned by powers of the complex number p=0.65-0.3i What does it mean for points to be ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Categories of fractals

I have a question about classifying a few fractals I've been programming. I understand that there are types of fractals like L-systems (Barnsley's Fern, Fractal plant, ...), IFS systems (Sierpinski's ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Subsets of set satisfying open set condition

Suppose an iterated function system of similarity transformations $S_1, S_2, \dotsc, S_k:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^n$ (with unique invariant set $F$) satisfies the open set condition for some ...
7
votes
2answers
166 views

Mandelbrot set of $c \cdot \cos(z)$

I'm given a task to write a program, that determines if a given point $c \in \mathbb{C}$ is in the Mandelbrot set of the function $$f_c(z) = c \cdot \cos (z)$$ That is if the set $\{z_n = f_c^n (0) : ...
32
votes
5answers
4k views

What exactly are fractals

I have always been amazed by things like the Mandelbrot set. I share the view of most that it and the Koch snowflake are absolutely beautiful. I decided to get a deeper more mathematical knowledge of ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Is the boundary of the Mandelbrot set jagged or smooth?

As the title states, I am wondering if the boundary of the Mandelbrot set is jagged or smooth. If it is jagged, is there some algorithm to find the vertices of any one of them? Are there an infinite ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Showing the attractor of an IFS is either connected or totally disconnected

I came across this execise in a problem set about Iterated Function System (IFS) and fractals: "Show that the attractor of an IFS of the form $\{\mathbb{R};~ax+b, cx+d\}$ where $a,b,c,d \in ...
10
votes
2answers
97 views

Calculate moment of inertia of Koch snowflake

That's just a fun question. Please, be creative. Suppose having a Koch snowflake. The area inside this curve is having the total mass $M$ and the length of the first iteration is $L$ (a simple ...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Is this plot of Ford circles actually a fractal?

Is this plot of Ford circles actually a fractal?
3
votes
1answer
20 views

Sufficient condition for integer Hausdorff dimension.

It is pretty much in the title: is there a non-trivial sufficient condition on geometrical shapes that forces the Hausdorff dimension to be an integer ? Most fractals look "complicated" in some way, ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Proving basic properties of Hausdorff dimension and measure

I have two questions on basic properties of the Hausdorff measure and dimension which I've taken for granted for a while (I'm revisiting Falconer after about a year), but that I've never actually seen ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

How can I represent a fractal fraction in a way that can control precision?

I'm looking for shorter ways to represent a fractal fraction where the value can be found at a level of precision ($p_n$), similar to the following example, but without expanding the whole fraction: ...
4
votes
2answers
204 views

How to compute a negative “Multibrot” set?

The Mandelbrot set is defined as follows: given the function f(z, c) = z2 + c, a number z in the complex plane is in the Mandelbrot set if and only if the sequence ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Is this Fractal New?

I developed some equations relating to symmetry. When used recursively, they produce what I believe is a fractal of symmetries. The fractal is procedurally generated like a snowflake or a gasket, ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

Integral of a function over the Koch Curve. Is it rigourous enough?

(I want to investigate the validity of this approach, as I already know this is the correct result) I present a proof that $$\int_{K} (x+y) \ \mu(x,y)={{9+\sqrt 3} \over 18}$$ Where the region of ...
5
votes
0answers
87 views

Distance and Coordinates in fractional dimensions and the creation of functions with non-integral numbers of paramters.

Background: The Euclidean distance between two points in $n$ dimensions, where $n$ is a positive integer, and position can be described by a vector is given by... $$D_E=\left(\sum_{k=1}^n ...
7
votes
2answers
143 views

This one wierd trick integrates fractals. But does it deliver the correct results?

It occurs to me that people most likely already know how to explicitly integrate over fractals, but my method (edit: seems to have been highlighted out in a paper, see comments) seems to vastly ...
0
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0answers
29 views

how to interpret the singularity spectrum?

I have been reading some articles about multifractal analysis and I still do not have the idea pretty clear; for example in the following example found in: ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

What Method is used for Projecting the Rauzy Fractal?

I am trying to construct the Rauzy Fractal (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rauzy_fractal), I have a Tribonacci word generator and have the stairs constructed but I can't seem to get the projection onto ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Fractal dimension of a dense subset

Let $M$ be a metric space and $S\subset M$ a dense subset. For vague reasons (below), it seems to me that the upper box-counting dimension of $S$ should be equal to that of $M$, but I don't quite see ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Proof of an Analogue to Vitali Covering Lemma

Let $\mathscr{C}$ be a family of balls contained in some bounded region of $\mathbb{R}^n$. Then for any $\alpha > 3$, there is a finite or countable disjoint subcollection $\{ B_i \}$ such that ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Hausdorff distance

Let $A=\{(x,y)∈R^2: x^2+y^2\le4\}$ and $B=\{(0,y)∈R^2:|y|\le3\}$. Determine Hausdorff distance between $A$ and $B$. I wrote $d(2)(B,A)=((0,3),A)=((0,3)(0,2))=1$. What about $d(A,B)$? ...
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vote
0answers
31 views

how do i prove that a collection of contractions does not satisfy the open set condition?

I am studying a fractal that is defined by 4 similarities, similar to the Von Koch curve, and I am trying to verify that it does not satisfy the open set condition. The fractal is heavily ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Hausdorf dimension of fractal iterates

For fractals defined iteratively (via subdivision) like the Koch curve or Sierpinsky triangle, what is the Hausdorf dimension of the intermediate iterates? Specifically, for a fractal S defined as ...
4
votes
2answers
76 views

Chaos theory and fractal geometry: Constructing from data

I understand that fractal geometry represents behaviour of 'chaotic' system, if I am not wrong. And also, fractals are generated by a recursive function. But, lets say I have random data lying with ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

rearrange $z \mapsto z^2 + c$

The Mandelbrot Set: $Z \mapsto Z² + C$ (or more precisely) $Z_{i+1} = Z_i ^2 + C$ Where $Z$ and $C$ are complex numbers. Can this well-established equation be rearranged to determine things that ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

an example of when Hausdorff and box-counting dimensions are equal?

I am new to fractals and dimension theory, so please excuse any errors in my understanding. For a set $F$, let $dim_b (F)$ be the box counting dimension of $F$, and $dim_H (F)$ be the Hausdorff ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Intuition for Entropy over Fractals

Is there intuition for "mathematical" entropy. I know that physical entropy tracks the order in a dynamical system, for thermodynamics. As entropy goes up, general randomness and disorder goes up. ...
5
votes
2answers
179 views

Sierpinski (Triangle) for Other Polygons

The Sierpinski triangle can be "generated" by the algorihm where you start in the triangle, pick a vertex at random, then move half the distant towards it, draw a dot and then repeat this. I wasn't ...