Questions on fractals, irregular-looking mathematical objects that display the property of self-similarity.

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7
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1answer
186 views

Continuous path inside the Mandelbrot set connecting i to zero?

This relates to another challenge Question about drawing Mandelbrot filaments. It is possible to compute a formula for a continuous path inside the Mandelbrot Set connecting $c=i$ to $c=0$? ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

Proof of x-intersection of the Mandelbrot Set?

I'm trying to prove that the Mandelbrot set intersects the X-axis on the interval [-2,.25]. I understand and have proven that the Mandelbrot set lies in a radius of 2. Mostly, I'm wondering how to ...
2
votes
1answer
14 views

Exact value of Hausdorff measure of middle-third Cantor set

Is there any result about the exact value of $\log_3 2$-dimensional Hausdorff measure of the middle-third Cantor set? And is there any fractal (in $\mathbb R^n$) which is not contained in a ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

What´s the dimension of a Sierpinski fractal?

I know the dimension of a Koch snowflake (log4/log3), but what numbers do I have to put in to obtain the dimension of a Sierpinski fractal?
-1
votes
0answers
13 views

What´s the dimension of a Sierpenski fractal [duplicate]

I know the dimension of the Koch snowflake (log4/log3), but what numbers you have to put in for the Sierpenski fractal?
2
votes
1answer
22 views

What is the condensation set of a fractal?

Is there a definition of the condensation set of a fractal that is both clear and rigorous? I've been searching around to get a sense of what exactly the condensation set of a fractal is - I've ...
5
votes
1answer
60 views

Can the fractal dimension of a surface be less than 2?

I have two surfaces represented as raster images with heights as grayscale values. One is natural landscape elevations; the other is just distance from a line. I have computed Minkowsky D = 2 - H ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

How was one derivied from the other?

In the geological paper entitled The power–law relationship between landslide occurrence and rainfall level by C. Li et al, a power-law cumulative probability distribution is derived. However, I don't ...
1
vote
2answers
233 views

How to correctly calculate the fractal dimension of a finite set of points?

The box-counting dimension is defined by: $\lim\limits_{\epsilon \to 0} \dfrac{N(\epsilon)}{1/ \epsilon}$ What works well if you are solving algebraically or if you can recursively generate more ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

How to determine constant $C$ in $p(x) = Cx^{-D}$?

Given a distribution obeying the power-law (fractal) relation, such as the cumulative distribution function $L_{cf}(> X) = CR^{-D}$, if $X$ is given, how does one find the constant $C$ from a given ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Scaling factor closest to 1 in an infinite sequential rectangle packing

The Ammann Chair can be used in an infinite dissection of a rectangle, where the pieces have a scaling factor of $ k = 1/\sqrt{\phi} = 0.786151...$. The largest piece has area $\sqrt{5}$ and longest ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Is this a valid definition of “self-similar fractal”?

I have always been fascinated by self-similarity, particularly in fractals. I was always wanted to find a simple definition of a self-similar fractal. Of course, saying "is self-similar, and is a ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

hyperbolic spaces and fractals

Is there a relation between hyperbolic spaces and fractals? In group theory, if we take the Cayley graph of a free group on two generators, we get a fractal quaternary tree, which I'd like to think as ...
37
votes
5answers
4k views

What exactly are fractals

I have always been amazed by things like the Mandelbrot set. I share the view of most that it and the Koch snowflake are absolutely beautiful. I decided to get a deeper more mathematical knowledge of ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Why c>1/4 is not in Mandelbrot set

As title: $f_c(x)=x^2+c$ I got to the step: $f_c(x)>x$ (for all x) But what's next? How to show that after k iterations, $f^k_c \to \infty$ as $k \to \infty$ Thanks,
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Fractal fundamentals

I am a programmer by trade, and am very interested in fractals. To be very basic about the concept, one might say a 'circle of circles' is a fractal. Where each circle is made up of circles, and ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Is every basin of attraction completely invariant?

I can't seem to find a definitive answer in the literature. I believe the answer is yes, but my focus has been on the rational maps on the Riemann sphere. At the very least I'm confident that if the ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Is there a general metod to construct a fractal?

I would like to construct a fractal (traditional, self-affine, and fat fractal) with a given embedding and fractal dimension, but I don't know how to do it programmatically. The shape of the fractal ...
5
votes
1answer
74 views

How is this fractal produced?

It is stated here: Iterating the above optimized map $$f(z)=\frac{1}{4}(1 + 4z - (1 + 2z)\cos(\pi z))$$in the complex plane produces the Collatz fractal. The point of view of iteration on ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

How to generate/validate unique fractal?

There are many known fractals that exist such as Mandelbrot, Cantor set, or the Koch curve, Sierpinski Triangle. What I am curious about, is how one could go about creating their own, unique fractal ...
13
votes
1answer
163 views

Projection of Antoine's necklace

Antoine's necklace is a pathological embedding of the Cantor set into $\Bbb R^3$. The second iteration looks like this: Interestingly, the complement $\Bbb R^3\setminus\rm A$ is not simply ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Is the generalized mandelbrot set a fractal in the $d$ dimension?

The $d$-mandelbrot set is defined as the set of $c$ such that the iterations of $$z \mapsto z^d + c$$ starting with $z=0$ is bounded in absolute value. Here is a picture of the mandelbrot sets from ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

On a formulation in Hilberts original paper about the space-filling Hilbert curve

I have a question on the famous paper Über die stetige Abbildung einer Linie auf ein Flächenstück (which translates roughly as On the continuous mapping of a line onto a square) by D. Hilbert. Let the ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Is there a plane filling function calculator online?

I recently read about the "Hilbert Curve" and found it very interesting. Does anyone know of a place online where I could extrapolate different shapes and explore this field of mathematics?
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Maps on the hyperspace of compact sets

In the theory of fractals via iterated function systems, it is well-known that an IFS $\{f_i\}_{i=1}^n$ (being a finite collection of contractions defined on a metric space $X$) induces a single map ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Deriving convergence region of iterative formula

A year ago I asked this question about fractal icons, however I didn't get any wiser yet. Now I am trying to understand the convergence of a simplified version of the fractal, to learn more about the ...
15
votes
0answers
144 views

Has this chaotic map been studied?

I have recently been playing around with the discrete map $$z_{n+1} = z_n - \frac{1}{z_n}$$ That is, repeatedly mapping each number to the difference between itself and its reciprocal. It shows some ...
3
votes
2answers
85 views

Different Coloring of Julia Sets

I have known about Julia Sets for a while now, and today I had an idea about the coloring of Julia and Mandelbrot Sets. What if someone were to color them not only by how quickly z diverges, but also ...
4
votes
2answers
410 views

How to compute a negative “Multibrot” set?

The Mandelbrot set is defined as follows: given the function f(z, c) = z2 + c, a number z in the complex plane is in the Mandelbrot set if and only if the sequence ...
1
vote
3answers
80 views

How does one determine the containing boundary of a fractal?

In the Mandelbrot set, the fractal is said to be contained in the circle of radius 2. $$ z_{n+1} = {z_{n}}^{2} + c $$ I did read about a proof that showed values of 'c' beyond this circle are not ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Centroid of Mandelbrot Set

How to find the geometric centroid of Mandelbrot Set?
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Notation of set on $R^2$ (attractor of Cantor dust)

I am studying fractal geometry, and pretty much confused by the notation/meaning below: Quote: The Cantor dust is easily seen to be the attractor of the four similarities on $R^2$ which give the ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Maximum principle in harmonic function over finite sets.

I want to understand a proof about laplacian operator on finite sets. This is an analogous result of the well known maximum principle for harmonic functions. Let $V$ be a finite set and let $H$ be ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Why is there periodicity in the output of Richard Voss' fractional Brownian motion?

I am trying to figure out why the output of fractional Brownian motion (fBm) as described by Richard Voss (Random fractal forgeries. In: Fundamental Algorithms for Computer Graphics, R. A. Earnshaw ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Hausdorff dimension of Sierpinski triangle

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hausdorff_dimension#Behaviour_under_unions_and_products Wikipedia page says that if $ \underset{i \in I}{\cup} X_i = X$ and $I$ is countable then $dim_{Haus}(X) = ...
8
votes
1answer
129 views

Roots of iterations of polynomials

Let $f \in \Bbb Q[X]$ a polynomial, and let denote by $f^n$ the composition $\underbrace{f \circ \cdots \circ f}_{n \text{ times }}$. Let $R(f^n) \subset \Bbb C$ the roots of $f^n$. I'm interested in ...
4
votes
0answers
133 views

The Hausdorff dimension of the set of solutions of a system of coupled differential equations

I am interested in the relationship between non-linear differential equations and the Hausdorff, or fractal, dimension of the set of solutions. For example, the Lorenz Attractor, which is a standard ...
4
votes
0answers
103 views

Properties of King's Dream fractal

My question is focused on the King's Dream fractal, which can be defined as follows (nice pictures can be found here) : $$ \Omega = \{f^n(0.1,0.1) \;\vert\; n \in \mathbb N \} \quad ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Can a plane be split into three connected sets so that $\epsilon$-neighbourhood of any point of any one set also contains points of two other sets?

Math SE. This question was a shower thought of mine. I tried to come up with an answer by twisting comb spaces and cantor sets, but to no avail. I was educated as experimental physicist, so I ...
3
votes
1answer
234 views

How to draw a Mandelbrot Set with the connecting filaments visible?

The M-Set is connected. But the M-Set viewers I’ve found create cool pictures that don’t really show the connecting filaments. This mini-Mandel beetle should be connected to a larger min-Mandel by a ...
7
votes
2answers
524 views

Simplest way to determine if a number is a member of the Mandelbrot set?

I'm writing JavaScript code to plot the Mandelbrot set on an HTML5 Canvas element. (That's probably not relevant to the answer to this question). A core part of the problem is to write a simple ...
11
votes
2answers
416 views

Is The *Mona Lisa* in the complement of the Mandelbrot set.

Here is a description of how to color pictures of the Mandelbrot set, more accurately the complement of the Mandelbrot set. Suppose we have a rectangular array of points. Say the array is $m$ by $n$. ...
2
votes
0answers
145 views

How to find Misiurewicz Points without solving huge polynomials? (Mandelbrot Set)

Here is a plot of 17,723 Misiurewicz Points. The code below generates a set of polynomials u[m,n], the roots of which have periodicity (m-n) starting at iteration n. I stopped at 17,723 points ...
0
votes
1answer
221 views

Is the Hausdorff dimension less than the box counting dimension?

I have been asked to prove that for a bounded set $F\subset\mathbb{R}^n$, $\dim_H F\le \underline{\dim}_B F \le \overline{\dim}_B F$ where $\dim_H F$ is the Hausdorff dimension, ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Show that $E_\mu$ has no periodic points that are not fixed points

Problem statement: Consider $E_\mu(x)=\mu e^x$, where $0<\mu<1/e$. Show that $E_\mu$ has no periodic points that are not fixed points. It is in my understanding that what we need to show is ...
21
votes
2answers
16k views

Has anyone found a “pattern” in prime numbers?

Yesterday I was having some fun trying to look for some patterns in primes; and I think I found something interesting (to me at least). I still have not found any lists of patterns already found, ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Lower bound on dimension for nearest neighbor classifier to fail at k=1 and pass at k=3

What is the minimum dimensionality of a dataset of a finite number of points where 1-NN has an accuracy of 0% but 3-NN has an accuracy of 100%. This is certainly possible in 3 dimensions and my ...
5
votes
2answers
166 views

Does interval spacing effect Hausdorff dimension of Cantor set?

Let $C=\bigcap_{j=0}^{2^n}C_j$, $C_0=[0,1]$, and the intervals in the construction of each stage of $C_j$ consists of removing the center 1/3 from the $j-1$ stage intervals. In other words, the ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Are the vertices of a Voronoi diagram obtained from a Sierpinski attractor also a kind of attractor?

Trying to understand how the Voronoi Diagrams work I did a test generating the Voronoi diagram of the points obtained from The Chaos Game algorithm when it is applied to a $3$-gon. The result is a set ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

converting to math from economics major

Recently, i'm majoring in honour track of economics taking econometrics statistics courses and minoring in mathematics taking advanced calculus, real analysis ,linear algebra courses. Upon research on ...